Nausea and vomiting

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ANALISIS PENERAPAN PEMBERIAN RINGER LAKTAT 2 ML/KG BB/ JAM PUASA PADA PRE ANESTESI UNTUK MENURUNKAN RISIKO POST OPERATIVE NAUSEA DAN VOMITING (PONV) - Elib Repository

ANALISIS PENERAPAN PEMBERIAN RINGER LAKTAT 2 ML/KG BB/ JAM PUASA PADA PRE ANESTESI UNTUK MENURUNKAN RISIKO POST OPERATIVE NAUSEA DAN VOMITING (PONV) - Elib Repository

Pembedahan adalah tindakan pengobatan invasif melalui sayatan untuk membuka atau menampilkan bagian tubuh yang akan ditangani dan diakhiri dengan penutupan dan penjahitan luka. Gejala yang terjadi setelah tindakan anestesi dan pembedahan adalah nyeri, mual, dan muntah, tetapi pasien lebih khawatir akan mual dan muntah dibandingkan nyeri pascabedah. Menurut Mc. Cracken (2008) mual dan/atau muntah terjadi dalam waktu 24 jam setelah operasi didefinisikan sebagai Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting (PONV). PONV merupakan efek samping yang cukup umum terjadi dan kerap dikeluhkan pasien adalah mual dan muntah pasca operasi (Torpy, 2011).
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Electroacustimulation is as Effective as B6 for Reducing Nausea and Vomiting in the First Trimester of Pregnancy

Electroacustimulation is as Effective as B6 for Reducing Nausea and Vomiting in the First Trimester of Pregnancy

We followed our patients for 3 days. During that time we found the symptoms of nausea and vom- iting was significantly reduced in both groups. In our study none of the patients complained of side effects or discomfort when using the tool elec- troacustimulation. Our results prove that electro- acustimulation is effective to treat nausea and vomiting in the first trimester of pregnancy. This study is also consistent with other studies that mention the positive effects of acustimulation and acupressure to treat nausea and vomiting in preg- nancy. In the review study by Roscoe and Mat- teson 13 , carrying approximately 12 publications
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Development of Foot Massage Program on Nausea and Vomiting for Cancer Patients: A Literature Review.

Development of Foot Massage Program on Nausea and Vomiting for Cancer Patients: A Literature Review.

A relevant literature search was conducted by using the CINAHL, PubMed, Science Direct, ProQuest, Nursing and Allied Health Source, and Cochrane Library databases over the last ten years (1999-2009). The universal case entry websites such as Google-web and Google scholar were also used. Keywords used to obtain relevant articles included massage, non- pharmacology, nausea and vomiting, cancer and chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. Only articles in English and Indonesian language were reviewed. The authors critically analyzed each article and extracted key information needed to guide the development of the foot massage program specific for reducing nausea and vomiting in cancer patients.
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Development of Foot Massage Program on Nausea and Vomiting for Cancer Patients: A Literature Review.

Development of Foot Massage Program on Nausea and Vomiting for Cancer Patients: A Literature Review.

This study aims to develop a foot massage program to support care activity in reducing nausea and vomiting for cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. Two phases, a literature review and the development of a foot massage program were conducted. The literature review was to analyze state of the art massage techniques by reviewing problems, related theories and supporting evidence. Eight published studies in the English language were reviewed. A massage can be performed for different durations, from 10 minutes up to 60 minutes for three to six weeks and can be applied on various body areas. We found that the soft stroke/effleurage seems to be the best method and is most suitable for patients with cancer. It is also evident that foot massaging can be applied as a modality to reduce nausea and vomiting for cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. We developed a foot massage program specifically for patients with cancer. The foot massage program comprised of three sessions, including 1) education session, 2) preparation session, and 3) foot massage session. In the education session, patients obtain brief information about the definition of a foot massage, the benefits and contraindication of foot massaging. During the preparation phase, foot soaking and warming up are performed. Subsequently, the foot massage is applied and should last for 30 minutes. Further research is recommended to test the effectiveness of the proposed foot massage program for nausea and vomiting in cancer patients across countries including Indonesia.
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Development of Foot Massage Program on Nausea and Vomiting for Cancer Patients: A Literature Review.

Development of Foot Massage Program on Nausea and Vomiting for Cancer Patients: A Literature Review.

