The General Admonition of 789 prescribed for regular clergy an ideal which drew heavily on Benedict's Rule. The commands to them ex pressed the same concern for order and hierarchy that was so promi nent in the reform of the secular clergy. The authority of the abbot over the monks was reasserted. The stability of life in the community was to be strengthened. Wandering monks, some of whom were char latans and others mentally unstable, were a constant problem in Frank ish society. The General Admonition ordered that wanderers who said they were monks should be forced to settle down in a monastery. There were legitimate reasons why monks needed to leave their mon asteries, for example, to manage monastic estates. In those cases abbots were instructed to permit only mature, virtuous monks to do so. Hasty acceptance of candidates for monastic life could lead to years of unhappiness and problems. Those who wished to join a monastery should be tested for a year before being admitted, as :&enedict's Rule commanded. To enhance the dignity of monastic life, more youngsters of free birth should be recruited and fewer youngsters of servile birth. Instead of undertaking pastoral work among the laity, monks were to support the educational and cultural revival of the church. They should learn and teach Latin grammar, reading, proper singing of the liturgical chant and the complicated computations of the ecclesiastical calendar. Mature, well-trained monks should copy the scriptures and liturgical books so as to keep them free from the errors which were introduced into the text by poorly educated scribes. Communities of regular clergy should practise hospitality, providing food and lodging to travellers. The ideal for members of the regular ordo, both monks and nuns, was that of detachment from worldly occupations, so as to live a life within a community devoted to personal sanctification, litur gical prayer, the copying of manuscripts and the education of boys (in the case of nuns, girls) intended for the monastic life or the secular clergy.
energetic, and vigorous. So the winners look more pleased, active, energetic, and vigorous after trading. But winners become less sluggish after trading. All positive moods such as pleased, active, energetic, and vigorous are changed to positive rank after trading and negative mood such as sluggish is changed negatively. In other words, to make a better result on trading online, traders should increase their positive moods and reduce their negative moods when they are trading.
gold and quartz rock. Although the original text was lost and never found, his mines description was preserved by another Greek historian Diodorus who quoted it. Egyptian method was as follows: rock was first cracked and broken with fire, then the debris were crushed with pickaxes and hammers. After that, rock fragments were taken out of mine and pounded in huge stone mortars to the size of a pea, then grinded into powder in hand mills. This powder was later washed on inclined planes to separate metal grains. The grains were melted and run into small ingots afterwards (Lucas, 1958).
In recent years the grounded theory has been growing popularity in the world and a rise in the use of grounded theory (GT) method as an approach in qualitative research, and is often used in disciplines such as nursing. There are thousands of publications of studies using grounded theory methods and seminal texts that can be used by researchers and doctorate students to guide their study and ensure the rigour of their research. Among the various methods of qualitative data analysis, grounded theory provides researcher with unique tool for theoretical development (Mediani, 2017; Jones, 2005). The aim of this short methodological review is to explain the historical overview, evolution of grounded theory, theoretical, and philosophical roots of grounded theory which is useful for novice researchers. The paper can be read with my previous paper, “An Introduction to Classical Grounded Theory” (Mediani, 2017).
Microscopy and staining: 1. Introduction to microscopy 2. Light Microscope : a. Bright-Field Microscope b. Dark-Field Microscope c. Phase-Contrast Microscope d. Fluorescence Microscope e. Confocal Microscope f. Digital Microscope 3. Electron Microscope
With law and order broken down during the epidemic, many survivors were forced to leave the land on which their families had lived and toiled for generations in search of shelter and food in the small nearby towns. This has given the post-plague peasant a sense of mobility never before experienced. He also feels that there are means of improving his situation by the example of the freer citizens of the town, who hire out their services. In fact, this period is one in which the workforce has the upper hand.
