After Dark

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INTRODUCTION  Shirakawa's Crime Reflected In Haruki Murakami’S AFTER DARK (2004): An Individual Psychological Approach.

INTRODUCTION Shirakawa's Crime Reflected In Haruki Murakami’S AFTER DARK (2004): An Individual Psychological Approach.

In After Dark, Haruki Murakami also refers to his characters as night people. The story opens in a dinner a few minutes before midnight. It's not the boulevard of broken dreams, but rather a brightly lit Denny's in Tokyo. Most of the patrons aren't alone — Mari Asai is the only one by herself, reading to pass the time. She doesn't seem to be waiting for anyone or anything in particular — she rarely looks at the clock or at the door to see who enters (Murakami, 2004).

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REBELLION AGAINST FAMILY IN HARUKI MURAKAMI’S AFTER  Rebellion Against Family In Haruki Murakami’s After Dark (2004) : A Psychoanalytic Approach.

REBELLION AGAINST FAMILY IN HARUKI MURAKAMI’S AFTER Rebellion Against Family In Haruki Murakami’s After Dark (2004) : A Psychoanalytic Approach.

This research paper aims to know the rebellion against family of the major characters reflected in Haruki Murakami’s After Dark novel. The objective of the research is to analyze the novel based on the structural elements and to reveal the rebel against f amily of the major characters by means in the Haruki Murakami’s After Dark novel (2004) by using Psychoanalytic approach. The type of this research is descriptive qualitative. The data of the research is the primary data of the research is The After Dark novel by Haruki Murakami. The secondary data of the research taken from any information related to the novel such as books, other source and website that related to the study. The technique of collecting data are reading novel, arranging the data into several part based on its classification, selecting the data by rejecting the irrelevant information which does not support the topic of the study, and drawing the conclusion. The method to analyze of this data is descriptive analysis. Based on structural elements of the novel, the writer delivers a moral message that “ children rebellion in the family is one of the symbols of relationship dissatisfaction ”. Based on the psychoanalytic approach, the author illustrates psychoanalytic phenomenon which Mari’s rebellion appears because her nature formed from the uncomfortable feeling at home. Based on her Id where she really needs care and love from her parent and her sister but she cannot get it. This kind of id finally forms her ego, where she makes decision to go out and leave the house without care about her family feelings.
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INTRODUCTION  Prostitution Phenomena Reflected At Haruki Murakami’s After Dark Novel (2007): A Feminist Approach.

INTRODUCTION Prostitution Phenomena Reflected At Haruki Murakami’s After Dark Novel (2007): A Feminist Approach.

Based on the review above, the previous studies are different with the research created by the writer. The first research focused on the influence of the psychological condition of the author to the novel (structural approach), while the second and third research were using sociological approach. Writer her e is trying to conduct the study on Haruki Murakami’s After Dark based on the feminist perspectives. In this study, the writer focus on the way prostitution is reflected on this novel. The similarity between this study and previous studies is the use of After Dark novel as data source.
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INTRODUCTION  Loneliness Of Mari Asai Reflected At Haruki Murakami’s After Dark (2004): A Psychoanalytic Approach.

INTRODUCTION Loneliness Of Mari Asai Reflected At Haruki Murakami’s After Dark (2004): A Psychoanalytic Approach.

Based on the review above, the previous studies are different from the research created by the writer. The first research focused on the influence of the psychological condition of the author to the novel (structural approach), while the second and third research were using sociological approach. The fourth has same psychoanalytic approach, but our issue is different, he used Pervasive Development Disorder (PDD) syndrome. And the last research is about prostitution in this After Dark novel, which used Feminism Approach. Writer here is trying to conduct the study on Haruki Murakami‘s After Dark
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INTRODUCTION  Pervasive Development Disorder Reflected In Haruki Murakami’s After Dark (2004): A Psychoanalytic Approach.

INTRODUCTION Pervasive Development Disorder Reflected In Haruki Murakami’s After Dark (2004): A Psychoanalytic Approach.

Therapy ”. On that research, J.P.Dil concerned about the psychological relationship between of the author (Haruki Murakami) and his novels (including After Dark). Here, he believed that psychological condition will always influence every wordinside the novels, and if some common words inside the novels does not contain the common meaning, but it is used to represent something else that is more complicated and deep.

