oil palm plantation

Top PDF oil palm plantation:

Payment Behaviour Of Small And Medium Size Oil Palm Plantation Borrowers.

Payment Behaviour Of Small And Medium Size Oil Palm Plantation Borrowers.

Due to its sustainability, Malaysia oil palm plantation has increased significantly starting from 1960 to 2005 (MPOB, Malaysian Rubber Board, MRB) particularly the growth of small and medium planters. According to the Jabatan Perikanan Malaysia, the small and medium oil palm plantation is defined as a planter that has plantation land equivalent to 4 hectare or lower. The small planters seek for fund to expand their oil palm plantation. According to The Times 100, banks provide a number of important financial services to businesses.
Baca lebih lanjut

24 Baca lebih lajut

Availability of Forage Under Oil Palm Plantation for Cattle Grazing

Availability of Forage Under Oil Palm Plantation for Cattle Grazing

Increasing rate of oil palm plantation in Indonesia since 2008-2011 was 6.92%, that increased from 7,363,703 to 7,873,384 ha. Vegetation grown in the area of oil palm plantation is weed for its main crop. There is potential source of oil palm plantation area for livestock industry. Oil palm-cattle integration system is well known and it has been applied in many oil palm plantations, by the use of waste from oil palm plantation, oil palm by-product, the fronds for feed and feces from cattle as organic fertilizer for the plant. Management of oil palm plantation, including plant maintainance, weeding, providing organic and chemical fertilizer is costly. Grazing system under oil palm would minimize cost problem and oil palm production input can be reduced. One of the systems in oil palm-cattle integration that prospective to be developed is grazing by rotation system. Types of plants under oil palm plantation consist of grasses, legumes, other narrow and broad leaves, some are palatable and some are unpalatable or toxic for cattle. Species of vegetation under oil palm vary among the plantation depending on the age of oil palm plant. Introduction of superior forage into oil palm plantation is promising effort to increase the production and quality of feed. Carrying capacity for cattle varies among the oil palm plantation and depends on vegetation under oil palm plantation and age of oil palm. Studies showed that integration oil palm-livestock by grazing system has been proven economically feasible.
Baca lebih lanjut

8 Baca lebih lajut

EFFECT OF NATURAL HABITAT ON DIVERSITY OF HEMIPTERAN PREDATOR IN OIL PALM PLANTATION

EFFECT OF NATURAL HABITAT ON DIVERSITY OF HEMIPTERAN PREDATOR IN OIL PALM PLANTATION

Difference of Hemipteran Predator Species Composition in Oil Palm Plantation with Different Distance from Natural Habitat. Species composition of hemipteran predator in oil palm plantation was not affected by their distance from natural habitat (ANOSIM R=-0.045, P=0.641). Oil palm plantation that located in near vs medium distance from natural habitat had 83.2% similar species, while near vs far distance was 78.9% similar species and medium vs far distance was 84.8% similar species. In addition, 13 similar species of hemipteran predator were found in oil palm plantation located in medium and far distance from natural habitat, while near and far distance was found 12 similar species. Species composition of hemipteran predator did not differ between oil palm plantations with different distances from natural habitat. This was allegedly due to similarity of vegetation types in the whole oil palm plantations. Based on vegetation analysis, we found 20 similar vegetation species in oil palm plantations between near, medium and far distance from natural habitat. According to Humprey et al. (1999), diversity of vegetation on agricultural habitat affects the composition of insects in it. Vegetation within or around oil palm field provide important contribution to the presence of hemipteran predator such as alternative habitat, shelter or resting habitat and food (prey) source.
Baca lebih lanjut

8 Baca lebih lajut

Tree-based Water Footprint Assessment on Established Oil Palm Plantation in North Sumatera, Indonesia Kajian Jejak Air Berdasarkan Populasi Tegakan pada Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit di Sumatera Utara, Indonesia

Tree-based Water Footprint Assessment on Established Oil Palm Plantation in North Sumatera, Indonesia Kajian Jejak Air Berdasarkan Populasi Tegakan pada Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit di Sumatera Utara, Indonesia

Water footprint (WF) is one of rigorous method to evaluate water utilization by crops (Hoekstra and Chapagain, 2007). In this contex, water used by crop is simplified as virtual water relative total yield that is applicable to all crops (Aivazidou et al., 2016; Lovarelli et al., 2016). Many WF assesments have been made on the oil palm (Bulsink et al., 2009; Mekonnen and Hoekstra, 2011; Zulkifli et al., 2014; Suttayakul et al., 2016) that mostly used field basis calculation. WF evaluation based on tree stand was limited. Tree-based WF needs to be evaluated because WF value is sensitive to volume of water consumption, climate and agricultural practice (Hoekstra and Chapagain, 2007), productivity and region (Bulsink et al., 2009), variety and efficiency on oil extraction (Suttayakul et al., 2016).
Baca lebih lanjut

