PROFIL INDUSTRI BIDANG TEKNOLOGI INFORMA

91 

Loading....

Loading....

Loading....

Loading....

Loading....

Teks penuh

(1)
(2)

A

Aggeennddaa PPrreesseennttaassii

Pendahuluan

I  Profil Komunitas Informatika di Indonesia

I  Aspek Demand dari Industri Informatika

Hasil Riset: Eksekutif Berbicara mengenai Lulusan TI Informatika

I  Aspek Supply dari Perguruan Tinggi

Studi Kasus: Kurikulum Berbasis Kompetensi untuk PS Sistem Informasi

I  Strategi Pengelolaan Program Studi

(3)

P

(4)

K

Keeaaddaaaann SSaaaatt IInnii

E Concern

–  Human Development Index  LOW

–  Information Technology Literacy  LOW

–  Digital Divide  LOW

–  Ranks Related to IT/IS/IM  LOW

E Dream

–  Transformation: LOW  MEDIUM  HIGH

–  Significant Change and Dramatic Improvement

–  Make the Concept and Strategy Actionable

(5)

K

Keekkhhaawwaattiirraann

I  Tingginya persaingan antar perguruan tinggi dalam dan luar negeri

I  Cepatnya perkembangan ilmu komputer dan informatika

I  Mahalnya sumber daya yang perlu dimiliki

I  Maraknya ditawarkan program sertifikasi dan non gelar

I  Membanjirnya lulusan non informatika dengan keahlian serupa

I  Meleburnya dunia informatika dengan bidang studi lain

I  Kaburnya kebutuhan spesifik industri informatika

 Negara lain: “In IT we trust…”

(6)

S

Saallaahh KKaapprraahh

I  Jawaban kekhawatiran =

KURIKULUM

SISTEM PENYELENGGARAAN PENDIDIKAN TINGGI

(7)

P

Piillaarr PPeerrgguurruuaann TTiinnggggii

K

(8)

IInntteerrnnaattiioonnaall PPrraaccttiicceess

COMPUTER SCIENCE

IEEE Computer Society Association for Computing

Machinery

COMPUTER ENGINEERING

IEEE Computer Society Association for Computing

Machinery

INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Association for Computing Machinery

Association for Information Systems

Association of Information Technology Professionals

SOFTWARE ENGINEERING

Software Engineering Education Project

Computing Curricula 2001

(9)

K

Kuunnccii KKeebbeerrhhaassiillaann

link and match

national competitive advantage

(10)

K

Kuunnccii KKeebbeerrhhaassiillaann

(11)

S

Siinnkkrroonniissaassii

Dulu

Sekarang

sekolah (belajar) bekerja (berkarya)

sekolah (belajar)

bekerja (berkarya)

wisuda – menunggu/training …..

wisuda – langsung kerja

Perguruan Tinggi

Perguruan Tinggi

Industri

(12)

A

(13)

IInndduussttrryy DDoommaaiinn

IT Industry in Indonesia

HARDWARE SOFTWARE SERVICES

Consumer Electronics (Digital Based

(14)

IInndduussttrryy SSeeggmmeennttss

HARDWARE SOFTWARE SERVICES

Consumer Electronics (Digital Based

Devices)

Support & Services Implementation

Consulting

(15)

H

(16)

S

(17)

S

(18)
(19)
(20)
(21)

T

(22)

E

Ekksseekkuuttiiff BBeerrbbiiccaarraa

(23)

R

Reessppoonnddeenn

1. Peter Ong Managing Director, Sinar Mas Group Multi-Industri

2. Richard Kartawijaya President Direktur, PT Integrasi Utama Tbk.

Teknologi Informasi – System Integrator

Mantan Presiden Direktur PT Microsoft Indonesia

3. Heru Prasetyo Advisor, Accenture Multi-National IT

Consulting

4. Dede Suhendar Direktur Teknologi Informasi, PT Satelindo

Telekomunikasi

5. Lesan Limanardja Presiden Direktur, PT Metrodata

Electronics Tbk.

Distribusi dan IT Solution Provider

6. Mardjuki Direktur, Oracle University Database Solution Provider

7. Samuel Nemba Manajer Senior, PT Indosat Tbk. Telekomunikasi

8. Sutanto Tanuwidjaja IT Vice President, PT Bogasari Flour Mills Food and Distribution

9. Abadi Purnama Manajer Senior, Pertamina Hulu Pertambangan

10. Cahyana Ahmadjayadi Deputi Jaringan TI, Kementrian Komunikasi dan Informasi

Pemerintah Mantan Direktur Utama PT Pos

(24)

R

Reessppoonnddeenn ccoonntt..

