Permasalahan Transportasi Yogyakarta

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PERMASALAHAN

PERMASALAHAN TRANSPORT

TRANSPORTASI

ASI

DI

DI KOTA YOGY

KOTA YOGYAKA

AKART

RTA

A

Disusun oleh : Disusun oleh :

KELOMPOK 4 KELOMPOK 4

1.

1. MoMoninica ca WWahahyu yu C. C. DD 

.. MM. . GGoo!!aal Dl D..TT ".

". #u#u$ %$ %ululiaian Mn Mauaulili&y&y 4.

4. PPu'u'$i M$i Mayayasasa$a$ahah

(

(.. )h)he$e$ly ly #a#ann&y&ya Pa P *

*.. ++i,i,y -y -ee$i$ianan /

/.. YYaa!!ii$ 0$ 0lliiaa

Ma'a Kuliah : Ma'a Kuliah :

Pe$encanaan  Kei2a,an T$ans3o$'asi Pe$encanaan  Kei2a,an T$ans3o$'asi

Dosen : Dosen : In'an %ulian'i ) MT In'an %ulian'i ) MT KELA) "C KELA) "C %0R0)A#

%0R0)A# D5I+ TRA#)D5I+ TRA#)PORTPORTA)I DA)I DARAARATT

)EKOLA6 T

)EKOLA6 TI#GGI TI#GGI TRA#)PORTRA#)PORTA)I DA)I DARAARATT

BAB I

BAB I

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PENDAHULUAN

PENDAHULUAN

A. Latar Belakang A. Latar Belakang

T$a

T$ans3o$ns3o$'asi 'asi 7e$u37e$u3a,an sa$ana a,an sa$ana yan8 san8a' yan8 san8a' 3en'in3en'in8 8 &an s'$a'e8is &an s'$a'e8is &ala7&ala7 7e73e$lanca$ $o&a 3e$e,ono7ian 7e73e$,u,uh 3e$sa'uan &an ,esa'uan se$'a 7e73e$lanca$ $o&a 3e$e,ono7ian 7e73e$,u,uh 3e$sa'uan &an ,esa'uan se$'a 7e7

7e73e3en8n8a$a$uhuhi i se7se7ua ua asas3e3e, , ,e,ehihi&u&u3a3an n aan8n8sa sa &a&an n nene8a8a$a$a. . PePen'n'inin8n8nyaya '$ans3o$'asi 'e$seu' 'e$ce$7in 3a&a se7a,in 7enin8,a'nya ,eu'uhan a,an '$ans3o$'asi 'e$seu' 'e$ce$7in 3a&a se7a,in 7enin8,a'nya ,eu'uhan a,an  2asa an8,u'an

 2asa an8,u'an a8i 7oili'as o$an8 a8i 7oili'as o$an8 se$'a a$an8 se$'a a$an8 &a$i &an s&a$i &an selu$uh 3eloso, 'anahelu$uh 3eloso, 'anah ai$

ai$  ahah,an ,an &a$&a$i i &an &an lualua$ $ ne8ne8e$ie$i. . DisDisa73a73in8 in8 i'u i'u '$a'$ans3ns3o$'o$'asi asi 2u82u8a a e$e$3e$a3e$ann sea8ai 3enun2an8 3en&o$on8 &an 3en88e$a, a8i 3e$'u7uhan &ae$ah yan8 sea8ai 3enun2an8 3en&o$on8 &an 3en88e$a, a8i 3e$'u7uhan &ae$ah yan8  e$3o'ensi

 e$3o'ensi na7un na7un elu7 elu7 e$,e7an8 e$,e7an8 &ala7 &ala7 u3aya u3aya 3enin8,a'an 3enin8,a'an &an&an  3e7e$a'aan 3e7an8unan se$'a hasil5hasilnya.

 3e7e$a'aan 3e7an8unan se$'a hasil5hasilnya.

Pe$anan '$ans3o$'asi yan8 se7a,in 9i'al 7a,a an8,u'an 2alan ha$us &i'a'a Pe$anan '$ans3o$'asi yan8 se7a,in 9i'al 7a,a an8,u'an 2alan ha$us &i'a'a &ala7 sa'u sis'e7 '$ans3o$'asi nasional yan8 se$asi &en8an 'in8,a' ,eu'uhan &ala7 sa'u sis'e7 '$ans3o$'asi nasional yan8 se$asi &en8an 'in8,a' ,eu'uhan lalu lin'as

lalu lin'as &an 3elayanan an8,u'a&an 3elayanan an8,u'an n yan8 'e$'i sela7a' a7an nya7an ce3a'yan8 'e$'i sela7a' a7an nya7an ce3a' 'e3

'e3a'a'  'e$'e$a'a'u$u$  lanlanca$ ca$ &a&an n &e&en8n8an an iiayaya a yayan8 n8 'e'e$2$2anan8,8,au au ololeh eh &a&aya ya eelili 7asya$a,a'. Lalu lin'as &an an8,u'an 2alan yan8 7e73unyai ,a$a,'e$is'i, &an 7asya$a,a'. Lalu lin'as &an an8,u'an 2alan yan8 7e73unyai ,a$a,'e$is'i, &an ,eun88ulan 'e$sen&i$i 3e$lu &i,e7an8,an &an &i7anaa',an sehin88a 7a73u ,eun88ulan 'e$sen&i$i 3e$lu &i,e7an8,an &an &i7anaa',an sehin88a 7a73u 7en

7en2an2an8,a8,au u seluselu$uh $uh ;il;ilayaayah h 3el3elosooso, , &a$&a$a'an a'an &en&en8an 8an 7o7oiliili'as 'as 'in'in88i 88i &an&an 7a73u 7e7a&u,an 7o&a '$ans3o$'asi lain.

7a73u 7e7a&u,an 7o&a '$ans3o$'asi lain. Pe

Pen8n8e7e7aan8n8an an lallalu u lilin'n'as as &a&an n anan8,8,u'u'an an 2al2alan an yayan8 n8 &i&i'a'a'a 'a &a&alala7 7 sa'sa'uu ,esa'uan sis'e7 &ila,u,an &en8an 7en8in'e8$asi,an &an 7en&ina7isasi,an ,esa'uan sis'e7 &ila,u,an &en8an 7en8in'e8$asi,an &an 7en&ina7isasi,an unsu$5unsu$nya yan8 'e$&i$i &a$i 2a$in8an '$ans3o$'asi 2alan ,en&a$aan ese$'a unsu$5unsu$nya yan8 'e$&i$i &a$i 2a$in8an '$ans3o$'asi 2alan ,en&a$aan ese$'a  3en8e7u&inya

 3en8e7u&inya se$'a se$'a 3e$a'u$an53e$a'u$an 3e$a'u$an53e$a'u$an 3$ose&u$ 3$ose&u$ &an &an 7e'o&e 7e'o&e se&e7i,ianse&e7i,ian $u3a sehin88a 'e$;u2u& sua'u 'o'ali'as yan8 u'uh e$&aya 8una &an e$hasil $u3a sehin88a 'e$;u2u& sua'u 'o'ali'as yan8 u'uh e$&aya 8una &an e$hasil 8u

8unana. . 0n0n'u'u, , 7e7encnca3a3ai ai &a&aya ya 8u8una na &a&an n hahasisil l 8u8una na yayan8 n8 o3o3'i'i7a7al l 7a7a,a,a  3e$encanaan

 3e$encanaan &an &an 3en8e7an8annya 3en8e7an8annya 3e$lu 3e$lu &i'a'a &i'a'a &ala7 &ala7 sa'u sa'u ,esa'uan ,esa'uan sis'e7sis'e7 seca$a 'e'a3 se$asi sei7an8 'e$3a&u &an sine$8i an'a$a yan8 sa'u &en8an seca$a 'e'a3 se$asi sei7an8 'e$3a&u &an sine$8i an'a$a yan8 sa'u &en8an lainnya.

lainnya. Y

Yo8o8yaya,a,a$'$'a a 7e7e$u$u3a3a,a,an n ,o,o'a 'a 3a3a$i$i;i;isasa'a 'a yayan8 n8 7e7e7i7ilili,i ,i aanynya, a,   3e$3in&ahan ai,

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,o'a Yo8ya,a$'a 'e$&a3a' anya, 3e$7asalahan '$ans3o$'asi 3e$,o'aan yan8  3e$lu un'u, &i,e'ahui &an &i3ecah,an. Oleh ,a$ena i'u &i &ala7 7a,alah ini

,i'a a,an 7e7ahas seca$a &e'ail 7en8enai 3e$7asalahan '$ans3o$'asi &i Ko'a Yo8ya,a$'a ese$'a solusi yan8 ,a7i $e,o7en&asi,an a'as 3e$7asalahan 'e$seu'.

B. Maksud dan Tujuan

Ma,su& &an Tu2uan &a$i 3e7ua'an 7a,alah ini a&alah :

a. Men8e'ahui 3e$7asalahan '$ans3o$'asi 3e$,o'aan yan8 a&a &i Yo8ya,a$'a.  . Me7e$i,an $e,o7en&asi 3enyelesaian a'as 3e$7asalahan '$ans3o$'asi

yan8 a&a &i Yo8ya,a$'a.

c. Menci3'a,an '$ans3o$'asi yan8 leih ai, &i Yo8ya,a$'a.

