Nausea and vomiting

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Electroacustimulation is as Effective as B6 for Reducing Nausea and Vomiting in the First Trimester of Pregnancy

Electroacustimulation is as Effective as B6 for Reducing Nausea and Vomiting in the First Trimester of Pregnancy

Patients who have been selected according to in- clusion and exclusion criteria were given informed consent of the research to be conducted. Once it is done random sampling, the first group will receive treatment stimulation while the second group will get a tablet of vitamin B6. Respondents will receive treatment for 3x24 hours. During the study patient fills PUQE scoring system to assess complaints of nausea and vomiting respondents efore and 3-days after treatment. Respondents are entitled to with- draw from the study when she felt worsening symptoms of nausea and vomiting during treat- ment and respondents remain included in the data analysis. Respondents also asked to wrote per- ceived side effects when getting treatment. All data from the study sample are recorded on a form of research. Then do the tabulation of data and then the data were statistically processed using SPSS 17.0
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Hubungan Prevalensi Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting(PONV) dan Jenis Tindakan pada Operasi Mata dengan Anestesi Umum

Hubungan Prevalensi Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting(PONV) dan Jenis Tindakan pada Operasi Mata dengan Anestesi Umum

PONV is still the most common complaint by patients after undergoing surgery with general anesthesia. PONV is still not well understood and its treatment cannot be carried out completely yet. However, in recent years it has been known a number of risk factors that lead to PONV. Causes of PONV is multifactorial and included the classified as patient factors, surgery factors and pharmacological factors. In terms of surgery factors, eye surgery is one of the surgery with a high level of incidence of PONV with differences in incidence of each type of eye surgery. This study was conducted to determine the relationship between the prevalence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) and the type of eye surgery with general anesthesia in patients at SMEC Eye Hospital Medan.
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Development of Foot Massage Program on Nausea and Vomiting for Cancer Patients: A Literature Review.

Development of Foot Massage Program on Nausea and Vomiting for Cancer Patients: A Literature Review.

A relevant literature search was conducted by using the CINAHL, PubMed, Science Direct, ProQuest, Nursing and Allied Health Source, and Cochrane Library databases over the last ten years (1999-2009). The universal case entry websites such as Google-web and Google scholar were also used. Keywords used to obtain relevant articles included massage, non- pharmacology, nausea and vomiting, cancer and chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. Only articles in English and Indonesian language were reviewed. The authors critically analyzed each article and extracted key information needed to guide the development of the foot massage program specific for reducing nausea and vomiting in cancer patients.
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NASKAH PUBLIKASI HUBUNGAN KECEMASAN PRE ANESTESI DENGAN KEJADIAN POST OPERTIVE NAUSEA VOMITING PADA PASIEN DENGAN GENERAL ANESTHESIA DI RSUD KOTA YOGYAKARTA

NASKAH PUBLIKASI HUBUNGAN KECEMASAN PRE ANESTESI DENGAN KEJADIAN POST OPERTIVE NAUSEA VOMITING PADA PASIEN DENGAN GENERAL ANESTHESIA DI RSUD KOTA YOGYAKARTA

Kecemasan pre anestesi atau pre operasi juga berdampak pada komplikasi paska anestesi diantaranya adalah mual muntah paska operasi atau yang sering disebut Post Operative Nausea and Vomiting (PONV). Mekanisme terjadinya mual dan muntah setelah operasi terjadi karena pada kecemasan menyebabkan udara yang masuk kedalam lambung sehingga terjadinya kembung dan distensi pada abdominal, meningkatkan volume lambung mempengaruhi kortikal afferens dan merangsang pusat muntah sehingga terjadi PONV. 4 Insiden mual dan muntah yang terjadi dalam waktu 24 jam setelah pembedahan ialah 20- 30% 5 . Kecemasan pasien sebelum
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Development of Foot Massage Program on Nausea and Vomiting for Cancer Patients: A Literature Review.

Development of Foot Massage Program on Nausea and Vomiting for Cancer Patients: A Literature Review.

