By Product of the Oil Palm Industry

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An Analysis of Innovation Network Performance on the Palm Oil Industry in North Sumatera

An Analysis of Innovation Network Performance on the Palm Oil Industry in North Sumatera

Innovation become important factor in accelerating the development of downstream palm oil industry. As stated by Schumpeter (1938), there are five form of innovation, namely (1) new products ;(2) new methods of production;(3) new markets;(4) new sources of raw material;and (5) new organisations. In palm oil industry, “new products” means the development of twenty three downstream palm oil products which is listed on Ministry of Industry Decree No. 13 Year 2010. The innovation activities in the palm oil industry is expected to generate new products that address the needs of consumers. The innovators can add special attributes on downstream product of palm oil which can solve the customer problems. One of the main concern of consumers is the health issues of palm oil products and the innovators can try to solve this problem. This will affect the competitiveness of Indonesian palm oil products in the global market. Meanwhile, “new methods” is generated to increase the productivity and efficiency of the industry. With the increased performance of the industry, the costs will be smaller and it will boost up the competitive advantage of the industry. Furthermore, innovation in downstream products can bring new markets for domestic industry so that the value-added of palm oil products can be increased.
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[5] Olisa and Kotingo, 2014

[5] Olisa and Kotingo, 2014

EFB is the main source of palm biomass that could be utilized by a power plants as this is more readily available and abundant. Many plantations use a small amount for their own internal use, but a large portion is put aside, either biodegrading into compost, or at times burnt to avoid space loss by storage. Therefore, there is a substantial amount of EFB left unused.Raw Shredded EFB can be used as solid fuel for steam boiler and many companies have started replacing their fossil fuel by using Shredded EFB for boiler combustion process; these companies experience cost saving for this change. Such an important amount of feedstock for power generation represents a very attractive potential and its utilization has to be fully developed. In the large and medium-scale mills the above-mentioned waste products can be put to economically useful purpose and could therefore be referred to as by- products rather than waste product (Owen, 2006).Presco Palm Oil Industry located in Ikpoba-Okha Edo state of Nigeria is one of the major agro-industries of the West African region. The company depends solely on the electricity generated from its power plant by using EFB as the source of fuel for the boiler combustion to produce steam and generate 1.5MW of electricity
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The design of spatial based decision support model in crude palm oil industry development

The design of spatial based decision support model in crude palm oil industry development

Industrial development should consider the location of spatial entities and their interactions. As with other Agro-Industries, the spatial interaction from oil palm plantations to palm oil mills is a complex problem. The complexity is caused by spread of the location of palm plantations and mills, current and potential transportation network, capacity constraint of each oil factory, perishable characteristics of the product, limited of port and port capacity and supply fluctuation from plantations to the factories due to the plant age as well. This research will give solution which has not yet discussed in the earlier publications by providing an alignment of strategic decision with operational decisions using GIS technology and spatial analysis that can represent the system associated with the space effectively. Decision support model was designed to integrate GIS, spatial multicriteria decision model, shortest path algorithm, transportation model, and financial model as well to determine the optimal configuration of spatial entities in CPO industry. IKG2012 model which has built have the capability to accomodate supply fluctuation from plants to factories due to their productivity and the quality requirement related to distribution time from plants to the factories. Loading and unloading capacity, Port’s tank capacity and barge type are considered as constraints in this system. T he results of this study will be useful in developing the logistics infrastructure network for this commodity as well.. The selection of development strategy in CPO agroindustry and improvement of transportation infrastructures will improve the performance of National CPO industry significantly.
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PROBIOTICS SUPPLEMENTATION ON RATION DAIRY GOAT BASED ON BY PRODUCT OF PALM INDUSTRY.

PROBIOTICS SUPPLEMENTATION ON RATION DAIRY GOAT BASED ON BY PRODUCT OF PALM INDUSTRY.