This study aims to develop a foot massage program to support care activity in reducing nausea and vomiting for cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. Two phases, a literature review and the development of a foot massage program were conducted. The literature review was to analyze state of the art massage techniques by reviewing problems, related theories and supporting evidence. Eight published studies in the English language were reviewed. A massage can be performed for different durations, from 10 minutes up to 60 minutes for three to six weeks and can be applied on various body areas. We found that the soft stroke/effleurage seems to be the best method and is most suitable for patients with cancer. It is also evident that foot massaging can be applied as a modality to reduce nausea and vomiting for cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. We developed a foot massage program specifically for patients with cancer. The foot massage program comprised of three sessions, including 1) education session, 2) preparation session, and 3) foot massage session. In the education session, patients obtain brief information about the definition of a foot massage, the benefits and contraindication of foot massaging. During the preparation phase, foot soaking and warming up are performed. Subsequently, the foot massage is applied and should last for 30 minutes. Further research is recommended to test the effectiveness of the proposed foot massage program for nausea and vomiting in cancer patients across countries including Indonesia.
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TERAPI KOMPLEMENTER AKUPRESUR PADA TITIK PERIKARDIUM 6 DALAM MENGATASI MUAL DAN MUNTAH PADA KEHAMILAN (Literature Review: Complementary Therapy of Acupressure on Point of Pericardium 6 for Overcoming Nausea and Vomiting in Early Pregn | Juwita | JURNAL NE

TERAPI KOMPLEMENTER AKUPRESUR PADA TITIK PERIKARDIUM 6 DALAM MENGATASI MUAL DAN MUNTAH PADA KEHAMILAN (Literature Review: Complementary Therapy of Acupressure on Point of Pericardium 6 for Overcoming Nausea and Vomiting in Early Pregn | Juwita | JURNAL NE

Artikel kedua adalah penelitian yang dilakukan di rumah sakit Inggris, dengan responden berjumlah 80 ibu hamil. Kriteria inklusi pada penelitian ini adalah ibu hamil dengan NVAP (Nausea and Vomiting Associated with Pregancy), ibu hamil dengan rawat inap pertama, usia kehamilan antara 5 dan 14 minggu, memerlukan rawat inap, pasien memiliki setidaknya ketonuria 2+ dari urine, ketidakmampuan untuk mentolerir cairan oral, dan membutuhkan obat antiemetik. Randomisasi dilakukan dengan cara sebuah tiket yang diambil dari kantong buram ditujukan kepada kelompok kontrol dan kelompok perlakuan. Kelompok perlakuan terdiri 40 ibu hamil. Intervensi yang diberikan pada kelompok perlakuan adalah menggunakan gelang akupresur pada responden di titik P6. Jumlah kelompok kontrol terdiri dari 40 ibu hamil. Intervensi yang diberikan adalah menggunakan gelang akupresur di punggung lengan bawah. Hasil penelitian pada artikel
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NASKAH PUBLIKASI HUBUNGAN KECEMASAN PRE ANESTESI DENGAN KEJADIAN POST OPERTIVE NAUSEA VOMITING PADA PASIEN DENGAN GENERAL ANESTHESIA DI RSUD KOTA YOGYAKARTA

NASKAH PUBLIKASI HUBUNGAN KECEMASAN PRE ANESTESI DENGAN KEJADIAN POST OPERTIVE NAUSEA VOMITING PADA PASIEN DENGAN GENERAL ANESTHESIA DI RSUD KOTA YOGYAKARTA

Kecemasan pre anestesi atau pre operasi juga berdampak pada komplikasi paska anestesi diantaranya adalah mual muntah paska operasi atau yang sering disebut Post Operative Nausea and Vomiting (PONV). Mekanisme terjadinya mual dan muntah setelah operasi terjadi karena pada kecemasan menyebabkan udara yang masuk kedalam lambung sehingga terjadinya kembung dan distensi pada abdominal, meningkatkan volume lambung mempengaruhi kortikal afferens dan merangsang pusat muntah sehingga terjadi PONV. 4 Insiden mual dan muntah yang terjadi dalam waktu 24 jam setelah pembedahan ialah 20- 30% 5 . Kecemasan pasien sebelum
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Incidence of Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung Period May to October 2013 | Fahma | Althea Medical Journal 1022 4080 1 PB