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LONELINESS OF MARI ASAI REFLECTED AT HARUKI MURAKAMI’S  Loneliness Of Mari Asai Reflected At Haruki Murakami’s After Dark (2004): A Psychoanalytic Approach.

LONELINESS OF MARI ASAI REFLECTED AT HARUKI MURAKAMI’S Loneliness Of Mari Asai Reflected At Haruki Murakami’s After Dark (2004): A Psychoanalytic Approach.

Masalah utama dari penelitiian ini adalah Kesendirian yang terjadi pada karakter utama, Mari Asai. Karena beberapa pengalaman sekolah yang buruk dan orang tuanya yang tidak peduli padanya, menyebabkan Mari merasa bahwa dia tidak akan mendapakan teman, dan mulai sendiri. Objek dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisa After Dark karya Haruki Murakami berdasarkan struktur elemen dan menganalisa novel ini berdasarkan Psychoanalytic Approach. Penulis menggunakan metode kualitatif. Peneliti menggunakan dua sumber data: utama dan kedua. Sumber data utama adalah tentang novel itu sendiri. Kemudian, sumber data kedua adalah buku tentang psychoanalisis referensi dari internet tentang After Dark, dan sumber lainnya, yang mempunyai hubungan dengan analisis. Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan dengan mencari di perpustakaan dan teknik pengumpulan data dengan membaca dan menulis catatan. Menurut analisa, Peneliti mendapatkan beberapa kesimpulan. Penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa masalah yang dihadapi oleh karakter utama adalah frustasi dan kondisi psikologinya sendiri –yang menunjukan keinginannya untuk sendiri- dan ini dibuktikan dengan dia ingin sendiri di malam hari ketika dia menghabiskanwaktu luangnya di cafe. Peran orang tua, agama, guru, dosen dan masyarakat yang baik berefek pada perkembangan pelajar.
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INTRODUCTION  Rebellion Against Family In Haruki Murakami’s After Dark (2004) : A Psychoanalytic Approach.

INTRODUCTION Rebellion Against Family In Haruki Murakami’s After Dark (2004) : A Psychoanalytic Approach.

Also, After Dark is centered on stories where the sun goes down, leaving only darkness and let the light dancing over the night. The story started with a-19 years old girl whom decided to spent her all night alone outside of her home. She is staying on Dennys, a franchise restaurant and reading a book to killing time. Her name is Mari. Suddenly, a man come in and decide to join her. That man, Takahashi claimed that he know Mari, and they once ever hung out in the past, accompaniying Mari's sister, Eri and her boyfriend. (After Dark novel, by Murakami, 2004).
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MARI’S SACRIFICE REFLECTED IN HARUKI MURAKAMI’S  Mari's Sacrifice Reflected in Haruki Murakami's After Dark(2004): An Individual Psychological Approach.

MARI’S SACRIFICE REFLECTED IN HARUKI MURAKAMI’S Mari's Sacrifice Reflected in Haruki Murakami's After Dark(2004): An Individual Psychological Approach.

The object study is After Dark Novel by Haruki Murakami. It is using by individual psychological approach. In analyzing this study, the writer uses qualitative methodology of research and individual psychological approach. The Primary data source of this research is the After Dark Novel by Haruki Murakami. The secondary data sources are the author’s biography, essay, comment, homepage, and website about the movie and other relevant sources.

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MARI’S SACRIFICE REFLECTED IN HARUKI MURAKAMI’S  Mari's Sacrifice Reflected in Haruki Murakami's After Dark(2004): An Individual Psychological Approach.

MARI’S SACRIFICE REFLECTED IN HARUKI MURAKAMI’S Mari's Sacrifice Reflected in Haruki Murakami's After Dark(2004): An Individual Psychological Approach.

