growth and development

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Toddler's Monitoring Application Toward Growth And Development Of Food Supply.

Toddler's Monitoring Application Toward Growth And Development Of Food Supply.

The final stage of this research is to carry out testing application, Toddler’s Monitoring Application Toward Growth And Development Of Food Supply. The test aims is to determine how the success rate of applications that have been made. The test is conducted by distributing questionnaires to the respondents, there were 20 respondents. Testing by the user is conducted in Ceper District Health Clinics in Klaten. The method used in this research is questionnaire. Questionnaire aims are to find out how the success rate of applications that have been created, and therefore, the respondents had to answer in the form of strongly agree (SS), agree (S), disagree (KS), not agree (TS), and strongly disagree (STS).
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ARISTIA DEWI Pps PAUD UNP EARLY CHILDHOO (1)

ARISTIA DEWI Pps PAUD UNP EARLY CHILDHOO (1)

Before talking about education first will be discussed about early childhood. As for the meaning of early childhood is as follows: (Depdiknas: 2002) Early childhood is a group of people aged 0-6 years (in Indonesia based on Law No. 20 of 2003 on National Education System), as for berdasrkan the experts of education children, the group of people aged 9-8 years. Early childhood is a group of children who are in the process of growth and development that is unique, in the sense of having a pattern of growth and development (fine and coarse motor coordination), intelligence (thinking power, creativity, emotional intelligence, and spiritual intelligence), emotional social (attitudes and behaviors and religion), language and communications that are specific to the child's growth and development. Based on the uniqueness of growth and development, early childhood is divided into three stages, namely (a) the period of birth to 12 months, (b) toddler (toddler) age 1-3 years, (c) preschool age 3-6 years , (d) the initial grade of SD 6-8 years. The growth and development of early childhood needs to be directed to laying the right foundations for the growth and development of the full human being, namely the growth and development of physical, intellectual, creative, emotional, social, language and balanced communication as the basis of intact personal formation.(Bambang Hartoyo:2004)
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EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT IN AN INTEGR (1)

EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT IN AN INTEGR (1)

Before talking about education first will be discussed about early childhood. As for the meaning of early childhood is as follows: (Depdiknas: 2002) Early childhood is a group of people aged 0-6 years (in Indonesia based on Law No. 20 of 2003 on National Education System), as for berdasrkan the experts of education children, the group of people aged 9-8 years. Early childhood is a group of children who are in the process of growth and development that is unique, in the sense of having a pattern of growth and development (fine and coarse motor coordination), intelligence (thinking power, creativity, emotional intelligence, and spiritual intelligence), emotional social (attitudes and behaviors and religion), language and communications that are specific to the child's growth and development. Based on the uniqueness of growth and development, early childhood is divided into three stages, namely (a) the period of birth to 12 months, (b) toddler (toddler) age 1-3 years, (c) preschool age 3-6 years , (d) the initial grade of SD 6-8 years. The growth and development of early childhood needs to be directed to laying the right foundations for the growth and development of the full human being, namely the growth and development of physical, intellectual, creative, emotional, social, language and balanced communication as the basis of intact personal formation.(Bambang Hartoyo:2004)
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Growth and Development of the Uterus and Placenta of Superovulated Gilts

Growth and Development of the Uterus and Placenta of Superovulated Gilts

Forty eight gilts with average body weight of 107.83 + 5.08 kg were used in experiments to study the use of pregnant mare serum gonadotrophin (PMSG) and human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) as superovulation agent in gilts to increase piglet production. Four groups of twelve gilts were injected with PMSG dan hCG dose levels of 0, 600, 1200, and 1800 IU/gilt. Injections were conducted three days before estrus. During gestation, gilts were placed in colony pigpens. On days 15, 35, and 70 of gestation, gilts were slaughtered in order to measure the number of corpus luteum, growth and development of the uterus and placenta. Blood samples were collected to determine progesterone and estradiol concentrations. The resuts showed that superovulation dose levels of 600 to 1200 IU/gilt increased progesterone and estradiol secretions, growth and development of the uterus and placenta in gestation ages of 15, 35, and 70 days. It is concluded that superovulation with dose of 600 to 1200 IU can improve the gilts reproduction.
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TOURISM DEVELOPMENT AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

