Many people still doubt the value of local community related to forest, because they think that the local communities are destroyers of the forest, cannot limit their consumption to forest resources and become a problem of forest resource conservation. Consequently, forest management policy involving the local community is still a subject of debate, especially in the management of protected areas. This research aims to provide an overview of the preferences and motivations of local communities to use forest resources in LoreLinduNationalPark (LLNP), Central Sulawesi province. This research applied a survey method and was conducted on two types of local communities around the village community LLNP - homogeneous and heterogeneous village communities. Data on forest utilization preferences were obtained through the scoring method using the distribution of cards conducted by local communities, while data on motivation were obtained through interviews to local communities using a questionnaire. This study showed that the highest preference for local community forest use was the uses of forest for protection and regulation of water. The highest value of preference for local community forest use in wilderness zone was compatible with the objectives of LLNP, while in utilization zone and rehabilitation zone, it was still found the highest value of preference for local community forest use which was not compatible with the objectives of LLNP. The Local communities were not only motivated based on high material needs of resources in LLNP but they also have a high social motivation and even they have a very high moral motivation. Therefore, the local communities should be involved in the management of national parks through the appropriate institutional arrangements.
The aims of this research were (1) to determine litterfall dynamics, leaf-litter decomposition, and fine root biomass in natural forest and cacao agroforestry systems; (2) to determine active fraction on soil macro-organic matter (SOM) and to know relation of litterfall as an input of organic matter in soil with SOM; (3) to assess nitrogen resorption and nitrogen use efficiency (N NUE). The field studies were conducted in three different types of cacao agroforestry systems at the northeastern margin of LoreLinduNationalPark (LLNP), which is located in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia ca. 75 km southeast of Palu. The whole site is located at an elevation of 800 m to 1100 m in Toro village, Kulawi district, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. The experiment began in March 2005 and ended in March 2006. Field study sites covering in natural forest (wana-NF as an undisturbed ecosystem) and in three cacao agroforestry systems were pahawa pongko 1-CF1, pahawa pongko 2-CF2; and huma-CP. Plot size was 30 m x 50 m in every study site. The topography of study sites varied with the different slope. Each plot was divided into 20 subplots, where soil, fine root, soil macro-organic matter, and soil surface organic layer samples were taken. Litterfall production was collected monthly intervals from 10 traps in each plot for one year. The rate of decomposition was evaluated by using the litter bag technique. The amount of soil macro-organic matter was analyzed by using size and density fractionation method. Fractions of soil macro-organic matter were fractionated in silica suspensions (LUDOX solution). Quality of soil macro-organic matter was determined with nitrogen, and organic carbon content.
Similar to other plant groups, data on understorey plant assemblages of Sulawesi, Indonesia are still limited and published data on the effects of habitat modification on such plant assemblages in the island are missing. This study, therefore, makes an attempt to address the question how the floristic composition, diversity, richness and density of understorey plant communities differ between three rain forest types and three cacao plantations types with different use intensity in submontane forest of LoreLinduNationalPark, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia.
This study was conducted to evaluate the termines community impact forest conversion and its relation with the environmental factors. It was conducted from December 2011 to June 2013 and implemented in LoreLinduNationalPark located in around of Rahmat village, subdistrict of Palolo, district of Sigi. The observation of termites community was performed using method of transect. The measured parameters were environmental parameters, microclimate, and physic and chemical characteristics of the soil. There were 20 species found totally, consisted of 15 species in primary forest, 15 species in secondary forest, and 8 species in agroforestry. The highest biomass of tree in primary forest was 620.90 Mg/ha, whereas the necromass and highest amount of litter in secondary forest were respectively 8.22 Mg/ha and 19 Mg/ha. Land use change in TN. LoreLindu was alearly followed by the change of termites diversity. The soil and water temperatures were increased.