11. Chandra Sugiono Presiden Direktur, PT Ciptamaya Software Developer and

Solution Provider

12. Gatot Gunodo Manajer Senior TI, Garuda Indonesia Transportasi

13. Didik Sumbodo HR Manager, PT Trakindo Utama Manufaktur

14. Indra M. Utoyo Project Director, PT Telkom Indonesia Tbk.

Telekomunikasi

15. Jos F. Luhukay Direktur Utama, Bank Lippo Perbankan Mantan Ernst and Young Partner

16. Heru Nugroho CEO, PT Work IT Out Jasa SDM TI Ketua APJII 17. Mas Wigrantoro Ketua, Cyber Club Policy LSM Staf Ahli Menteri

Kominfo

18. Nico Krisnanto Advisor, PT Delphi Computech Indonesia Hardware and Software Provider

19. Hari Prabowo HR Manager, Unocal Indonesia Pertambangan

(25)

R

Reessppoonnddeenn ccoonntt..

21. Sunar Wibowo HR Manager, Jaya Group Multi-Industri

22. Barata W. Wardhana General Manager PT Net Nusantara Telekomunikasi

23. J. Kriswanto CEO PT Indosatcom Adimarga IT Solution Provider

24. Tharsikin Insa Presiden Direktur, Global Technology Media and

Communication

25. Uun Widhi Untoro Managing Director, PT IFS Indonesia Software Provider

26. Adrianto Gani Presiden Direktur, PT Intimedia IT Solution Provider

27. Samudera Sukardi Presiden Direktur, PT Abacus IT Service Provider

28. Luckysa Esa Manager, PT Microsoft Indonesia Software Solution

Provider

29. Tico Kamayana Manager, PT IBM Indonesia Hardware Solution Provider

Mantan IT Associate Director PWC

(26)

R

Reessppoonnddeenn ccoonntt..

31. Imam Pramono Manajer SIM, Angkasa Pura I Transportasi

32. Pandu Angklasito IT Manajer, PLN Utility

33. Kemal E. Gani Redaksi Utama, Majalah SWA Sembada Media and Communication

34. KRMT Roy Suryo Pakar Multimedia Pendidikan

35. Onno W. Purbo Pakar Internet Freelance

36. Norma Sosiawan Manager, Texmaco Group Manufaktur

37. Adji Gunawan Director, Global TV Media Entertainment

38. Dedy Hari Ananta Manager, BP Indonesia Pertambangan

39. Aji Director, Global TV Media and Entertainment

(27)

R

Reessppoonnddeenn ccoonntt..

41. Puntaraksma Direktur, PT Sigma Cipta Caraka IT Outsourcing and

Solution Provider

42. Yogi Pratomo Manager, PT Prosys Bangun Persada Jasa Manajemen Proyek

43. Dwi Kurniawan IT Manager, Bank Indonesia Pemerintah

44. Endra Datta HR Manager, Bali Camp Sofware Solution

Provider

45. Alexander Cyrus Partner, BT Advisor IT Consulting Services

46. Donny Razalie Consultancy Manager, PT Plasmedia IT Solution Provider

47. Benny Adisoetjahja Direktur, PT Rodamas Distribusi

48. Ishadi SK Direktur Utama, Trans TV Media

49. Dwi Wicaksono Manajer TI, SCTV Media and Entertainment

(28)

K

Krriittiikk ddaann HHaarraappaann

1.  Tidak dapat Langsung Produktif

2.  Absennya Pemahaman Konteks Bisnis 3.  Kurangnya Kemampuan Spesialisasi 4.  Pandangan yang Terlampau Teknis 5.  Kaburnya Kompetensi Utama

6.  Lemahnya Kualitas “Soft Skills”

(29)

K

Keebbuuttuuhhaann IInndduussttrrii

I  Secepat mungkin lulusan dapat produktif

I  Pengetahuan yang memadai dan didukung oleh soft skills yang cukup

I  Tidak terlampau teknis  mengetahui konteks TI dalam bisnis

I  Fokus pada penerapan teknologi, bukan teori/konsep semata

I  Berbasis kompetensi dengan keahlian sesuai dengan trend

I  Sifat: inovatif, kreatif, mandiri, improvisasi, tahan uji, dan percaya diri

I  Berjiwa entrepreneurship dan intrapreneurship

I  Libatkan industri semaksimal mungkin dalam kegiatan pendidikan

(30)

A

Assppeekk SSuuppppllyy ddaarrii PPeerrgguurruuaann TTiinnggggii

S

(31)