The objectives of this research are, a). To determine the quality and digestibility of various industrial byproducts of palm processing industry (palm kernel cake - PKC, palm oil sludge -POS and palm fiber - PF) based on in-vitro testing, b). To determine the effect of probiotic supplementation on the quality and digestibility byproducts of palm oil processing industry based on in-vitro testing, c). To study the effect of replacement of conventional rations with ration formulated from various oil processing industrial byproducts that have supplemented with probiotics on productivity of lactating dairy goats. The study consisted of three stages, namely Stage I (In-vitro testing I): The first stage aims to determine the best composition is formulated concentrate of various byproducts of palm oil processing industry. Treatment is a concentrated formulation with the composition of the by products of different oil processing industry where treatment A consisted of 10% PKC, 30% POS and 10% PF, Treatment B consisted of 20% PKC, 20% POS and 10% PF. Treatment C consisted of 30 % PKC, 10% POS and 10 PF and Treatment D consisted of 40% PKC, 5% POS and 5 (%) PF. The design used was a completely randomized design (CRD) with 4 treatments and 5 replications. The variables measured were rumen fluid characteristics (pH, NH3, and VFA and bacterial colonies and digestibility of nutrients (DM, OM, CP, NDF, ADF, cellulose and hemicellulose). Research Stage II (In-vitro testing II): a stage II study aims to determine the best dosage of probiotics supplemetation on the formulation selected from Stage I. The research study using a completely randomized design (CRD) with probiotic supplementation dosage treatment is that, A). 75 g, B). 100 g, C). 125 g and D). 150 g. The variables measured were rumen fluid characteristics (pH, NH3, total colony and VFA) and digestibility of nutrients (DM, OM, CP, NDF, ADF, cellulose, hemicellulose).
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Pengaruh Penggunaan Hasil Sampingan Industri Kelapa Sawit dan Limbah Pertanian Terhadap Performans dan Bobot Potong Domba Sei Putih   (The Effect of Oil Palm Industry by Product and Agriculture by Product on Performance and Slaughter Weight of Sei Putih S

Pengaruh Penggunaan Hasil Sampingan Industri Kelapa Sawit dan Limbah Pertanian Terhadap Performans dan Bobot Potong Domba Sei Putih (The Effect of Oil Palm Industry by Product and Agriculture by Product on Performance and Slaughter Weight of Sei Putih S

Thi s r esear ch showed t hat usage of t hr ee concent r at es f r om oi l pal m i ndust r y by pr oduct , agr i cul t ur e by pr oduct and convent i onal concent r at e at Sei Put i h sheep not si gni f i cant ef f ect on consumpt i on of f eeds, aver age dai l y gai n, f eed conver si on r at i on and sl aught er ed wei ght . The r esul t of t hi s r esear ch coul d be concl uded t hat t he t hr ee concent r at es f r om oi l pal m i ndust r y by pr oduct , agr i cul t ur e by pr oduct had si mi l ar ef f ect wi t h convent i onal concent r at e on Per f or mance and sl aught er ed wei ght of Sei Put i h sheep.
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Development Of Sieving Machine For Palm Oil Mill Industry.

Development Of Sieving Machine For Palm Oil Mill Industry.

In chapter two, there are literature studies of the project. In this chapter, the appropriate data and information is gain from all the sources including from the internet website surfing, from people, journal, textbook, and so on. In this chapter there have a product review as a project references and to make sure this project made by self.

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Studi Fluoresensi Klorofil dan Hubungannya Dengan Kandungan Hara Nitrogen dan Magnesium Pada Tanaman Kelapa Sawit (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.)

Studi Fluoresensi Klorofil dan Hubungannya Dengan Kandungan Hara Nitrogen dan Magnesium Pada Tanaman Kelapa Sawit (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.)

Biswal, B. 2005. Photosynthetic response of green plants to environmental stress : Inhibition of photosynthetic and adaptational mechanisms. In : Handbook of Photosynthesis. Taylor & Francis. USA. pp. 730-740. Bojović , B. and Marković , A. 2009. Correlation between nitrogen and chlorophyll

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Studi Pengaruh Temperatur Tuang Terhadap Sifat Mekanis Dan Mikrostruktur Pada Pembuatan Metal Matrix Composite Menggunakan Metode Stir Casting

Studi Pengaruh Temperatur Tuang Terhadap Sifat Mekanis Dan Mikrostruktur Pada Pembuatan Metal Matrix Composite Menggunakan Metode Stir Casting