Incidence of Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung Period May to October 2013 | Fahma | Althea Medical Journal 1022 4080 1 PB

dissatisfaction and discomfort of the patient and healthcare staff, medical risks such as increased abdominal pressure, increased central venous pressure, aspiration of gastric contents, sympathetic nervous system response with increasing blood pressure and heart rate as well as parasympathetic responses producing bradycardia and hypotension. It also results in increased morbidity, prolonged Post Anesthesia Care Unit stays and increased cost related to length of hospital stay. Most patients consider that nausea and vomiting is more disturbing than the operation itself. 1−5
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Ondansetron serum concentration and polymorphisms of CYP2D6, ABCB1 and 5-HT3B receptor genes in the treatment of chemoterapy induced nausea and vomiting | Perwitasari | Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran) 11518 29161 2 PB

Ondansetron serum concentration and polymorphisms of CYP2D6, ABCB1 and 5-HT3B receptor genes in the treatment of chemoterapy induced nausea and vomiting | Perwitasari | Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran) 11518 29161 2 PB

or combination therapy. Patients were treated with ondansetron 8 mg intravenously and dexamethasone 8 mg intravenously and metoclopramide (10 mg orally) after cytostatic administration until 5 days after chemotherapy. We cathegorized the nausea and vomiting grade according to the National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria v.3. We also determined some SNPs of ABCB1, 5HT3B and CYP2D6 genes using realtime PCR. We recruited 191 cancer patients in this study with the average of ondansetron serum concentration reached 33.48 ng/ml (SD: 18.54). According to the patients’ response to the antiemetic, during the acute phase, 21.8% patients experienced acute nausea and 30.2% patients experienced acute vomiting. Only the haplotype of CTG-CTG of ABCB1 which have signiicant association with ondansetron serum concentration. EM patients of CYP2D6 and patients with haplotype of delAG of 5HT3B had lower ondansetron serum concentration. However, IM patients of CYP2D6 showed higher ondansetron serum concentration and lower grade of nausea and vomiting. Variations of ABCB1, CYP2D6 and 5HT3B may be used as pharmacogenetic marker in predicting antiemetic response in cancer patients receiving highly emetogenic cytostatic.
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Hubungan Prevalensi Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting(PONV) dan Jenis Tindakan pada Operasi Mata dengan Anestesi Umum

Hubungan Prevalensi Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting(PONV) dan Jenis Tindakan pada Operasi Mata dengan Anestesi Umum

PONV is still the most common complaint by patients after undergoing surgery with general anesthesia. PONV is still not well understood and its treatment cannot be carried out completely yet. However, in recent years it has been known a number of risk factors that lead to PONV. Causes of PONV is multifactorial and included the classified as patient factors, surgery factors and pharmacological factors. In terms of surgery factors, eye surgery is one of the surgery with a high level of incidence of PONV with differences in incidence of each type of eye surgery. This study was conducted to determine the relationship between the prevalence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) and the type of eye surgery with general anesthesia in patients at SMEC Eye Hospital Medan.
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Hubungan Prevalensi Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting(PONV) dan Jenis Tindakan pada Operasi Mata dengan Anestesi Umum

Hubungan Prevalensi Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting(PONV) dan Jenis Tindakan pada Operasi Mata dengan Anestesi Umum

PONV merupakan salah satu keluhan utama pasien yang paling menyulitkan pasca operasi dan bersifat rekuren di bidang anestesi (Rother, 2012). Dengan demikian, perlu adanya penelitian yang berkelanjutan untuk melihat dan membuktikan berbagai faktor risiko yang berperan dalam kejadian PONV sehingga dapat ditetapkan pengobatan yang paling tepat untuk menghindarinya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan prevalensi Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting (PONV) dengan jenis operasi mata dengan anestesi umum, yang merupakan salah satu faktor risiko dari PONV, yaitu jenis operasi, di Rumah Sakit Mata SMEC Medan. Sebagai hasilnya, tepatsebanyak 5 orang (9,4%) dari 53 orang sampel menderita PONV (mual dan/atau muntah setelah menjalani operasi mata dengan anestesi umum). Angka ini jauh lebih sedikit dari angka hasil penelitian oleh Doubravska et al. (2010), dimana ia mendapati insidensi keseluruhan dari PONV pada pasien yang menjalani pembedahan adalah 25-30%. Demikian juga pada hasil penelitian Aftab (2008), didapatkan sebanyak 15% pasien yang menjalani operasi mata mengalami PONV. Yavuz et al. (2013), mengatakan bahwa pada literatur lain, insidensi dari PONV yang dilaporkan adalah sekitar 10%, yang hampir serupa dengan angka insidensi penelitian ini namun masih lebih tinggi. Hal ini mungkin disebabkan oleh adanya upaya menurunkan risiko mual dan muntah pada pasien dengan pendekatan multimodal, yang dimulai dari sebelum operasi, saat operasi, pemilihan agen anestestik dan cara anestesi, serta ditambahkan dengan penggunaan antiemetik profilaksis yang sebaik mungkin pasca operasi.
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Nausea and Vomiting   Common Signs of Illnesses that No One Should Ignore