C. Ruang Lingku

Ruan8 lin8,u3 3e7ahasan 7a,alah ini a&alah selu$uh 3e$7asalahan '$ans3o$'asi yan8 a&a &i ;ilayah %o82a,a$'a.

D. Siste!atika Penulisan

A&a3un 3enya2ian 7a,alah ini 7en88una,an sis'e7a'i,a 3enulisan sea8ai  e$i,u' :

BAB I " PENDAHULUAN A. La'a$ <ela,an8

<. Ma,su& &an Tu2uan C. Ruan8 Lin8,u3

E. )is'e7a'i,a Penulisan

BAB II " #AMBARAN UMUM

BAB III " PEMBAHASAN A. Ke7ace'an Lalu Lin'as

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<. Kine$2a An8,u'an 07u7 C. Tin8,a' Kecela,aan D. -asili'as Pe2alan Ka,i

BAB I$ " %ESIMPULAN DAN SARAN A. KE)IMP0LA#

<. )ARA#

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#AMBARAN UMUM

A. UMUM

Ko'a Yo8ya,a$'a a&alah iu ,o'a &an 3usa' 3e7e$in'ahan Dae$ah Is'i7e;a Yo8ya,a$'a In&onesia. Ko'a Yo8ya,a$'a a&alah ,e&ia7an a8i )ul'an 6a7en8,ua;ana &an A&i3a'i Pa,u Ala7. Ko'a Yo8ya,a$'a 7e$u3a,an salah sa'u ,o'a 'e$esa$ &i In&onesia &an ,o'a 'e$esa$ ,e'i8a &i ;ilayah Pulau %a;a  a8ian sela'an se'elah <an&un8 &an Malan8 7enu$u' 2u7lah 3en&u&u,. #a7a Yo8ya,a$'a 'e$a7il &a$i &ua ,a'a yai'u Ayo8ya a'au Ayo&hya yan8 e$a$'i =,e&a7aian= a'au 'an3a 3e$an8 >a e$a$'i ='i&a,= yo8ya 7e$u2u, 3a&a yo&ya a'au yu&ha yan8 e$a$'i =3e$an8=? &an Ka$'a yan8 e$a$'i =ai,@.

B. %&ndisi #e&gra'i

Ko'a Yo8ya,a$'a 'e$le'a, &i le7ah 'i8a sun8ai yai'u )un8ai Winon8o )un8ai Co&e >yan8 7e7elah ,o'a &an ,eu&ayaan 7en2a&i &ua? &an )un8ai Ga2ah;on8. Ko'a ini 'e$le'a, 3a&a 2a$a, * KM &a$i %a,a$'a 11* KM &a$i )e7a$an8 &an *( KM &a$i )u$a,a$'a 3a&a 2alu$ 3e$si73an8an <an&un8 5 )e7a$an8 5 )u$aaya 5 Paci'an. Ko'a ini 7e7ili,i ,e'in88ian se,i'a$ 11 7 &3l. Ko'a Yo8ya,a$'a 'elah 'e$in'e8$asi &en8an se2u7lah ,a;asan &i se,i'a$nya sehin88a a'as5a'as a&7inis'$asi su&ah 'i&a, 'e$lalu 7enon2ol. <e$i,u' ini 7e$u3a,an a'as a&7inis'$a'i ;ilayah Ko'a Yo8ya,a$'a :

Utara Kau3a'en )le7an Selata

n Kau3a'en <an'ul Barat Kau3a'en )le7an

Ti!ur Kau3a'en )le7an

Ta(el ).* : <a'as A&7inis'$a'i Ko'a Yo8ya,a$'a

Ko'a Yo8ya,a$'a 'e$&i$i a'as 14 ,eca7a'an. <e$i,u' a&alah &a'a$ ,eca7a'an &i Yo8ya,a$'a :

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K$a'on Me$8an8san 07ulha$2o Gon&o,usu7an Danu$e2an Pa,uala7an  #8a73ilan Wi$o$a2an Ge&on8'en8en Te8al$e2o C. %&ndisi Penduduk 

%u7lah 3en&u&u, ,o'a Yo8ya,a$'a e$&asa$ )ensus Pen&u&u, 1( e$2u7lah "BB.*/ 2i;a &en8an 3$o3o$si la,i5la,i &an 3e$e73uan yan8 ha73i$ se'a$a.

Isla7 7e$u3a,an a8a7a 7ayo$i'as yan8 &ianu' 7asya$a,a' Yo8ya,a$'a &en8an  2u7lah 3en8anu' K$is'en &an Ka'oli, yan8 $ela'i si8nii,an. )e3e$'i ,eanya,an &a$i Isla7 ,eanya,an &i ,o'a5,o'a 3e&ala7an %a;a 7ayo$i'as 7asih 7e73e$'ahan,an '$a&isi Ke2a;en yan8 cu,u3 ,ua'.

Yo8ya,a$'a 2u8a 7en2a&i 'e73a' lahi$nya salah sa'u o$8anisasi Isla7 'e$esa$ &i In&onesia yai'u Muha77a&iyah  yan8 &i&i$i,an oleh K.6. Ah7a& Dahlan  3a&a 'ahun 11 &i Kau7an #8u3asan Gon&o7anan Yo8ya,a$'a. 6in88a saa' ini Pen8u$us Pusa' Muha77a&iyah 7asih 'e'a3 e$,an'o$ 3usa' &i Yo8ya,a$'a.

Yo8ya,a$'a &i,enal sea8ai ,o'a 3ela2a$ ,a$ena ha73i$  3en&u&u,   3$o&u,'inya a&alah 3ela2a$ &an 'e$&a3a' 1"/ 3e$8u$uan 'in88i. Ko'a ini &i;a$nai

&ina7i,a 3ela2a$ &an 7ahasis;a yan8 e$asal &a$i e$a8ai &ae$ah &i In&onesia. Pe$8u$uan 'in88i yan8 &i7ili,i oleh 3e7e$in'ah a&alah 0ni9e$si'as Ga&2ah Ma&a 0ni9e$si'as #e8e$i Yo8ya,a$'a Ins'i'u' )eni In&onesia Yo8ya,a$'a 0ni9e$si'as Isla7 #e8e$i )unan Kali2a8a  &an 0ni9e$si'as Pe7an8unan #asional =+e'e$an= Yo8ya,a$'a.

D. %eseja+teraan dan %ese+atan

)ea8ai salah sa'u as3e, yan8 3en'in8 &ala7 ,ehi&u3an 3e7an8unan ,eseha'an 7en2a&i salah sa'u ins'$u7en &i &ala7 u3aya 3enin8,a'an ,ese2ah'e$aan 7asya$a,a'. Tahun / 2u7lah ,elua$8a 7is,in seanya, /(.11 RTM &an 7ene$i7a an'uan $as,in &a$i 3e7e$in'ah 3usa' >7enin8,a' / 3e$sen &ian&in8  3e$io&e 'ahun * seanya, 1*.("* RTM?. Pen&u&u, DIY 7enu$u' 'aha3an ,ese2ah'e$aan 'e$ca'a' ah;a 3a&a 'ahun / ,elo73o, 3$a se2ah'e$a 11

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)e2ah'e$a I / )e2ah'e$a II "* )e2ah'e$a III *B" &an )e2ah'e$a III  3lus (**. Tin8,a' ,ese2ah'e$aan 3a&a 'ahun 1 7enin8,a' &en8an 3enu$unan  3e$sen'ase 3en&u&u, 7is,in 7en2a&i 1*B"..

A$ah 3e7an8unan ,eseha'an &i DIY seca$a u7u7 a&alah un'u, 7e;u2u&,an DIY yan8 7e7ili,i s'a'us ,eseha'an 7asya$a,a' yan8 'in88i 'i&a, hanya &ala7  a'as nasional 'e'a3i 7e7ili,i ,ese'a$aan &i 'a'a$an in'e$nasional ,hususnya Asia Ten88a$a &en8an 7e73e$'in88i ,esa&a$an 7asya$a,a' a,an 3en'in8nya hi&u3 seha' 3enin8,a'an 2an8,auan &an ,uali'as 3elayanan ,eseha'an se$'a 7en2a&i,an DIY sea8ai 3usa' 7u'u &ala7 3elayanan ,eseha'an 3en&i&i,an 3ela'ihan ,eseha'an se$'a ,onsul'asi ,eseha'an. 6asil Rise' Keseha'an Dasa$ #asional Tahun 1 7ene73a',an DIY sea8ai &ae$ah se'in8,a' 3$o9insi &en8an in&i,a'o$  ,eseha'an 'e$ai, &an 3alin8 sia3 &ala7 7enca3ai MDGFs.

