Now that feeding programs have been reviewed, the models can be used to compare the supply of dietary nutrients according to the feeding program with model-generated estimates of nutrient requirements, and to estimate nutrient losses into the environment. These aspects will be explored in subsequent casestudies (sections Evaluate the environmental impact of alternative feeding programs and Evaluate the effect of using high-fiber coproducts on threonine
In this paper we developed a framework in which the innovation capacity is distinguished. This framework enables us to analyze how this innovation capacity may benefit from the dimensions of entrepreneurial orientation. The results of the case study partially support existing literature. Risk taking and proactiveness are widely acknowledged that affect innovation adoption. Farm firms take into account their decision on rational basis before adopting an innovation. However, on innovation generation only risk taking supports the farm firm’s decision to create a process innovation. Lack of resources limits the farm firms to generate new products for being first in the markets. Our findings are based on a limited number of casestudies, so future research is needed to improve the generalization of the results by developing the propositions into testable hypotheses by using a large numbers of farm firms.
Student – Created CaseStudies merupakan suatu pembelajaran secara kooperatif di mana guru memberikan materi untuk dipahami siswa, kemudian guru memberikan suatu permasalahan berkaitan dengan materi yang mungkin dapat dipecahkan oleh siswa secara diskusi kelompok. Hasil diskusi tersebut dipresentasikan didepan kelas oleh masing – masing kelompok. Melalui strategi ini, diharapkan akan dapat menumbuhkan motivasi belajar siswa, karena suasana belajar yang ditimbulkan akan lebih terasa menyenangkan dan siswa belajar tidak monoton hanya dengan membaca buku, menulis, merangkum, dan mengerjakan soal, akan tetapi siswa dilatih untuk bisa saling bertukar pikiran dengan temannya sendiri dalam menyelesaikan suatu permasalahan. Pembelajaran semacam ini dapat meningkatkan kemampuan siswa secara individu, juga melatih untuk bekerjasama dalam kelompok yang pada akhirnya akan memacu dalam peningkatan motivasi belajar siswa.
pembelajaran dengan penerapan Flip Chart pada pembelajaran aktif Student- Created CaseStudies . Penerapan Flip Chart pada pembelajaran aktif Student- Created CaseStudies mampu meningkatkan kemandirian belajar siswa dalam pembelajaran biologi. Peningkatan kemandirian belajar siswa dalam pembelajaran biologi ditunjukkan dengan adanya sikap aktif siswa secara mandiri dalam kegiatan pembelajaran dengan guru sebagai fasitator. Kemampun siswa untuk mengingat dan memahami materi yang dipelajari meningkat yang terlihat saat materi pelajaran direview kembali siswa mampu menjawab pertanyaan dari guru dan nilai post-test siswa juga meningkat, siswa lebih terdorong untuk belajar, siswa lebih tertarik untuk belajar biologi dengan pembelajaran biologi melalui penerapan Flip Chart pada pembelajaran aktif Student-Created CaseStudies . Hal ini terlihat adanya peningkatan masing – masing indikator kemandirian kemandirian belajar setiap aspeknya. Indikator kemandirian belajar siswa dalam pembelajaran biologi melalui penerapan Flip Chart pada pmbelajaran aktif Student-Created CaseStudies yang mengalami peningkatan adalah sebagai berikut: memanfaatkan tempat atau lingkungan sekitar, memanfaatkan benda yang ada disekitarnya, memanfaatkan orang atau siapa saja yang memiliki keahlian tertentu, memanfaatkan buku, berbuat, tidak cukup hanya mendengar dan menyerap, bertukar pendapat dengan siswa lain, keberanian mengemukakan permasalahan, memanfaatkan pengalaman yang dimiliki untuk menyelesaikan permasalahan, mengevaluasi sendiri hasil belajar, dan senang dengan pembelajaran yang memusat pada pemecahan masalah baik melalui kegiatan observasi secara langsung pada saat kegiatan pembelajaran berlangsung maupun pengisian angket kemandirian belajar oleh siswa serta hasil wawancara dengan guru dan beberapa orang siswa yang mewakili.
In Indonesia, the urban population is estimated to account for more than 50% of total population, and is projected to increase to 65% by 2025. In light of rapid urbanization, efforts are underway to meet the challenge of mainstreaming UCCR into local and national policy. However, many of Indonesia’s urban-related laws and regulations were designed for a time when most of society was agrarian. Thus, in the case of Indonesia, building UCCR is a governance issue rather than a technical issue; work needs to
Abstract: This chapter shows a case study on building a predictive model with limited memory. Because the training dataset was large and not easy to build decision trees within R, multiple subsets were drawn from it by random sampling, and a decision tree was built for each subset. After that, the variables appearing in any one of the built trees were used for variable selection from the original training dataset to reduce data size. In the scoring process, the scoring dataset was also split into subsets, so that the scoring could be done with limited memory. R codes for printing rules in plain English and in SAS format are also presented in this chapter.
