W e commit to actively and constructively engage with GAR’s stakeholders including communities, governments, customers and civil society at local, national and international levels. This includes a commitment to make information regarding the impact of our operations publicly available. We will seek to ensure that information is provided in formats and languages relevant to afected stakeholders. We also commit to open and transparent negotiation for all joint management activities.
environmental polices and institutional responsibilities within the Tanzanian government. The coastal program will contribute to this result by working with the GOT to develop a national coastal policy which is consistent with, and expands on the components of the National EnvironmentalPolicy that are relevant to coastal and marine ecosystems. The coastal program will also achieve results under IR 2.2 (capacity building) by increasing human and institutional capacity for integrated coastal zone management. The coastal program will contribute to IR 2.3 by developing sustainable practices and policies for shrimp mariculture and possibly other coastal sectors, and by fostering the sharing of experience and learning across pilot sites. If appropriate, the second phase of the program will also address IR 2.3 (pilot area activities) by establishing a pilot program to test the approaches and tools developed in activities to improve national coastal policy.
ISO 14001 describes the criteria for developing an environmentalmanagement system (EMS). An environmentalmanagement system (EMS) is essential as a part of the overall management system that includes organizational structure, planning, activities, responsibilities, practices, procedures, processes and resources for developing, implementing, achieving, reviewing and maintaining the environmentalpolicy (ISO, 2004). EMS helps an organization to enhance the full scope of environmental considerations and improved the results by establishing a continuous process of checking to confirm environmental goals are met. The framework is based on a plan-do-check-act continual improvement approach that leads an organization through a regular cycle of planning, implementation, performance monitoring and review or improvement. An environmentalmanagement system (EMS) is a structured approach to address the environmental bottom line. The description shows that improvement in environmental performance is the ultimate touchstone for continual improvement. Moreover, the description also suggests that such improvements are based on enhancement of the environmentalmanagement system itself.
planning, infrastructure budgets, availability of clean water systems, community participation, people’s behavioral, air quality and growth of built up area. The were eight (8) recommendation policies in sustainable infrastructure development. Firstly: the local economic growth that address the needs of micro economic infrastructure such as: provision of space for small enterprise and street vendors in the city. Secondly: an integrated infrastructure planning between spatial and sectoral development plans should consider the indicators of sustainable infrastructure development through The Medium Term of Infrastructure Investment Program Plan (RPI2JM). Thirdly: an increase in the infrastructure budget for more efficiency and effectiveness. Fourthly: the availability of clean water system which was widely distributed throughout the city by increasing the amount of raw water sources and water management with 5 R (restore, reduce, reuse, recycle, rechargable). Fifthly: increased community participation in the management of city infrastructure, building consensus between the government and the residents of the city as well as the transparency of information. Sixthly: city infrastructure management that considers the community behavior, for example the pattern of movement of people in the use of transport (public transport, bicycle or on foot) and open space utilization patterns. Seventhly: air quality with the increased use of public transport, periodical emission testing, vehicle age restrictions, environmental friendly fuel, green industry and waste management without burning. Eighthly: the city land use in accordance with the city's spatial plan, that requires the provision of 30% open space, minimizing damage to protected areas (mountains, slopes and hills) and the efficient use of space with vertical building development.
In most cases, small producers have made a sketch or hand-drawn map that indicates the location of the crop areas, streams, the house, storage area, processing site and the boundaries of the farm with the name of its neigh- bors. his kind of sketch is very useful in the farm’s SEMS document. Generally, the small cofee or cacao producer also keeps a notebook with the number of work hours invested in an activity, the cost (with invoices and receipts) of the agrochemicals received or bought, and vouchers for products that were received by the association or cooperative (sacks of cof- fee or rolls of lowers and foliage, for example).
OHSAS 18001 does not include requirements specific to other management systems, such as those for quality, environmental, security, or financial management, though its elements can be aligned or integrated with those of other management systems. It is possible for an organization to adapt its existing management system(s) in order to establish an OH&S management system that conforms to the requirements of OHSAS 18001. It is pointed out, however, that the application of various elements of the management system might differ depending on the intended purpose and the interested parties involved. The level of detail and complexity of the OH&S management system, the extent of documentation and the resources devoted to it depend on a number of factors, such as the scope of the system, the size of an organization and the nature of its activities, products and services, and the organizational culture. This may be the case in particular for small and medium-sized enterprises.
For the last decade, several members of the US Congress have repeatedly introduced draft legislation that would apply the same protections to children working in agriculture that already protect children working in all other industries. However, Congress has yet to enact legislation amending the Fair Labor Standards Act to better protect child farmworkers, and federal agencies have not made necessary regulatory changes to address the specific risks tobacco farming poses to children. In 2012, DOL withdrew proposed regulations that would have updated the decades- old list of hazardous occupations prohibited for children under age 16 working in agriculture. These regulations, had they been implemented, would have prohibited children under age 16 from working in tobacco. At this writing, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is accepting comments on long-awaited changes to the Worker Protection Standard, a set of safety regulations related to occupational pesticide exposure. It remains to be seen whether the revised regulations will include better protections for child workers.