TOURISM DEVELOPMENT AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

Thus the tourism sector has become increasingly important industry to many developing countries as a source of revenue as well as a source of employment. Tourism generates a vital amount of foreign exchange earnings that contributes to the sustainable economic growth and development of developing countries. Given its increasing importance in the global economy, tourism sector has gained much attention in recent academic literature. According to Balaguer and Cantavella-Jorda (2002), international tourism would contribute to an income increase at least in two different ways as the export-led growth hypothesis postulates. First, enhancing efficiency through competition between local firms and the ones corresponding to other international tourist destinations, and second, facilitating the exploitation of economies of scale in local firms. The objective of this study is to investigate the relationships between tourism development and economic growth in developing countries. This study examines the causal relationship between tourism development and economic growth in developing countries in a multivariate model using the annual data for the 1995–2009 period.
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Nutrition for Low Birth Weight Infant to Optimize Infant Growth and Development

Nutrition for Low Birth Weight Infant to Optimize Infant Growth and Development

Low birth infant is a baby that weight at birth of less than 2,500 gams. Low birth infants have mortality risk 20 times higher than normal birth weight infant. Low birth weight infants especially Very Low Birth Weight Infant (VLBWI) have higher risk to cognitive disorder, behaviour disorder, growth and developmental failure, and neurodevelopmental disorder. To optimize growth and development of the infant and to prevent negative impact in the future, adequate nutrition intake is the most important to help the growth of the infant. This is related to administration of early proper nutritions, starting at Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). In this case, the proper nutrition is breast-feeding, formula milk for low birth weight infant, and parenteral nutrition. Breast-feeding is very helpful because it contains critical nutrients such as long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) and other neurotrophic factors. Formula milk for low birth weight infant contains energy 24 kkal/oz, protein 2,2 g/100 mL, lipid 4,5 g/100 mL, carbohydrat 8,5 g/100 mL, calsium 730 mEq/L. Early full balanced parenteral nutrition prevents growth failure and supports better long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes. Beside energy intake, protein is the driving force for growth and brain development, thus early high amino acid intake should be assured along with intravenous lipid emulsions, a rich energy source for protein utilization. Iron supplementation also can optimize the growth of low birth weight infant.
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ARISTIA DEWI Pps PAUD UNP EARLY CHILDHOO (2)

ARISTIA DEWI Pps PAUD UNP EARLY CHILDHOO (2)

Before talking about education first will be discussed about early childhood. As for the meaning of early childhood is as follows: (Depdiknas: 2002) Early childhood is a group of people aged 0-6 years (in Indonesia based on Law No. 20 of 2003 on National Education System), as for berdasrkan the experts of education children, the group of people aged 9-8 years. Early childhood is a group of children who are in the process of growth and development that is unique, in the sense of having a pattern of growth and development (fine and coarse motor coordination), intelligence (thinking power, creativity, emotional intelligence, and spiritual intelligence), emotional social (attitudes and behaviors and religion), language and communications that are specific to the child's growth and development. Based on the uniqueness of growth and development, early childhood is divided into three stages, namely (a) the period of birth to 12 months, (b) toddler (toddler) age 1-3 years, (c) preschool age 3-6 years , (d) the initial grade of SD 6-8 years. The growth and development of early childhood needs to be directed to laying the right foundations for the growth and development of the full human being, namely the growth and development of physical, intellectual, creative, emotional, social, language and balanced
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Index of /FTI/materi_doc_20161

Index of /FTI/materi_doc_20161

An issue that has received a great deal of legal and public attention is the ownership of software. In the course of history, software is a relatively new entity. Whereas Western legal systems have developed property laws that encourage invention by granting certain rights to inventors, there are provisions against ownership of things that might interfere with the development of the technological arts and sciences. For this reason, copyrights protect only the expression of ideas, not the ideas themselves, and we do not grant patents on laws of nature, mathematical formulas, and abstract ideas. The problem with computer software is that it has not been clear that we could grant ownership of it without, in effect, granting ownership of numerical sequences or mental steps. Software can be copyrighted, because a copyright gives the holder ownership of the expression of the idea (not the idea itself), but this does not give software inventors as much protection as they need to compete fairly. Competitors may see the software, grasp the idea, and write a somewhat different program to do the same thing. The competitor can sell the software at less cost because the cost of developing the first software does not have to be paid. Patenting would provide stronger protection, but until quite recently the courts have been reluctant to grant this protection because of the problem previously mentioned: patents on software would appear to give the holder control of the building blocks of the technology, an ownership comparable to owning ideas themselves. In other words, too many patents may interfere with technological development.
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Pemekaran Wilayah Analysis And The Development Of Centrals Of Economic Growth