Pa&a 'ahun 1 ca3aian in&i,a'o$ ,eseha'an un'u, u7u$ ha$a3an hi&u3 e$a&a  3a&a le9el usia /4 'ahun. An8,a ,e7a'ian ali'a seesa$ 1B1 K6 an8,a ,e7a'ian ayi seesa$ 1/1 K6 &an an8,a ,e7a'ian iu 7elahi$,an seesa$  1"1. K6. P$e9alensi 8i!i u$u, seesa$ ./ Ca,u3an Ra;a' %alan Pus,es7as 1* se&an8,an Ca,u3an Ra;a' Ina3 Ru7ah )a,i' seesa$ 1". )a$ana 3elayanan ,eseha'an yan8 7e7ili,i uni' 3elayanan 8a;a' &a$u$a' 7enin8,a' 7en2a&i 4 &an R) &en8an 3elayanan ,eseha'an 2i;a 7enin8,a' 7en2a&i . Mes,i3un &e7i,ian ca,u3an $a;a' 2alan 'ahun * a$u 7enca3ai 1 >nasional 1(? se7en'a$a un'u, $a;a' ina3 1 >nasional 1(?. Rasio  3elayanan ,eseha'an &asa$ a8i ,elua$8a 7is,in seca$a cu7a5cu7a &i 0ni'

Pela,sana Te,nis Dinas Keseha'an DIY 7au3un Kau3a'enKo'a 'elah 7enca3ai 1. Rasio &o,'e$   u7u7 3e$ 1. 3en&u&u, 7enun2u,,an '$en 7enin8,a' seesa$ "*4 3a&a 'ahun *. A&a3un 3$o8$a7 2a7,esos 'ahun 1 &ian88a$,an R3. "4./B.(..

E. %&ndisi Trans&rtasi

Ko'a Yo8ya,a$'a san8a' s'$a'e8is ,a$ena 'e$le'a, &i 2alu$52alu$ u'a7a yai'u %alan Lin'as )ela'an yan8 7en8huun8,an Yo8ya,a$'a <an&un8 )u$a,a$'a )u$aaya

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&an ,o'a5,o'a &i sela'an %a;a se$'a 2alu$ Yo8ya,a$'a 5 )e7a$an8 yan8 7en8huun8,an Yo8ya,a$'a Ma8elan8 )e7a$an8 &an ,o'a5,o'a &i lin'as 'en8ah Pulau %a;a. Ka$ena i'u an8,u'an &i Yo8ya,a$'a cu,u3 7e7a&ai un'u,  7e7u&ah,an 7oili'as an'a$a ,o'a5,o'a 'e$seu'. Ko'a ini 7u&ah &ica3ai oleh '$ans3o$'asi &a$a' &an u&a$a se&an8,an ,a$ena lo,asinya yan8 cu,u3 2auh &a$i lau' >/ 5 " KM? 7enyea,an 'ia&anya '$ans3o$'asi ai$ &i ,o'a ini.

Ko'a Yo8ya,a$'a 7e$u3a,an salah sa'u ,o'a &i In&onesia yan8 'i&a, 7en8enal is'ilah an8,u'an ,o'a >an8,o' &en8an a$7a&a 7inius?. T$ans3o$'asi &a$a' &i &ala7 Yo8ya,a$'a &ilayani oleh se2u7lah us ,o'a. Ko'a Yo8ya,a$'a 3unya se2u7lah 2alu$ us yan8 &io3e$asi,an oleh ,o3e$asi 7asin857asin8 >an'a$a lain As3a&a Kou'$i Ko3a'a Ko3e$asi Pe7u&a )le7an &an Pus,o3,a$? yan8 7elayani $u'e5$u'e 'e$'en'u.

)e2a, Ma$e' B sis'e7 '$ans3o$'asi us yan8 a$u e$na7a T$ans %o82a ha&i$  7elayani sea8ai '$ans3o$'asi 7assal yan8 ce3a' a7an &an nya7an. T$ans %o82a 7e$u3a,an us "4 yan8 7elayani e$a8ai ,a;asan &i Ko'a )le7an &an sea8ian <an'ul. 6in88a saa' ini >Tahun 14? 'elah a&a B >&ela3an? '$aye, yan8 7elayani e$a8ai sa$ana 9i'al &i Yo8ya,a$'a yai'u:

 T$aye, 1A &an T$aye, 1< 7elayani $uas 3$o'o,ol &an ,a;asan 3usa'  3e$e,ono7ian &an 3e7e$in'ahan se3e$'i )'asiun Yo8ya,a$'a Malioo$o

Is'ana Ke3$esi&enan Yo8ya,a$'a.

 T$aye, A &an T$aye, < 7elayani ,a;asan 3e$,an'o$an Ko'aa$u &an )u,onan&i.

 T$aye, "A &an T$aye, "< 7elayani ,a;asan sela'an 'e$7asu, 2u8a ,a;asan se2a$ah Ko'a8e&e.

 T$aye, 4A &an T$aye, 4< 7elayani ,a;asan 3en&i&i,an se3e$'i 0II APMD 0I# )unan Kali2a8a &an )'asiun Le73uyan8an.

T$ans %o82a san8a' &i7ina'i selain ,a$ena a7an &an nya7an 'a$i yan8 saa' ini &i'e$a3,an 2u8a 'e$2an8,au yai'u R3 ".*5 un'u, se,ali 2alan &en8an &ua sis'e7 'i,e': se,ali 2alan &an e$lan88anan. <a8i 'i,e' e$lan88anan &i,ena,an 3o'on8an seesa$ ( un'u, 3ela2a$ &an 1( un'u, u7u7.

(9)

#a!(ar ).* : <us T$ans %o82a

Ta,si 7u&ah &i2u73ai &i e$a8ai $uas 2alan &i Yo8ya,a$'a 'e$u'a7a &i $uas  3$o'o,ol &an ,a;asan 3usa' e,ono7i &an ;isa'a. A&a e$a8ai 3e$usahaan 'a,si

yan8 7elayani an8,u'an ini &a$i yan8 e$u3a se&an hin88a 7inius.

T$ans3o$'asi ,e Yo8ya,a$'a &a3a' 7en88una,an ,e$e'a a3i &a$i %a,a$'a <an&un8 )u$aaya  a'au Malan8  3e7e$an8,a'an &an ,e&a'an8an ,e$e'a a3i >KA? ,elas e,se,u'i &an isnis &ilayani )'asiun Yo8ya,a$'a 2u8a &i,enal sea8ai )'asiun Tu8u se&an8,an KA ,elas e,ono7i &ilayani &i )'asiun Le73uyan8an. A&a 3ula ,e$e'a a3i ,o7u'e$ ce3a' yan8 7en8huun8,an Ku'oa$2o  &en8an )u$a,a$'a 7ele;a'i s'asiun Le73uyan8an ,e$e'a 'e$seu' e$na7a P$a7e,s.

#a!(ar ).) : )'asiun Tu8u Yo8ya,a$'a

<us AKAP 'e$se&ia &a$i &an ,e se7ua ,o'a &i Pulau %a;a &a'an8 &an e$an8,a'

(10)

Penu73an8 Yo8ya,a$'a yan8 e$a&a &i %alan I7o8i$i Ti7u$ Gi;an8an e$a&a &i 'e3i %alan Lin8,a$ Lua$ )ela'an Yo8ya,a$'a &i a'as ;ilayah an'a$a Ko'a Yo8ya,a$'a &en8an Kau3a'en <an'ul. Te$7inal lain yan8 leih ,ecil se3e$'i Te$7inal %o7o$  yan8 7elayani an'a$a lain $u'e Ma8elan8 &an )e7a$an8 &an Te$7inal Con&on8 Ca'u$ ,e a$ah Kaliu$an8.

T$ans3o$'asi u&a$a &a$i &an ,e Yo8ya,a$'a &ilayani oleh <an&a$a In'e$nasional A&isu'2i3'o yan8 'e$le'a, &i 'e3i %alan A&isuci3'o KM  Desa Ma8u;oha$2o Keca7a'an De3o,  Kau3a'en )le7an. <an&a$a ini 7elayani 3ene$an8 &o7es'i,  ,e ,o'a5,o'a esa$ &i Pulau %a;a >%a,a$'a <an&un8 )u$aaya? )u7a'$a ><a'a7? <ali Kali7an'an >Pon'iana, <an2a$7asin &an <ali,3a3an? &an )ula;esi >Ma,assa$?. )elain i'u an&a$a ini 2u8a 7elayani 3ene$an8an ha$ian ,e )in8a3u$a &an Kuala Lu73u$  &en8an Malaysia Ai$lines &an )in8a3o$e Ai$lines.

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BAB III

PEMBAHASAN

Ko'a Yo8ya,a$'a 7e7ili,i 3e$7asalahan '$ans3o$'asi sea8ai e$i,u' : A. %e!a-etan Lalu Lintas

Pe$7asalahan '$ans3o$'asi yan8 san8a' 7encolo, &i Ko'a Yo8ya,a$'a a&alah 7asih se$in8 &i'e7uinya ,e7ace'an5,e7ace'an 'e$u'a7a &i ,a;asan 3usa' ,o'a. Ka;asan 3usa' yan8 &i2a&i,an sea8ai 3usa' 3e$,ono7ian seca$a 'i&a, lan8sun8 7e7e$i &a73a, a8i '$ans3o$'asi 2u8a. <anya, &i'e7u,an ,en&a$aan5,en&a$aan yan8 arkir se-ara on street ,a$ena 'e$a'asnya lahan 3a$,i$ yan8 a&a. Disea,an 3ula oleh ,en&a$aan 'i&a, e$7o'o$ se3e$'i &o,a$ &an eca, yan8  3a$,i$ seca$a se7a$an8an sehin88a 7ena7ah 'in8,a' ,e7ace'an lalu lin'as.