8 Baca lebih lajut

Critical Success Factor (CFA) for Palm Plantation Land Suitability Oil Using PCA

Critical Success Factor (CFA) for Palm Plantation Land Suitability Oil Using PCA

Pelalawan Regency has more than 380 hectares of oil palm plantation areas with 42 private managing companies. Determining the suitability of land and climate will affect the oil palm plantations and the quality that will be produced. The PCA (Principal Component Analysis) method is used to process 8 criteria consisting of temperature, rainfall, irradiation, humidity, C-Organic, H2O pH, into the soil and Slope. The source of the data used comes from agencies that manage the land and climate of Pelalawan Regency, Riau Province. Existing data is processed and analyzed against 8 criteria to determine the most dominant factors. Based on the results of the research conducted, the priority criteria for planting oil palm are soil depth, rainfall, organic matter, H2O pH, slope, irradiation, humidity and temperature. Therefore, recommendations from this study will be further developed for land and climate suitability classifications for plant oil palm.
Baca lebih lanjut

8 Baca lebih lajut

Oil Palm Plantation Land Suitability Classification using PCA-FCM

Oil Palm Plantation Land Suitability Classification using PCA-FCM

Classification of land suitability is very important for oil palm plantation for oil palm and quality of oil palm yield. This classification depends on soil properties and climate characteristic of Pelalawan district, Riau province. Soil properties are combinations of soil characteristics which are known to occur in soils and which are considered to be indicative of present or past soil-forming processes. In addition to soil properties, land suitability also is influenced by the climate in that area. Climate components that influence the growth of palm oil are the air temperature, rainfall and humidity. Furthermore, to classify land suitability will be classification algorithm that can be used for analysis of soil properties and climate characteristic. In this dissertation, the author will be used combining of the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Fuzzy Clustering Means (FCM) methods for classifying of land suitability. These techniques were applied to the collected soil and climate data and the achieved performance were joined and analysed. Based on experimental results, PCA and FCM were able to improve the performance of accuracy in classification. PCA – FCM can achieve 98.780% for training process and 97.345% for testing process when using six variables. While comparative study, PCA-FCM can achieve 98.890% for training process and 98.655% for testing respectively. By applying PCA to classify land suitability, the accuracy of classification can be maintained with less of the number of variables.
Baca lebih lanjut

8 Baca lebih lajut

Integrated Bali Cattle Development Model Under Oil Palm Plantation

Integrated Bali Cattle Development Model Under Oil Palm Plantation

Bali cattle have several advantages such as high fertility and carcass percentage, easy adaptation to the new environment as well. Bali cattle productivity has not been optimal yet. This is due to one of the limitation of feed resources, decreasing of grazing and agricultural land. The aim of this paper is to describe Bali cattle development integrated with oil palm plantations, which is expected to improve productivity and increase Bali cattle population. This integration model is carried out by raising Bali cattle under oil palm plantation through nucleus estate scheme model or individual farmers estates business. Some of Bali cattle raising systems have been applied in the integration of palm plantation-Bali cattle. One of the intensive systems can increase daily weight gain of 0.8 kg/head, calfcrop of 35% per year and has the potency for industrial development of feed and organic fertilizer. In the semi-intensive system, it can improve the production of oil palm fruit bunches (PFB) more than 10%, increase harvested-crop area to 15 ha/farmer and reduce the amount of inorganic fertilizer. The extensive system can produce calfcrop  70%, improve  30% of PFB, increase business scale  13 cows/farmer and reduce weeding costs  16%. Integrated Bali cattle development may provide positive added value for both, palm oil business and cattle business.
Baca lebih lanjut

11 Baca lebih lajut

Determination of Nutrient Range Adequancy Nutrient On Oil Palm Plantation (Elais gueneensis) Generate

Determination of Nutrient Range Adequancy Nutrient On Oil Palm Plantation (Elais gueneensis) Generate

This research was aimed to determine criteria the value of the crop nutrient was based on the range of the adequancy of the nutrient to the oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) for the crop produced. This research was used the survey method, that is taking the sample of the oil palm crop randomized to plantations that spread in Riau, Lampung, West Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan and South Sumatra. The sample of the crop came from a pair of leaf to the tail of the lizard from the 17 th steam. Then was taken by a third to the middle and was removed palm leaf rib. Samples of these leaves were gathered from 20 trees. The level of nutrient was produced by the analysis of the crop were connected with the growth variabel and the production to determine the range of the adequancy of the nutrient.
Baca lebih lanjut

