Another issue to identify is efficiency level of each city/municipality in East Java in terms of using development input resources to support the GRDP of the food crops sub-sector. Out of the 38 cities/municipalities in East Java, each has different characteritics and agricultural resources. GRDP of each city/municipality shows the total production that is influenced by some input variables. Regions with high GRDP are not always ones with high level of efficiency in using their resources. As the result, the government of East Java should establish more specific policies, programs and interventions related to the performance of the foodcropsub-sector in each city/municipality in East Java.
Paddy (rice), maize and soybean are chosen to represent food crops. The growth production patterns of the three major food crops were very much similar, just like the foodcropsubsector GDP, they accelerated during the second half of the 1970’s to the first half of the 1980’s and then decelerated rapidly. Since mid 1980’s the foodcrop production has been trapped in a peristently low growth rate (Table 2). Rice only grew at rate of less than one percent per year, far below the population growth rate at 1.63 percent per year. Maize production growth rate was about equal to the population growth rate. The worst was soybean performance which has been contracting r apidly since early 1990’s. Clearly, foodcrop productions have been growing far behind their demand. They must have been facing stiff supply constraints since mid 1980’s.
Grobogan is a district with the third biggest landmass in Central Java which consists of 18 sub-districts. This potential has made Grobogan as one of the food barns in Central Java, where most of their population work in this sector. Farming sector is also the biggest contributor of Grobogan district ’s Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP) from year to year. With the vast farming field, the availability of various production factors, massive output of farming sector, and the existence of various kinds of high-yield commodities (rice, corn, and soybean), the development of farming sector are vital to increase farming sector’s competitiveness as well as farmers’ prosperity.
2. Total nilai tambah perekonomian Nusa Tenggara Barat tahun 2005 sebesar Rp. 22,638 trilyun. Sektor pertanian tanaman pangan menghasilkan nilai tambah 12,58%, di mana sub sektor padi menempati urutan tertinggi (5,80%) sedangkan urutan terakhir adalah bawang putih (0,05%). Dari total nilai tambah sektor pertanian pangan lebih dari separo (67,86%) merupakan dampak dari konsumsi rumahtangga, sisanya masing-masing 0,59%, 15,81%, dan 15,74% merupakan dampak dari konsumsi pemerintah, investasi, dan ekspor.
Crop production is highly sensitive to changing environmental conditions. In recent years long-term climate change and year-to-year climate variability has become a major challenge to crop productivity. Current knowledge on effects of season-long high temperatures and elevated carbon dioxide concentrations; and effects of short periods of high temperature stress on various physiological, growth and yield processes will be presented and discussed. Main focus will be on major grain crops (dry bean, groundnut, soybean, rice, wheat and sorghum). Results indicate that above optimum temperatures will have negative impacts on reproductive processes (such as pollen production, pollen germination, fertilization, seed numbers and individual seed weight) resulting in lower seed yield. The beneficial effects of elevated carbon dioxide mediated through increased photosynthesis will be negated by rising temperatures resulting in lower seed yields. Grain crops are most sensitive to high temperature stress during micro-sporogenesis and flowering. High temperature stress during these stages leads to loss of pollen fertility, poor pollination and decreased fertilization, resulting in fewer seed numbers. Development high temperature tolerant cultivars will be of prime importance for adaptation to climate change and climate variability. However, there are several challenges to develop stress tolerance genotypes, some of these include (a) availability of genetic variability in trait of interest; (b) development and use of efficient and reliable screening method; (c) identification of stress tolerant genotypes; (d) understanding physiological and biochemical mechanism(s) associated with tolerance or susceptibility; and (e) heritability of identified trait(s) and incorporation of tolerant traits into existing high yielding genotypes. Genetic variability exists in high temperature tolerance in few grain crops. Some physiological traits that may contribute to high temperature tolerance include increased membrane thermostability, increased green leaf duration, higher reproductive fertility, canopy temperature depression, increased thermal tolerance and high temperature avoidance during flowering by time of the day of flowering. New emerging biochemical and molecular tools provides some opportunities for screening and phenotyping. Continued collaboration between physiologists, breeders, molecular biologists and agronomists is essential for developing strategies to combat effects of climate change and climate variability on crop production.