T

Twwoo SSttaannddaarrddss iinn EEdduuccaattiioonn

I  Academic Content Standards (knowledge base)

I  Performance Standards (competency base)

I  ACS = essential elements of knowledge

(32)

B

Baassiicc CCoonncceeppttss ooff CCoommppeetteennccyy

E “… is a knowledge, skills, and abilities or capabilities that a person

achieves, which become part of his or her being to the exent he or she can satisfactorily perform particular cognitive, afective, and psychomotor behaviors.” (McAshan)

E  “… perpaduan dari pengetahuan, keterampilan, nilai, dan sikap yang

direfleksikan dalam kebiasaan berpikir dan bertindak.” (E. Mulyasa)

I  Aspects of Competency according to Gordon: –  Knowledge

–  Understanding –  Skill

–  Value –  Attitude

(33)

C

CBBCC ((KKBBKK)) DDeeffiinniittiioonn

E “Suatu konsep kurikulum yang menekankan pada pengembangan

kemampuan melakukan (kompetensi) tugas-tugas dengan standar performansi tertentu, sehingga hasilnya dapat dirasakan oleh

peserta didik, berupa penguasaan terhadap seperangkat kompetensi tertentu” (E. Mulyasa)

I  Education Pillars from UNESCO: –  Learning to know

–  Learning to do –  Learning to be

–  Learning to live together

I  All Higher-Learning Institutions and Stakeholders

(34)

C

Coommppeetteennccyy--BBaasseedd CCuurrrriiccuulluumm bbyy DDeeppddiikknnaass ((22000022))

1.  Menekankan pada ketercapaian kompetensi siswa baik secara individual maupun klasikal

2.  Berorientasi pada hasil belajar dan keberagaman

3.  Penyampaian dalam pembelajaran menggunakan pendekatan dan metode yang bervariasi

4.  Sumber belajar bukan hanya guru, tetapi juga sumber belajar lainnya yang memenuhi unsur edukatif

(35)

R

Reeccoommmmeennddeedd SSttrraatteeggyy

1.  Sistem Belajar dengan Modul

2.  Menggunakan Keseluruhan Sumber Belajar 3.  Pengalaman Lapangan

4.  Strategi Belajar Individual Personal 5.  Kemudahan Belajar

(36)

S

Seevveenn BBaassee AAssssuummppttiioonnss

1.  Sedikit SDM profesional yang mampu melakukan proses pembelajaran secara optimal

2.  Paradigma lama dalam belajar – menyajikan materi mata pelajaran dari “yang tahu” ke “yang tidak tahu”

3.  Peserta didik bukanlah “tabung kosong”, tetapi pribadi yang

berpotensi (dogmatis vs fasilitator pengembangan knowledge dan kompetensi)

4.  Potensi peserta didik berbeda dan bervariasi (everybody is unique) dalam tingkatan IQ, EQ, dan SQ yang berbeda

5.  Pendidikan untuk membuat lingkungan kondusif agar potensi yang ada tersalurkan secara optimal

6.  Kurikulum harus berisi kompetensi-kompetensi potensial yang tersusun secara sistematis

(37)

D

Deevveellooppmmeenntt LLeevveell ooff CCuurrrriiccuulluumm

I  Pengembangan Kurikulum Tingkat Nasional

–  Target:

I  Standar kompetensi jenjang dan jenis pendidikan

I  Pengembangan Kurikulum Tingkat Lembaga

–  Target:

I Kompetensi sesuai visi dan misi lembaga

I Pengembangan bidang studi terkait

I Definisi kebutuhan sumber daya

I Pengembangan fasilitas dan sarana

I Pengembangan Kurikulum Tingkat Bidang Studi

–  Target:

I Jenis kompetensi setiap bidang studi

I  Pengelompokan dan pengembangan kompetensi

I  Deskripsi kompetensi dan karakteristiknya

I Indikator/ukuran pencapaian kompetensi

I  Pengembangan Kurikulum Tingkat Satuan Bahasan

–  Target:

(38)

N

Neeww PPaarraaddiiggmm iinn CCaatteeggoorriizziinngg CCoommppeetteennccyy

I  Mata Kuliah Pengembangan Kepribadian (MKPK)

–  Kompetensi pengembangan pribadi (emotional intelligence)

I  Mata Kuliah Ketrampilan dan Keahlian (MKKK) –  Kompetensi keilmuan

I  Mata Kuliah Keahlian Berkarya (MKKB)

–  Kompetensi mentransformasi gagasan menjadi karya nyata

I  Mata Kuliah Perilaku Berkarya (MKPB)

