Lore Lindu National Park (LLNP)

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PREFERENSI DAN MOTIVASI MASYARAKAT LOKAL DALAM PEMANFAATAN SUMBERDAYA HUTAN DI TAMAN NASIONAL LORE LINDU, PROVINSI SULAWESI TENGAH (Preference and Motivation of Local Community in Utilization of Forest Resource in Lore Lindu National Park) | Massiri | Jur

PREFERENSI DAN MOTIVASI MASYARAKAT LOKAL DALAM PEMANFAATAN SUMBERDAYA HUTAN DI TAMAN NASIONAL LORE LINDU, PROVINSI SULAWESI TENGAH (Preference and Motivation of Local Community in Utilization of Forest Resource in Lore Lindu National Park) | Massiri | Jur

Many people still doubt the value of local community related to forest, because they think that the local communities are destroyers of the forest, cannot limit their consumption to forest resources and become a problem of forest resource conservation. Consequently, forest management policy involving the local community is still a subject of debate, especially in the management of protected areas. This research aims to provide an overview of the preferences and motivations of local communities to use forest resources in Lore Lindu National Park (LLNP), Central Sulawesi province. This research applied a survey method and was conducted on two types of local communities around the village community LLNP - homogeneous and heterogeneous village communities. Data on forest utilization preferences were obtained through the scoring method using the distribution of cards conducted by local communities, while data on motivation were obtained through interviews to local communities using a questionnaire. This study showed that the highest preference for local community forest use was the uses of forest for protection and regulation of water. The highest value of preference for local community forest use in wilderness zone was compatible with the objectives of LLNP, while in utilization zone and rehabilitation zone, it was still found the highest value of preference for local community forest use which was not compatible with the objectives of LLNP. The Local communities were not only motivated based on high material needs of resources in LLNP but they also have a high social motivation and even they have a very high moral motivation. Therefore, the local communities should be involved in the management of national parks through the appropriate institutional arrangements.
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Function Of Some Ecosystem Components At Natural Forest And Cacao Agroindustry Sustem At The Margin Of Lore Lindu National Park, Central Sulawesi

Function Of Some Ecosystem Components At Natural Forest And Cacao Agroindustry Sustem At The Margin Of Lore Lindu National Park, Central Sulawesi

The aims of this research were (1) to determine litterfall dynamics, leaf-litter decomposition, and fine root biomass in natural forest and cacao agroforestry systems; (2) to determine active fraction on soil macro-organic matter (SOM) and to know relation of litterfall as an input of organic matter in soil with SOM; (3) to assess nitrogen resorption and nitrogen use efficiency (N NUE). The field studies were conducted in three different types of cacao agroforestry systems at the northeastern margin of Lore Lindu National Park (LLNP), which is located in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia ca. 75 km southeast of Palu. The whole site is located at an elevation of 800 m to 1100 m in Toro village, Kulawi district, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. The experiment began in March 2005 and ended in March 2006. Field study sites covering in natural forest (wana-NF as an undisturbed ecosystem) and in three cacao agroforestry systems were pahawa pongko 1-CF1, pahawa pongko 2-CF2; and huma-CP. Plot size was 30 m x 50 m in every study site. The topography of study sites varied with the different slope. Each plot was divided into 20 subplots, where soil, fine root, soil macro-organic matter, and soil surface organic layer samples were taken. Litterfall production was collected monthly intervals from 10 traps in each plot for one year. The rate of decomposition was evaluated by using the litter bag technique. The amount of soil macro-organic matter was analyzed by using size and density fractionation method. Fractions of soil macro-organic matter were fractionated in silica suspensions (LUDOX solution). Quality of soil macro-organic matter was determined with nitrogen, and organic carbon content.
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Structure and Composition of Understory Plant Assemblages of Six Land Use Types in The Lore Lindu National Park, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

Structure and Composition of Understory Plant Assemblages of Six Land Use Types in The Lore Lindu National Park, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