Banakna /&lu!e kendaraan yan8 7elin'as 2u8a 7enyea,an ,a;asan 3usa' ini $en'an 7ace'. Pe$7asalahan lainnya se3e$'i 7asih a&anya er!uki!an adat yan8 7uncul &i se,i'a$ 3usa' ,o'a Yo8ya,a$'a ini. Pe$7u,i7an ini &i7un8,in,an 7e$u3a,an 3e$7u,i7an ,ecil yan8 7uncul ,a$ena a&anya 7i8$an &a$i e$a8ai &ae$ah yan8 in8in 7ene'a3 &i &e,a' 3usa' ,o'a sea8ai u3aya 7e7ini7al,an  iaya &an 2a$a, 'e73uh 7enu2u 3usa' ,o'a.

%u7lah 3en&u&u, yan8 se7a,in e$'a7ah &ii,u'i &en8an 7enin8,a'nya &aya  eli 7asya$a,a' 'e$ha&a3 ,en&a$aan e$7o'o$ 7e7icu 7enin8,a'nya 2u7lah

,en&a$aan e$7o'o$ &i Ko'a Yo8ya,a$'a. )u7e$ &a$i P0)TRAL 7enya'a,an  ah;a &i Ko'a Yo8ya,a$'a $a'a5$a'a se'ia3 ulannya 'e$2ual *. se3e&a 7o'o$. Peningkatan ju!la+ kendaraan (er!&t&r r&da dua &i ,o'a Yo8ya,a$'a 'elah 7en88an'i,an ala' '$ans3o$'asi lain 7isalnya us yan8 hanya e$o3e$asi seanya,  (1 us &an &a3a' ,i'a ce$7a'i anya, yan8 hanya 7en8an8,u' se&i,i'  3enu73an8. Pa&ahal 3an2an8 2alan &i ,o'a hanya 4B* ,ilo7e'e$. Ta, he$an &i se2u7lah $uas 2alan 9i'al se3e$'i 2alan Malioo$o &an se,i'a$nya ,e$a3 'e$2a&i ,e7ace'an yan8 cu,u3 3an2an8.

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<e$i,u' ini ee$a3a 'i'i, ,e7ace'an yan8 e$a&a &i ,o'a %o82a,a$'a : *0 %a1asan %e(un Binatang #e!(ira L&ka

#a!(ar ,.*.* : )i'uasi &i %alan Kusu7a #e8a$a

De$e'an ,en&a$aan ai, $o&a e73a' 7au3un $o&a &ua 'e$2ea, ,e7ace'an &i se,i'a$an ,a;asan Ge7i$a Lo,a Hoo Yo8ya,a$'a. An'$ean 3an2an8 ,en&a$aan 'a73a, &a$i a$ah %alan Kusu7a #e8a$a 'e3a'nya se'elah la73u 7e$ah 3e$e73a'an )GM 7enu2u Ge7i$a Lo,a. 6al sa7a 2u8a 'e$2a&i &a$i a$ah seali,nya yai'u &a$i a$ah Ge&on8,unin8 7enu2u Ge7i$a Lo,a.

Ke7ace'an 'e$2a&i ,a$ena anya,nya us 3a$i;isa'a yan8 ,elua$ 7asu,  a$ea Ge7i$a Lo,a <ee$a3a us a&a yan8 'e$3a$,i$ &i 3in88i$ se,i'a$an ,eun ina'an8 'e$seu'. 0n'u, 3a$a 3en8en&a$a yan8 'u2uannya 7en8ha$us,an 7ele;a'i &ae$ah Ge7i$a Lo,a &iha$a3,an 7enca$i 2alu$  al'e$na'i. Pen8en&a$a &iha$a3,an 2u8a un'u, 'e'a3 e$ha'i5ha'i ,a$ena  3a&a'nya 9olu7e ,en&a$aan &i a$ea 'e$seu'.

(13)

#a!(ar ,.*.) : Ke7ace'an &i %alan Ci, Di'i$o

Puluhan 3en8en&a$a 'e$2ea, 7ace' &i %alan Ci, Di'i$o 'e$u'a7a &a$i a$ah <un&a$an 0GM sa73ai Ru7ah )a,i' Ma'a &$.YAP. Guyu$an hu2an yan8 cu,u3 &e$as 7e7ua' 3a$a 3en8en&a$a $o&a &ua un'u, 'i&a, 'e$u$u5u$u saa' 7elin'as. Ke7ace'an sen&i$i &ia,ia',an 7oil yan8 e$8an'i 2alu$ &i &e3an R) &$.YAP. <e$e&a &en8an 2alu$ seali,nya yai'u &a$i a$ah K$i&osono &an %alan %en&e$al )u&i$7an yan8 'e$3an'au lanca$ 7enu2u un&a$an 0GM. 0n'u, 3a$a 3en8en&a$a a8a$ ha'i5ha'i &an 7en8a7il 2alu$ al'e$na'i a3aila 7elin'as %alan Ci, Di'i$o 'e$u'a7a &a$i a$ah <un&a$an 0GM.

Da$i ee$a3a s'u&i ,assus &ia'as seca$a u7u7 &a3a' &isi73ul,an ah;a  3e$7asalahan '$ans3o$'asi &i ,o'a Yo8ya,a$'a &i3en8a$uhi oleh :

 Ti&a, sei7an8nya 3e$'a7ahan 2a$in8an 2alan se$'a asili'as lalu lin'as &an an8,u'an ila &ian&in8,an &en8an 3esa'nya 3e$'u7uhan ,e3e7ili,an ,en&a$aan yan8 e$a,ia' 3a&a 7enin8,a'nya 9olu7e lalu lin'as.

 Menin8,a'nya 7oili'as o$an8 a$an8 2asa &an 3a$i;isa'a.  Ku$an8 &isi3linnya 3en8e7u&i.

 Menu$unnya ,on&isi isi, an8,u'an.  Pe$7asalahan 'a$i &an $u'e a'au '$aye,.

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 Mana2e7en lalulin'as yan8 ,u$an8 ai, 

 Ke'i&a,'e$3a&uan 3en8elolaan sis'e7 '$ans3o$'asi.

 Pen8e7an8an ,o'a yan8 'i&a, &ii,u'i &en8an s'u$,'u$ 'a'a 8una lahan yan8 se$asi >'a'a $uan8 elu7 'e$3a&u?

Menan88a3i 'an'an8an &i a'as ,a7i 7e7e$i,an $e,o7en&asi solusi yan8 &a3a' &ila,u,an un'u, 7en8a'asi 'an'an8an 'e$seu'. )'$a'e8i in'e$9ensi 'e$seu' an'a$a lain :

 Me7a'asi ,e3e7ili,an ,en&a$aan e$7o'o$ &en8an 7en8a&a,an $e8ulasi yan8 ,e'a'.

 Me7ua' $e8ulasi yan8 7en8i,a' a8i 3a$a 3en8en&a$a ,en&a$aan e$7o'o$  a8a$ &a3a' 'e$'i e$lalu lin'as.

 Mela,u,an 3e$ai,an &ala7 3en8elolaan sis'e7 lalu lin'as &an '$ans3o$'asi.  Pen8e7an8an ,uali'as ,en&a$aan u7u7 sea8ai ala' '$ans3o$'asi 7elalui

 3e$e7a2aan

 Meles'a$i,an &an 7en&u,un8 ,ee$a&aan an8,u'an5an8,u'an u7u7 yan8  e$sia' non-motorized  se3e$'i an&on8 eca, sea8ai salah sa'u 3enun2an8 a,'i9i'as 3a$i;isa'a sehin88a 3en88unaan an8,u'an u7u7  e$sia' motorized  isa &i7ini7al,an

 Men88ia',an 3en8a&a,an e9en'5e9en' ,husus se3e$'icar free day&an 8e$a,an 8e7a$ e$se3e&a sea8ai salah sa'u lan8,ah 7e7ini7al,an &a73a,  lin8,un8an a,ia' '$ans3o$'asi.

B. %inerja Angkutan U!u!

Yo8ya,a$'a 7e7an8 7e$u3a,an salah sa'u ,o'a yan8 'i&a, 7en8enal is'ilah an8,u'an ,o'a >an8,o'? 'e'a3i &en8an a,'i9i'as ;a$8anya yan8 e$a8a7 7ulai &a$i  3ela2a$ hin88a ;a$8a yan8 e$usia $en'a ,en&a$aan u7u7 se2enis an8,o'

san8a'lah &iu'uh,an &an ,a$ena 'a$i an8,o' cu,u3 'e$2an8,au a8i 7asya$a,a' 8olon8an 7enen8ah ,ea;ah. )ayan8nya %o82a,a$'a 7asih elu7 7en&u,un8 ,ein&ahan 'e73a' ;isa'anya &en8an '$ans3o$'asi u7u7 $a7ah iaya se3e$'i An8,o'. )uli'nya 7ene7u,an ,en&a$aan u7u7 7en2a&i 'un'u'an 'e$sen&i$i un'u, 

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;a$8a asli %o82a,a$'aJ7au3un ;a$8a $an'auan a'au 'u$is asin8Jun'u, 7e7ili,i ,en&a$aan 3$ia&i. <e$a8ai 3ole7i, 'en'an8 '$ans3o$'asi u7u7 3un 7en2a&i isu han8a' yan8 ,e$a3 &iica$a,an &i %o82a,a$'a.