78 different schemes were identified and a further 13 schemes have been predicted to start within the next two years. This information will enable OPITO to work collectively with industry, the college sector and government funders to support this growth prediction in order to directly fulfil the increasing skills demand.
On Monday, December 11, 2017, 37 member radios of the Jakarta National Private Broadcast Radio Association (PRSSNI) DKI Jakarta held “Radio Day 2017” as part of BEKRAF’s effort to stimulate the TV & Radio Sub-sector. Radio Day 2017 featured a series of campaigns which began with a teaser on social media one day before the launch of Radio Day 2017, and culminated in the complete shutoff of all radio activities (off-air) for 10 to 15 minutes, starting from 7:45 AM, Jakarta local time. The campaign, followed by all 37 member radio stations and carried out simultaneously during one of Jakarta’s heaviest commut- ing period, successfully captured the attention of mostly Jakarta-based community, the only region or city where Radio Day 2017 was held. According to data released by PRSSNI, Radio Day 2017 generated 40 million impres- sions on social media with #radioguemati hashtags, and 200 million impressions with #radioguegakmati hashtags. According to M. Rafiq, Chairman of PRSSNI DKI Jakarta, Radio Day 2017’s primary aim is to make people aware of the importance of radio, an audio-based mass media that is designed to be listened seriously or leisurely. Radio Day 2017 was officially ended with a recording of the President of the Republic of Indonesia, Joko Widodo, teasing listen- ers with the statement “Emang enak nggak ada radio? Saya Joko Widodo, pendengar radio,” (Do you like not having radio (broadcast)? My name is Joko Widodo, radio listener) and followed with the return of normal broadcast.
Each Party reserves its right to amend or further refine the terms of this Agreement, including the concessions attached therein, with the consent of the other Party, in accordance with the provisions of the AFAS. 2. Each Party reserves its right to enter into any other ASEAN-X Agreements with any other ASEAN Member States for any sub-sector covered under this Agreement.
Fenomena mengenai intellectual capital dan nilai perusahaan pada perusahaan food and beverage yang dikatakan mengalami peningkatan tetapi tidak tercermin dalam pasar modal. Perusahaan food and beverage yang berada di pasar bursa justru mengalami penurunan harga saham. Penurunan harga saham berdampak pada nilai perusahaan yang diproksikan dengan Price to Book Value juga mengalami pergerakan yang berfluktuatif. Berikut ini adalah tabel perkembangan antara Nilai perusahaan (PBV) dan Value Added Capital Employed (VACA), Value Added Human Capital (VAHU), Structural Value Added (STVA) dan Intellectual Capital (VAIC TM ) pada Perusahaan Sub Sektor Food and Beverage di BEI Tahun 2010 – 2015.
Sago palm belongs to the Genus Metroxylon, Family Palmae, and a characteristic is the accumulation of a huge amount of starch in its stem. An invaluable resouce of starchy food, sago palm could play an important role in respect to possible food shortages in the world in the future. Sago palm is a tropical plant which not only grows in the dry lands but also grows with high adaption to low-lying wetlands such as fresh water swamp, peat swamp or brakish water. The origin of sago palm is believed to be the area extending from the Moluccas and Papua of Indonesia to New Guinea. However, the attention given to exploring the potential of sago stock has not been adequate in Papua. The objective of this study is to develop a spatial statistics method for mapping and estimating the sago stock in Inanwatan District, Sorong Selatan Regency, West Papua. Area frame sampling of square segment method is applied for estimating sago stock, which involves: 1) stratification of study area by using high resolution of satellite data; 2) design of a sample frame survey; 3) field survey for ground truthing; and 4) data analysis. The results show that the total study area is 13,315 ha consisting of 2,892 ha of non-sago forest and 10,423 ha of sago forest. Sago forest is divided into 3 strata, namely low density, medium density, and high density, which have an area of 630 ha, 392 ha, and 9,401 ha respectively. The population of ripe sago palm in low density, medium density, and high density is 22,680 stands, 32,928 stands, and 549,018 stands equal to 4,930 tons, 7,226 tons, and 109,044 tons of sago starch, respectively. So the total sago stock in the whole study area is 121,200 tons of sago starch.