In the present study the diversity and species composition of understory plants are examined in the submontane forest of Lore Lindu National Park, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia by comparing three rain forest types and three types of plantations of cacao differing in use intensity. The results showed that 376 understory plant species consisting of 140 species of tree seedlings, 162 herbs and shrubs, 29 terrestrial ferns and 45 climbers were collected in all land use types. The mean species numbers of herbs did not differ among three forest types but was significantly higher in cacao plantation with high use intensity, being about three times higher than in undisturbed rain forest and lightly disturbed rain forest. Urticaceae, Araceae, Hypoxidaceae and Acanthaceae were predominant in the forests, whereas Asteraceae and Poaceae in the cacao plantations. The number of species of ferns and climbers did not differ between forests and plantations. The study also recorded several invasive plant species at the cacao plantations such as Piper aduncum L., Bidens pilosa L., Ageratum conyzoides L., Sclerea purpuriens Steud and Paspalum conjugatum Berg.
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KAJIAN KOMUNITAS RAYAP AKIBAT ALIH GUNA HUTAN MENJADI AGROFORESTRI DI TAMAN NASIONAL LORE LINDU, SULAWESI TENGAH (Termites Community Impact of Forest Conversion to Agroforestry in Lore Lindu National Park, Central Sulawesi) | Zulkaidhah | Jurnal Manusia d

KAJIAN KOMUNITAS RAYAP AKIBAT ALIH GUNA HUTAN MENJADI AGROFORESTRI DI TAMAN NASIONAL LORE LINDU, SULAWESI TENGAH (Termites Community Impact of Forest Conversion to Agroforestry in Lore Lindu National Park, Central Sulawesi) | Zulkaidhah | Jurnal Manusia d

This study was conducted to evaluate the termines community impact forest conversion and its relation with the environmental factors. It was conducted from December 2011 to June 2013 and implemented in Lore Lindu National Park located in around of Rahmat village, subdistrict of Palolo, district of Sigi. The observation of termites community was performed using method of transect. The measured parameters were environmental parameters, microclimate, and physic and chemical characteristics of the soil. There were 20 species found totally, consisted of 15 species in primary forest, 15 species in secondary forest, and 8 species in agroforestry. The highest biomass of tree in primary forest was 620.90 Mg/ha, whereas the necromass and highest amount of litter in secondary forest were respectively 8.22 Mg/ha and 19 Mg/ha. Land use change in TN. Lore Lindu was alearly followed by the change of termites diversity. The soil and water temperatures were increased.
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Explaining Agricultural Land Use in Villages surrounding the Lore Lindu National Park in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

Explaining Agricultural Land Use in Villages surrounding the Lore Lindu National Park in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

Since the regression is specified log-log for the variable population, the coefficient can be interpreted as the elasticity of the cultivated area with respect to population. This elasticity is 0.93 meaning that a 1% increase in population leads to a 0.93% increase in area cultivated (Table 6, specification 2). There is a lot of evidence of a high correlation between population and agricultural expansion or forest cover loss from studies at different levels of aggregation. Barbier and Burgess (1997) made a cross-country study including 53 tropical countries. They find that a 1% increase in population causes a 0.03% increase in forest clearing over the period 1980-85. In a regional level panel study on agricultural land expansion in Tanzania Angelsen et al. (1999) find an elasticity of agricultural area with respect to population of 0.6. Barbier and Burgess (1996) did a state level analysis in Mexico and find an elasticity of 0.23. Compared to these figures, the elasticity of agricultural area with respect to population that we find for the Lore Lindu area is quite high. This is due to the difference in aggregation level. Our study is limited to a relatively small rural area while regional or provincial level studies incorporate also urban centres where population growth is high but does not contribute to land expansion. The high positive effect of population on agricultural land use is also related to the fact that land is still fairly abundant in the Lore Lindu area.
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Ecological Characteristics of Tropical Montane Forest in Lore Lindu National Park Central Sulawesi