)aa' ini ,on&isi '$ans3o$'asi u7u7 &i Yo8ya,a$'a sen&i$i isa &iilan8 ,u$an8  ai,. %i,a ,i'a 'in2au &a$i se8i isi, 7isalnya cu,u3 anya, an8,u'an &i Yo8ya,a$'a yan8 $usa, &an seena$nya su&ah seha$usnya 7en&a3a',an u2i ,elaya,an. Ke$an8,a us yan8 $usa, 2o, yan8 soe, &an 7esin us yan8 7en8hasil,an asa3 e$leihan 'en'unya a,an 7eni7ul,an ,esan ,o'o$ &an se7$a;u' sehin88a ini 2elas a,an 7enu$un,an &aya 'a$i, an8,u'an i'u sen&i$i a8i  3enu73an8. <elu7 la8i $u'e '$aye, an8,u'an ,o'a yan8 'i&a, eisien. Den8an

,on&isi yan8 &e7i,ian 'en'unya o$an8 a,an leih 7e7ilih ,en&a$aan 3$ia&i

.

Kini 2alan %o82a &i&o7inasi oleh 7o'o$ &an ,en&a$aan 3$ia&i lain yan8 7en8a,ia',an ee$a3a $uas 2alan %o82a 7en8ala7i ,e7ace'an 'e$u'a7a &i 2a7  2a7 e$an8,a' &an 3ulan8 ,e$2a. Ta3i ,ini %o82a 7e7ili,i i,on a$u se,ali8us  3enuai 7asalah '$ans3o$'asi ,o'a ya,ni T$ans %o82a yan8 e$a&a &ia;ah PT

Anin&ya Mi'$a In'e$nasional >AMI? sela,u o3e$a'o$.

#a!(ar ,.).* <us T$ans %o82a

6a&i$nya T$ans %o82a seha$usnya 7en2a&i ,esenan8an 'e$sen&i$i a8i ;a$8a Yo8ya,a$'a ,e$ena sa$ana an8,u'an u7u7 7u$ah nan nya7an ,ini 7e73e$7u&ah

(16)

a,'i9i'as 7e$e,a ,e se8ala 'e73a'. Ta3i 7asya$a,a' %o82a elu7 7e$asa,an a3a yan8 &iseu' '$ans3o$'asi 7asal yan8 ce3a' a7an &an nya7an. T$ans %o82a &en8an se8ala 7aca7 3e$7aslahanya se3e$'i a$7a&a yan8 ,u$an8 2a&;al ,e&a'an8an yan8 'i&a, 3as'i &an ;a,'u 'un88u 3enu73an8 yan8 la7a 7alah 7e7ua' 7asya$a,a' %o82a e$i,i$ ulan8 un'u, 7enai,i ,en&a$aan 7assal 'e$seu'.

Masya$a,a' hin88a ,ini 7asih en88an un'u, e$alih ,e ,en&a$aan u7u7 ,a$ena alasan ;a,'u yan8 &iu'uh,an 2i,a e$,en&a$a &en8an ,en&a$aan u7u7 san8a'lah la7a ;a,'u 7e$e,a &i 3e$2alanan isa &ua ,ali li3a' &ian&in8 e$,en&a$a &en8an ,en&a$aan 3$ia&i. <ela2a$ &a$i 3en&ahulunya ya,ni T$ans %a,a$'a ,ini T$ans %a,a$'a 'elah anya, 7ena$i, ;a$8a %a,a$'a un'u, e$alih ,e ,en&a$aan u7u7 T$ans %a,a$'a 7e7e$i,an lahan un'u, 3a$,i$ &i se,i'a$  shelter  us &an 7enya$an,an ;a$8anya un'u, 7ene$us,an 3e$2alanan &en8an T$ans %a,a$'a &an T$ans %a,a$'a 7e7e$i,an layanan e$u3a us APT< >an8,u'an 3e$a'asan 'e$in'e8$asi us;ay? yan8 7en8huun8,an &ae$ah &ae$ah 3e$a'asan 2a,a$'a se3e$'i 'an8e$an8 e,asi &e3o, o8o$ ,e e$a8ai shelter 'u2uan yan8 a&a &i lin8,u3 2a,a$'a. T$ans %o28a isa 7ene$a3,an sis'e7 ini ,e&e3anya a8a$ calon  3enu73an8 yan8 e$asal &a$i &esa isa sa73ai ,e 'e$7inal T$ans %o82a yan8 a&a &i ,o'a seelu7 i'u T$ans %o82a 'e$leih &ahulu ha$us 7ena7ah 2u7lah a$7a&anya.

Den8an usia yan8 7asih &ini T$ans %o82a &iha$a3,an un'u, 'e$us e$enah 7en2a&i '$ans3o$'asi 7assal yan8 &a3a' 7e7e$i,an 3elayanan yan8 ai, a8i  3a$a 3enu73an8nya &an &iha$a3,an ,o'a Yo8ya,a$'a 7e7ili,i an8u'an ,o'a >an8,o'? yan8 7en8huun8,an an'a$a &esa &en8an ,o'a sehin88a ,e8ia'an sosial e,ono7i ;a$8anya &a3a' e$2alan &en8an 7a,si7al. Den8an '$ans3o$'asi 7assal yan8 ai, nan'inya Yo8ya,a$'a a,an leih &i,enal 'i&a, hanya sea8ai ,o'a &en8an se2u'a 3esona &an u&aya 7elain,an ,o'a yan8 &en8an,e7u&ahan a,ses '$ans3o$'asi yan8 ai, &an 7e7a&ai a8i 7asya$a,a'nya.

Dala7 su$9ey yan8 &ila,u,an &e3a$'e7en ,a2ian s'$a'e8is yan8 e$a,hi$ 3a&a " no9e7e$ 1" yan8 'e$&i$i &a$i ( $es3on&en 7ene7u,an ah;a $es3on&en

(17)

7e7ilih 7e73e$ai,i '$ans3o$'asi u7u7 8una 7en8a'asi 3e$7asalahan yan8 ,e7ace'an &i Yo8ya,a$'a. )eanya, *(  $es3on&en 3e$caya ah;a '$ans3o$'asi  3uli, &a3a' 7en8a'asi ,e7ace'an. A,an 'e'a3i $es3on&en 7asih en88an  e$3in&ah ,e '$ans3o$'asi u7u7 &i,a$ena,an se$in8nya ,e'i&a, 'e3a'an 2a&;al ,e&a'an8an us 'i'i, &an ;a,'u yan8 'e$a'as hin88a ,enya7anan &an ,ea7anan &i &ala7 '$as3o$'asi 7asal 'e$seu'. T$ans2o82a sea8ai '$ans3o$'asi u7u7 &i ,o'a Yo8ya,a$'a anya, &i3ilih oleh $es3on&en &i,a$ena,an us '$ans2o82a ini leih  ai, &a$i3a&a '$ans3o$'asi u7u7 lain yan8 a&a &i Yo8ya,a$'a &ala7 hal ,ea7anan &an ,enya7anan &an ,e'e3a'an ;a,'u 'e'a3i 'e$a'as &i 'i'i, >shel'e$? a'au hal'e &an ,e'e$a'asan 2a7 ,e$2a.

6asil su$9ey 'e$seu' 7en8u$ai,an ee$a3a 3e$7asalahan e$i,u' :

*. 3aktu Te!u+

Wa,'u 'e73uh a&alah 3e$2alanan us 3e$8i &an 3ulan8 yan8 &ihi'un8 &a$i lo,asi ,ee$an8,a'an a;al hin88a ,e7ali ,e lo,asi 3e7e$an8,a'an a;al. Wa,'u 'e73uh &a3a' &a3a' &i3en8a$uhi oleh ,ece3a'an 3e$2alanan 3an2an8 $u'e  3e$2alanan ;a,'u nai, 'u$un 3enu73an8 &an ;a,'u 'un88u 'e$7inal. Wa,'u 'e73uh 1 3u'a$an us T$ans %o82a 3a&a ;a,'u su$9ey isa &i,a'a,an laya,  ,a$ena sea8ian esa$ 'i&a, 7en8ala7i ,e'e$la7a'an sea8ai7ana yan8 &i'e'a3,an oleh Dishu,o7ino DIY 1 7eni' 3a&a 2alu$ "A. Da$i hasil su$9ey &i&a3a' nilai $a'a5$a'a ;a,'u 'e73uh sa'u 3u'a$an un'u, 2alu$ "A 3a&a ha$i Min88u 3a8i yai'u 11(/( 7eni'Min88u so$e 1.( 7eni')enin 3a8i 11( 7eni'. )enin so$e 11( 7eni'.