Deforestation and forest degradation have been mentioned to take alarming proportions with severe negative global and regional consequences such as global warming, loss in biodiversity, soil erosion, desertification, etc. To act upon this and design appropriate policies it is fundamental to understand what is driving this deforestation. Explaining deforestation has been the focus of an increasing number of theoretical as well as empirical studies. Further empirical research on this topic, especially quantitative micro-level analysis, is necessary (Kaimowitz and Angelsen, 1998; Deininger and Minten, 1999). Understanding the deforestation process is imperative for the case of Indonesia since the country holds a vital share of the world’s remaining humid rainforest. Sulawesi is of particular interest because of its uniqueness in biodiversity that can only be sustained by preserving forest resources. In this paper we investigate agricultural land use in the villages surrounding the LoreLinduNationalPark in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. The aim of the paper is to understand the causes of agricultural land expansion in this area. Indirectly, we hope to contribute to the empirical evidence on the driving forces of deforestation and hence to the general understanding of this process. We develop a formal theoretical approach to guide our empirical analysis. This is essential since the lack of an explicit theoretical framework can cause misspecification of empirical models and misinterpretation of the results–as in previous socio-economic land use studies (Angelsen et al, 1999).
Anoa (Bubalus spp.) is endemic to Indonesian islands of Sulawesi and Buton. These mammals are divided into two species: Mountain Anoa (Bubalus quarlesi) and Lowland Anoa (Bubalus depressicornis). Both live in undisturbed rainforest and avoid direct contact with human. This animal has been classified into endangered species by International Union of Conservation for Nature (IUCN), Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) and fully protected under Indonesian Law. Threat for Anoa is coming from illegal hunting and habitat degradation. Habitat loss or degradation caused by agriculture wood plantations, infrastructure development, and human settlement reported as serious threat for Anoa population by IUCN. This research aims to develop Anoa habitat suitability model using logistic regression and analyze ecological factors in Anoa’s habitat preference. Approximately 2,300 hectare research area in Toro village, LoreLinduNationalPark has been analyzed in generated Anoa habitat suitability model.
Research entitled "The Woody Liana Diversity in the Lowland forest of The LoreLinduNationalPark (LLNP) Central Sulawesi Indonesia has been conducted from April to June 2014. The objectives of research was to obtain the data of liana diversity in the lowland forest of LLNP around the Bobo village, Palolo District The study used a survey method in which samples are taken using the method of double swath plot size 5 X 5 amount 14 subplots arranged in purposive sampling. All recognizable morphospecies of liana plants were collected. Plant collecting was according to the “Schweinfurth method” (Bridson and Forman 1999). Additionally, fertile voucher specimens were collected for identification purposes. Processing of the specimens was conducted at the Herbarium Celebense (CEB), Universitas of Tadulako, Palu. Identification was done in the field, in CEB, and at the Laboratory of Biodiversity Department of Biology Faculty of Basic Sciences Tadulako University Vouchers were deposited in CEB, and at the Laboratory of Biodiversity Faculty of Basic Sciences Tadulako University Palu. The results showed that there were 35 (Thirtyfive) woody liana species in the studied area. Dinochloa scanden was the highest Important Value (19,91%), whereas the liana species with the lowest of Value index was Capparis quinifolia (INP 1,49%). We noted that there were a number liana species were Endemic to Sulawesi and Wallacea region namely: Calamus minahassae, Calamus zollingerii, Korthalsia celebica, Strongilodon celebicus dan Artrabotrys trichofolius. Based on the Shanon-Whiener Index that the liana diversity of lowland rain forest of Bobo Village was chategorized very high with the H’ 3,27.
Celebes Flying Frog, Rhacophorus edentulus is an endemic frog from Sulawesi. However, the current information on their emergence, status, and ecological requirements are still limited, so it is categorized as the Data Deficient (DD) by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Here, we present scientific information on the description, habitat and distribution of R. edentulus in the Lake Kalimpa'a of LoreLinduNationalPark (LLNP), Central Sulawesi. Based on observations conducted from March to May 2017, this species can be collected from 5 spots in the Northeast to South of Lake Kalimpa’a at elevational range from 1,643 m to 1,673 m above sea level. This article provide a new note on the distribution of this species in Central Sulawesi, specifically from LLNP. This article is expected to be the basis of management in determining the conservation status and preservation of R. edentulus in the region.