The processing of palm oil in the PKS utilizes energy resource derived from palm oil shell and fiber in which the process of fuel combustion shell and fiber in the boiler combustion chamber produces the combustion remaining results in the form of palm oil combustion fly ash which is quite plenty . Palm oil fly ash is usually left alone in the area of oil palm mills that certainly can cause environmental pollution and inconvenience to workers . Therefore, this study aims to look into the utilization of fly ash as a reinforcing material in the manufacture of metal matrix composite ( MMC ) with variations of pouring temperature of palm oil fly ash . The palm oil fly ash used in this study were drawn from Palm Oil Factory ( PKS in the Deli Serdang, North Sumatra with a size 74 ) µm and before being used palm oil fly ash is heated to 850 o C in a furnace to remove moisture and fractions are still can be burned . In the manufacture of MMC variation of casting temperature are done from 685 o C , 710 o C , 735 o C , 760 o C , 785 o C fly ash mixing process is done at the time when aluminum was melted in a crusibel graphite followed by the stirring for 5 minutes , addition of about 1.5 % Mg is done on the fluid to improve wettability . The research result shows that 82.64 BHN which is the highest hardness was obtained at the temperature of 760 o C and lowest casting temperature 685 o C . The impact test result also shows the highest impact strength occurs at the temperature of 760 o C cast . at each point of the tensile test, variations of temperature decrease . The increasement only occurs at the casting temperature of 735 o C . From the microstructure test result,it can be seen that the palm oil fly ash exists between the aluminum matrix , but the distribution of the fly ash is not uniform in all of the parts and the higher the temperature the greater the Dendrite growth rate due to the longer freezingrate.
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Coconut   Catalogue (Med Res)

Coconut Catalogue (Med Res)

Based on a person’s last level of education, the percentage of the population aged five years and over who has graduated high school/equivalent is 29.1%, those with only primary school/equivalent education is 22.9%, middle school/equivalent is 18.2%, and those who did or have not finished primary school amounts to 17.8%. While the percentage of people with bachelor degrees or higher is higher than people with I-III diplomas. There are approximately 561,082 productive-aged people in this Ecosystem. The majority work in trading (17.6%), community services (12.6%), mining and quarrying (10.1%), construction (7.4%), and rice cultivation and companion crops (7.1%). Approximately 8.9% of workers work in the hospitality and restaurants, financial services and insurance, and educational services. In contrast to other Ecosystems, the plantation business in the Kutai landscape is low (3.6%). Based on the 2013 Agricultural Census, the area of plantation cultivated by smallholder farmers in the regencies/cities in the Kutai Ecosystem is not much, including the East Kutai Regency and Kutai Kartanegara Regency where most of the people work in agriculture and plantation sectors. Rubber and palm oils as a whole have the largest planting area in this Ecosystem, rubber reaching 38,942 hectares and palm oil reaching 38,938 hectares. Even so, the total area is far above the areas of land planted with coconut, cacao or pepper (Belantara, 2017).
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Risk Assessment On Palm Oil Industry Jobs Using HIRARC Method.

Risk Assessment On Palm Oil Industry Jobs Using HIRARC Method.

This thesis presents the risk assessment of Palm Oil Industry jobs using HIRARC method. The purpose for this study is to assess the risk involved in manufacturing of Palm Oil and provide good preventive measures to this industry in term of their employees safety. HIRARC is used to identify the hazard at the workstations. There are five workstation assessed in this study. This study started with identification of hazard by using survey and interview to 30 employees. The survey was identified the age, work experiences, comfort level of the task and health problem of the workers. There are four types of hazard identified from five stations which are ergonomic, physical, mechanical and psychosocial hazard. After the identifation of hazards were completed, the process proceeded with the risk assessment. The analyzing of severity and likelihood of the hazard was identified to classify the hazard in the high level or low level based on the rating scale. Further step after assessment, the preventive measures was determined to control the risk. To reduce the risk involved in five stations, the risk control was suggested. These are engineering control, administrative control and personal protection equipment (PPE). This assessment are useful to be implemented in this industry to reduce the injury or illness among the employees.
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Potential Oil Palm Industry Development in Riau

Potential Oil Palm Industry Development in Riau

For people in rural areas, to date plantation business is an alternative to changing their household economic condition, because the public interest to plantation development is still high. Oil palm agribusiness shows an increase in the welfare of rural farmers. Plantation development activities have led to the high mobility of the population. According Soemarwoto Otto (2001), population growth tends to lead to smaller land area, which leads to increasing population pressure on land. Furthermore, in shifting cultivation area, increased population density also increases population pressure on land due to the rising needs for food, which consequently shorten the grace period of land. Furthermore, Mustari and Mapangaja (2005) state that in the increasing density of population, the carrying capacity of land will eventually be exceeded. This indicates that land in an area can no longer support the population at a certain level of welfare.
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Innovation Management in Indonesian Palm Oil Industry