). Headway

Wa,'u ,ee$an8,a'an an'a$ a$7a&a >headway? yai'u selan8 ;a,'u ,e&a'an8an  us 3e$'a7a &en8an us e$i,u'nya 3a&a $u'e 'e$'en'u &ala7 ;a,'u 'e$'en'u. <e$&asa$,an &a'a &a$i Dishu,o7ino 3$o3insi DIY ,e'e'a3an hea&;ay un'u,   2alu$ "A a&alah 1* 7eni'. <e$&asa$,an hasil su$9ey 7a,a $a'a  $a'a hea&;ay

(18)

$a'a hea&;ay 2alu$ "A un'u, ha$i Min88u a&alah 144 7eni' >3a8i? &an 1(1* 7eni' >so$e? )enin a&alah 14* 7eni' >3a8i? &an 1( 7eni' >so$e?.

,. %aasitas

Di&a3a',an &i7ensi T$ans Yo8ya sehin88a &i,e'ahui s'an&a$ ,enya7anan 'e73a' &u&u, $  " 7s3ace &an s'an&a$ ,enya7anan 'e73a' e$&i$i   1( 7s3ace 7asih 7e7enuhi 3e$sya$a'an yan8 'elah &i 'e'a3,an yai'u 1(5( 7s3ace un'u, e$&i$i &an "5 (( 7s3ace un'u, &u&u,. 0n'u,   2u7lah 'e73a' &u&u, &an e$&i$i yan8 &i&a3a',an &a$i &a'a se,un&e$ &an  3en8a7a'an lan8sun8 &i&a3a',an ,a3asi'as 'o'al sa'u uni' a$7a&a T$ans2a,a$'a >C9? seesa$ 41 3enu73an8 3e$ a$7a&a &en8an ,a3asi'as  3enu73an8 un'u, 'e73a' &u&u, &an 1 3enu73an8 un'u, 'e73a' e$&i$i.

4. Pelanggaran

Dala7 sisi lain T$ans %o82a 'elah 7ela,u,an $a'usan ,ali 3elan88a$an sela7a 1* sesuai &en8an hasil 3en8ece,an Dinas Pe$huun8an DIY. Pelan88a$an ini  e$u3a 3elan88a$an in'e$9al. In'e$9al &ala7 ,on'e,s ini 7e$u3a,an 2a$a, an' a$a sa'u us &en8an us &i &e3annya yan8 ha$us &i2a8a a8a$ 'i&a, 'e$lalu &e,a'. Menu$u'nya a,'o$ ,e7ace'an 7en2a&i 3enyea u'a7a 7e7ua' suli'nya &i2a8a ,onsis'ensi in'e$9al an'a$a us sa'u &en8an lainnya. )elain i'u  3elan88a$an in'e$9al &isea,an ,a$ena us la;as 'e'a3 e$o3e$asi sehin88a ,a&an8 se73a' 7ace' &i 2alan. Kon&isi i'u 2elas a,an 7e7ua' us yan8 a&a &i  ela,an8nya 'e$lalu &e,a' a'au ah,an 7enyali3. Ia 7enyi73ul,an ,e7ace'an

&an ,on&isi us yan8 7e73en8a$uhi 'in88inya 3elan88a$an in'e $9al.

Oleh ,a$ena i'u. solusi yan8 &a3a' ,a7i $e,o7en&asi,an &a$i 3e$7asalahan &ia'as ya,ni :

Pen8u$an8an 3e$2alanan &a3a' &ila,u,an &en8an e$a8ai ca$a se7isal 3en8a'u$an 'a'a 8una lahan se3e$'i a$e 3e$7u,i7an in&us'$ise,olah &ll se&e7i,ian $u3a sehin88a &a3a' 7e7ini7alisi$ 2u7lah 3e$2alanan. A&a 3ula ca$a lain se3e$'i &en8an 7e7a,si7al,an un8si &a$i sa$ana ,o7uni,asi > 6P in'e$ne' Ko$an&ll ? sehin88a e$a8ai 7aca7 ,eu'uhan &a3a' &i,e$2a,an a'au &i3esan &a$i $u7ah.

(19)

Ca$a yan8 ,e&ua a&alah &en8an 3en8alihan 3en88unaan ,en&a$aan 3$ia&i ,e u7u7. Me7an8 'i&a,lah 7u&ah un'u, 7e7ua' o$an8 7e$uah 3ola 3i,i$ &an ,esa&a$an un'u, 7en88una,an '$ans3o$'asi u7u7. A&a cu,u3 anya, alasan 7en8a3a o$an8 leih senan8 7en88una,an ,en&a$aan 3$ia&i &a$i3a&a 7en88una,an ,en&a$aan u7u7. Ma,a un'u, i'u 3e$lu a&anya 'e$oosan &a$i  3enye&ia 2asa '$ans3o$'asi un'u, 7enin8,a',an &aya 'a$i, &an 3elayanan a8a$ 

7asya$a,a' 7ulai 7au un'u, e$alih 7en88una,an '$ans3o$'asi u7u7.

)e2alan &en8an ,ei2a,an 3e7an8unan '$ans3o$'asi &an un'u, 7en&o$on8  3en88unaan an8,u'an 7assal &i 3e$,o'aan sea8ai 3ela,sanaan 3e7a'asan ,en&a$aan 3$ia&i &en8an 7en8e7an8,an s'an&a$ 3elayanan an8,u'an u7u7 7assal un'u, 7e7e$i,an 3elayanan yan8 'e$ai, a8i 7asya$a,a' &an 7a73u  e$,o73e'isi &en8an ,en&a$aan 3$ia&i 7a,a 3e$lu &iua' sua'u s'an&a$   3elayanan 7ini7al a8i 3elayanan an8,u'an 3e$,o'aan.

C. Tingkat %e-elakaan

Yo8ya,a$'a yan8 &i,enal &en8an 7asya$a,a'nya yan8 $a7ah u,an e$a$'i 7e7ili,i 3e$ila,u e$,en&a$a yan8 $a7ah 3ula. Mes,i3un 'i&a, se3e$'i ,o'a lain &i In&onesia se3e$'i )u$aaya a'au %a,a$'a na7un &i,u'i3 &a$i Po$'al Res7i Pol$es'a Ko'a Yo8ya,a$'a  3enyea u'a7a 'e$2a&inya ,ecela,aan lalu lin'as 7e$u3a,an 3elan88a$an 'e$ha&a3 a'u$an lalu lin'as yan8 &ila,u,an oleh 3en88una  2alan. Pelan88a$an 'e$seu' se3e$'i 'i&a, 7e7a'uhi $a7u lalu lin'as 7en8en&a$ai

,en&a$aan &en8an ,ece3a'an 'in88i &an lain5lain.

Kecela,aan $a'a5$a'a 'e$2a&i 3a&a 3in88i$an ,o'a. 6al ini lan'a$an 3a&a 3usa' ,o'a lalu lin'as 3a&a' sehin88a 'i&a, 7un8,in 7en8en&a$ai ,en&a$aan &en8an ,ece3a'an 'in88i. Kecela,aan yan8 'e$2a&i 2u8a $a'a5$a'a &i&o7inasi oleh ;a$8a lo,al u,an 3e7u&i,. Ko$an ,eanya,an e$asal &a$i 3en88una $o&a &ua.

Di ;ilayah ,o'a Yo8ya,a$'a se'i&a,nya 'e$&a3a' " lo,asi $a;an ,ecela,aan lalu lin'as yan8 e$a&a &i 2alan Kusu7ane8a$a %alan %en&e$al )u&i$7an &an %alan Ma8elan8. <e$i,u' ini 3en2elasan ,e'i8a 2alan 'e$seu' :

(20)

1? %alan Kusu7ane8a$a

#a!(ar ,.,.* : Lo,asi %alan Kusu7ane8a$a 3a&a 3e'a

%alan Kusu7ane8a$a 'e$le'a, &i 3usa' ,o'a 7es,i3un e8i'u se$in8 'e$2a&i ,ecela,aan a,ia' ,e3a&a'an lalu lin'as yan8 'in88i. Ke3a&a'an u,an hanya  3en88una 2alan 'e'a3i 2u8a 'e$&a3a' ha7a'an sa73in8 se3e$'i 3e&a8an8 ,a,i li7a yan8 san8a' 'in88i. Ke3a&a'an yan8 'in88i 'i&a, &i&u,un8 &en8an in$as'$u,'u$ 2alan yan8 ai, &i7ana $uas 2alan Kusu7ane8a$a 7e7ili,i lea$ yan8 se73i'.

 #a!(ar ,.,.) :

Con'oh

(21)

? %alan %en&e$al )u&i$7an

#a!(ar ,.,.,: Lo,asi %alan %en&e$al )u&i$7an 3a&a 3e'a

%alan %en&e$al )u&i$7an 2u8a 'e$le'a, &i 3usa' ,o'a ah,an 7e7ili,i 'in8,a' 3en88unaan 2alan yan8 leih 'in88i &a$i %alan Kusu7ane8a$a. 6al ini ,a$ena 2alan %en&e$al )u&i$7an 7e$u3a,an salah sa'u ,a,i si73an8  3a&a )i73an8 Tu8u Yo8ya,a$'a yan8 selalu &ile;a'i oleh 7asya$a,a' lo,al 7au3un 7asya$a,a' lua$ Yo8ya,a$'a. Penyea 'e$2a&inya ,ecela,aan ya,ni  anya, yan8 7enye$an8 2alu$ 'an3a 7e73e$ha'i,an  3en8en&a$a lainnya.