This research paper aims to know sacrifice of the major character reflected in After Dark novel. The objective of the research is to analyze Haruki Murakami’s After Dark novel based on the structural elements of the novel and to analyze the individual conflicts by using individual psychological theory. The type of this research is descriptive qualitative. The data of the research is the primary data of the research is After Dark novel by Haruki Murakami. The secondary data of the research taken from any information related to the novel such as books, other source and website that related to the study. The techniques of collecting data are reading novel, taking important note from primary and secondary data, arranging the data into several part based on its classification, selecting the data by rejecting the irrelevant information which does not support the topic of the study, and drawing the conclusion. The method to analyze of this data is descriptive analysis. Based on structural elements of the novel, the writer delivers a moral message that “human sacrifice in a family” . The result of this analysis is that the sacrifice in the novel appears in a form of direct sacrifice. The sacrifice appears in the last of the novel it self, where the main character makes contact with her sister.
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PERVASIVE DEVELOPMENT DISORDER REFLECTED IN HARUKI MURAKAMI’S AFTER DARK (2004): A PSYCHOANALYTIC  Pervasive Development Disorder Reflected In Haruki Murakami’s After Dark (2004): A Psychoanalytic Approach.

PERVASIVE DEVELOPMENT DISORDER REFLECTED IN HARUKI MURAKAMI’S AFTER DARK (2004): A PSYCHOANALYTIC Pervasive Development Disorder Reflected In Haruki Murakami’s After Dark (2004): A Psychoanalytic Approach.

conduct this research. They are primary data sources and secondary data sources. The primary data are the main data obtained from all the words, dialogues, phrases and sentences in the play . The source of primary data is Haruki Murakami’s After Dark novel (2004). It is published by Tokyo: Kodansha. The secondary data are the supporting data taken from literary books, criticism, and some articles related to the play. The sources of secondary data are taken from other sources related the study, such as: website, dictionary, and some books which support the research. In conducting the study, the writer uses the techniques in collecting the data as follows: (a) Reading the original novel After Dark several times (b) Determining the characters of novel (c) Taking notes of important things for both of primary and secondary data source (d) Classifying data by determining the relevant data.
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REBELLION AGAINST FAMILY IN HARUKI MURAKAMI’S AFTER DARK  (2004) : A PSYCHOANALYTIC APPROACH  Rebellion Against Family In Haruki Murakami’s After Dark (2004) : A Psychoanalytic Approach.

REBELLION AGAINST FAMILY IN HARUKI MURAKAMI’S AFTER DARK (2004) : A PSYCHOANALYTIC APPROACH Rebellion Against Family In Haruki Murakami’s After Dark (2004) : A Psychoanalytic Approach.

This research paper aims to know the rebellion against family of the major characters reflected in Haruki Murakami’s After Dark novel. The objective of the research is to analyze the novel based on the structural elements and to reveal the rebel against family of the major characters by means in the Haruki Murakami’s After Dark novel (2004) by using Psychoanalytic approach. The type of this research is descriptive qualitative. The data of the research is the primary data of the research is The After Dark novel by Haruki Murakami. The secondary data of the research taken from any information related to the novel such as books, other source and website that related to the study. The technique of collecting data are reading novel, arranging the data into several part based on its classification, selecting the data by rejecting the irrelevant information which does not support the topic of the study, and drawing the conclusion. The method to analyze of this data is descriptive analysis. Based on structural elements of the novel, the writer delivers a moral message that “children rebellion in the family is one of the symbols of relationship dissatisfaction”. Based on the psychoanalytic approach , the author illustrates psychoanalytic phenomenon which Mari’s rebellion appears because her nature formed from the uncomfortable feeling at home. Based on her Id where she really needs care and love from her parent and her sister but she can not get it. This kind of id finally forms her ego, where she makes decision to go out and leave the house without care about her family feelings.
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SHIRAKAWA’S CRIME REFLECTED IN HARUKI MURAKAMI’S  Shirakawa's Crime Reflected In Haruki Murakami’S AFTER DARK (2004): An Individual Psychological Approach.

SHIRAKAWA’S CRIME REFLECTED IN HARUKI MURAKAMI’S Shirakawa's Crime Reflected In Haruki Murakami’S AFTER DARK (2004): An Individual Psychological Approach.

