The correlation between studentsÂ’ habit in watching English movies and their speaking ability at SMAN 9 Malang

18  28 

Teks penuh


The correlation between students’ habit in watching English movies

and their speaking ability at SMAN 9 Malang



BUNGA NAVYANI 201210100311202




Either would be a successful and educated woman. But do not forget the

obligations of being a mother and wife in the family.

Bunga Navyani

This thesis is dedicated to :

1. My Father Teguh Santoso and My Mother Sri Sulistyorini 2. My husband Eko Cahya Nugroho

3. My Sister Irjayanti B







CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION 1.1Background of the study... 1


2.2 Media of Teaching Speaking... 8

2.3 Movie in Teaching Speaking... 9

2.4 Activities in Teaching Speaking... 10

2.5 Habit in Watching English Movie... 12

CHAPTER III RESEARCH METHOD 3.1 Research Design... 13

3.2 Population and Sample... 13

3.3 Data Collection... 14

3.3.1 Data of the Study... 14

3.3.2 Source of the Data... 15

3.3.3 Instrument... 15

3.3.4 Procedure of Collecting Data... 16

3.4 Data Analysis... 16


4.1.1 The Students’ Habit in Watching English Movies ... 18

4.1.2 The Students’ Speaking Ability... 19

4.1.3 The Correlation between Students’ Habit in Watching English Movie and Their Speaking Ability... 20

4.2 Discussion ... 21


5.2 Sugesstions ... 23




Arifin, P. 2012. Hubungan Kebiasaan Belajar Dengan Prestasi

Belajar Siswa Kelas VII B SMPN 13 Malang. Malang.

Arikunto, S. 2014. Prosedur Penelitian : Suatu Pendekatan Praktik. Jakarta : PT. RINEKA CIPTA

Ary, D.,Jacobs, L.C & Sorensen, C.K. 2010. Introduction to Research in Education Eighth Edition. USA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning

Brown.H.D.2001.Teaching by Principle: An Interactive

Approach to Language Pedagogy, Second Edition. New York : Pearson Education

Burns.A & Joyce.H.1999. Focus on Speaking. Sydney : National Centre for English Lanuage Teaching and Research

Bygate, M.2000. Language Teaching : A Scheme for Teacher

Education. Oxford : Oxford University Press.

Cohen, L., Manion,L., Morrison, K., & Wyse, D. 2004. A Guide

to Teaching Practice : 5th Edition. New York. Routledge Covey.S.R. 2004. The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People. New

York : Free Press

Crystal,D.2003. English as Global Language, 59: 1-5.

Cambridge : Cambridge University Press

Fachrurrazy. 2011. Teaching English as a Foreign Language for Teacher in Indonesia.79:1-2. Malang: State University of Malang Press

Field, J.2004. Psycolinguistic : The Key Concept. Oxon : Routledge

Hall.C.S, Lindzey.G and Campbell.J.B. 1998. Theory of Personality. USA : John Wiley and Sons.Inc

Harmer, J. 1998. The Practice of English Language Teaching.

New York : Longman


Hsieh,H-L., et al. 2010.The Effect of Movie Viewing on

Learning English as a Foreign Language, 8 : 1-2. Retrieved April 2015, from

Irianto, A. 2015. Statistik : Konsep Dasar, Aplikasi, dan Pengembanganya ( Edisi Keempat). Jakarta : PRENAMEDIA GROUP

Jhonson, K.2001.An Introduction to Foreign Language

Learning and Teaching. England : Pearson Education Limited Kitjarooncha,N. 2013. Motivation toward English language learning of students in secondary and high schools in education service area office 4, Saraburi Province, Thailand. 27: 13-19. Thailand . International Journal of Language and Linguistics.

Vol. 1, No. 1, 2013. Retrieved February 2016, from

Kusumaningrum, S.R. 2011 .Succesful english learners'

strategies in improving their speaking ability.Best Practices in the teaching of English. Published Journal. Malang: State

University of Malang Press

Murcia,M.C. 2001. Teaching English as a Second or Foreign

Language, Third Edition. United Stated of America : Heinle & Heinle

Nasution.2011. Teknologi Pendidikan. Jakarta : PT.Bumi Aksara

Nunan, D.1991.Language Teaching Methodology: a textbook

for teacher. UK : Prentice Hall International

Oxford. R. L. 1990.Language Learning Strategies : What Every

Teacher Should Know. USA :Heinle, Cengange Learning PERATURAN MENTERI PENDIDIKAN DAN




Retrieved january 2016


Sarjono, H & Julianita, W. 2011. SPSS vs LISREL : Sebuah

Pengantar, Aplikasi Untuk Riset. Jakarta : Salemba Empat

Smaldino, S. E., Lowther, L.D & Russel, D.

J.2011.Instructional technology & Media for learning.

Indonesia : KENCANA Prenada Media Group



Laos. Malaysia.

Sugiyono. 2015. Metode Penelitian Pendidikan : Pendekatan Kuantitatif,

Kualitatif, dan R&D. Bandung : Alfabeta

Sunaryo. 2002. Psikologi untuk Keperawatan. Jakarta : Buku Kedokteran EGC

Susilana,R & Riyana,C. 2009. Media Pembelajaran : Hakikat, Pengembangan,

Pemanfaatan, dan Penilaian. Bandung. CV Wacana Prima

Togarotop, E. 2011.Students' barriers in Speaking English and their expectation

on what teacher have to do to help them.Best Practices in the teaching of English. Published Journal. Malang: State University of Malang Press

Webster-Meriam. Stimulus. Retrieved april 2016.