Ecological Characteristics of Tropical Montane Forest in Lore Lindu National Park Central Sulawesi

Ekosistem hutan pegunungan meliputi sekitar 21 persen dari total area hutan tropis dunia. Ekosistem ini memiliki keanekaragaman jenis yang tinggi, dan memiliki fungsi ekologis, antara lain sebagai daerah tangkapan air, dan habitat berbagai jenis tumbuhan dan hewan endemik dan terancam punah. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mempelajari komposisi komunitas vegetasi dan struktur hutan pegunungan di TN. Lore Lindu. Pengumpulan data vegetasi, meliputi pohon (dbh ≥10 cm), pancang ( 2 cm ≤ dbh <10 cm) , semai, dan tumbuhan bawah pada tiga plot kuadrat (masing-masing 0.24 ha) tipe hutan pegunungan pada ketinggian 900 m, 1 500 m, dan 2 300 m dpl (hutan subpegunungan sampai hutan pegunungan atas). Setiap tipe hutan disusun oleh jenis dominan yang berbeda (Ss <10%). Sebanyak 310 jenis tumbuhan, hanya satu jenis yang dijumpai pada tiga tipe hutan yang diteliti, 15 jenis di hutan subpegunungan dan pegunungan bawah, dan dua jenis di hutan pegunungan bawah dan pegunungan atas. Fagaceae merupakan suku dominan utama di hutan subpegunungan (39.8% dari total basal area), sama halnya dengan hutan pegunungan atas yang dominasi Podocarpaceae, sedangkan di hutan pegunungan bawah didominasi Icacinaceae, namun dengan basal area yang rendah (16.5%). Kerapatan individu pohon dan pancang tertinggi diperoleh di hutan pegunungan atas, dan terendah di hutan subpegunungan, namun berbeda halnya dengan semai dan tumbuhan bawah.
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Concept of Co Management Development to Sustain Lore Lindu National Park

Concept of Co Management Development to Sustain Lore Lindu National Park

(TNLL) seluas 217.991,18 , yang ditunjuk melalui Surat Keputusan Menteri Kehutanan No. 593/KPts-II/1993 tanggal 5 Oktober 1993 dan kemudian dikukuhkan atau ditetapkan oleh Menteri Kehutanan dan Perkebunan dengan No.464/Kpts-II/1999, memiliki potensi berupa flora dan fauna endemik Sulawesi yang sangat unik dan menarik. Potensi flora yang dimaksud antara lain leda (Eucalyptus deglupta), palem wangi (Pigapetta elata), damar (Agathis celebica), rotan tai manu’ (Korthalsia celebica), anggrek (Vanda celebica), dan terdapat minimal 287 jenis tanaman berkhasiat (tanaman obat). Jenis fauna diantaranya adalah anoa (Bubalus quarlesi), babirusa (Babyrousa babyrussa), monyet hitam (Macaca tonkeana), tarsius (Tarsius spectrum), kuskus (Palanger sp), biawak (Varanus sp), burung maleo (Macrocephalon maleo), dan burung alo (Rhyticeros cassidix). Kekayaan lain yang terdapat pada kawasan tersebut antara lain ekosistem danau (Danau Lindu), ekosistem air panas (Sungai Rawa), dan ekosistem pegunungan (Gunung Lore Katimbo) dengan ketinggian 2.610 m dpl. Disamping itu terdapat potensi budaya berupa Batuan Megalit, adat istiadat Suku Lore, Rumah Adat Tambi, musik bambu, dan Dero (Tarian Daerah Sulawesi Tengah) (BTNLL, TNC, dan Ditjen PHKA 2004).
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Potential Habitat and Spatial Distribution of Anoa (Bubalus spp.) in Lore Lindu National Park

Potential Habitat and Spatial Distribution of Anoa (Bubalus spp.) in Lore Lindu National Park