A relevant literature search was conducted by using the CINAHL, PubMed, Science Direct, ProQuest, Nursing and Allied Health Source, and Cochrane Library databases over the last ten years (1999-2009). The universal case entry websites such as Google-web and Google scholar were also used. Keywords used to obtain relevant articles included massage, non- pharmacology, nausea and vomiting, cancer and chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. Only articles in English and Indonesian language were reviewed. The authors critically analyzed each article and extracted key information needed to guide the development of the foot massage program specific for reducing nausea and vomiting in cancer patients.
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Incidence of Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung Period May to October 2013 | Fahma | Althea Medical Journal 1022 4080 1 PB

Incidence of Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung Period May to October 2013 | Fahma | Althea Medical Journal 1022 4080 1 PB

dissatisfaction and discomfort of the patient and healthcare staff, medical risks such as increased abdominal pressure, increased central venous pressure, aspiration of gastric contents, sympathetic nervous system response with increasing blood pressure and heart rate as well as parasympathetic responses producing bradycardia and hypotension. It also results in increased morbidity, prolonged Post Anesthesia Care Unit stays and increased cost related to length of hospital stay. Most patients consider that nausea and vomiting is more disturbing than the operation itself. 1−5
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Hubungan Prevalensi Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting(PONV) dan Jenis Tindakan pada Operasi Mata dengan Anestesi Umum

Hubungan Prevalensi Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting(PONV) dan Jenis Tindakan pada Operasi Mata dengan Anestesi Umum

PONV masih merupakan keluhan tersering oleh pasien pasca menjalani operasi dengan anestesi umum. PONV juga masih belum dimengerti dengan baik dan pengobatannya belum secara tuntas dapat dilakukan. Namun, dalam beberapa tahun terakhir telah diketahui sejumlah faktor risiko yang memicu terjadinya PONV. Penyebab PONV bersifat multifaktorial dan diantaranya dikelompokkan sebagai faktor pasien, faktor operasi dan faktor farmakologi. Dari segi faktor operasi, operasi mata merupakan salah satu operasi dengan tingkat insidensi PONV yang tinggi dengan terdapat perbedaan insidensi dari masing-masing jenis operasi mata. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan untuk mengetahui hubungan prevalensi postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) dan jenis operasi mata dengan anestesi umum pada pasien di Rumah Sakit Mata SMEC Medan.
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Perbandingan Antara Skor Apfel Dengan Skor Koivuranta Terhadap Prediksi Terjadinya Post Operative Nausea And Vomiting Pada Anestesi Umum

Perbandingan Antara Skor Apfel Dengan Skor Koivuranta Terhadap Prediksi Terjadinya Post Operative Nausea And Vomiting Pada Anestesi Umum

Post operative nausea and vomiting (PONV), atau mual dan muntah paska operasi adalah efek samping yang sering terjadi setelah tindakan anestesi, terjadi pada 24 jam pertama paska operasi dan terjadi sebanyak 30% pasien rawat inap dan meningkat angkanya sampai 70% pada pasien rawat inap dengan “resiko tinggi”. (1,2) Angka ini memang telah menurun bila dibandingkan dengan pada masa anestesi yang masih menggunakan ether yaitu 75%. (3) Dari penelitian yang dilakukan Saqda dan kawan-kawan di Pakistan, dijumpai angka PONV 30% dan wanita mengalaminya dua kali lipat lebih banyak dibandingkan dengan pria. (4) Di Korea dilakukan penelitian pada 5272 pasien dijumpai PONV sebanyak 39%. (5) Walaupun PONV hampir selalu hilang sendiri dan tidak fatal, namun menunjukkan angka morbiditas yang signifikan, dimana bisa terjadi dehidrasi, ketidakseimbangan elektrolit, jahitan menjadi tegang dan terbuka, hipertensi vena dan perdarahan, ruptur esofageal, dan keadaan yang membahayakan jiwa pada jalan nafas, walaupun komplikasi yang lebih berat lebih jarang. Setiap kejadian muntah akan memperlama keluarnya pasien dari ruang pemulihan selama kurang lebih 20 menit. (1)
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Ondansetron serum concentration and polymorphisms of CYP2D6, ABCB1 and 5-HT3B receptor genes in the treatment of chemoterapy induced nausea and vomiting | Perwitasari | Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran) 11518 29161 2 PB

Ondansetron serum concentration and polymorphisms of CYP2D6, ABCB1 and 5-HT3B receptor genes in the treatment of chemoterapy induced nausea and vomiting | Perwitasari | Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran) 11518 29161 2 PB