Wikipedia.2016. Habit. Retrieved march 2016.



This chapter presents background of the study, statement of the problem,

hypothesis of the study, purpose of the study, significance of the study, scope and

limitation, and definition of the key terms.

1.1Background of Study

It is important to learn English language for senior high school students

because it is a compulsory subject. Based on the Decree of Ministry of Education

and Culture Republic of Indonesia Number 59 Year 2014 about Curriculum 2013

Senior High School/Madrasah Aliyah, English is one of the nine compulsory

subjects. Thus, “It can be inferred that these secondary and high school students

well perceive English as an important means for their career prospects and as a way

to enhance their knowledge and prepare them for advanced studies as well as help

them to communicate with foreigners when they travel to other countries.”

(Kitjaroonchai : 2013). So, it proves that learning English is important because it

contributes to students’ future study and career and also helps them comunicate

with foreigners.

One of difficulties in teaching English is concerned with the low motivation

of students in learning English. Souriyavongsa, et al. (2013) found 53% students

lacked of confidence to use the language because they were afraid and shy when

they made mistakes. “In operational terms, therefore, this means that we learn not



discussing and arguing.”(Cohen, et al. 267,2010). The students must have confident

in practicing in learning English in the class.

According to Field (2004:283), “Speaking, one of the one complex

cognitive operations that human beings perform.”. So, speaking is a way for

communication to convey their feelings, thoughts and desires directly. The teaching

of speaking in senior high school is intended to help students who will continue

their study to higher education level. Students of senior high school who plan to

study abroad need to learn speaking English in order to facilitate their study. This

is because English is used in the higher education setting in almost every county.

Crystal (2003) wrote that the factor of English become global language because the

history of English voyage to America, Asia, Africa and South Pasific which leads

English being the official language in every continent.

Problems in teaching speaking are complicated because they involve the

components of speaking such as grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation, and fluency.

Whereas, the difficulties in teaching speaking to make the students practice

speaking in English is because of the student themselves. Togarotop (2011)

reported that out of 71 respondents who did not often practice speaking in English,

there are 54 respondent (76.06%) got obstacles related to themselves,13

respondents ( 18,3%) related to environment and four respondents (5.63%) related

to the teacher. From the finding, the writer infer the difficulties of speaking English

is student’s obstacles, the environment that does not support to speaking English,



Therefore, speaking is not easy as it needs motivation and practices to learn.

Kusumaningrum (2011) found that “practicing was a preferred strategy as all the

subjects used it. Based on the result of the interview, they usually practiced

speaking English with their friends and their teacher, as well as performing

dialogues with their friends.”. In order to be able to speak English in non-English

speaking countries, students need repetition, motivation and practices to increase

their ability.

Movie is a one of the media that is interesting to watch. Habit in watching

movie is common among students, especially in their spare time. According to

Oxford (1990:71), “In imitating native speakers, learners can improve their use of

structure, vocabulary, idioms, intonation, gesture, and style.”. Watching English

movie is a non-formal strategy that can be done everywhere and everytime to

improve students’ speaking ability. Hsieh et al.,(2009) found that 95% of 254

participants who were freshman, sophomore and junior English majors and

sophomore non-English majors at Yuanpei University agreed that English movie

viewing was useful in language learning.

SMAN 9 Malang is selected to be the location of this study because, based

on the result of the preliminary study, the second-grade students of SMAN 9

Malang interested in watching English movies. So, the writer is curious to

investigate the correlation between students’ habit in watching English movies and


4 1.2Statement of the Problem

Based on the above background, the research problem is formulated as

follows, “Is there any corelation between students’ habit in watching English

movies and their speaking ability at SMAN 9 Malang?

1.3Hypothesis of the Study

Based on the statement of the problem above, hypotheses of the study are

stated as follows:

 Ha : “There is a significant correlation between students’ habit in watching English movies and their speaking ability" and

 Ho : "There is no significant correlation between students’ habit in watching English movies and their speaking ability "

1.4Purpose of the Study

Based on the statement of problems above, the purpose of this study is to

provide the answer of the research question, namely “to know whether or not there

is any corelation between students’ habit in watching English movies and their

speaking ability at SMAN 9 Malang”

1.5The Significance of the Study

The result of this study is intended to give some contribution for teachers,

students and next researchers. For the teacher, it is expected that the result of this

study can provide them with variation of teaching speaking, especially by using a



their speaking ability. For the next researchers, the result of this research can be

used as a refrence for investigating not only speaking skill but also other language

skills such as reading, writing, and listening in connection with the use of movie as

teaching media.

1.6Scope and Limitation

This research focuses on the study of the corelation between students’ habit

in watching English movies and their speaking ability. Meanwhile, this study is

limited for the second grade students at SMAN 9 Malang.

1.7The Definition of the Key Terms

Some key terms related to the tittle of this research are defined in order to

avoid misinterpretation of their meaning. The key terms are defined as follows:

“Speaking is an active or productive skill. The target of speaking skill is an

ability to express ideas freely and spontaneously” (Fachrurrazy, 2011). In this

study, speaking is the way students express their feelings and thoughts.

Habit is a routine of behavior that is repeated regularly and tends to occur

unconsciously” (Wikipedia, 2016). In this study, habit is a repetition of students’

behaviour in watching English movie.

Movie is a medium that shows motion, including DVD, computer

animation and video footage, etc” (Russel, 2011). In this study, movie is medium

which is greatly assist the process of listening, which later will have an impact on