Misha: Right away we ran into a lot of constraints with atypical construction methods. We weren ’ t allowed to drive over the ground off - road, we had to stay on roads, which makes digging holes very diffi cult. When we moved material we would have to pile it on plywood sheets, and then put the materials back so nothing was touching the ground. We had to steam all the equipment vehicles before they went into the watershed. The vehicles were inspected to make sure there wasn ’ t any grease or leaking oil, and once we parked inside on the roads we had to put a diaper under the vehicle underbody. The hydraulic systems of the larger equipment had to be changed over to vegetable oil instead of hydrau- lic oil, in case they had a spill. Both spills are bad but vegetable oil is a little more palatable for a cleanup than hydraulic fl uid. We had to implement emer- gency response plans inside the watershed. These were pretty controlled and constrained construction methods. So, we came up with the innovative idea of using helicopters. To minimize impact to the watershed, we used a helicopter to take all the trees out. That was very expensive. We wound up using helicopters to put the towers in place — again very expensive. Even though expensive, the use of helicopters was innovative and saved time and extra work. By eliminat- ing the logging and tower material trucks coming though the watershed the team saved time by not having to repair the watershed.
Since the Indore city depends on distant water resource of Narmada River to meet its growing water demands, the cost recovery will be critical for managing water infrastructure of the city. Also, with the increasing energy costs can add additional burden on the IMC. The maintenance as well as capital investments required will depend on the city’s ability to recover the costs. Considering the huge gap in municipal inances, the ability to charge the consumers and to maintain the infrastructure will be another major critical uncertainty. The quality of services would improve only if there is expressed demand for services. So far, the citizens have not been proactively demanding for better services even though water supply is provided only once in two days. Only in case of non-supply, the people protest, but even they are unorganized.
When the combustion in the burner was over, the stored heat in the bricks obviously started to contribute to the drying air. The temperature still gradually increased for a few hours and then decreased. When the test was started in the evening at 18.00 by supplying 70 kg of fuel woods, the temperatures on the trays in the morning of the next day remained 60, 53, 50, and 49 °C for tray one, two, three, and four, respectively, with an ambient temperature of 29 °C (Fig. 15). In this case, for the second day, the source of heat would be from both solar energy and stored heat in the brick. The bricks still continue supplying heat until midnight in the second day, and keep the temperature on tray 18 °C above the ambient temperature of about 25 °C. Again, this shows that the biomass burner and heat storage facility do indeed can improve the viability of solar dryer.
Government authorities like Fire Department, National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) and Police Department, were the first ones to be contacted in case of emergencies and they adequately showed their efficiency in dealing with such situations during the 2015 flood. Specially trained fire officials rescued patients, children, women, old people and pet animals, alo g ith de elopi g a d e fo i g e a uatio pla s hi h eets life safet odes. Fi e Dept. s vehicles and pumps were used to drain out water from various water logged areas. This depa t e t e ei ed additio al help f o Che ai s fishe e o u it i the fo of mechanized boats to carry out rescue operations.
In the code in Listing 1-11, Eric first sliced the data frame to consider only short- term pass holders. Then he went forward to find out if all the values in birth year are missing (i.e., null) for this slice. Since that is the case, Nancy’s initially inferred hypothesis was true—that birth year data is only available for members. This made her recall her prior deduction about the brand loyalty of millennials. Hence the output for Listing 1-11 nullifies Nancy’s deduction made after the analysis in Figure 1-4. This made Nancy sad, as the loyalty of millenials can’t be validated from the data at hand. Eric believed that members have to provide details like birth year when applying for the membership, something which is not a prerequisite for short-term pass holders. Eric decided to test his deduction by checking if gender is available for short-term pass holders or not for which he wrote the code in Listing 1-12.
This paper describes an interdisciplinary research project to investigate the sustainability of off-grid Photovoltaic Energy Service (PVES) delivery in Indonesia. The project was introduced at the WRERCE conference in 2005 where results from the preliminary fieldwork undertaken in late 2002 and early 2003 were presented. Following the preliminary fieldwork, more substantive fieldwork was carried out in 2005. The general objective of this research project is to understand how PVES can contribute to improving the sustainability of rural Indonesian communities without access to the electricity grid. It adopts an interdisciplinary approach that combines social and engineering perspectives to address sustainability issues. The I3A (Implementation, Accessibility, Availability, Acceptability) Sustainable PVES Delivery framework [1,2] was developed in this project to assess sustainability and was used to assess three off-grid PVES casestudies from Lampung, West Java and Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT) provinces. The overall objectives of the I3A framework are to acknowledge the interests of all stakeholders, maximize equity, assure PVES continuity and institutionalize PVES by utilizing and enhancing pre-existing community resources to leave host communities with the capacity to meet evolving needs. A key conclusion is that, to be sustainable and equitable, off-grid PVES projects should be implemented in an institutional framework that provides sound project management and addresses PVES accessibility (financial, institutional and technological), availability (technical quality and continuity) and acceptability (social and ecological). Drawing on those insights, ways to enhance off-grid PVES delivery in rural situations in Indonesia are recommended.