This research paper aims at knowing Shirakawa’s crime related Haruki Murakami’s; After Dark which is analyzed by using an individual psychological. The objective of the research is to analyze the novel based on the structural elements of the novel and to analyze the novel based on individual psychological proposed by identifying the relation between the theory and the character. The type of this research is descriptive qualitative. The sources of the data come from both the primary data sources and information about the author’s biography, website about the novel, and theory about individual psychological. The method to analyze the data is descriptive analysis. Having analyzed the novel, the research comes to the conclusion as follows (1) based on the structural analysis, it is apparent that in this novel Haruki Murakami delivers a moral message that don’t underestimate and judged another people live, Takahashi point out the moral for us: ”it’s not as if our lives are divided simply into light and dark. There’s shadowy middle ground. Recognizing and understanding the shadow is w hat a healthy intelligence does” . (2) Based on the individual psychological analysis, the author illustrates a psychological phenomenon which an individual should make every effort to cope with the problem of life. The psychological phenomenon is shown by Shirakawa’s crime to fulfill his desire to be perfect and superior in everything.
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PROSTITUTION PHENOMENA REFLECTED AT HARUKI MURAKAMI’S AFTER DARK NOVEL (2007): A FEMINIST  Prostitution Phenomena Reflected At Haruki Murakami’s After Dark Novel (2007): A Feminist Approach.

PROSTITUTION PHENOMENA REFLECTED AT HARUKI MURAKAMI’S AFTER DARK NOVEL (2007): A FEMINIST Prostitution Phenomena Reflected At Haruki Murakami’s After Dark Novel (2007): A Feminist Approach.

The major problem in this research is the existance of prostitution phenomena in Japan as reflected in Haruki Murakami’s After Dark novel. The research ana lyses Haruki Murakami’s After Dark novel to find out the structural elements of the novel, and also to understand the existence of prostitution phenomena in modern Japanese society based on feminist approach. In analysing the novel, the reseacher uses qualitative method. The data are divided into two kinds data, namely primary data and secondary data. The primary data sources is the novel entitled After Dark by Haruki Murakami which is published in 2007. And the secondary data is the sources which is related to the issue taken by reseacher, such as the book of the theory namely feminism approach and other resources about Japanese society during in the early of twenty one century.The method of getting data is library research. However the descriptive analysis is the technique of data analysis. The outcome of the study draws the following conclusions. Firstly, the existence of prostitution phenomena in modern Japan society is placing women in the second position under the man. Secondly, there are four factors that involve the existence of prostitution in Japan .They are the men who buy commercial sex acts, the exploiters who make up the sex industry, the states that are destination countries, the culture that tolerates or promotes sexual exploitation. It also reveals the perception of Japanese society about sex which is changing following the modernity and making sex not taboo anymore.
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BIBLIOGRAPHY  Prostitution Phenomena Reflected At Haruki Murakami’s After Dark Novel (2007): A Feminist Approach.

BIBLIOGRAPHY Prostitution Phenomena Reflected At Haruki Murakami’s After Dark Novel (2007): A Feminist Approach.

Desiningtyas, Tutut Dwi. 2013. Reaksi Tokoh Mari Dan Takahashi Terhadap Modernisme Dalam Novel After Dark Karya Haruki Murakami. (http://jimbastrafib.studentjournal.ub.ac.id/index.php/jimbastrafib/article/view/ 90 accessed on May 11, 2013 at 02.00 p.m).

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SHIRAKAWA’S CRIME REFLECTED IN HARUKI MURAKAMI’S   Shirakawa's Crime Reflected In Haruki Murakami’S AFTER DARK (2004): An Individual Psychological Approach.

SHIRAKAWA’S CRIME REFLECTED IN HARUKI MURAKAMI’S Shirakawa's Crime Reflected In Haruki Murakami’S AFTER DARK (2004): An Individual Psychological Approach.

This research paper aims at knowing the criminalization of Shirakawa in After Dark novel by Haruki Murakami which is analyzed by using individual psychological. The objective of the research is to analyze the novel based on the structural elements of the novel and to analyze the novel based on individual psychological proposed by Alfred Adler.