Innovation Management in Indonesian Palm Oil Industry

The study is using a case study strategy because the research aims to find a phenomenon occurring in a Palm Oil Industry. Furthermore, PT SMART Tbk is chosen as a sample for the study, we will learn from them how the company manages their strategy in order to develop innovation. Moreover, the respondents of the research also include researchers from university and research center, who will explain the innovation climate in palm oil industry based on their expertise. The results of the interview will be analyzed by a triangulation method to see the innovation condition in palm oil industry comprehensively [18]. Furthermore, the research will formulate a strategy to develop innovation in the palm oil industry based on the best practice in PT SMART Tbk (one of the biggest palm oil company). Finally, the research will suggest a collaboration management among stakeholders to accelerate the process of developing innovation in the palm oil Industry
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Palm oil declined on higher output expectations, stronger ringgit

Palm oil declined on higher output expectations, stronger ringgit

This publication is solely for information only. It should not be construed as an offer or solicitation for the subscription, purchase or sale of the futures contracts mentioned herein. The publication has been prepared by Phillip Futures Sdn Bhd on the basis of publicly available information, internally developed data and other sources believed to be reliable. Whilst we have taken all reasonable care to ensure that the information contained in this publication is accurate and the opinions are fair and reasonable, it does not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of this publication. Accordingly, no warranty whatsoever is gi ven and no liability whatsoever is accepted for any loss arising whether directly or indirectly as a result of any person or grou p of persons acting on such information and advice. This publication was prepared without regard to your specific investment objec tives, financial situation or particular needs. Whilst views and advice given are in good faith, you should not regard the publication as a substitute for the exercise of your own judgement and should seek other professional advice for your specifi c investment needs or financial situations.
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The Evaluating Of Water Utilisation From Palm Oil Mill Industry Using Cleaner Production Approach.

The Evaluating Of Water Utilisation From Palm Oil Mill Industry Using Cleaner Production Approach.

According to (Yusof Basiron, 2004) crude palm oil in Malaysia is over a century old. Introduced as an ornamental in 1871, the oil palm was commercially exploited as an oil crop only from 1911 when the first oil palm estate was established. Oil palm or Elaeis guineensis , to the Palmae family, is the most productive oil production plant in the world. Oil palm contains high nutrient which mainly depends on the yield potential determined by the genetic make-up of planting material and yield limit set by climatic factor such as water, effective sunshine and temperature (Praven Fatemeh Rupani, 2010). However, the production generates largest amount of waste in form the oil extraction process such as mesocarp, fibre, shell, empty fruit bunch (EFB) and palm oil mill effluent (POME).
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Formulating a Collaborative Strategy to Develop Innovation in the Palm Oil Industry

Formulating a Collaborative Strategy to Develop Innovation in the Palm Oil Industry

PT Sinar Mas Agro Resources and Technology (SMART) Tbk is established in 1962 and listed on the Indonesian Stock Exchange in 1992. The company‟s primary activities r ange from cultivating and harvesting oil palm trees, processing fresh fruit bunches (FFB) into Crude Palm Oil(CPO) and Palm Kernel. The company also refines CPO into industrial and consumer products such as margarine, cooking oil and shortening. The Company cultivates 138,900 hectares of oil palm plantations in Indonesia, including plasma. Our CPO is processed further into value-added bulk, industrial and branded products through our own refineries, with a total capacity of 2.3 million tonnes per annum. SMART also distributes markets and exports palm-based consumer products. Besides bulk and industrial oil, SMART‟s refined products are also marketed under several brands, such as Filma and Kunci Mas (PT Smart Tbk 2014)
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Effect of Organic Acids and Reaction Times on Characteristics of Palm Kernel Oil (PKO) Derivative Product by Ethanolisis Reaction

Effect of Organic Acids and Reaction Times on Characteristics of Palm Kernel Oil (PKO) Derivative Product by Ethanolisis Reaction

Production of ethanolisis product of Palm Kernel Oil (PKO) treatment with the addition of organic acids and different heating times have conducted. Effects of organic acids used and time of heating on characteristics of PKO ethanolisis product were studied. The organic acids used are succinic acid 40 % (w/v) and lactic acid 40 % (w/v). Heating time consists of 15, 30, 45 and 60 minutes. The pH value of the reaction products ranged from 4,88 (± 0,01) to 5,27 (± 0,02). The best antimicrobial activity of product reaction is by addition of succinic acid 40% (w/v) and heating for 30 minutes with zone of inhibitions (d, mm) against Staphylococus aureus ATCC 25923, Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, mixed cultures of natural microbial and Saccharomyces cerevisiae are 20,88 (± 0,50) mm, 25,64 (± 0,81) mm, 6,46 (± 0,24) mm, and 8,84 (± 0,08) mm, respectively. The average value of the power increase emulsion stability in coconut milk (water in oil, w/o) ranged from 5,20 (± 0,65) % to 20,00 (± 2,55) %.
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Biodiesel Production from Waste Palm Oil Catalyzed by Hierarchical ZSM-5 Supported Calcium Oxide | Zein | Indonesian Journal of Chemistry 21184 40269 1 PB

