The study investigated how participatory approach can empower students in disasterriskreduction (DRR). This is beneficial in the fulfillment of child rights in terms of protection and participation in building a save school. The study covers the procedures, materials, and the effect of participatory approach on students participation in DRR. The research was qualitative research. The participants were 40 students of students organization board of SMA Muhammadiyah I Klaten and two tutors from Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta. The data were collected through observation, interview and analyzed using inductive technique. Observation was conducted to get information about the procedures and the materials being used. The interview was conducted to get information about the students’ activities in DRR after the training given by the tutors.
Being able to access the work of the environment sector can be hugely beneficial. In the Pacific, for instance, WWF had already produced a series of posters explaining the origins of climate change and the necessary adaptation measures. National Societies in the region were then able to use them for their own purposes. The environment sector has a good history of campaigning, with effective messages that can provide inspiration for the disasterriskreduction sector. Regional workshops on climate change adaptation and disasterriskreduction have been held in the South-east Asia and Pacific region, with one planned for South Asia in the near future. These aim not only to foster the sharing of experiences within the Movement but also to promote the greater involvement of other organizations in tackling the issue and to explore opportunities for future collaboration.
A presentation by CRC and then an interactive question and answer session focused on the themes disasterriskreduction and mitigation, climate change, health and care, and Red Cross emergency services. In attendance were 200 students from Dei Dos high school and Red Cross Youth from other local high schools, as well as 65 community members, 20 teachers, 170 Red Cross Youth, 80 high school students and 50 students from primary school, the organizing team of 20 people. In total, approximately 400 people participated. CRC officers provided key messages and distributed leaflets on how to prepare before, during, and after disasters.
communications makes simply hoarding knowledge products seem passé. One of the most important roles that humanitarian institutions now play is that of gathering available knowledge, filtering it and then amplifying it. New methods of copyright (known as copyleft and Creative Commons – see http://en.wikipedia. org/wiki/copyleft and www.creativecommons.org) have emerged to help protect integrity and quality and to facilitate a greater degree of knowledge sharing. National Societies, the IFRC, governments and NGOs everywhere face significant challenges in trying to keep track of the educational materials and resources they have developed. A new resource called the UNISDR Prevention Web Education and Training Materials Collection seeks to address this, by providing a comprehensive archive of all published educational materials for disasterriskreduction worldwide.
Children with Autism Spectrum Syndrome (ASD) have difficulties in focusing on what is in front of them. ASD is a brain-based condition where the brain has not developed in a typical way. ASD patients are having troubles in making social contact with others, they usually take longer than other children to learn a language, and often find it hard to make sense of language, so understanding simple instructions and social norms can be difficult. Based on the above characteristics of ASD, the method of disaster event simulation is an effective disasterriskreduction method for children with ASD. The disaster event simulation which mimics the real event would provide a real learning experience for children with ASD, because learning the theory alone without any practice/simulation would not be able to develop appropriate response from a child with ASD in the event of a real disaster. Disaster preparedness simulation which imitate the real disaster event would also develop ASD children’s ability to communicate verbally and non-verbally, to show reactions through skills and to socially participate with others. 30
The Sendai Framework is built on elements which ensure continuity with the work done by States and other stakeholders under the HFA and introduces a number of innovations as called for during the consultations and negotiations. Many commentators have identified the most significant shifts as a strong emphasis on disasterrisk management as opposed to disaster management, the definition of seven global targets, the reduction of disasterrisk as an expected outcome, a goal focused on preventing new risk, reducing existing risk and strengthening resilience, as well as a set of guiding principles, including primary responsibility of states to prevent and reduce disasterrisk, all-of-society and all-of-State institutions engagement. In addition, the scope of disasterriskreduction has been broadened significantly to focus on both natural and man-made hazards and related environmental, technological and biological hazards and risks. Health resilience is strongly promoted throughout.
eruption, the increases of victims are caused of the lack of understanding about what volcano is and what should people do if the eruption happened. Mostly, people who live surroundings the volcano have no detail information about disasterriskreduction or mitigation system. Indonesia is the 5 th country in the amount of the population but this condition is not supported by a big of population in behavior of disaster preparedness (Deny Hidayati, 2012). Severely, people more believe in myth and local culture than scientific information from the government or Center for Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation. This situation is less favorable for disaster mitigation system. Then, it initiates to develop an integrated mitigation system which combines of local culture including myth and scientific knowledge to reduce the risk of disaster (D. Cadag, J. & Gaillard, JC., 2012).
