Goal and Function
Targets will be reached,
determined. Real and dynamic, in action
The idealistic condition that will
be manifested Operationalization, how to manifest idealistic condition
Static Real and dynamic
The Goal of the state
Before XV Century: Idealistic,
Spiritual, State itself.
XV – XVIII Century: Maintain Peace
– For the good and happy life of the
citizen. To achieve the perfectness of human.
– Maintain order and security.
– Nobility of life and after life.
Make the state strong and powerfull.
“A weak people means a strong state and a strong means a weak people therefore a country, which has the right way, it
concerned with weakening the people”.
The world imperium to keep peace and happiness.
Make and enforce the law to protect citizens.
• James Wilford Garner
– Original/Primary: peace, order, secure, and
– Secondary: Welfare
– Civilization: promote civilization
• Charles E. Merriam
– External Security
– Internal Order
For the glory of the state.
Greatest and equal welfare.
Liberal – Capitalism
GOAL (TARGETS AND SUBSTANCE)
STATE IT SELF - Shang Yang
- Fascist state
- Dante Alleghiere
STATE AS INSTRUMENT
- Epicurus - Aristotle
- Thomas Aquinas
- Immanuel Kant
- J.W. Garner - C.E. Merriam
The Function of the state
Less state, just to keep secure.
Individualism – Liberal
Night watcher, not intervention, keep save and order.
To protect individual rights, for the greatest happines of the greatest number.
Instrument of class struggle
• Sindicalism (Guild Socialism)
Limited state, give power to the trade/labor union.
The Goal and Function of
Protection Order Justice
- Anarchism - Socialism
- Individualism Liberal - Communism - Fascism