Bouwen architecture, include in Medan. However, only three buildings that have not experienced a change in shape of the building, so that it can become the object of research, namely PD Pasar office, Para- diso swimming pool, and Mandiri KC Medan Cityhall bank. This study was conducted to determine what kind of Nieuwe Bouwen architecture that influences Dutchcolonial building in Medan which can be seen from the three object of research and find the form of that control. The necessary data to see the style of building can see from the façade of the building.
The crowd in Palembang could be seen from the development of the existing of the population. Around the mid-19th century Palembang City had a population about 50 thousand inhabitants. In the book Djohan Hanafiah citing data from J.W.J Wellan (Zuis Economische overzicht Sumatra), the population always rose up every five years. The calculation of population carried out by the Dutchcolonial administration at the time (Hanafi, 1998: 17). Correspondingly, according to the Morning News Amran, Sunday, November 25, 2012, residents of Palembang on January 1, 1855 amounted to 41 843 people, made up 11 349 men and 14,464 women, and children. 37 565 people are natives of Palembang, 102 Europeans, 2,504 Chinese and 1,672 Arabs and other eastern nations.
Pontianak had an attention of Dutchcolonial after British trade in West Kalimantan. Trade competition between the Netherlands and the United Kingdom had an impact on trade in Pontianak. The pprogress attract the attention of Dutchcolonial to master Pontianak. The DutchColonial control the power of the Sultan of Pontianak through agreements and bring the impact in the social, political, economic, and cultural. Dutchcolonial exploitation brought changes in the power relations of chinesse allied and the monopoly of trade in Pontianak. The Dutchcolonial emphasized rule in Pontianak after United Kingdom endorses James Brooke as a representative government in North Kalimantan.There is a dynamic interrelation changes in political and economic that brought change social structures in Pontianak. The communication links through a network of inter-island trade has prompted traders as new communities formed and founded the settlement of ethnic groups in Pontianak. The dynamic relationship between Pontianak and West Kalimantan areas such as Sambas, Mempawah, Landak, Sanggau, Sintang, Matan, and Sukadana has brought political and economic progress.And declared Pontianak as a center of commerce and government Resident West Kalimantan. This study uses the history of the literature by collecting historical data, describing an event into its parts in order to understand the political and trade policies of the colonialDutch in Pontianak.
Foreign influences may have registered first in religious architecture: Hindu and Buddhist temples were often of stone and brick, and many examples still survive especially on Java (see ARCHEOLOGY; BOROBUDUR; KRATON). The style of mosque most common in In- donesia, especially Java, is also distinctive, being square, with four sup- porting pillars and a veranda (serambi) facing east. European trading companies used brick and stone extensively for their trading posts, partly for defensive reasons, and their early dwelling houses were closely mod- eled on European styles. A distinctive Dutchcolonial architecture emerged in the early 19th century, with high ceilings, marble or tiled floors, deep verandas, neoclassical pillars, living areas opening directly onto the garden, and separate pavilions for cooking, bathing, and the like. This style declined in the 20th century with a return to European urban models. Since independence, many Indonesian architects have endeav- ored to incorporate traditional forms and motifs in their work. While the Suharto government was often suspicious of manifestations of regional ethnic identity in matters such as language, it expressly encouraged the preservation of the strikingly different characteristic architectural styles of Indonesia’s many ethnic groups; this official sanctioning is seen per- haps most clearly in Jakarta’s Taman Mini Indonesia Indah (Beautiful In- donesia in Miniature theme park). [0125–0131, 0536]
