Teks penuh



Anderson J R, 1990.Cognitive psychology and its implications, 3rd edn. Freeman, New York.

Ashoorion V, Liaghatdar MJ, Adibi P. 2012. What variables can influence clinical reasoning?. J Res Med Sci;17:1170-75.

Aukes L. 2008. Personal reflection in medical education[dissertation], Netherland, University Medical Center Groningen.

Beullens, J, Struyf and Van Damme, B. 2005. Do extended mathcing multiple choice questions measure clinical reasoning? Medical Education, 39:410-417

Bland Andrew C., Kreiter Clarence D., Gordon Joel A. 2005. The Psychometric Properties of Five Scoring Methods Applied to the Script Concordance Test. Acad Med.; 80:395–399.

Boud D, Keogh R, Wlker D.1985. Reflection: turning experience into learning. London: Kogan Page.

Brailovsky C, Charlin B, Beausoleil S, , l., 2001. Measurement of clinical reflective capacity early in training as a predictor of clinical reasoning performance at the end of residency: an experimental study on the script concordance test. Medical Education;35:430-436

Charlin, Bernard, Brailovsky Carlos, Roy Louise , l., 2000. The Script Concordance Test: A Tool to Assess the Reflective Clinician. Teach Learn Med; 12(4), 189-195

Charlin, B. , l, 2012. Clinical reasoning processes: unravelling complexity through graphical representation, Medical Education 2012: 46: 454–463 Charlin Bernard, Gagnon Robert, Pelletier Jean, , l., 2006. Assessment of clinical

reasoning in the context of uncertainty: the effect of variability within the reference panel. Medical Education; 40: 848–854 doi:10.1111/j.1365-2929.2006.02541.x

Collin JP, Harden RM. 1998. AMEE medical education guide no. 13: Real patients, simulated patients and simulators in clinical examinations. Medical Teacher ; 20(6): 508-5.


Cuthbert. L. , l. 1999. Expert/Novice differences in Diagnostic Medical Cognition – A Review of the Literature. Cognitive Science Research Paper. University of Sussex. 1999

Dahlan, M.S, 2005. Besar sampel dalam penelitian kedokteran dan kesehatan seri 2. PT. Arkans: hal 47

Dent JA. 2005. Bedside teaching. In Dent JA & Harden RM,editors. A practical guide for medical teachers. 2nd Edition. London: Elsevier-Churchill Livingston: 77-85.

Duggan, P. 2007. Development of a Script Concordance Test using an Electronic Voting System, ergo, 2007. vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 35–41

Durning, J,, l. 2010. Redefining Context in the Clinical Encounter: Implications for Research and Training in Medical Education, Academic Medicine 2010;85:894–901

Eva KW. 2004. What every teacher needs to know about clinical reasoning. Medical Education, 39, 98-106

Faizal yuwono, IGN. 2007. Penurunan jumlah trombosit sebagai faktor risiko terjadinya perdarahan pada pasien demam berdarah dengue dewasa di rsup dr. Kariadi semarang. FK UNDIP: Semarang.

Gandes R, Mc Aleer S (2008). Clinical reasoning of Indonesian medical students as measured by diagnostic thinking inventory. South East Asian Journal of Medical Education. vol. 2, no. 1.

Gagnon R, CharlinB, Coletti M, , l., (2005). Assessment in the context of uncertainty: how many members are needed on the panel of reference of a script concordance test? Medical Education; 39: 284–291 doi:10.1111/j.1365-2929.2005.02092.x

Groves, M, Scott, I, Alexander, H. 2002. Assessing clinical reasoning: a method to monitor its development in a PBL curriculum, Medical Teacher, vol 24, No. 5. 507 -515

Hardjodisastro D. 2006. Menuju seni ilmu kedokteran:bagaimana dokter berpikir, bekerja dan menampilkan diri. Gramedia pustaka utama. Jakarta. Hal 60 – 118.

Higgs, J., & Titchen, A. (2000). Knowledge and reasoning. In J. Higgs & M. Jones (Eds.), Clinical reasoning in the health professions (pp. 23-32). Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann.


Humbert, A, , l. 2011. Assessment of clinical reasoning: A Script Concordance test designed for pre-clinical medical students, Medical Teacher; 33: 472– 477

Irfannudin. (2009). Knowledge and critical thinking skills increase clinical reasoning ability in urogenital disorders: a Universitas Sriwijaya Medical Faculty experience. Vol.l8, No.I,. Education Development and Evaluation Unit, Sriwijaya University, Medical Faculty.