or combination therapy. Patients were treated with ondansetron 8 mg intravenously and dexamethasone 8 mg intravenously and metoclopramide (10 mg orally) after cytostatic administration until 5 days after chemotherapy. We cathegorized the nausea and vomiting grade according to the National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria v.3. We also determined some SNPs of ABCB1, 5HT3B and CYP2D6 genes using realtime PCR. We recruited 191 cancer patients in this study with the average of ondansetron serum concentration reached 33.48 ng/ml (SD: 18.54). According to the patients’ response to the antiemetic, during the acute phase, 21.8% patients experienced acute nausea and 30.2% patients experienced acute vomiting. Only the haplotype of CTG-CTG of ABCB1 which have signiicant association with ondansetron serum concentration. EM patients of CYP2D6 and patients with haplotype of delAG of 5HT3B had lower ondansetron serum concentration. However, IM patients of CYP2D6 showed higher ondansetron serum concentration and lower grade of nausea and vomiting. Variations of ABCB1, CYP2D6 and 5HT3B may be used as pharmacogenetic marker in predicting antiemetic response in cancer patients receiving highly emetogenic cytostatic.
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Development of Foot Massage Program on Nausea and Vomiting for Cancer Patients: A Literature Review.

Development of Foot Massage Program on Nausea and Vomiting for Cancer Patients: A Literature Review.

A relevant literature search was conducted by using the CINAHL, PubMed, Science Direct, ProQuest, Nursing and Allied Health Source, and Cochrane Library databases over the last ten years (1999-2009). The universal case entry websites such as Google-web and Google scholar were also used. Keywords used to obtain relevant articles included massage, non- pharmacology, nausea and vomiting, cancer and chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. Only articles in English and Indonesian language were reviewed. The authors critically analyzed each article and extracted key information needed to guide the development of the foot massage program specific for reducing nausea and vomiting in cancer patients.
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SKRIPSI HUBUNGAN MEAN ARTERIAL PRESSURE DENGAN KEJADIAN POST OPERATIVE NAUSEA VOMITING PADA PASIEN SEKSIO SESAREA DENGAN SPINAL ANESTESI DI RSUD SLEMAN YOGYAKARTA

SKRIPSI HUBUNGAN MEAN ARTERIAL PRESSURE DENGAN KEJADIAN POST OPERATIVE NAUSEA VOMITING PADA PASIEN SEKSIO SESAREA DENGAN SPINAL ANESTESI DI RSUD SLEMAN YOGYAKARTA

Background: Caesarean section is a surgical technique to give birth to the fetus through an incision on the abdominal wall and the uterus. Cesarean section certainly can not be separated from the action of anesthesia. Spinal anesthesia is the best anesthetic technique for cesarean section, and spinal anesthesia also has flaws. Spinal anesthesia techniques have deficiencies such as air bradycardia, apnoe, inadequate breathing, nausea / vomiting, post-lumbar puncture headache, high spinal block or total spinal, hypotension. Hypotension is one cause of nausea vomiting in spinal anesthesia.
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Hubungan Mean Arterial pressure dengan kejadian Post Operative Nausea Vomiting pada pasien seksio sesarea dengan spinal anestesi di RSUD Sleman Yogyakarta - Repository Poltekkesjogja

Hubungan Mean Arterial pressure dengan kejadian Post Operative Nausea Vomiting pada pasien seksio sesarea dengan spinal anestesi di RSUD Sleman Yogyakarta - Repository Poltekkesjogja

Akan melakukan penelitian dengan judul “ Hubungan Mean Arterial Pressure Dengan Kejadian Post Operative Nausea Vomiting Pada Pasien Seksio Sesarea Dengan Spinal Anestesi Di RSUD Sleman Yogyakarta ”. Penelitian ini tidak akan menimbulkan akibat yang merugikan bagi bapak/ibu sebagai responden. Kerahasiaan semua informasi akan dijaga dan dipergunakan untuk kepentingan penelitian. Jika ibu tidak bersedia menjadi responden dalam penelitian ini, maka tidak ada ancaman bagi ibu. Jika ibu menyetujui, maka saya mohon kesediaan ibu untuk menandatangani lembar persetujuan saya dan menjawab pertanyaan-pertanyaan yang saya sertakan.
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Nausea, Vomiting and Retching of Patients with Cervical Cancer undergoing Chemotherapy in Bali, Indonesia.

Nausea, Vomiting and Retching of Patients with Cervical Cancer undergoing Chemotherapy in Bali, Indonesia.

The incidence and severity of nausea, vomiting and retching in patients receiving chemotherapy vary, depending on the type and dose of chemotherapy, combination of medication, and individual characteristics (Grunberg, 2004; Smeltzer, Bare, Hinkle & Cheever, 2008). These occur quite frequently under various conditions and can be triggered by different inputs or combinations of input mechanisms (Shelke, Mustian & Morrow, 2004). These unpleasant sensations can appear, either as a result of treatment or a disease itself and significantly affect quality of life of patients and compliance with therapy (Rhodes & McDaniel, 2001). This study presents the findings based on 66 patients with cervical cancer with regard to the level of nausea, vomiting, and retching and discusses the individual's risk factors related to NVR.
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Nausea, Vomiting and Retching of Patients with Cervical Cancer undergoing Chemotherapy in Bali, Indonesia.

