Evaluasi Kadar Air Tanah, Bahan Organik dan Liat serta Kaitannya Terhadap Indeks Plastisitas Tanah Pada Beberapa Vegetasi di Kecamatan Pamatang Sidamanik Kabupaten Simalungun

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ABSTRAK

Kecamatan Pamatang Sidamanik merupakan salah satu daerah penghasil komoditas perkebunan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan kadar air tanah dengan indeks plastisitas, bahan organik dengan indeks plastisitas dan liat dengan indeks plastisitas pada beberapa vegetasi. Penelitian ini dilakukan metode survei. Sampel diambil dengan metode acak berdasarkan jenis vegetasi dengan parameter yang diukur yaitu Kadar Air Tanah, Bahan Organik, Kadar Liat Tanah dan Indeks Plastisitas Tanah. Data diuji dengan analisis regresi dan analisis faktor. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa analisis regresi linear bahan organik dengan indeks plastisitas memiliki hubungan yang erat dan analisis faktor bahan organik merupakan faktor paling besar yang mempengaruhi indeks plastisitas tanah yakni 54, 818 %.

Kata kunci: Kadar air tanah, bahan organik, kadar liat, indeks plastisitas, vegetasi, acak, analisis regresi linier, faktor.

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ii ABSTRACT

District of Pamatang Sidamanik was one of area as producer plantantion comodity. This research were to know the relation of soil water content with index plasticity, soil organic matter with index plasticity and clay content with index plasticity at several vegetation. This research was conducted with survey method. These samples taken with random method based on vegetation on the soil. The parameters were determine are soil water content, soil organic matter, clay content and soil index of plasticity. Data was analyzed by regression and faktor analyze. The result from this research showed that regression linear analysis from soil organic matter with index of plasticity has tight relation (r2 = 0,98) and faktor analiysis from soil organic matter was the greatest fajtor that effecting soil index plasticity that as 54,818 %.

Keyword: Soil water content, soil organic matter, clay content index plasticity, random, regression linear, factor

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