Pemekaran Wilayah Analysis And The Development Of Centrals Of Economic Growth

Teori kutub pertumbuhan (growth pole) pertama kali dikemukakan oleh Francoise Perroux (1955) seorang ekonom kebangsaan Perancis dengan teori pole de croissance. Asumsi dasar dari kutub pertumbuhan Perroux (1955) adalah ―g rowth does not appear everywhere at the same time; it appears at points or poles of growth with varying intensity; it spreads along various channels and with differing overall effects on the whole economy (Parr 1999; Serra 2003). Inti idenya bahwa pertumbuhan selalu terpolarisasi (terkonsentrasi di pusat-pusat atau kutub tertentu), karena ada sektor utama sehingga menyebabkan adanya dominasi dan ketergantungan bagi daerah komplementernya. Higgins dan Salvoie (2005) dan Adisasmita (2008) menyatakan bahwa pembangunan atau pertumbuhan tidak terjadi disegala tata ruang (wilayah), akan tetapi hanya terbatas pada beberapa tempat tertentu dengan variabel-variabel yang berbeda intensitasnya. Tata ruang diidentifikasikan sebagai suatu arena (medan) kekuatan yang di dalamnya terdapat kutub-kutub pertumbuhan. Setiap kutub mempunyai kekuatan pancaran pengembangan ke luar (sentrifugal) dan kekuatan tarikan ke dalam (sentripetal).
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Peranap Coal Field Development Plan and Its Effect on Regional Development and Economic Growth of Indragiri Hulu Regency

Peranap Coal Field Development Plan and Its Effect on Regional Development and Economic Growth of Indragiri Hulu Regency

Peranap Coal Field is one of the coal field in Indragiri Hulu with coal reserves measured ± 1.04 billion tons , including coal and lignite type or types of sub-bituminous highvolatile approached with a heating value of 4,600 kcal / kg , so it can be used for the power plant . Peranap coal mine development as a new economic activity in Indragiri Hulu will have an impact on the social , cultural , economic and environmental positive or negative . This study aimed to ( a) identify the influence of the coal field development activity plan Peranap either positive impact or a negative impact ( b ) To put forward suggestions on alternative business and activities needed to enhance the positive effects and reduce the negative effects of coal Peranap field development plan so as to improve the region's economy Indragiri Hulu in Riau Province in particular and in general , and ( c ) As a baseline in the preparation of Community development Program Peranap Coal Field development . Expected results of this study can be input for local authorities , companies and communities in formulating strategies in the utilization of mineral resources for sustainable development in Indragiri Hulu Regency
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Conference paper

Conference paper

This study demonstrated the approach for measurement and characterization of urban sprawl using its multiple dimensions in the Jamnagar city. The remote sensing data provided repetitive and consistent measurements at 1:25,000 scale of the urban extent for the years 1965, 2000, 2005 and 2011. The study observed that the city witnessed an annual growth of 1.60% per annum during the period 2000-2011 whereas the population growth during the same period was observed at below 1 % p.a. The new development in the city during 2000- 2005 time period comprised of 22% as infill development, 60% as expansion at the peripheral urbanized areas, and 18% as leapfrogged development. However, during 2005-2011 period the proportion of leapfrog development increased to 28% whereas with the decrease in availability of developable area within the city, the infill developments declined to 9%. This continuous and uncontrolled increase in leapfrog development is a warning to expedite the pace of implementation of development plans in order to prevent the loss of rural open spaces, high costs of infrastructure development and extension, and fragmented urban structure. The development plan of the city should therefore address the need to increase densities in the city, encourage greater degree of concentration of population, and discourage developments away from the city.
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d bing  049722 chapter1