For the hour or so that it lasted, I became someone else. No longer was I a twenty-first century Jewish writer. I became a pious Catholic pilgrim transported back to a wintry medieval Spanish village. Some of this I experienced on a personal and physical level: I had to watch my step, taking care not to slip on a patch of ice or trip on a curb or get ahead of the Holy Family. I was aware of the scent of burning candles all around me, and the press of the crowd. Much of the experience was emotional and communal: My husband and I would do our best to sing along with the carolers and Holy Family when it came time to ask for a room at the inn. Whenever the devil would appear on a rooftop or balcony, we would join in the hearty boos and derisive shouts of the processioners. The best moment came when Mary and Joseph stopped in front of the heavy gates of the historic Palace of the Governors, the former seat of New Mexico’s Colonial government. Once again we all sang the imploring song, but this time the gates swung open! A joyous cheer went up from the processioners, our voice among them, and we all surged into the courtyard. Welcoming bonfires and cups of hot cocoa awaited us Becoming part of Las Posadas instead of merely observing it transformed the experi- ence for me. It was like the difference between watching a movie and suddenly becoming a character in it. To me, it vividly demonstrated the power of immersive- ness—one of the most compelling and magical aspects of interactive media. Figure 4.1 The Las Posadas procession in Santa Fe. By participating in a traditional event like this, one can experience the powerful nature of immersiveness. Photograph by Kathy De La Torre of the Santa Fe New Mexican, courtesy of the Santa Fe New Mexican.
As a result of Rush’s work, prisons gradually became what they are today, or claim to be: rehabilitation facilities. In accordance with this goal of rehabilitation, prisons started to offer recreational programs and activities to help the prisoner acclimate into a civil society. One of these activities was weightlifting. Proponents of weightlifting in prisons say that “banging around the pig iron” helps the inmates pass the time, relieve stress and anxiety, build a sense of purpose, and create a positive self-image. They also say that prisoners who lift will behave better because they do not want to lose their access to the iron. Some prison administrators, like Garry Frank, believe that weightlifting not only helps the individual inmates, but also the institution as a whole, because it creates a safer population. Frank, the athletic director at Angola State Prison in Louisiana, asserts that the low rates of violence at his prison may be attributed, in part, to the inmates being able to lift weights.
■ Experts often make the first layer of a print a lot thicker than subsequent layers or lay down several thick layers to be sure the print sticks. A few thick layers plus a brim can make it a lot more likely a print with a small contact area will survive to the end. As of this writing, only Slic3r supports printing the first layer (not a raft) with wider lines than the subsequent layers, though some other slicing programs can change the height of the first layer. Without the ability to increase extrusion width, it is sometimes counterintuitively better to print the first layer thinner so that the ratio of width over thickness (W/T) is higher, as it is this value that has the most to do with platform adhesion. A thicker first layer with the same extrusion width will have a lower W/T ratio, which weakens adhesion, but a thinner first layer is more sensitive to platforms that are not perfectly smooth, flat, and at the perfect distance from the nozzle. This is why some users use a thicker first layer to strike a balance between adhesion strength and uneven platforms.
The Karo people are the indigenous people of Karo plateau in North Sumatera, Indonesia. They belong linguistically to the Batak people but often consider themselves as separate. They speak the Karo language to communication in their daily life. So that the Karonese is the native speaker of the Karo language. On the whole most of the Karonese lived out of Karo regency. Wherever they live the Karonese always used Karo Language to communication between the Karones. Their loyalty to use Karo Language is very strong. The Karonese which domiciled in Karo regency, Deli Serdang and Langkat are farmer. They planted palm, rubber and crops planeted. Although they live at the ede of seashore, no one of them as a fishermen. Besides, several of them work as PNS, ABRI and trader.
Jeff Sutherland first used Scrum at Easel Corporation in 1993, and subsequently used it at companies such as VMARK, Individual, and IDX Systems throughout the 90s. Ken Schwaber, who worked with Jeff at Individual, 'formalized' Scrum at the OOPSLA Conference in 1995. At the turn of the millennium, Jeff famously applied Scrum at Patient Keeper and Ken helped scale Scrum at Primavera Systems, the latter whose case study was made popular by an online whitepaper and several anonymous mentions in Ken's second book, Agile Project Management with Scrum. However, these early applications in the mid to late 90s weren't the first rumblings of Scrum. In 1986, Harvard Business Review published an article by Hirotaka Takeuchi and Ikujiro Nonaka entitled The New Product Development Game, in which the authors wrote that development organizations must extend their focus beyond scope, time, and cost to find ways to increase speed and flexibility of product delivery in order to win in the new competitive landscape. Instead of the relay race, "…a holistic or 'rugby' approach – where a team tries to go the distance as a unit, passing the ball back and forth – may better serve today's competitive requirements." This article was the first mention of Scrum as a new paradigm for product development—a thought framework for quick, flexible, and competitive product development. It's important for ScrumMasters to remember that Scrum practices—a set of work steps, outputs, and artifacts—are nothing without the underlying mind-set and concepts toward product development that Takeuchi and Nonaka set out to describe: built-in instability, self-organizing project teams, overlapping development phases, multi- learning, subtle control, and transfer of learning.