Biodiesel Production from Waste Palm Oil Catalyzed by Hierarchical ZSM-5 Supported Calcium Oxide | Zein | Indonesian Journal of Chemistry 21184 40269 1 PB

12:1 molar ratio of methanol to oil and 2 wt.% catalysts were used to carry out the transesterification reaction through reflux method. 19.8 mL methanol was mixed with 0.8 g CaO/h-ZSM-5 in a round-bottom flask. 40 g preheated oil at 65 °C was added into the flask and the flask was connected with a condenser. The flask was placed in a water bath with a temperature of 65 °C and stirred for 2 h. The catalyst was removed from the product using centrifuge at 6000 rpm for 30 min. In order to separate biodiesel and glycerol completely, the reaction product was moved to the separating funnel and kept overnight. The biodiesel (top layer) was washed using warm distilled water to eliminate remaining glycerol. Finally, remaining water and methanol was eliminated by evaporating for 2 h at 105 °C to obtain high purity of biodiesel. The reaction was optimized with reaction time, catalyst amount, methanol to oil molar ratio and reaction temperature.
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Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering Catalysis 41 2009 23 31

Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering Catalysis 41 2009 23 31

Biodiesel production has received considerable attention in the recent past as a renewable fuel. The produc- tion of biodiesel by conventional transesterification process employs alkali or acid catalyst and has been industrially accepted for its high conversion and reaction rates. However for alkali catalyst, there may be risk of free acid or water contamination and soap formation is likely to take place which makes the separa- tion process difficult. Although yield is high, the acids, being corrosive, may cause damage to the equipment and the reaction rate was also observed to be low. This research focuses on empirical modeling and optimi- zation for the biodiesel production over plasma reactor. The plasma reactor technology is more promising than the conventional catalytic processes due to the reducing reaction time and easy in product separation. © 2009 BCREC. All rights reserved.
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Palm oil rebounds for second day of gains on output decline

Palm oil rebounds for second day of gains on output decline

This publication is solely for information only. It should not be construed as an offer or solicitation for the subscription,purchase or sale of the futures contracts mentioned herein. The publication has been prepared by Phillip Futures Sdn Bhd on the basis of publicly available information, internally developed data and other sources believed to be reliable. Whilst we have taken all reasonable care to ensure that the information contained in this publication is accurate and the opinions are fair and reasonable, it does not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of this publication. Accordingly, no warranty whatsoever is given and no liability whatsoever is accepted for any loss arising whether directly or indirectly as a result of any person or group of persons acting on such information and advice. This publication was prepared without regard to your specific investment objectives, financial situation or particular needs. Whilst views and advice given are in good faith, you should not regard the publication as a substitute for the exercise of your own judgement and should seek other professional advice for your specific investment needs or financial situations.
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SOIL FERTILITY AND NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT ON SPODOSOL FOR OIL PALM

SOIL FERTILITY AND NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT ON SPODOSOL FOR OIL PALM

The research was carried out in Oil Palm Plantation in Ngabang, Landak Distric, West Kalimantan in May 2008. Composite soil samples were taken from the soils, in which the oil palms indicated the nutrient disorders. The aims of the research were to study the soil fertility and nutrient management of Spodosols for oil palm crops. The results indicated that spodic horizons in the oil palm plantation varied between 30 and 70 cm. Besides spodic horizons, the albic horizon, the horizon that can’t be penetrated by the crops root, was also found. The texture is sandy with the sand content about 69-98 %. The soil has acidic properties, C organic varied from low to high, low phosphate, potassium, magnesium and Cation Exchange Capacity. In contrast, in the spodic horizon, the content of organic carbon, total nitrogen and CEC were higher, as well exchangeable Aluminum. There was close relationship between soil organic carbon and nitrogen and CEC in the soil. It is advice not to use spodosols for food crop and estate crops. The application of slow release fertilizers combined with organic fertilizers is highly input when oil palm planted on the Spodosol.
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