d bing 049722 chapter1

In collecting data, two private Junior High Schools (A school and B school) in Bandung were chosen as the research sites. A school was chosen because this school has a website and its server is compatible for running the LMS software (www.talenta- college.com/elearning). Second, the school has a computer laboratory with the internet connection, and provides a compulsory subject that builds skills for computer technology and information. The other site is B school. This school has Local Area Networks (LAN) which is compatible for running the Web-based Model for TEFL. Its existing Local Area Networks is also possible to connect to the internet. Two classes from A school are used as experimental groups and two classes as control group. One class from B school is used for experimental and one class is used for control group.
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Kontribusi Sumber-sumber Self-Efficacy Belief Terhadap Self-Efficacy Belief Pada Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran di Universitas "X" Kota Bandung (Studi Pada Mahasiswa Yang Sedang Mengontrak Blok Reproductive, Growth, and Development).

Kontribusi Sumber-sumber Self-Efficacy Belief Terhadap Self-Efficacy Belief Pada Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran di Universitas "X" Kota Bandung (Studi Pada Mahasiswa Yang Sedang Mengontrak Blok Reproductive, Growth, and Development).

Self-efficacy belief merupakan keyakinan seseorang mengenai kemampuan dirinya dalam mengatur dan melaksanakan serangkaian tindakan yang dibutuhkan untuk memperoleh hasil yang diinginkan (Bandura, 2002). Bila batasan di atas diadaptasikan pada mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran yang sedang mengontrak blok Reproductive, Growth, and Development maka self-efficacy belief mahasiswa bersangkutan akan terukur melalui keyakinan yang dimilikinya akan kemampuannya dalam mengatur dan melaksanakan serangkaian tindakan yang dibutuhkan untuk memperoleh hasil yang diinginkan. Self-efficacy belief mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran yang sedang mengontrak blok Reproductive, Growth, and Development tidak berkaitan dengan seberapa banyak kemampuan yang mereka miliki untuk dapat menjalankan tugas-tugasnya, tetapi lebih banyak berkaitan dengan keyakinannya bahwa dengan kemampuan yang dimiliki akan berhasil menyelesaikan tugas- tugasnya saat dihadapkan pada pelbagai keadaan.
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T1__Daftar Pustaka Institutional Repository | Satya Wacana Christian University: Pengaruh Populasi dan Waktu Pemangkasan Pucuk terhadap Pertumbuhan, Pembungaan dan Estetika Krisan Pot (Chrysanthemum spp.) = The Effect of Population and Pinching Timeon Gro

T1__Daftar Pustaka Institutional Repository | Satya Wacana Christian University: Pengaruh Populasi dan Waktu Pemangkasan Pucuk terhadap Pertumbuhan, Pembungaan dan Estetika Krisan Pot (Chrysanthemum spp.) = The Effect of Population and Pinching Timeon Gro

Ahmad, I., Ziaf, K., Qasim, M., dan Tariq, M. 2007. Comparative Evaluation of Different Pinching Approaches on Vegetative and Reproductive Growth of Carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus) . Pak. J. Agri. Sci., Vol. 44 (4), 2007 Cathey, H. M. 1964. Physiology of Growth Retarding Chemical. Annu. Rev. Plant

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Directory UMM :Data Elmu:jurnal:A:Aquaculture:Vol186.Issue3-4.Jun2000:

Directory UMM :Data Elmu:jurnal:A:Aquaculture:Vol186.Issue3-4.Jun2000:

P retention by yellow perch Perca fla Õ escens varies seasonally, with greater values in early summer. Therefore, it is difficult to compare the various retention values obtained. Nevertheless, our values are well within the range of available data in the literature. Among other examples, N retention was found to be slightly higher in salmonids Ž 30–35%, Kim et al., 1998 ; in turbot Psetta maxima and cod Gadus morhua, with .

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BETWEEN GROWTH POLES AND POVERTY ALLEVIATION Infrastructure Development Patterns in Rural Indonesia

BETWEEN GROWTH POLES AND POVERTY ALLEVIATION Infrastructure Development Patterns in Rural Indonesia

interpretation by government, that implemented for undeveloped villages. Possibility that the strategy will reach the poor is high. Our hypothese is, that the program will develop economy faster within developed villages, rather than within undeveloped villages. Based on variance of local economical institutions, infrastructure programs (from infrastructure department) can be implemented with other sectors (departments) integratively, such as agriculture, industri, trade, even education and health. Besides, an appreciation should be given for strategies for rural area, urban area, and relationship between them.
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A Web-based Model for TEFL and its Effectiveness in Developing Students’ Learning: A Research and Development Study at Private Junior High Schools in Bandung.