The use of the term proletariat to replace the Javanese term kromo also represented a reframing of the party’s membership, which was largely peasant, since the term proletariat is often understood as referring to industrial workers. It is important to note that the majority of people in the Indies at this time remained in rural areas (Cribb, 2000). As such, while the movement gained support from urban workers in port cities such as Semarang, Batavia, and Surabaya, it also mobilized the rural lower classes (Shiraishi, 1990). But why did SI think of its membership as proletariat? Its use of the term can be read in two ways: (1) It affirmed the organization’s affiliation with the existing international communist movement and (2) it unified the diverse membership under a new proletarian identity. As the social movement with the largest following in 1924 (Shiraishi, 1990), the latter fact points to the inclusive nature of the movement, accommodating people of other nationalities—not just the natives—who supported their anticolonial cause as a part of the movement. The use of proletariat as a common, everyday word resonates with Anderson’s idea of “ World-in-Motion universalism ” (Anderson, 1996, p. 35) from which new representational imaginings of revolutionary movements in the Dutch East Indies and abroad were born. During this period of the movement, new political terms such as vergadering (meeting), kongres (congress), mogok (strike), klassenstrijd (class struggle), and revolutie (revolution) appeared and began to be used and interpreted not as “ autochthonous, ” but rather “ universal ” categories (pp. 35 – 36), enabling the people to imagine themselves as a part of a new global universe —” Workers of the world, unite! ”
This construction is almost the same as the Adv-construction. The difference lies in the position of the S. In the Adv-construction S stands before the FV, and in the Inv-construction the S is behind the FV. The Adv-construction is always an IL-sentence, while the Inv-construction is an acceptable Dutch sentence. Inv stands for inversion. The processing of the Inv-construction is more difficult than the Sep-construction because one of the verbs of the verbal phrase, for example an adjunct, appears in the first place in the sentence, and the S should move to the location behind the FV. There is a matter of topicalization. The word order of sentence (5) is structurally correct, but it is still an IL-sentence because it needs some structural changes to become a good Dutch sentence (5a).
In the first two century of colonialization, the urban development of Batavia was not planned; the city grew almost without any intervention and direction from the authority. One of the first “planned” growths of the city took place under the British interim authority [1808-1811], which moved the city centre to Weltevreden. Another crucial urban development took place in 1870s with the construction of modern transportation infrastructure which included the first train line in 1873 to Buitenzorg, the first deep-water port Tanjung Priok 1887, and the tramline in 1881 14 . As the main port city [which accommodates the international export of most colonial commo- dities], Jakarta was well connected by railways, roadways and waterways, with major centre of productions in the surrounding regions, especially with the Preanger hinterland [which produced tea, quinine and rubber] and as well with several centres of productions in Sumatra. Jakarta though was not a primary centre of production. Or as Lindblad 15  put in other words; …the periphery, being the outer islands, therefore provided most of the surplus in the external balance, where as the core of Java offered the political protection to facilitate the investment in export production that made the generation of the surplus possible in the first place.
You can apply for the Holland Scholarship at the Dutch institution of your choice if you meet their selection criteria. At www.studyinholland.nl/hollandscholarship you can ind an overview of participating Dutch research universities and universities of applied sciences, as well as selected ields of study.
berkhasiat yang berkualiti tinggi kepada pengguna. Kualiti produk syarikat adalah paling utama. Oleh itu, kawalan kualiti dan jaminan kualiti adalah pertimbangan utama. Setiap produk yang dilancarkan pada Dutch Lady mempunyai untuk mengalami kitaran hayat produk. Terdapat empat peringkat seperti pengenalan, pertumbuhan, kematangan dan penurunan. Walaupun produk tidak mahu menjadi tahan lama dalam pasaran, tetapi ia memerlukan untuk mendapatkan sekurang-kurangnya beberapa keuntungan. Jika produk masih di peringkat penurunan, strategi promosi adalah sangat penting untuk mengekalkan ia di pasaran. Jika jualan drop berterusan selepas usaha meletakkan, maka ia harus dibawa keluar dari pasaran dan melancarkan produk baru. Dutch Lady terlibat dalam pembangunan produk baru dengan menambah produk baru untuk terus makmur sebagai barangan lain sampai ke peringkat akhir kitaran hayat produk. Inovasi telah menjadi tulang belakang pertumbuhan Dutch Lady Malaysia untuk lima puluh tahun yang lalu, dan ia akan terus menjadi cara itu kerana mereka membawa pasukan ke generasi akan datang pengguna.