Nausea, Vomiting and Retching of Patients with Cervical Cancer undergoing Chemotherapy in Bali, Indonesia.

The incidence and severity of nausea, vomiting and retching in patients receiving chemotherapy vary, depending on the type and dose of chemotherapy, combination of medication, and individual characteristics (Grunberg, 2004; Smeltzer, Bare, Hinkle & Cheever, 2008). These occur quite frequently under various conditions and can be triggered by different inputs or combinations of input mechanisms (Shelke, Mustian & Morrow, 2004). These unpleasant sensations can appear, either as a result of treatment or a disease itself and significantly affect quality of life of patients and compliance with therapy (Rhodes & McDaniel, 2001). This study presents the findings based on 66 patients with cervical cancer with regard to the level of nausea, vomiting, and retching and discusses the individual's risk factors related to NVR.
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Hubungan Prevalensi Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting(PONV) dan Jenis Tindakan pada Operasi Mata dengan Anestesi Umum

Hubungan Prevalensi Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting(PONV) dan Jenis Tindakan pada Operasi Mata dengan Anestesi Umum

Saya Wiedya Kristianti An, mahasiswa yang sedang menjalani program pendidikan dokter di Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara. Saya akan mengadakan penelitian dengan judul “Hubungan Prevalensi Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting(PONV) dan Jenis Tindakan pada Operasi Mata dengan Anestesi Umum”. Tujuan penelitian ini ialah untuk melihat adanya hubungan kejadian postoperative nausea and vomiting(PONV) dengan jenis tindakan pada operasi mata yang menggunakan anestesi umum.

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The Relationship between Post Operative Nausea & Vomitting (PONV) with Type of Eye Surgery with General Anesthesia

The Relationship between Post Operative Nausea & Vomitting (PONV) with Type of Eye Surgery with General Anesthesia

Patients who are pregnant, have a history of drug abuse, gastrointestinal disorders (intestinal obstruction, impaired gut motility, gastroenteritis, irritable bowel syndrome, dyspepsia, gastroesophageal relux disease (GERD), gastro-intestinal in- fections, appendicitis, hepatitis, cholecystitis, inlammatory bowel syndrome, pancreatitis, peptic ulcer, peritonitis, food poi- soning), disorders and metabolic diseases, increased intracrani- al pressure, head injury, migraine, seizure disorders, vestibular disorders, malignancies, psychiatric disorders and psychogenic, drug-induced, nephrolithiasis and other renal diseases, myocar- dial infarction, as well as nausea and vomiting before surgery.
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Assessment of Quality life of cervical cancer patients delivered BOMP chemotherapy regimens in Sanglah Hospital.

Assessment of Quality life of cervical cancer patients delivered BOMP chemotherapy regimens in Sanglah Hospital.

Methods: The study was conducted in February 2014 - June 2014 in Obstetrics Clinic and Cempaka Timur Room General Hospital (RSUP) Sanglah in observational design with cross sectional prospective. The sample selection is done by consecutive sampling. The methods used for data collection using questionnaires EORTC QLQ with interview techniques before and after chemotherapy in patients suffering cervical cancer of skumosa cekk stage IIB - IIIB who had BOMP chemotherapy regimens for 3 series in RSUP Sanglah. Research for quality of life is conducted in general and the 15 domains that affect the quality of life of patients. Results: In this study, 12 patients who met the inclusion criteria. There are significant differences in the value of the quality of life of patients with cervical cancer squamous cell stage IIB - IIIB before and after administration of BOMP chemotherapy with p value 0.001. BOMP chemotherapy regimens can improve the quality of life of patients with cervical cancer seen from the decrease in the mean value of 44.833 ± 6.235 to be 60.333 ± 9.168. At 15 ratings domain that there is a decrease the quality of life of pain domain, nausea domain, vomiting domain, decreased appetite domains, fatigue domain, physical function domain, functional role domain, social functioning domain, sleeplessness domain, constipation domain and domain of financial difficulties and on the other hand emotional domain increase. Conclusion: BOMP chemotherapy regimens can reduce the quality of life of patients with cervical cancer due to the side effects of chemotherapy administration.
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Gale Encyclopedia of Cancer Vol  2   (L Z) pdf