–  Kompetensi berperilaku/bersikap untuk mengembangkan kreativitas dan inovasi

I  Mata Kuliah Berkehidupan Bersama (MKBB)

–  Kompetensi berorientasi pada kaidah dan norma (value) hidup di masyarakat sesuai dengan profesi

(39)

T

Twwoo CCoommppeetteennccyy AApppprrooaacchheess

I  Taxonomy Bloom Other Competency Approach

I Kompetensi Kongnitif

(pengetahuan, pemahaman, kesadaran)

I Kompetensi Afektif

(nilai, sikap, ketertarikan, apresiasi)

I Kompetensi Kinerja

(perilaku, pencapaian) I  Kompetensi Konsekuensi

(perubahan, demonstrasi) I  Kompetensi Eksploratori

(inovasi, bermanfaat)

(40)

C

Coommppeetteennccyy IIddeennttiiffiiccaattiioonn

1.  Existing list (literatur, pengalaman)

2.  Course translation (penjabaran bidang studi)

3.  Course translations with safeguard (penjabaran mata pelajaran) 4.  Taxonomic analysis (Bloom vs other approaches)

5.  Input from the profession (asosiasi, praktisi) 6.  Theoretical constructs (akademisi, filsafat)

(41)

C

(42)

IISS aass FFiieelldd ooff AAccaaddeemmiicc SSttuuddyy

Information Systems

Management Information Systems

(43)

T

(44)

W

(45)

C

Caappaabbiilliittiieess aanndd KKnnoowwlleeddggee EExxppeecctteedd

(46)

A

(47)

C

(48)

A

Arrcchhiitteeccttuurree ooff tthhee EExxiissttiinngg IISS CCuurrrriiccuulluumm

1

2

3

(49)

1

(50)
(51)

1

1.. CCoommppeetteennccyy LLeevveellss

(52)

2

(53)

2

(54)

2

(55)

2

2.. CCoouurrsseess TTrreeee

(56)

3

(57)

3

3.. LLeeaarrnniinngg UUnniitt TTrreeee

(58)

4

(59)

4

(60)

4

4.. BBooddyy ooff KKnnoowwlleeddggee TTrreeee

(61)

4

(62)

4

(63)

C

(64)

IInndduussttrryy PPaarrttiicciippaannttss oonn RReesseeaarrcchh I  Zahir Consulting I  Plasmedia

I Unocal I  Sinarmas I  Bank Mandiri I British Petroleum I  PLN

(65)

S

(66)

R

(67)

D

(68)

O

Otthheerr RReessuullttss

(69)

S

(70)
(71)

L A P I S A N P E N G E T A H U A N P O K O K

1

L A P I S A N K O M P O N E N P R O D U K

2

L A P I S A N E N T I T A S T E R A P A N

3

(72)

Logika

Integration Call Center

Electronic

Corporation Intelligent Technology Business

Intelligence Enhancement Digital

Voice-Image Recognition

A

(73)
(74)
(75)

L A P I S A N E N T I T A S T E R A P A N

Corporation Intelligent Technology Business

Intelligence Enhancement Digital Voice-Image Recognition

L

(76)

H

Hiigghheerr EEdduuccaattiioonn SSttrruuccttuurree

HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION

ACADEMIC DEPARTMENT

PROGRAM OF STUDY

PROGRAM OF STUDY

PROGRAM OF STUDY

ACADEMIC DEPARTMENT

PROGRAM OF STUDY

PROGRAM OF STUDY

PROGRAM OF STUDY

ACADEMIC DEPARTMENT

PROGRAM OF STUDY

PROGRAM OF STUDY

(77)

P

Poorrttffoolliioo MMaannaaggeemmeenntt ooff HHiigghheerr LLeeaarrnniinngg

HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION

Academic

E Different Size E Different Strategy E Different Issues

Rule of Conduct Ethics

HR Remuneration Chart of Account

Legal and Regulatory Vision and Missions

Policy and Procedures

Technology Infrastructure

Government Rules Foundation and Sponsors

Network and

Partners Shared Resources

(78)

IInnssiiddee AAccaaddeemmiicc DDeeppaarrttmmeenntt

E Different Characteristics

E  Different Objectives

E  Different Resources

E  Different Prospect

E  Different Size

E  Different Contribution

(79)

IInnssiiddee tthhee AAccaaddeemmiicc DDeeppaarrttmmeenntt Finance and Accounting

(80)