Projects with anticipated insignificant adverse impacts on the environment. These include projects with minor environmental impacts, such as transmission lines and substations; rehabilitation projects of power plants, factories, or roads within the same corridor or footprint; and other developments anticipating insignificant adverse impacts.
The hypothesized model linking the relationship between GSCM practices, environmental collaboration and sustainability performance is depicted in Figure 1. The GSCM practices are conceptualized to include green procurement, green manufacturing, green distribution and green logistics. The sustainability performance is investigated from the perspectives of economic, environmentaland social. The model is mainly grounded within the relational view to explain idiosyncratic inter-organizational linkages. The relational view theory was first articulated by Dyer and Singh  to suggest that established long-term collaborative relationship characterized by strong inter-organizational interactions could facilitate firms to pursue GSCM practices. In general, the relational view provides insight into how a firm develops value-creating linkages with other firms to achieve high profit returns. Undeniably, the collaborative supply chain relationships are invariably based on trust, loyalty, a positive sum game, fairness in negotiations, goal and intent revelation, and commitment .
According to Cordeiro and Sarkis (1997), planning and implementation of environmentalmanagement in the hotel consistently associated with economic principles that gave rise to the concept of cost, not only determined by the benefits to be gained but also impact on the cost of which will definitely affect the appearance of the business as a comprehensive. Moreno et al. (2004), reported that there were two main reasons behind hotel concern on this environmental issues. First, the public and government believed that the hotels as commercial institutions have the financial resources, technical skills, and vision, to develop ecological solutions to environmental problems. Second, the ability to develop ecological solution is closely related to the promotion of hotel, and it will be an competitive advantage for hotel in terms of promotion. Environmentalmanagement is also important for the hotel, as many hotels are now being measured not only on financial performance but on its responsibility to the environment, and this turns out to affect the shareholders and customers (Henriques and Sadorsky , 1999).
In order to identify the recommendation and comments of the technical and road saftety review for Drawings and Cost Estimation for Re-design, There is held 3 rd presentation for the Technical review Package No.5 Sp.Rampa-Poriaha on 15 July in BINA MARGA. It concludes that Re-design of Package No.5 would revise the cross section plan again. In order to identify the issues of technical and road saftety review for DED considering existing site conditions for Package No.6 Ps.Pedati-Kerkap, Package No.11 Bantal- Mukomuko, Package No.13 Sp.Rukis-Tj.Kemuning, No.19 Lais-Bintuan, The Design Review Team (Senior Highway Engineer, Senior Road Safety Auditor and Highway Engineer), the P2JN and BINTEK officials total 8 Staff have implemented Joint Survey the site from 18 July to 21 July. Meetings is also held in P2JN office during the site visits frequently.
At ﬁrst sight measures such as these, aimed at internalising external costs, seem to increase the prices and costs of all commodities, de- pressing household consumption, business proﬁts and economic growth. This is generally not the case for three reasons. First, internalis- ing costs does not drive them higher but merely recognises real costs that society is already bearing that are not being reﬂected in market prices. Second, internalising costs actually generates more social welfare, not less, by inducing ﬁrms to reduce their environ- mental impacts to a more socially optimal level. Third, the incentives given to ﬁrms when costs are internalised generate a search for new, superior methods of production. There is a great deal of evidence to support the so-called Porter Hypothesis, that stricter pollution controls lead ﬁrms to adopt tech- nologies that actually make the ﬁrms more proﬁtable. For example, the competitiveness and proﬁtability of the German chemical industry has been attributed to the strict pol- lution limits that industry was required to satisfy from the 1970s. This led it to search for techniques of production that produced less waste products, leading to the innovation of new and superior techniques that required less material inputs and were therefore less costly and more proﬁtable.
A management effort that typically encompasses a province, state or nation; has specified goals and objectives; and is sustained over many decades. A coastal management program has institutional identity as an independent organization or formalized network of institutions with an executive or legislative mandate; it acts within a geographic area with defined seaward and landward boundaries and addresses at least two sectors (Sorensen and McCreary, 1988).
Citation: Solving the Fisheries Crisis in Ghana: A Fresh Approach to Collaborative Fisheries Management. 2013. USAID-URI Integrated Coastal and Fisheries Governance (ICFG) Initiative. Coastal Resources Center, Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island. 20p. Disclaimer: This publication is made possible by the generous support of the American people through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)/Ghana. The contents are the responsibility of the authors as part of the Integrated Coastal and Fisheries Governance (ICFG) Initiative and do not necessarily reflect the views of the United States Government. Associate Cooperative Agreement No. 641-A-00-09-00036-00 for “Integrated Coastal and Fisheries Governance (ICFG) Program for the Western Region of Ghana,” Under the Leader with Associates Award No. EPP-A-00-04-00014-00.