Gale Encyclopedia of Cancer Vol 2 (L Z) pdf

The beneficial effects of methotrexate are usually accompanied by less desirable side effects. Side effects correlate in severity with dose amount and length of treat- ment. It is important to encourage the patient to discuss any presenting side effects. Some side effects do not require medical attention, but still cause the patient concern. Side effects that fall into this category may include loss of hair (alopecia) and appetite (anorexia), nausea and vomiting, skin rash with itching, pale skin tone, and the appearance of boils or acne. These side effects tend to diminish as the body adjusts to the therapy, or if they become bothersome, the oncologist may prescribe interventions. Side effects that should be reported immediately to the oncologist include mouth sores; back, lower side, joint or stomach pain; fever or chills; headaches; bloody or dark urine; drowsiness; dizziness; black tarry stools; bloody stools or vomit; diarrhea; redness or pinpoint red spots on the skin; swelling of the feet or lower legs; the development of a cough or hoarseness; and shortness of breath.
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ROLE OF REGIONAL HEAD IN ORDER TO SUCCESSFUL COMMUNITY MOVEMENT HEALTH LIVING ON ADOLESCENT - Repository Poltekkesjogja

ROLE OF REGIONAL HEAD IN ORDER TO SUCCESSFUL COMMUNITY MOVEMENT HEALTH LIVING ON ADOLESCENT - Repository Poltekkesjogja

HIV / AIDS have a some symptoms that impair the system immune. HIV / AIDS became an international problem with morbidity and mortality are still high. Based on from the Ditjen PP & PL, Kemenkes RI, 2014 reported 15 534 new HIV cases and 1,700 new AIDS cases. The discovery of ARV (anti-retroviral) encourage a revolution in the care of people living with HIV in the developed world. Although antiretroviral treatment can reduce the risk of death, but the death of people living with HIV still persist. This study aims to analyze and explain the effect of treatment on survival. Quantitative research methods to design a retrospective cohort study, a sample of 209 people living with HIV who received antiretroviral treatment in 2013 and 2015 in hospitals Waluyo Jati, Probolinggo, East Java. Secondary Treatment,Adherence, Stage,Age,Sex, Occupation,Education,Mariage status, Opportunistic Infection,CD4 collection using medical record in poly VCT, univariate analysis using frequency distribution, bivariate with log rank, kamplan meier, multivariate cox regression. The results showed that the variables associated with survival of ODHA treatment, adherence to treatment, clinical stage, opportunistic infection and CD4 cell count, adherence is the dominant factor with HR4,638,95% CI 1.267 to 3.908, p value 0,000, R² 9.6 %, average days obedient 900 days; disobedient 599 days, treatment combinations and no combination HR2,225,95% CI 1.267 to 3.908, the p value 0,005, R² 31.2%, the mean survival day combination of 712 days, not 869 days combinations; HR0,463 CD4 count, 95% CI 0.152 to 1.390, the p value 0,170, ² 8.6%, the average CD4> 350 as many as 932 days, CD4 <350 794 days. Conclusion ODHA dutifully taking the drughad a fivefold higher risk for long survival with a contribution of 10%.
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Prevalensi Mual dan Muntah Pasca Anestesi Umum pada Bedah Elektif di RSUP H. Adam Malik Medan Tahun 2013

Prevalensi Mual dan Muntah Pasca Anestesi Umum pada Bedah Elektif di RSUP H. Adam Malik Medan Tahun 2013

Mual dan muntah pasca anestesi umum pada bedah elektif masih merupakan “The Big Little Problem” dalam dunia anestesi. Disebut “big” karena mual muntah dapat menyebabkan perpanjangan waktu pemulihan, peningkatan biaya perawatan, perpanjangan masa pengawasan di Post Anesthesia Care Unit (PACU), dan meningkatnya morbiditas. Morbiditas yang berhubungan dengan kejadian nausea vomitus meliputi perdarahan, dehidrasi, gangguan elektrolit (hipokalemi dan hiponatremi), malnutrisi, karies gigi, inflamasi mukosa mulut, rupture esophagus, dan aspirasi pneumonitis (Silbernagl, 2006; Sunatrio et al., 2004), dan disebut “little”, karena sebenarnya mual dan muntah adalah masalah yang cukup ringan dibanding komplikasi anestesi lainnya. Insiden PONV terjadi pada 75-80% anestesi dengan eter, 25-30% pasien pasca bedah dengan anestesi umum (Kovac, 2003) dan dapat mencapai 70% pada pasien high risk (Mohamed, 2004).
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