The results of Anoa’s tracks study indicate that Mountain Anoa travel singly or in pairs, but never associate in larger groups (Sugiharta, 1994). However, Whitten et al. (1987) reported a herd of five animals on Mount Nokilalaki has been seen during his expedition. A pair of Mountain Anoa is most likely to be comprised of a mother and her offspring, or an adult male and female (Sugiharta, 1994). The National Research Council (1983) reports that B. quarlesi is active primarily in the morning, seeking shelter under shade trees during the afternoon. Sugiharta (1994) found signs of Mountain Anoa under fallen trees with a diameter greater than 60 cm, in areas under the roots of live trees, and under large overhanging rocks along river banks as shelter. One individual was observed bedded in Gleichenia linearis at the border between forest and grassland in Lore Lindu National Park (Sugiharta, 1994). This animal wallows and bathes in pools of water and mud (National Research Council, 1983).
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Bird Diversity on Several Type of Habitat in Lore Lindu National Park, Central Sulawesi Province

Bird Diversity on Several Type of Habitat in Lore Lindu National Park, Central Sulawesi Province

Kawasan Wallacea memiliki beberapa tipe habitat burung diantaranya hutan rawa, pantai, mangrove, perkebunan kelapa, samudera, perairan dipedalaman, padang savana, hutan pamah monsoon, hutan sekunder dan pinggiran hutan, persawahan, hutan pegunungan, hutan tanaman (Coates dan Bishop, 1997). Di dalam kawasan Taman Nasional Lore Lindu terdapat beberapa tipe habitat burung, yaitu hutan dataran rendah, hutan sub-pegunungan, hutan pegunungan, dan hutan tanaman. Salah satu habitat burung air di Taman Nasional Lore Lindu adalah danau lindu, burung yang dapat ditemukan antara lain bangau sandang-lawe (Ciconia episcopus) dan cangak merah (Ardea purpurea). Untuk hutan primer, dapat ditemukan jenis-jenis burung cingcoang sulawesi, walik kuping merah dan anis geomalia. Hutan sekunder ditemukan jenis-jenis burung seperti mandar padi zebra, ceret gunung, dan burung madu hitam. Sedangkan tepi hutan dihuni burung-burung pergam putih, kapasan Sulawesi, dan gagak hutan (Coates dan Bishop, 1997).
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Keanekaragaman Jenis Fauna Amphibia di Taman Nasional Lore Lindu | Annawaty | Biocelebes 3774 11923 1 PB

Keanekaragaman Jenis Fauna Amphibia di Taman Nasional Lore Lindu | Annawaty | Biocelebes 3774 11923 1 PB

The aim of this research was to know the diversity of amphibians in Lore Lindu National Park. The research was used survey methods which was located at the conservation area of Kulawi section in the Lore Lindu National Park Central Sulawesi. The result of the research showed that there were five (5) species of amphibians collected which were found and belonged order Anura. These species were Bufo melanostictus, Bufo celebensis, Fejervarya cancrivora, Rana (Hylarana) erythraea, and Kaloula baleata Muller.
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B1J010050 12.

B1J010050 12.

Sahabudin, sjafrida, M., Hidatay, P. & H, C., 2007. Respons Kumbang Koprofagus (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) terhadap Perubahan Struktur Vegetasi pada Beberapa Tipe Habitat di Taman Nasional Lore Lindu, Sulawesi Tengah. b i o d i v e r s i t a s , volume 8, pp.01-06.