Most sample countries have extensive and legally enforceable building laws and codes that apply throughout their territories, whether nationally or at state level in federations. Some countries, however, have only partial codes or guidelines, revealing some gaps in coverage and relevance. Interestingly, only a few of these laws specifically mention a DRR function, and it is rare that they are linked with the DRM law or institutional arrangements. Responsibility for building code implementation is generally held by the local government. Insufficient capacity and resources at this level of government, combined with a lack of a ‘culture of compliance’ are identified as the two major challenges to implementation in many lower- and middle-income countries. Both education on building safety and the use of legal sanctions for large non-compliant developments are necessary in many cases to achieve higher levels of disasterriskreduction. Training programmes for masons and builders have also resulted in improved compliance in some countries.
mobilize volunteer corps and the community, conducting PRA (Participatory Rural Appraisal) tools; formulate an action plan, setting up monitoring and evaluation tools and developing VCA reports. By having this training, it is expected that the trainers will be able to apply VCA and be an agent of change for themselves and the community in disasterriskreduction activities.
GFDRR’s up-stream, evidence-based policy and strategy formulation contrib- utes to mainstream DRR and CCA aspects in Country Assistance Strategies (CASs) and Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) of a significant number of countries. GFDRR provides strategic inputs to highlight disaster and climate risks in over 130 country strategies, the importance of which is increasingly being recognized. For example, disasterriskreduction, in conjunction with climate change adaptation, appears as a pillar or a sub-pillar in Bolivia, Costa Rica, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Uzbekistan. They are a part of strategic pillars in country strategies in Armenia, Burkina Faso, Guyana, India, Niger, Romania, Rwanda, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, and Yemen. In other country strategies, they are recognized as a risk factor that could hinder the achievement of goals stipulated in strategies.
Although they can have some ecologically beneficial effects on forest and wilderness areas, wildfires can cause ex- tensive damage. The impacts include death, injury and property damage, loss of shelter and livelihood, disruption of lifeline infrastructure and destruction of community. They may also result in adverse environmental consequences, such as loss of wild habitats, threats to biodiversity, land degradation and increased risk of erosion. Meanwhile, the chemicals used to fight the fires can pollute natural water sources.
As the Viet Nam Red Cross Society (VNRC) and international non-governmental organisations (IN- GOs) continue to support community-level DRM projects, there also is a need for a stronger fo- cus on long-term prevention and mitigation, as well as coordination and harmonisation between different government agencies and external organisations. While the New DRM Law does outline clear responsibilities for different government agencies, additional decrees or secondary legislation is required to provide further details for coordination and implementation. The ‘scaling up’ of DRR projects and allocation of resources for DRR initiatives may be enhanced through the regulatory framework to achieve longer term sustainability. For example, policies addressing education and awareness on DRR are currently applied on a project basis only. However, the New DRM Law does cement the role of the Ministry of Education and Training (MOET) in the integration of disasterrisk knowledge into the curricula at all education levels, which is promising for the future. Legislation on relocation of at-risk communities could also give priority to community participation to ensure that new safe settlements are planned in line with people’s needs.
Another example of good practice in the program is sharing and exchanging information on disaster preparedness activities by the NRCS with the Lutheran World Federation (LWF) through DP-Net Nepal. NRCS has been able to efficiently coordinate its activities with the LWF, who are also working on earthquake preparedness programs. This helped in avoiding replication and provided trained volunteers for facilitating their programme. NRCS has also coordinated with the government's earthquake preparedness venture by engaging trained groups of KVEPI to participate in the large scale simulation program carried out by the government.
The law did not stop the Red Cross and others from working – they acquired funding from elsewhere. However, it did limit their accomplishments. Catherine Martin explains: “We’ve worked on riskreduction since 1994, through integrated community disaster preparedness programmes. But until now, our main challenge has been the absence of specific local government funds to ensure sustainability.” More frustrating still, although the money for disaster management was there, it often went unused. All local governments allocated 5 per cent of their annual state income to the National Calamity Fund, but if no disaster occurred in the course of the year, the old law allowed them to dispense the money to staff, as bonuses and incentives. Under the new act, unspent money remains in the fund, and the National Society and other actors have support to promote riskreduction and disaster preparedness before catastrophe happens. More communities can assess and address the hazards they face, map the dangers, analyse why they are vulnerable to them, and then develop action plans.
The case study holds dynamic information which is useful for participants to have better view and ideas of all possible risk factors in the community. A hand- out with concrete examples based on the case study was distributed by the end of the session.