(TNLL) seluas 217.991,18 , yang ditunjuk melalui Surat Keputusan Menteri Kehutanan No. 593/KPts-II/1993 tanggal 5 Oktober 1993 dan kemudian dikukuhkan atau ditetapkan oleh Menteri Kehutanan dan Perkebunan dengan No.464/Kpts-II/1999, memiliki potensi berupa flora dan fauna endemik Sulawesi yang sangat unik dan menarik. Potensi flora yang dimaksud antara lain leda (Eucalyptus deglupta), palem wangi (Pigapetta elata), damar (Agathis celebica), rotan tai manu’ (Korthalsia celebica), anggrek (Vanda celebica), dan terdapat minimal 287 jenis tanaman berkhasiat (tanaman obat). Jenis fauna diantaranya adalah anoa (Bubalus quarlesi), babirusa (Babyrousa babyrussa), monyet hitam (Macaca tonkeana), tarsius (Tarsius spectrum), kuskus (Palanger sp), biawak (Varanus sp), burung maleo (Macrocephalon maleo), dan burung alo (Rhyticeros cassidix). Kekayaan lain yang terdapat pada kawasan tersebut antara lain ekosistem danau (Danau Lindu), ekosistem air panas (Sungai Rawa), dan ekosistem pegunungan (Gunung Lore Katimbo) dengan ketinggian 2.610 m dpl. Disamping itu terdapat potensi budaya berupa Batuan Megalit, adat istiadat Suku Lore, Rumah Adat Tambi, musik bambu, dan Dero (Tarian Daerah Sulawesi Tengah) (BTNLL, TNC, dan Ditjen PHKA 2004).
Kawasan Wallacea memiliki beberapa tipe habitat burung diantaranya hutan rawa, pantai, mangrove, perkebunan kelapa, samudera, perairan dipedalaman, padang savana, hutan pamah monsoon, hutan sekunder dan pinggiran hutan, persawahan, hutan pegunungan, hutan tanaman (Coates dan Bishop, 1997). Di dalam kawasan Taman Nasional LoreLindu terdapat beberapa tipe habitat burung, yaitu hutan dataran rendah, hutan sub-pegunungan, hutan pegunungan, dan hutan tanaman. Salah satu habitat burung air di Taman Nasional LoreLindu adalah danau lindu, burung yang dapat ditemukan antara lain bangau sandang-lawe (Ciconia episcopus) dan cangak merah (Ardea purpurea). Untuk hutan primer, dapat ditemukan jenis-jenis burung cingcoang sulawesi, walik kuping merah dan anis geomalia. Hutan sekunder ditemukan jenis-jenis burung seperti mandar padi zebra, ceret gunung, dan burung madu hitam. Sedangkan tepi hutan dihuni burung-burung pergam putih, kapasan Sulawesi, dan gagak hutan (Coates dan Bishop, 1997).
Ekosistem hutan pegunungan meliputi sekitar 21 persen dari total area hutan tropis dunia. Ekosistem ini memiliki keanekaragaman jenis yang tinggi, dan memiliki fungsi ekologis, antara lain sebagai daerah tangkapan air, dan habitat berbagai jenis tumbuhan dan hewan endemik dan terancam punah. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mempelajari komposisi komunitas vegetasi dan struktur hutan pegunungan di TN. LoreLindu. Pengumpulan data vegetasi, meliputi pohon (dbh ≥10 cm), pancang ( 2 cm ≤ dbh <10 cm) , semai, dan tumbuhan bawah pada tiga plot kuadrat (masing-masing 0.24 ha) tipe hutan pegunungan pada ketinggian 900 m, 1 500 m, dan 2 300 m dpl (hutan subpegunungan sampai hutan pegunungan atas). Setiap tipe hutan disusun oleh jenis dominan yang berbeda (Ss <10%). Sebanyak 310 jenis tumbuhan, hanya satu jenis yang dijumpai pada tiga tipe hutan yang diteliti, 15 jenis di hutan subpegunungan dan pegunungan bawah, dan dua jenis di hutan pegunungan bawah dan pegunungan atas. Fagaceae merupakan suku dominan utama di hutan subpegunungan (39.8% dari total basal area), sama halnya dengan hutan pegunungan atas yang dominasi Podocarpaceae, sedangkan di hutan pegunungan bawah didominasi Icacinaceae, namun dengan basal area yang rendah (16.5%). Kerapatan individu pohon dan pancang tertinggi diperoleh di hutan pegunungan atas, dan terendah di hutan subpegunungan, namun berbeda halnya dengan semai dan tumbuhan bawah.