Jenicek M. (2006) Uses of Philosophy in Medical Practice and Research. A

Physician‟s Self-Paced Guide to Critical Thinking . American Medical

Association: 3-31

Jensen, G. M., Gwyer, J., Shepard, K. F., & Hack, L. M. (2000). Expert practice in physical therapy. Physical Therapy, 80(1), 28-43

Jones, M. 1995. Clinical reasoning and pains. Manual therapy,. 1. 17-24

Kee, F dan Bickle I. 2004. Critical thinking and Critical Appraisal: the chicken and the Egg? QMJ, 97, 609-614

Konsil Kedokteran Indonesia. 2012. Standar kompetensi dokter Indonesia 2012.

(diakses 5 mei 2013). Semarang

Lyons J. 1999. Reflective education for professional practice: discovering knowledge from experience, Nurse Education Today , 19, 29-34.

Martin IG, Stark P, Jolly B. 2000. Benefiting from clinical experience: the influence of learning style and clinical experience on performance in undergraduate objective structure clinical examination. Medical Education; 34: 530-4

Mc allister L, 1997. An adult learning framework for clinical education. In: Mc Allister L, Lincoln M, Mc leod S, Maloney D(eds) Facilitating learning in clinical seting. Stanley thornes, cheltenham, page 1-26.

Meterissian Sarkis, Zabolotny Brent, Gagnon Robert, Charlin Bernard (2007). Is the script concordance test a valid instrument for assessment of intraoperative decision-making skills?. The American Journal of Surgery 193 248–251

Meterissian, Sarkis H (2006). A Novel Method of Assessing Clinical Reasoning in Surgical Residents Surg Innov; 13; 115 DOI: 10.1177/1553350606291042


Notoatmojo, S. 2003. Ilmu kesehatan masyarakat, prinsip-prinsip dasar. Rineka cipta: jakarta.

Norman, G. 2005. Research in clinical reasoning: past history and current trends. MEDICAL EDUCATION 2005; 39: 418–427

Osman H. 2005.Critical thinking in nursing practice. King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center.

Remmen R, Scherpbier A, van der Vleuten C, Denekens J, Derese A, Hermann I, Hoogenboom R, Kramer A, van Rossum H, van Royen P, and Bossaert L. 2001. Effectivenes of basic clinical skills training programes: a cross-sectional comparison of four medical schools. Medical Education;35, 121-8.

Rimiene V.2002. Assessing and developing students‟ critical thinking. Vilnius Pedagogical University.

Rumelhart D, Orthony E. 1977. The representation of knowledge in memory. In: Anderson R C, Spiro R J, Montague W E (eds) Schooling and the acquisition of knowledge. Lawrence Erlbaum, Hillsdale N J, p 99-135. Schuwirth, L. 2009. Is assessment of clinical reasoning still the Holy Grail?.

MEDICAL EDUCATION 2009; 43: 298–299

Schmidt H G, Boshuizen H. (1993) On Acquiring Expertise in Medicine. Educational Psychology Review . Plenum Pub co. Vol 5 (3).: 205-221.

Schell BA. Clinical reasoning: the basis of practice. Chapter 11. Page 131-39. Schon DA. 1983.The reflective practitioner. How professional think in action.

London,: Temple Smith.

Sibert Louis, Darmoni Stefan J, Dahamna Badisse, , l., (2005). Online clinical reasoning assessment with the Script Concordance test: a feasibility study. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making, 5:18 doi:10.1186/1472-6947-5-18

Sibert Louis, Darmoni Stefan J, Dahamna Badisse, , l., (2006).On line clinical reasoning assessment with Script Concordance test in urology: results of a French pilot study. BMC Medical Education, 6:45 doi:10.1186/1472-6920-6-45.


Spencer J. 2003. ABC of learning and teaching in medicine: learning and teaching in the clinical environment. BMJ; 326: 591-4.

Stefan Stieger, Andrea Praschinger, Kurt Kletter, Franz Kainberger. 2009. Diagnostic grand rounds: A new teaching concept to train diagnostic reasoning. European Journal of Radiology. ELSEVIER:EURR-4386; No. of Pages 4





Unduh sekarang (5 Halaman)