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PROSTITUTION PHENOMENA REFLECTED AT HARUKI MURAKAMI’S AFTER DARK NOVEL (2007): A FEMINIST  Prostitution Phenomena Reflected At Haruki Murakami’s After Dark Novel (2007): A Feminist Approach.

PROSTITUTION PHENOMENA REFLECTED AT HARUKI MURAKAMI’S AFTER DARK NOVEL (2007): A FEMINIST Prostitution Phenomena Reflected At Haruki Murakami’s After Dark Novel (2007): A Feminist Approach.

Peace and salutation always be given to Muhammad, the last messenger of Allah, who will be hero for all his followers in the life after who guided the human being from the darkness to the lightness. The writer realizes that this research paper would never been possible without other people’s help, so that the writer would like

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PERVASIVE DEVELOPMENT DISORDER REFLECTED IN HARUKI MURAKAMI’S AFTER DARK (2004): A PSYCHOANALYTIC APPROACH.  Pervasive Development Disorder Reflected In Haruki Murakami’s After Dark (2004): A Psychoanalytic Approach.

PERVASIVE DEVELOPMENT DISORDER REFLECTED IN HARUKI MURAKAMI’S AFTER DARK (2004): A PSYCHOANALYTIC APPROACH. Pervasive Development Disorder Reflected In Haruki Murakami’s After Dark (2004): A Psychoanalytic Approach.

Alkhamdulillahirobbil’alamin. All praises belong to Allah SWT to his blessing and mercies given to the researcher, she can complete her research paper entitled PERVASIVE DEVELOPMENT DISORDER REFLECTED IN HARUKI MURAKAMI’S AFTER DARK (2004): A PSYCHOANALYTIC APPROACH. In conducting this research, the researcher got some helps from many people. On this best occasion, the researcher would like to express her deepest gratitude and appreciation to the following people:

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INTRODUCTION  Mari's Sacrifice Reflected in Haruki Murakami's After Dark(2004): An Individual Psychological Approach.

INTRODUCTION Mari's Sacrifice Reflected in Haruki Murakami's After Dark(2004): An Individual Psychological Approach.

Here, the writer wants to discuss about sacrifice of a girl named Mari Asai on the After Dark Novel directed by Haruki Murakami. According to www.murakamibooks.co.uk Murakami was born in Kyoto in 1949, he spent his youth in Shukugawa (Nishinomiya), Ashiya and Kobe. His father was the son of a Buddhist priest, and his mother the daughter of an Osaka merchant. Both taught Japanese literature.

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Directory UMM :Data Elmu:jurnal:I:Industrial Crops and Products:Vol11.Issue2-3.Mar2000:

Directory UMM :Data Elmu:jurnal:I:Industrial Crops and Products:Vol11.Issue2-3.Mar2000:

The composition of the brown juice is not only influenced by the variation in the amounts of the different species of crops. The weather conditions, temperature, the fall of rain and the time after harvest where the crops are left on the field, before processing influence the final composition of the brown juice. It is thus reasonable to believe that low content of free sugars at the 211 Julian day is partly caused by lactic acid fermentation, before pressing, as the amount of organic acid (and particularly lactic acid) is shown to increase at the same time as the amount of free sugars drops.
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PENGARUH KONSUMSI DARK CHOCOLATE TERHADAP KECEMASAN PADA IBU POST SECTIO CAESAREA (The Effectiveness of Dark Chocolate Consumption toward Anxienty of Post Sectio Caesaraea Mother)

PENGARUH KONSUMSI DARK CHOCOLATE TERHADAP KECEMASAN PADA IBU POST SECTIO CAESAREA (The Effectiveness of Dark Chocolate Consumption toward Anxienty of Post Sectio Caesaraea Mother)

Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa setegah dari responden (50%) pernah mendapatkan infor- masi tentang dark chocolate. pernah tidaknya sese- orang mendapatkan informasi juga mempengaruhi tingkat pemahaman ibu terhadap hubungan kon- sumsi dark chocolate dengan kecemasan pada ibu post Sectio Caesarea. Hal ini sesuai dengan penda- pat Santrock yang menyatakan adanya informasi yang kurang lengkap yang diterima seseorang akan mengurangi pemahaman seseorang terhadap infor- masi tersebut.

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