A Web-based Model for TEFL and its Effectiveness in Developing Students’ Learning: A Research and Development Study at Private Junior High Schools in Bandung.

84 3.4. A phase of teaching using the Web-based Model for TEFL and Data Collection Before teaching using Web-based Model for TEFL, preparation stages needed to be done. The first stage was getting the access by examining the condition of the schools and observing how web-based model for TEFL can support the teaching and learning process. The second stage was model development consisting of choosing the right Learning Management System (LMS), creating teaching and learning materials followed by piloting the materials and creating digital teaching and learning materials for the experimental groups. The third stage was trying out the model to a limited number of SMP students (10 students who were confident in browsing websites) and data were collected through questionnaire, interview and observation. The last stage was testing and validating the model. The data were collected through interview, observation, questionnaire and test.
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ISLAMIC FINANCE DEVELOPMENT AND ECONOMIC GROWTH: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM TURKEY

ISLAMIC FINANCE DEVELOPMENT AND ECONOMIC GROWTH: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM TURKEY

In summary, Islamic financing, especially Musharakah, solves the information asymmetric problem in financial intermediation than its counterpart conventional banking does, and hence leads to a more efficient way of mobilizing savings and saving rates, maximize resource allocation by eliminating the mismatched between surplus and deficient sectors of the economy, and increase the share of savings channeled to investment. It also improves the marginal social productivity of investments and directs investment towards the productive sectors. An increase in investment further increases Islamic banking, because investment is determined by real investment and not by credit multiplier, as in the conventional banking system.
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Diet growth and obesity development thro (1)

Diet growth and obesity development thro (1)

A further complication in the identification of mis- reporting of dietary intakes is the possibility that differ- ences in physical activity between individuals are distorting associations between diet and biological out- comes. 31 At age 13 years, assessment of both diet and physical activity with reasonable objectivity was avail- able; therefore, an investigation was made of whether the inclusion of measured physical activity in equations used to assess diet plausibility would provide clearer re- lationships. 31 Three methods for predicting energy re- quirements were used: one allowed for standard low physical activity, the second calculated an individual’s physical activity from prediction equations, and the third used measured minutes of MPVA; all methods in- cluded an allowance for the age, sex, and size of the child. The frequency of plausible reporting was very similar among the methods ( 40%), but the use of measured physical activity gave much lower estimates of under-reporting (37.1%) and higher estimates of over-reporting (20.4%) compared with the first 2 meth- ods (under-reporting 51.5% and 51.8%; over-reporting 7.7% and 10.3%, respectively). For all 3 methods, un- der-reporters had higher mean BMI and waist circum- ference than plausible or over-reporters, as well as a higher percentage body fat (all P < 0.001). Conversely, percentage lean body mass was lowest in under- reporters and highest in over-reporters (all P < 0.001). 31 Because these 13-year-old children were mostly respon- sible for reporting their own diet with minimal parental help, it is very likely that they missed some foods; there- fore, high frequency of under-reporting would be ex- pected. The fact that using the measured physical activity to assess misreporting resulted in a shift toward over-reporting suggests that total physical activity was underestimated with this method. Further work should find ways of incorporating assessment of light physical activity, as well as moderate to vigorous physical activ- ity, into this method to improve estimates of total physi- cal activity.
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ABSTRACT FEEDING BEHAVIOUR FOR BETTER GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT

ABSTRACT FEEDING BEHAVIOUR FOR BETTER GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT

The widespread malnutrition in children especially among those under two years of age is closely linkage not only to poverty but also to inappropriate child caring practices particularly feeding behavior and infection. Complementary foods given into an infant’s diet in addition to breast milk after the child above 6 months old either commercially or specially prepared at home are needed to meet the nutrient requirements. The Pengalengan study shows that children with better nutritional status because of local food supplements in early infancy perform better cognition in later life. Therefore, to empower women who are the main caregiver with knowledge and skill is necessary to optimal nutritional benefits for their children.
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