Nausea and Vomiting Common Signs of Illnesses that No One Should Ignore

Title: Nausea and Vomiting: Common Signs of Illnesses that No One Should Ignore Word Count: 508 Summary: How people get certain illnesses in their bodies; the difference of nausea and[r]

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Hubungan Prevalensi Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting(PONV) dan Jenis Tindakan pada Operasi Mata dengan Anestesi Umum

Hubungan Prevalensi Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting(PONV) dan Jenis Tindakan pada Operasi Mata dengan Anestesi Umum

Saya Wiedya Kristianti An, mahasiswa yang sedang menjalani program pendidikan dokter di Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara. Saya akan mengadakan penelitian dengan judul “Hubungan Prevalensi Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting(PONV) dan Jenis Tindakan pada Operasi Mata dengan Anestesi Umum”. Tujuan penelitian ini ialah untuk melihat adanya hubungan kejadian postoperative nausea and vomiting(PONV) dengan jenis tindakan pada operasi mata yang menggunakan anestesi umum.

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Perbandingan Antara Skor Apfel Dengan Skor Koivuranta Terhadap Prediksi Terjadinya Post Operative Nausea And Vomiting Pada Anestesi Umum

Perbandingan Antara Skor Apfel Dengan Skor Koivuranta Terhadap Prediksi Terjadinya Post Operative Nausea And Vomiting Pada Anestesi Umum

Post operative nausea and vomiting (PONV), atau mual dan muntah paska operasi adalah efek samping yang sering terjadi setelah tindakan anestesi, terjadi pada 24 jam pertama paska operasi dan terjadi sebanyak 30% pasien rawat inap dan meningkat angkanya sampai 70% pada pasien rawat inap dengan “resiko tinggi”. (1,2) Angka ini memang telah menurun bila dibandingkan dengan pada masa anestesi yang masih menggunakan ether yaitu 75%. (3) Dari penelitian yang dilakukan Saqda dan kawan-kawan di Pakistan, dijumpai angka PONV 30% dan wanita mengalaminya dua kali lipat lebih banyak dibandingkan dengan pria. (4) Di Korea dilakukan penelitian pada 5272 pasien dijumpai PONV sebanyak 39%. (5) Walaupun PONV hampir selalu hilang sendiri dan tidak fatal, namun menunjukkan angka morbiditas yang signifikan, dimana bisa terjadi dehidrasi, ketidakseimbangan elektrolit, jahitan menjadi tegang dan terbuka, hipertensi vena dan perdarahan, ruptur esofageal, dan keadaan yang membahayakan jiwa pada jalan nafas, walaupun komplikasi yang lebih berat lebih jarang. Setiap kejadian muntah akan memperlama keluarnya pasien dari ruang pemulihan selama kurang lebih 20 menit. (1)
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Nausea, Vomiting and Retching of Patients with Cervical Cancer undergoing Chemotherapy in Bali, Indonesia.

Nausea, Vomiting and Retching of Patients with Cervical Cancer undergoing Chemotherapy in Bali, Indonesia.

Thirdly, considering the severity of the disease, the stage of cancer might be another factor that contributes to NVR. Patients with cervical cancer were suffered from several symptoms as a result of their disease or the side effects of cancer treatments. The potential causes of NVR in cancer patients are numerous, especially in those with advanced or metastatic disease (Rhodes & McDaniel, 2001). As cervical cancer progresses into more advanced stages, symptoms begin to appear (Yarbro, Wujcik & Gobel, 2011). Molassiotis, Yung, Yam, Chan and Mok (2002) stated that late stage of disease was a predictor of acute nausea and vomiting. A study conducted by Oh (2004) found that symptom experience was significantly higher in patients with advanced stage (Stages III and IV) than patients in early stage group. This study involved the patients at stage II and III of cervical cancer without co- morbidity disease. Therefore, the stage of disease is suspected to contribute to the moderate level of NVR.
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Nausea, Vomiting and Retching of Patients with Cervical Cancer undergoing Chemotherapy in Bali, Indonesia.

Nausea, Vomiting and Retching of Patients with Cervical Cancer undergoing Chemotherapy in Bali, Indonesia.