(22)

#a!(ar ,.,.5: Con'oh Kecela,aan yan8 'e$2a&i &i %alan %en&e$al )u&i$7an

"? %alan Ma8elan8

#a!(ar ,.,.6 : Lo,asi %alan Ma8elan85Yo8ya,a$'a 3a&a 3e'a

%alan Ma8elan85%o82a 7e$u3a,an 2alan 3in88i$an ,o'a yan8 san8a' $a7ai &ilalui oleh 7asya$a,a' lua$ &ae$ah Ko'a Yo8ya,a$'a. %alan ini 7e7asu,i !ona e,s'e$nal yan8 hanya &i2a&i,an lin'asan sa2a. Kece3a'an &i ;ilayah  2alan ini san8a'lah 'in88i a,'o$ inilah yan8 7en8a,ia',an 'in88inya

(23)

#a!(ar ,.,.7 " Ga7a$ )uasana %alan Ma8elan85Yo8ya,a$'a saa' len8an8

#a!(ar ,.,.8 : Con'oh Kecela,aan yan8 Te$2a&i &i %alan Ma8elan85%o82a

<e$i,u' ini analisis yan8 ,a7i la,u,an 'e$ha&a3 3e$7asalahan ,e7ace'an &i Ko'a Yo8ya,a$'a :

A&a ee$a3a a,'o$ yan8 7enyea,an 'e$2a&inya ,ecela,aan &i Ko'a Yo8ya,a$'a. Dala7 hal a,'o$ 7anusia ee$a3a con'oh yan8 7enyea,an ,ecela,aan lalu lin'as. Pen8en&a$a yan8 7elan88a$ lalu5lin'as 3en8en&a$a yan8 lelah a'au 7en8an'u, 3en8en&a$a yan8 ,u$an8 e$,onsen'$asi ,on&isi  3en8en&a$a yan8 se&an8 sa,i' &an anya, yan8 7enyee$an8 2alu$ 'an3a

7e73e$ha'i,an 3en8en&a$a lainnya.

)a$ana &an 3$asa$ana 2alan yan8 ,u$an8 7e7a&ai 2u8a 7en2a&i a,'o$ 3enyea yan8 7ena7ah esa$ an8,a ,ecela,aan lalu5lin'as &i Yo8ya,a$'a. Di an'a$anya a&alah ,on&isi 2alan &i7ana 2a$a, &ua la73u APILL yan8 $ela'i 3en&e,. )e3e$'i an'a$a )i73an8 )en'ul &an )i73an8 <a'i,an a'au )i73an8 E73a' Pin8i' &an

(24)

)i73an8 Ti8a A'5Ta,$i. Kon&isi 'e$seu' 7e7icu 3en8en&a$a 'i&a, nya7an &an 'e$u$u5u$u se$'a 7e7icu 3en8en&a$a 2alan un'u, 7elan88a$ $a7u5$a7u lalu5 lin'as yan8 e$a,ia' 3a&a 'e$2a&inya ,ecela,aan lalu5lin'as.

Kon&isi 2alan &en8an a$us lalu5lin'as yan8 $ela'i se3i 2u8a 7en2a&i 3enyea ,ecela,aan. )e3e$'i 3a&a saa'5saa' 7ala7 ha$i a'au 3a8i ha$i 3en8en&a$a a,an 7e7acu ,enca$aannya leih ,encan8. Dan saa' 'i&a, isa 7en8uasai ,en&a$aan a,ia' 'e$lalu ,encan8 ,ecela,aan iasanya a,an 'e$2a&i. <ee$a3a lo,asi con'oh 'e$2a&inya ,ecela,aan lalu5lin'as a,ia' &a$i ,on&isi 2alan &en8an a$us lalu5lin'as se3i saa' 'en8ah 7ala7 &an 3a8i ha$i a&alah &i %alan Ma8elan8 %alan Di3one8o$o %alan Ka'a7so &an %alan Kusu7ane8a$a.

)olusi a8a$ ,ecela,aan lalu lin'as &i ,o'a Yo8ya,a$'a &a3a' &i7ini7alisi$ ialah &en8an 7ene$'i,an 3a$a 3en8en&a$a a'au 3en88una 2alan oleh 3iha, ,e3olisian 7en8on'$ol la73u APILL a8a$ 2a$a, ;a,'u an'a$ ase si73an8 'i&a, 'e$lalu  3en&e, 7e7asan8 $a7u 3e$in8a'an &ae$ah $a;an ,ecela,aan.

D. 9asilitas Pejalan %aki

0n&an850n&an8 RI #o.  Tahun  'en'an8 Lalu Lin'as &an An8,u'an %alan su&ah 7ene8as,an ,e;a2ian a8i 3e7e$in'ah un'u, 7enye&ia,an asili'as un'u,  se3e&a 3e2alan ,a,i &an 3enyan&an8 caca'. 6al i'u 'e$7asu, 3enye&iaan asili'as  3en&u,un8 se3e$'i '$o'oa$ la2u$ se3e&a 'e73a' 3enyee$an8an 3e2alan ,a,i hal'e &ana'au asili'as ,husus a8i 3enyan&an8 caca' >&isaili'as? &an 7anusia usia lan2u'. )oal a,sesiili'as ini ,e7u&ian 'e$'uan8 3ula &ala7 Pe$a'u$an Dae$ah P$o9insi DIY #o. 4 Tahun 1 'en'an8 Pe$lin&un8an &an Pe7enuhan 6a,  Penyan&an8 Disaili'as 7ene8as,an a$ah 0n&an850n&an8 RI #o. 1 Tahun 11 'en'an8 Pen8esahan Kon9ensi 6a, Penyan&an8 Disaili'as &i ,on'e,s &ae$ah. Ko7i'e Pe$lin&un8an Penyan&an8 Disaili'as &i Ko'a Yo8ya,a$'a sea8ai ;u2u& a7ana' Pe$a'u$an Wali,o'a Yo8ya,a$'a #o. B Tahun 14 2u8a su&ah &ien'u,.  #a7un hin88a ,ini ,uali'as asili'as 3uli, yan8 $a7ah a8i ,elo73o, $en'an

>'e$7asu, 3enya&an8 &isaili'as? 7asih 2auh &a$i ha$a3an.

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1? )i$,ulasi 3e2alan ,a,i

Pa&a ,a;asan 'i'i, nol yo8ya,a$'a 'e$a&a3a' ee$a3a 3enyalah8unaan un8si $uan8 un'u, 2alu$ 3e2alan ,a,i  '$o'oa$. %alu$ 3e2alan ,a,i ini seena$nya asn8a' 7e7a&ai un'u, 3a$a 3e2alan ,a,i &en8an lea$ yan8 cu,u3 esa$ &an &a3a' 7ena73un8 anya, 3e2alan ,a,i &en8an lea$ yan8 cu,u3 esa$ &an &a3a' 7ena73un8 anya, 3e2alan ,a,i yan8 7ele;a'inya na7un 3a&a ,enya'aannya 'e$&a3a' 3enyalah8unaan un8si 3a&a '$o'oa$ 'e$seu' yai'u &i8una,an sea8ai 'e73a' PKL > Pe&a8an8 ,a,i Li7a? un'u, e$2ualan. )i'uasi ini 7enyea,an lea$ '$o'oa$ yan8 se7a,in &an e$,u$an8nya a$ea e$8e$a, un'u, e$2alan ,a,i  ah,an 3a&a 7ala7 ha$i hanya &a3a' &ile;a'i se'en8ah &a$i '$o'oa$ 'e$seu'.

#a!(ar ,.4.* " Kon&isi '$o'oa$ yan8 &i8una,an un'u, a$ea 3a$,i$ &an PKL

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#a!(ar ,.4., " )euah 7oil 3a$,i$ &i '$o'oa$ yan8 7en88an88u 3e2alan ,a,i -asili'as '$o'oa$ yan8 cu,u3 7e7a&ai 'e'a3i 7en2a&i e$alih un8si yan8 7e73en8a$uhi ,enya7anan 3e2alan ,a,i. Ken&ala5,en&ala yan8 &iha&a3i yai'u 'i&a, a&a ,ese3aha7an an'a$&inas 'e$,ai'. )e3e$'i &inas 3e$in&us'$ian  3e$&a8an8an Ko3e$asi &an 3e$'anian yan8 e$3e8an8 3a&a Pe$&a 3ena'aan PKL yan8 7en8elola PKL yan8 e$2ualan &i T$o'oa$ se&an8,an &i sisi lain ,ee$a&aan PKL 'e$seu' &ian88a3 7asalah oleh Dinas Pe7u,i7an &an P$asa$ana Wilayah >Ki73$as;i?. Pe7ua'an '$o'oa$ yan8 lea$ &i'a,u',an a,an 7en2a&i lahan PKL e$2ualan.