When we compare Figures 4 and 5, we notice that the vowel triangle of the native Dutch speakers (Figure 4) is considerably larger than that of the non-native speakers (Figure 5). In Figure 4, the F1 values of the close vowels /i, y, u/ (ie, uu and oe) are around 250-300 Hz, whereas in Figure 5 these values are between 400 and 500 Hz. Also, the front vowels /i/ and /e/ (ie and ee) in Figure 4 have considerably higher F2 values than those in Figure 5. As regards the open vowel, /a/ (aa), there does not seem to be much difference between the F1 values in both figures, nor is the spreading on the F2 axis very different. The smaller vowel triangle of the non-native speakers suggests that their native language, which has only six vowel phonemes and, consequently, a smaller vowel triangle, influences the pronunciation of these speakers. A similar effect was found by Van Zanten (1989). In this research, Indonesians with a Sundanese background used a larger vowel space than Toba Batak speakers, with the size of the Javanese vowel space in between these two. This could be explained by taking into account the vowel systems: Sundanese has seven vowels, Javanese six, and Toba Batak five.
Among other matters it wanted to raise, this article was meant to show why many philatelists find covers more interesting than stamps. Postal history can be a valuable addition to conventional history. It can make history more concrete, tangible, and visual. With the collection I once owned, I have tried to tell stories about the Chinese minority in the Dutch East Indies over a period of 85 years. In this article some obvious gaps in the story have been provisionally filled by some non-philatelic “flat collectibles”. It proved to be possible to tell the story of the Chinese minority from a time of segregation and subordination to its integration into a prosperous western-style middle class. The story shows the multifaceted aspects of this population: Its hunger to adopt the latest developments in modern society, the clinging to old traditions and keeping touch with the fatherland but also its adjustment to the customs and needs of the host country. It shows the prosperity in good times but also the solidarity and care in bad times. For me, bringing all these items together has been a wonderful experience.
ABSTRACT – Comfort is an attribute that today’s consumers demand more and more. The seat has an important role to play in fulfilling these comfort expectations. Seating comfort is a major concern for drivers and other members of the work force who are exposed to extended periods of sitting and its associated side effects. In this paper, we described of the survey that examine the seat discomfort and travel time factors for Dutch commercial truck driver. For the survey, the self-administered questionnaires were completed by 217 truck drivers in the Netherlands. Statistical methods such as factor analysis and one way ANOVA were used to find the differences between body discomfort of truck drivers after one hour and five hours sitting while driving. The results showed that truck drivers experienced different level of body discomfort for one hour and five hours sitting while driving. Subsequently, the survey also found that there is significant discomfort at different body part. The outcomes from the analytical results were important and required more attention to reduce the body discomfort for long hour sitting.
The enumeration of the complete list of morphemes that may be syntactically separated from larger singular lexical units (verbal derivational prefixes) is extremely useful and was for me as a Dutch native speaker never even thinking about this also very interesting. It is indeed for most native speakers of Indonesian a difficult grammatical trait of Dutch because the distance between the various parts of the verb can be rather great and the list is a useful aid for them. See for instance the verb: binnenlopen (to enter or to pay a short visit)
Terdapat satu iklan televisyen yang dipamerkan Miss Pandalela Rinong yang memenangi gangsa dalam acara menyelam minum susu Dutch Lady sejak belia dalam membawa potensi kepadanya. Atlet boleh menjadi model peranan awam kerana mereka minum susu dan mendapatkan manfaat dari susu yang digunakan. Dengan pendedahan Dutch Lady jenama di khalayak ramai, ramai orang mula mengenalinya. Kesedaran awam tentang produk tenusu yang dihasilkan oleh Dutch Lady juga meningkat. Kempen banyak membantu dalam meningkatkan jualan Dutch Lady.
Strengthening accountability has a long history in the Netherlands. 3 From the mid- 1980s, a process of reinforcing accountability in the central government sector was set in motion. Under pressure from Parliament, the government of the Netherlands developed major reform plans. One of the results was an integrated commitment-cash accounting system. In the early 1990s, further reforms were developed in the form of agencies as units subject to special rules including accrual accounting. Obviously, the Dutch gov- ernment valued the experiences of the agencies. In the Budget Memorandum 2001, it announced to introduce, at least in principle, a system of accrual accounting in the entire central government sector. 4 By 2002, 24 agencies had been formed. 5 Although national accounting standards generally do not play a prominent part in government accounting, central government in the Netherlands has adopted the 1995 European System of Ac- counts (ESA) 6 as a starting point, in particular, for the treatment of expenditure on investments (capital expenditures).