Thirdly, considering the severity of the disease, the stage of cancer might be another factor that contributes to NVR. Patients with cervical cancer were suffered from several symptoms as a result of their disease or the side effects of cancer treatments. The potential causes of NVR in cancer patients are numerous, especially in those with advanced or metastatic disease (Rhodes & McDaniel, 2001). As cervical cancer progresses into more advanced stages, symptoms begin to appear (Yarbro, Wujcik & Gobel, 2011). Molassiotis, Yung, Yam, Chan and Mok (2002) stated that late stage of disease was a predictor of acute nausea and vomiting. A study conducted by Oh (2004) found that symptom experience was significantly higher in patients with advanced stage (Stages III and IV) than patients in early stage group. This study involved the patients at stage II and III of cervical cancer without co- morbidity disease. Therefore, the stage of disease is suspected to contribute to the moderate level of NVR.
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BAB I PENDAHULUAN A. Latar Belakang - Hubungan Mean Arterial pressure dengan kejadian Post Operative Nausea Vomiting pada pasien seksio sesarea dengan spinal anestesi di RSUD Sleman Yogyakarta - Repository Poltekkesjogja

BAB I PENDAHULUAN A. Latar Belakang - Hubungan Mean Arterial pressure dengan kejadian Post Operative Nausea Vomiting pada pasien seksio sesarea dengan spinal anestesi di RSUD Sleman Yogyakarta - Repository Poltekkesjogja

Hasil penelitian ini diharapkan dapat memberikan informasi dan data yang dapat digunakan sebagai masukan ilmu keperawatan anestesi tentang Mean Arterial Pressure dan kejadian Post operative Nausea Vomiting pada pasien Seksio Sesaria yang dilakukan Spinal Anestesi. 2. Manfaat Praktis

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SKRIPSI HUBUNGAN MEAN ARTERIAL PRESSURE DENGAN KEJADIAN POST OPERATIVE NAUSEA VOMITING PADA PASIEN SEKSIO SESAREA DENGAN SPINAL ANESTESI DI RSUD SLEMAN YOGYAKARTA

SKRIPSI HUBUNGAN MEAN ARTERIAL PRESSURE DENGAN KEJADIAN POST OPERATIVE NAUSEA VOMITING PADA PASIEN SEKSIO SESAREA DENGAN SPINAL ANESTESI DI RSUD SLEMAN YOGYAKARTA

Background: Caesarean section is a surgical technique to give birth to the fetus through an incision on the abdominal wall and the uterus. Cesarean section certainly can not be separated from the action of anesthesia. Spinal anesthesia is the best anesthetic technique for cesarean section, and spinal anesthesia also has flaws. Spinal anesthesia techniques have deficiencies such as air bradycardia, apnoe, inadequate breathing, nausea / vomiting, post-lumbar puncture headache, high spinal block or total spinal, hypotension. Hypotension is one cause of nausea vomiting in spinal anesthesia.
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Hubungan Mean Arterial pressure dengan kejadian Post Operative Nausea Vomiting pada pasien seksio sesarea dengan spinal anestesi di RSUD Sleman Yogyakarta - Repository Poltekkesjogja

Hubungan Mean Arterial pressure dengan kejadian Post Operative Nausea Vomiting pada pasien seksio sesarea dengan spinal anestesi di RSUD Sleman Yogyakarta - Repository Poltekkesjogja

Akan melakukan penelitian dengan judul “ Hubungan Mean Arterial Pressure Dengan Kejadian Post Operative Nausea Vomiting Pada Pasien Seksio Sesarea Dengan Spinal Anestesi Di RSUD Sleman Yogyakarta ”. Penelitian ini tidak akan menimbulkan akibat yang merugikan bagi bapak/ibu sebagai responden. Kerahasiaan semua informasi akan dijaga dan dipergunakan untuk kepentingan penelitian. Jika ibu tidak bersedia menjadi responden dalam penelitian ini, maka tidak ada ancaman bagi ibu. Jika ibu menyetujui, maka saya mohon kesediaan ibu untuk menandatangani lembar persetujuan saya dan menjawab pertanyaan-pertanyaan yang saya sertakan.
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Probing Chemotherapy  Nausea and Vomiting

Probing Chemotherapy Nausea and Vomiting

The most common side effects of chemotherapy include neutropenia a low white blood cell count, anemia a low red blood cell count, thrombocytopenia a low blood platelet count, depression,[r]

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