? -asili'as 3enyee$an8an

Dala7 7en8analisis asili'as 3enyee$an8an un'u, 3en88una 2alan ,i'a 3e$lu 7en8e'ahui see$a3a anya, 3e2alan ,a,i yan8 7enyee$an8 2alan 'e$seu' sehin88a ,i'a &a3a' 7en8e'ahui asili'as 3enyee$an8an a3a yan8 coco, un'u,  7enyee$an8 &an 2u8a 7e73e$ha'i,an as3e, ,enya7anan &an ,ea7anan lalu lin'as. )ea8ai con'oh asili'as 3enyee$an8an &i Ti'i, #ol Kilo7e'e$  Yo8ya,a$'a yan8 7asih u$u, ,a$ena 'i&a, 7e73e$ha'i,an ,esela7a'an  ah,an 'e$,a&an8 3e2alan ,a,i yan8 'i&a, isa 7e7a'uhi 3e$a'u$an un'u, 

7enye$an8 7ele;a'i !e$a c$oss yan8 'elah &ise&ia,an. Pen88una ,en&a$aan se3e$'i 3en8en&a$a 7oil a'au 7o'o$ yan8 'i&a, e$ha'i5ha'i &an 'i&a,  7e73$io$i'as,an 3en88una 2alan lain se3e$'i 3e2alan ,a,i 7au3un 3ese3e&a. <anya,nya 3e2alan ,a,i yan8 7enyee$an8 ini 7en2a&i 3ilihan 3e7e$in'ah

(27)

un'u, 7e7ua' asili'as 3enyee$an8an 'e'a3i asili'as 3enyee$an8an 'e$seu' 'i&a, a,an &ian8un &i a'as 2alan 7elain,an a,an &i ua' 2alan a;ah 'anah yai'u 2e7a'an 3en8huun8 yan8 7e7e$i,an ,esela7a'an ,ea7anan &an ,enya7anan ,e3a&a 3e2alan ,a,i. Diha$a3,an 2e7a'an 3en8huun8 ini a,an 7en8u$an8i ,e7ace'an lalu lin'as 7anusia yan8 7enye$an8 &i &e3an a$ea Ta7an Pin'a$.

#a!(ar ,.4.4 " Kon&isi -asili'as 3enyee$an8an &i Ti'i, #ol ,ilo7e'e$  Yo8ya,a$'a saa' ini

#a!(ar ,.4.5 " Rencana -asili'as Penyee$an8an &i Ti'i, #ol Kilo7e'e$  Yo8ya,a$'a

(28)

Ke7u&aan a,ses a8i 3e2alan ,a,i un'u, 2a$a, 2auh &en8an in'e8e$asi 2alu$   3e2alan ,a,i &an an8,u'an u7u7 elu7 'e$la,sana &en8an ai,. Dala7

,e8ia'an ,o'a laya, 3e2alan ,a,i yan8 &i canan8,an &i Ko'a Yo8ya,a$'a salah sa'u yan8 &i$encana,an yai'u e$usaha 7e;u2u&,an in'e8e$asi in'e$7o&a. In'e8e$asi 'e$seu' &en8an 7e7a&u,an 2alu$ non-motoriszed transport (NMT)

se3e$'i eca, &an an&on8 3e2alan ,a,i 3ese3e&a &an an8,u'an u7u7. 6al 'e$seu' &iha$a3,an &a3a' 7en&o$on8 7asya$a,a' e$alih &a$i ,en&a$aan  3$ia&i.

4? Ku$an8nya asili'as 3e2alan ,a,i un'u, 3a$a &isaili'as

Kenya7anan un'u, 3e2alan ,a,i 7e7an8 &i 3$io$i'as,an na7un a,sesiili'as un'u, &isaili'as 2u8a 3en'in8 ,a$ena anya, 3a$a &isaili'as yan8 7e7ilih 'i&a, e$2alan52alan &a$i3a&a ha$us 7en8ha&a3i ,esuli'an un'u, 7en&a3a',an  2alan yan8 a7an &an nya7an. Ruan8 7oili'as a8i &isaili'as san8a' 'i&a, 

laya, &an 'i&a, 7en2a7in ,ea7anan &an ,esela7a'an ,hususnya &ala7 ,on'e,s 3e$8e$a,an e$2alan ,a,i&en8an ala' an'u.

)i'uasi ini 'i&a, hanya 7ene$3a ,elo73o, $en'an. Pen&u&u, ,eanya,an 3un 'i&a, 'e$2a7in 7en&a3a',an $uan8 7oili'as yan8 a7an &an nya7an. Khususnya saa' 7en88una,an ,en&a$aan non57o'o$ a'au e$2alan ,a,i. A,ia'nya 3en8en&a$a ,en&a$aan non57o'o$ 3ese3e&a &an 3e2alan ,a,i sen&i$i 3a&a ,on'e,s isu 7oili'as yan8 leih luas isa 'e$7asu, sea8ai 3a$a &isaili'as.

<A< I+

KE)IMP0LA# DA# )ARA# A. KE)IMP0LA#

(29)

<e$i,u' ini 7e$u3a,an ,esi73ulan yan8 &a3a' ,a7i 'a$i, e$&asa$,an  3e7ahasan 3a&a a &ia'as &ian'a$anya :

1? Ko'a Yo8ya,a$'a 7e$u3a,an ,o'a 3a$i;isa'a yan8 7e7ili,i anya, 'u2uan &es'inasi na7un 'a, lu3u' &a$i e$a8ai 3e$7asalahan '$ans3o$'asi.

? Pe$7asalahan '$ans3o$'asi &i Ko'a Yo8ya,a$'a 7eli3u'i : Ke7ace'an Kine$2a An8,u'an 07u7 >T$ans %o82a? yan8 u$u, Tin8,a' Kecela,aan yan8 'in88i &an -asili'as Pe2alan Ka,i yan8 elu7 7e7a&ai.

"? Ke7ace'an &i Yo8ya,a$'a 'e$&a3a' 3a&a &ua 'i'i, ya,ni &i ;ilayah Keun <ina'an8 Ge7i$a Lo,o &an &i ;ilayah %alan Ci, Di'i$o. Penyea &i&u8a a,ia' 'in88inya 9olu7e lalu lin'as yan8 'i&a, sean&in8 &en8an in$as'$u,'u$ 2alan yan8 &ise&ia,an se$'a ,u$an8nya 3en8a'u$an lalu lin'as. 4? T$ans %o82a yan8 &iha$a3,an 7en2a&i an8,u'an u7u7 a7an 7u$ah &an

ce3a' 7asih 7e7ili,i e$a8ai 3e$7asalahan se3e$'i ;a,'u 'e73uh hea&;ay ,as3asi'as &an 3elan88a$an.

(? Ko'a Yo8ya,a$'a 7e7ili,i " 'i'i, $a;an ,ecela,aan ya,ni &i %alan Kusu7ane8a$a %alan %en&e$al )u&i$7an &an %alan Ma8elan8. Kecela,aan &isea,an ,a$ena 3e$ila,u e$,en&a$a yan8 u$u, &an u7u7nya 'e$2a&i 3a&a ,en&a$aan $o&a &ua.

*? -asili'as Pe2alan Ka,i 7asih 7e7ili,i 3e$7asalahan se3e$'i si$,ulasi in'e8$asi &an asili'as ,husus &iael

<. )ARA#

<e$&asa$,an ,esi73ulan &ia'as e$i,u' ini sa$an yan8 &a3a' ,a7i usul,an un'u, 7enan8ani 3e$7asalahan '$ans3o$'asi &i Ko'a Yo8ya,a$'a :

1? Piha, Dinas Pe$huun8an Ko'a Yo8ya,a$'a su&ah seha$usnya 7ela,u,an  3en8a'u$an ,e7ali la73u APILL 3a&a selu$uh si73an8 &i Ko'a

Yo8ya,a$'a ,hususnya 3a&a 'i'i,5'i'i, yan8 se$in8 'e$2a&i ,e7ace'an. ? Piha, O3e$a'o$ <us T$ans %o82a PT Anin&ya Mi'$a In'e$nasional >AMI?

su&ah saa'nya e$enah un'u, 7enin8,a',an ,ine$2a T$ans %o82a sehin88a 7a73u 7en2a&i '$ans3o$'asi an&alah 7asya$a,a' Yo8ya,a$'a.

"? Piha, Ke3olisian se'e73a' ha$us 7ela,u,an 3ene8a,an hu,u7 ,e3a&a  3en8en&a$a yan8 7ela,u,an 3elan88a$an e$u3a 3enilan8an.

4? Me7asan8 $a7u5$a7u &an asili'as lainnya 3a&a lo,asi $a;an ,ecela,aan un'u, 7e7e$i 3e$in8a'an a8i 3en8en&a$a.

(? Me7ua' asili'as 3e2alan ,a,i yan8 sesuai &en8an ,eu'uhan sehin88a &is'$iusi 3e2alan ,a,i &a3a' e$2alan &en8an ai,.

Figur

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Referensi

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