The subject of this research is how unfavorable effect of mental stress for Arthur Dimmesdale, as the role of a priest in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s novel The Scarlet Letter . It was viewed from psychoanalytic approach. The objective of the research paper is analyzing the effect of repressed desire based on psychoanalytic theory by identifying the personality of major and minor character and structural elements of the novel.
Several reasons implied behind these unfavorable practices, one of them probably because lack of the knowledge of the community to that recommendations, or the cultural/belief that lies behind the practices in the community. This was in line with the study done by Susanti that found there was relation between mother‟s knowledge and community socio-culture with infant feeding practices. 21 Even though we‟re not assessed the knowledge of the mothers but most of the mothers in this study were only graduated from primary school. Ruel et al in WHO publication stated that mothers with more schooling often have more nutritional knowledge. 13 Therefore this study revealed that the low education level of mothers in East Lombok was one of the factor that lead to the unfavorable infant feeding practices.
Cara yang digunakan untuk menilai skala penelitian adalah dengan memberikan empat pilihan untuk setiap butir pernyataan. Skala yang digunakan adalah untuk mengukur sikap dari subjek sehingga pilihan yang diberikan adalah Sangat Sesuai (SS), Sesuai (S), Tidak Sesuai (TS), Sangat Tidak Sesuai (STS). Item pada skala dibagi menjadi dua jenis favorable dan unfavorable. Peniliaian skala untuk masing-masing dimensi juga berbeda, berikut adalah cara penilaian untuk skala pola asuh authoritarian:
Skala keterampilan sosial akan disajikan dalam dua bentuk pernyataan, yaitu pernyataan favorable dan unfavorable, dengan empat pilihan respon, yang nantinya akan dipilih salah satu oleh subyek yang akan diteliti. Pilihan jawaban tersebut terdiri dari: Sangat Sesuai (SS), Sesuai (S), Tidak Sesuai (TS), dan Sangat Tidak Sesuai (STS). Skor diberikan dari rentang nilai satu sampai dengan empat. Pada pernyataan favorable, nilai 4 diberikan untuk jawaban Sangat Sesuai (SS), nilai 3 untuk jawaban Sesuai (S), nilai 2 untuk jawaban Tidak Sesuai (TS), dan nilai 1 untuk jawaban Sangat Tidak Sesuai (STS). Pada pernyataan unfavorable, nilai 4 diberikan untuk jawaban Sangat Tidak Sesuai (STS), nilai 3 untuk jawaban Tidak Sesuai (TS), nilai 2 untuk jawaban Sesuai (S), dan nilai 1 untuk jawaban Sangat Sesuai (SS).
Direct manufacturing labor's unfavorable efficiency variance may have been caused by: (1) poor working conditions, (2) changes in the production process (learning something new initially takes longer), (3) different types of direct materials to work with, or (4) poor attitudes on behalf of the workers.
Abstract : American society cannot be detached from the society’s multiculturalism. The various ethnic groups inevitably may lead into cooperations, frictions, or conflicts in their interaction. Fiction, as one of literary works, is one of the ways in picturing its reality. Most of hyphenated-American writers wrote both their experiences and imagination through fictions which mostly are about those of racial-based. Some fictions such as Sui Sin Far’s In the Land of the Free, Bienvenido Santos’ Immigration Blues, Anzia Yezierska’s Soap and Water depict the unfavorable experiences in their first interaction in America. While, Monfoon Leong’s New Year for Fong Wing and Gish Jen’s In the American Society elaborate the inter-race interaction and their confusion in blending their identity in the new land. It is found that though they can stand living in a multicultural society, most hyphenated Americans still face situation where sometimes they are still regarded as the subordinated class and it leads into fear and uncomfortable life. Racism is still big issue in American life even though it has long been declared that all men are created equal. In the interaction process some of them still had a tight tie to their origins, while others could easily conform to the American culture.
Unlike Gumilyov, Akhmatova did not regard the war as glorious, seeing it rather as an ordeal laid upon Russia. In a poem entitled ‘‘July 1914,’’ written days after the news of war had come to Slepnyovo, she depicts a stricken countryside, the crops failing for lack of rain, the air smelling of smoke from a burning peat bog, the birds fallen silent; a crippled pilgrim making his way through the village warns of apocalyp- tic disasters to come. In ‘‘May Snow’’ (1916), a description of an untimely frost destroying the new life of spring in its first flowering becomes a lament for the young men dead at the front: ‘‘So terrible is the sight of early death / That I cannot bear to look upon God’s world.’’ In ‘‘Prayer’’ (1915), the poet offers to accept freely any affliction God may impose upon her—physical suffering, the loss of her child, of her beloved, of her poetic gift—if at that price ‘‘the dark cloud that lours over Russia / Is transformed to a halo of light.’’ In contrast to the emotional dramas that often marked Akhmatova’s personal relationships, her love of her home- land was simple and unchanging, and the heightened sense of danger to her country made her more conscious of herself as a Russian and a be- liever in Russia’s age-old faith. Many years later, in a fragment addressed to Gumilyov’s memory, she wrote, ‘‘But in 1916, when I said something unfavorable about our relationship, he replied, ‘No, you taught me to believe in God and to love Russia.’ ’’ 31 This new solemnity of emotion,