K

Knnoowwlleeddggee PPrroocceesssseess iinn HHiigghheerr EEdduuccaattiioonn

Teaching Instruction

1. Teaching regular course offerings 2. Developing course materials

3. Developing replicable systems of instruction 4. Developing new course/labs

5. Coordinating clinical teaching/independent study/tutorials

Advising

1. Advising students on programs of study 2. Sponsoring of advising student groups

3. Serving on master’s or doctoral supervisory committees

4. Chairing master’s or doctoral supervisory committees

Service Faculty Service

1. Serving on departmental, college, or university committees 2. Serving on the faculty senate

3. Chairing any committee (student, faculty, etc.) 4. Serving as a sponsor for student activities/groups

Professional Service

1. Activity in professional organizations (holding office, serving on committees or boards )

2. Consulting to organization or corporations 3. Consulting to university/ colleges, etc.

Public or Community Service

Scholarly Research / Creative endeavors Publications

1. Book

2. Journal and magazine article 3. Monograph, etc

4. Presenting recitals and exhibitions

5. Staging, directing, or acting in musical, theatrical, and dance productions

6. Exhibiting paintings, sculptures, and other creative arts 7. Developing software / media

8. Reviews

9. Nonrefereed material 10. Citation counts

11. Invited/ contributed presentation 12. Invited/ contributed papers 13. Poster session

Ongoing research

1. Basic scientific investigation, both theoretical and applied 2. Investigation of educationally relevant problems

Professional Recognition

(81)

S

Sttaakkeehhoollddeerrss ooff HHiigghheerr EEdduuccaattiioonn

Foundation Board of Trustees

Management

Communities Others

Products and Services

(82)

C

Caammppuuss MMaaiinn SSttaakkeehhoollddeerrss

Front Office Processes

Back Office Processes

Academic Administration Human Resourcs and General Affairs

Finance and Accounting Teaching

Research and Development

(83)
(84)

C

and Services CUSTOMERS

(85)

M

Moodduullaarr AApppprrooaacchh

E Institution

E Academic Department

E Program of Study

E E-Learning

E Partnership

(86)

T

Trreenndd oonn HHiigghheerr EEdduuccaattiioonn

From studying once a life to life-long learning

From ivory towers to competitive markets

From single-mode universities to multiple-mode univ.

From broad scope universities to profiled universities

From isolated universities to cooperating universities

From single-faculty curricula to inter-faculty curricula

From broad basic studies to just-in-time basic studies

From curricula-oriented degrees to knowledge certificates

(87)

N

Neeww WWaayyss ooff LLeeaarrnniinngg

TRADITIONAL TEACHING  NEW LEARNING

Teacher-centered instruction  Student-centered instruction

Single-sense stimulation  Multisensory stimulation

Single-path progression  Multipath progression

Single media  Multimedia

Isolated work  Collaborative work

Information delivery  Information exchange

Passive learning  Active/inquiry-based learning

Factual, knowledge-based  Critical thinking, informed decision making

Reactive response  Proactive/planned action

(88)

T

Thhee NNeeww KKnnoowwlleeddggee IInnssttiittuuttiioonn

I  Knowledge work force (this time, focused on continuous learning) I  Basic research & discovery

I Commercialization and entrepreneurship

I  Business development & business enhancement services

I  Active application of knowledge to identify and solve local or regional problems

I  More niche-building and world-class programs I New integrated models in research

I  Restructuring of degree & non-degree programs & willingness to “train”

I  Explicit variation in delivery modes & locations

I Accommodation of more varied learner constituents, especially adults I  Enlarging roles of faculty as professional problem-solvers

(89)

H

Hiigghheerr--EEdduuccaattiioonn TTyyppeess

I  Corporate universities

–  From MacDonald’s Hamburger University (1961)

–  to IBM Global Learning University

I  Private on-line providers (dotcom educators)

–  Unext.com

–  Pensare

–  NotHarvard.com

–  Education One Dotcom

–  FT Knowledge

I  Higher education brokers

–  Western Governors University

–  EUNITE - European Virtual Campus

–  Campus Virtuel Suisse

(90)

U

Unniivveerrssiittyy aass KKnnoowwlleeddggee PPrroovviiddeerrss

I  Traditional:

–  Colleges and universities—private and public –  Vocational/technical schools

–  K-12 systems

–  Corporate (internal) education/training programs

I  New:

–  University-led on-line universities:

I Western Governors University I  NYU Online, Inc.

–  Corporate universities (now nearly 2,000)

I Motorola University I  LearnShare, Inc.

I  Future:

–  Industry Models:

I  Michigan Automotive College

(91)

Figur

Memperbarui...

Referensi

Memperbarui...