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this PDF file Deskripsi Katak Terbang Sulawesi, Rhacophorus edentulus  dari Danau Kalimpa’a, Taman Nasional Lore Lindu, Sulawesi, Indonesia : Catatan Habitat dan Distribusi | Putri | Natural Science: Journal of Science and Technology 1 PB

this PDF file Deskripsi Katak Terbang Sulawesi, Rhacophorus edentulus dari Danau Kalimpa’a, Taman Nasional Lore Lindu, Sulawesi, Indonesia : Catatan Habitat dan Distribusi | Putri | Natural Science: Journal of Science and Technology 1 PB

Katak Terbang Sulawesi, Rhacophorus edentulus adalah katak endemik Sulawesi. Walaupun demikian, informasi terkini mengenai tingkat kemunculan, status, dan persyaratan ekologisnya, masih sangat kurang sehingga tergolong dalam kategori Data Deficient (DD) oleh International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Untuk tujuan tersebut, artikel ini berisi informasi ilmiah mengenai deskripsi, habitat dan distribusi R. edentulus di kawasan Danau Kalimpa’a Taman Nasional Lore Lindu (TNLL) Sulawesi Tengah. Berdasarkan hasil pengamatan yang dilakukan pada bulan Maret sampai Mei 2017, jenis ini berhasil dikoleksi dari 5 titik dibagian Timur Laut sampai Selatan Danau Kalimpa’a TNLL, pada ketinggian 1 .643 mdpl – 1.673 mdpl. Artikel ini menambah catatan baru mengenai distribusi jenis ini di Sulawesi Tengah, khususnya TNLL, sehingga diharapkan dapat dijadikan dasar manajemen dalam menentukan status konservasi dan pelestarian R. edentulus di kawasan tersebut.
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Kearifan Lokal dalam Perspektif Hukum Lingkungan

Kearifan Lokal dalam Perspektif Hukum Lingkungan

Ketua Adat dalam panggilan bahasa setempat adalah Tua Ada merupakan tokoh yang sangat disegani oleh masyarakat Lindu, melebihi rasa hormat mereka terhadap kepala desa. Tua Ada dianggap memiliki nilai spritual yang tidak ada pada kepala desa. Tua Ada dipilih diantara tokoh masyarakat, yang dianggap paling banyak mengetahui seluk beluk adat istiadat, dan biasanya yang tertua diantara tokoh-tokoh masyarakat tersebut. Tua Ada inilah yang menunjuk siapa yang akan diangkat sebagai Tobalia (orang yang memimpin upacara-upacara adat), apabila Tua Ada berhalangan. Apabila masyarakat bermasalah, mereka datang kepada Tua Ada untuk minta petunjuk atau saran. Apabila mereka akan membuka lahan baru untuk sawah maupun kebun, mereka akan datang kepada Tua Ada kapan waktu yang tepat sekaligus minta persetujuannya. Begitupun dalam menentukan waktu untuk menanam padi. Tua Ada dihormati, karena selalu memberikan petuah atau nasehat tentang hal-hal yang baik.
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National park security performance based on resort (Cases in Betung Kerihun National Park, Gunung Gede Pangrango National Park and Alas Purwo National Park)

National park security performance based on resort (Cases in Betung Kerihun National Park, Gunung Gede Pangrango National Park and Alas Purwo National Park)

National Park Resort is security force one of whose roles and main tasks is safeguarding national park ’s resources ecosystem . Various disturbances that still occured in national park areas raise questions related to the performance of the national park resorts. The limited security resources and the low intensity of security activities were suspected to affect the securing performance. The purposes of this study are (1) to describe the conditions of resort security resources in the three national parks : Betung Kerihun National Park in West Kalimantan, Gunung Gede Pangrango National Park in West Java, and Alas Purwo National Park in East Java (2) to describe the security areas based on disturbance intensity (3) to analyze the factors that affect the performance of the security (4) to asses efficiency of the national park resorts. Data were collection from literature study, focus group discussions, observation, and interviews. Data were then analyzed by using descriptive and comparative analysis. The results showed that conditions of resources in the most of resorts are inadequate. The multiple regressions showed that losses caused by disturbances were affected by personnel finance, equipment, infrastructure and operational financing. Inefficiency of resort closely related to the value of losses was caused by the disturbance of the areas especially illegal use of forest products.
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