UN Breakthrough on climate change reached in Bali; Indonesian Environment Minister and President of the conference, Rachmat Witoelar said: “We now have a Bali roadmap, we have an agenda and we have a deadline.” “But we also have a huge task ahead of us and time to reach agreement is extremely short, so we need to move quickly,”
Tan (2005) surveyed the firms in Malaysia as newly industrialized found out that most Malaysian firms pursue ISO 14001 because of insistence from top managementand not because of the experience that they have. EMS ISO 14001 is not a regulated system, it is merely voluntarily basis. There should be something internally or externally drives the organization to adopt ISO 14001. Melnyk et al., (2003) study has demonstrated that firms with formal environmentalmanagement system have a positive impact on many dimensions of their operations performance specifically in ability to reduce wastes and pollution. The adoptions of EMS 14001 are partly improved firms corporate image, and enhanced its relationship with authorities and communities. The reason why some firms still can stand for years even their activities are near to residential area. The firms believed environmental preservation is important as part of their corporate social responsibility.Obtaining commitment from the top management of an organization is an early step in establishing an environmentalmanagement system (ISO 14001:2004).
Berkaitan dengan asset dan organisasi, saat ini telah banyak dibahas keterkaitan antara keberhasilan orgnasasi dengan strategic asset management. Secara definisi strategic asset management dapat disarikan sebagai berikut: The Strategic Asset Management Framework is an integrated policy strategy to improve asset managementand capital investment across the State public sector, This Strategic Asset Management Framework is to be applied by general government agencies, public financial corporations and public non-financial corporations. (Australia Department of Treasury and Finance Government of Western Australia, 2005). Tahap-tahap dalam strategic asset management pada sector public meliputi : strategic asset plans, capital investment policy, maintenance policy, dan asset disposal policy.
3 Fase eutrofi, proses di mana perairan menjadi subur dan lebih meningkat produktivitasnya disebut eutrofikasi (Waite 1984). Menurut Janssen (2001) danau eutrofik mengandung unsur hara yang tinggi, memiliki produktivitas tinggi, dan air danau pun menjadi sangat keruh. Kekeruhan bisa tergolong organik dan anorganik. Sisi lain, karena sinar matahari yang paling dalam hanya menembus kurang dari satu meter saja, maka air danau bagian permukaan menjadi hangat sehingga terjadilah perubahan komposisi species jasad hidup. Hal ini akan menyebabkan permukaan air danau dipenuhi oleh bahan makanan untuk mendukung berbagai kegiatan biologis. Sebab utama eutrofikasi ialah melimpahnya unsur hara seperti fosfor yang masuk ke sistem perairan danau dari lahan pertanian dan permukiman, (Bechmann et al. 2005). Menurut Goldman dan Horne (1994) rasio antara daerah aliran sungai dengan luas danau yang besar (100:1) berpotensi terjadinya eutrofikasi. Sedangkan Lampert and Sommer (2007) menyatakan bahwa indikator eutrofi yaitu P tot
This paper has sought to investigate environmental practices in small firms in the UK and The Netherlands, with a view to raising policy-related issues. While the contrasts in environmental practices between the two countries do confirm national stereotypes, a clearer institutional analysis is needed to examine the preconditions necessary to gain maximum participation of small businesses in the sustainability agenda. Differing approaches have been taken on these issues in both The Netherlands and the UK; small firms, however, perceive environmentally beneficial activities as a cost in both national contexts. The Netherlands has, nevertheless, been able to mobilise the activity and co- operation of small firms by appealing to their social responsibility whilst engaging with the more laggard firms by contact through the comprehensive licensing system. This has been achieved in tandem with the involvement of the small firm sector through strong intermediate institutions which enable effective stakeholder co-operation (see Spence et al., 2000, for a full discussion).
Environmental parameters were recorded on a CR10X datalogger (Campbell Scientific Inc., Lo- gan, UT). In 1997, the wind monitor (R.M. Young, Traverse City, MI), relative humidity (Vaisala Inc., Woburn, MA) and temperature probe (Fenwal Elec- tronics Inc.), net radiation (REBS, Seattle, WA) and PAR (Li-Cor Inc., Lincoln, NE) sensors were located on a beam at the top of the tower. Three soil tem- perature thermistors (Campbell Scientific Inc.) were placed 5, 10, and 15 cm below the surface, 6 m from the tower and were in partial shade during the day. A heat flux plate (REBS, Seattle, WA) was placed at 10 cm depth next to the middle thermistor. Two soil moisture probes (Campbell Scientific Inc., Logan, UT) were buried horizontally at 10 and 20 cm depth; rain gauge and barometric pressure devices (Campbell Sci- entific Inc., Logan, UT) were located one mile away on a tower belonging to the Blodgett Forest Research Station. This sensor configuration was enhanced in 1998 with the addition of four relative humidity and temperature probes (Vaisala Inc., Woburn, MA) in aspirated radiation shields (Campbell Scientific Inc., Logan, UT), three cup anemometers (Met-one, Inc., Grants Pass, OR), an on-site rain gauge (TMI) and