This research uses secondary data from company financial statements during the period 2008-2012 were obtained from the official website of the Indonesia Stock Exchange (www.idx.co.id) and the Indonesian Capital Market Directory. Based on census method, 17 companies on subsector of coal mining and 14 companies on subsector of non coal mining were included in the research. This research applied multiple linear regression analysis and Chow test.
Community empowerment in this case the empowerment of people, especially the unemployed. It is because the unemployment rate in Tuntang Raya reached 35%. In the implementation of activities carried out through the cooperation relations between the regions involved in the program. The partnership between Tuntang Raya and areas in the upstream Rawa Pening Sub Das such as Banyubiru Subdistrict, Bandungan, Getasan and Salatiga City. Stakeholders involved in this plan is the government, private and public. Stakeholders involved in this plan is the government, private and public. The goverment responsible for the planning stages of a reforestation program in the Rawa Pening Sub-Das to the monitoring and evaluation of programs. The private company plays a role in the provision of trees will be planted and community role is to conduct contribution and active participation in the execution and implementation of the program.
Finally, part V deals with likely economic and social impacts of climate change on global, regional and local food production and trade. This chapter uses a series of predictive models that assume a significant increase in world population occurring at the same time as the changes in climate. The main conclusions are that food production will be able to cope with increasing world population in a changed climate and that the major problem will be one of difficulties at the regional and local level where food distribution will be unequal. In addition, the authors note on p. 452, ‘...if farmers are unable to adapt, or adjustment costs are substantial, then impacts could be more severe.’
ment practices such as tillage (Carter, 1986), straw in- corporation (Powlson et al., 1987) or, as shown in this study, cropping history. Similarly, light fraction C has been used as an indicator since it is rapidly depleted when a soil is brought under cultivation and rapidly increases when a degraded soil is put under a continu- ous forage crop (Gregorich et al., 1994; Gregorich and Janzen, 1996). My results demonstrate that water-sol- uble C is another labile fraction that can be used as an indicator of short-term changes in C status of soils. As exempli®ed by the close correlations between labile or- ganic matter fractions and cropping index, an index of the cropping history of a soil immediately prior to sampling can also give a reasonable indication of or- ganic matter quality. Such an empirical index may therefore have some value in soil quality evaluation.
Pada awal 2009 sangat banyak kejadian yang telah dan akan mempengaruhi sektor keuangan untuk kepentingan perusahaan. Dimulai dari kasus sub prime mortgage yang berasal dari sector keuangan Amerika Serikat dan terasa akibatnya diawali dengan dengan tersungkurnya IHSG ( Indeks Harga Saham Gabungan) dari BEI (Bursa Efek Indonesia) ada pada level yang cukup rendah pada tanggal 8 Oktober menjadi 1.400, sebelumnya pada bulan Januari 2008 pernah mencapai 2.830,-. Terdapat pengaruh pula pada sektor lainnya seperti lembaga perbankan, ada dua perbankan yang mengalami kesulitan seperti Bank Indover dan Bank Century. Juga pengaruh terjadi pada perusahaan sekuritas yang dihentikan beroperasi pada PT. Antaboga Delta Sekuritas dan PT. Signature Capital Securities dan kemudian disusul pula dengan kejadian yang menimpa PT. Sarijaya Permana Securitas.