60 Baca lebih lajut

Diversity and abundance fluctuation of Collembola in oil palm plantation, Cikasungka, Bogor District

Diversity and abundance fluctuation of Collembola in oil palm plantation, Cikasungka, Bogor District

Collembola is one of the dominant microarthopods in almost all soils types. They have important function in food webs soil ecosystem. This research was done at Cikasungka oil palm plantation for six months (April until September 2014). The aim of the research was to collect the information of diversity abundance and population fluctuations of Collembola, and their linkages between environmental factors. Collembolans were collected based on four points of soil sample from five trees of oil palm which has similar criteria. Distance of 0, 120, 240 cm from the trees, and compost lane were used to collect the samples. Results showed 37 species from 10.438 individuals with a density of 544 individu/ m 2 . The species belongs to 4 orders and 13 families. Result also showed that are fluctuations in the
Baca lebih lanjut

8 Baca lebih lajut

Technical Efficiency of Palm Oil Production in West Kalimantan

Technical Efficiency of Palm Oil Production in West Kalimantan

This research aims to analyze the technical efficiency and source of technical inefficiency of palm oil production. The data used are secondary data from agricultural census survey in 2013 with a sample of 1229 farmer. Technical efficiency is measured by using stochastic frontier production function and is estimated using MLE method assuming that Cobb-Doughlas is the functional form of palm oil. From the research result, it is known that the factors that influence the technical efficiency of palm oil production in West Kalimantan Province are a number of productive trees, plant age, urea fertilizer, SP36, NPK, labor and dummy pesticide. Furthermore, variables of the percentage of own capital, membership of cooperative and membership of contract farming are influencing to reduce technical inefficiency. Therefore, efforts to improve the technical efficiency is to increase the role of the cooperative to its members, and increase the involvement of palm oil farmers in the plasma pattern.
Baca lebih lanjut

Baca lebih lajut

CAPITAL PENETRATION AND ITS IMPACT ON CUSTOMARY COMMUNITY (Case Study toward Talang Mamak Community in Indragiri Hulu Regency, Riau Province) Achmad Hidir

CAPITAL PENETRATION AND ITS IMPACT ON CUSTOMARY COMMUNITY (Case Study toward Talang Mamak Community in Indragiri Hulu Regency, Riau Province) Achmad Hidir

Results of study indicate that the incoming capital penetration into the customary community changes social, economical and cultural aspects of the community. The incoming market economy system into the culture of Talang Mamak crushes traditional service economic system and weakens the use of traditional technology. The narrawed forest area and less productive rice field represent the job shift though it still underlines their forest, such as the shift of field function into rubber plantation and its convesion into oil palm plantation. The community of Talang Mamak responds any changes in their regional in several manners such as intensive farming, hunger rent, self-exploitation, land diversification into rubber plantation, and ritualism involving technological transfer. This strong effect does’t stimulate the cruelty among the community of Tala ng Mamak. The unfavorable phenomenon occurs because a certain social agency successfully calms down their emotional fluctuation.
Baca lebih lanjut

22 Baca lebih lajut

Social Conflicts Between Oil-Palm Plantation Company and Indigenous People in Jambi Province

Social Conflicts Between Oil-Palm Plantation Company and Indigenous People in Jambi Province

The eviction and the expulsion of SAD Batin 9 community conducted by AP company citing the exis- tence of the SAD Batin 9 in the concession area actu- ally had been unlawful. The Company is the holder of the rights to the area because the government has given permission. It does not mean that Indigenous people could consider as squatters who disrupt the company plantation. The criminalization of indige- nouspeople is one way to get rid of them from the area of the concession. From the perspective of indigenous people SAD Batin 9, the action was taken by the com- pany is the deprivation of the right to the living area, because they have live and make a living in this area since hundreds of years ago. They obtained the land of their ancestors. They also buried their ancestors in the
Baca lebih lanjut

5 Baca lebih lajut

Peran Kompos Tandan Kosong Kelapa Sawit dan Pupuk Anorganik dalam Meningkatkan Efisiensi Serapan Hara N, P, K dan Pertumbuhan Tanaman Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.)

Peran Kompos Tandan Kosong Kelapa Sawit dan Pupuk Anorganik dalam Meningkatkan Efisiensi Serapan Hara N, P, K dan Pertumbuhan Tanaman Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.)

Dayana, A. R., Roshanida, A. R., Rosli, M. I., Siti, F. Z. M. F., M. Anuar, J., Nazlul, A. C. Bioconversion of Empty Fruit Bunchess (EFB) and Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) into Compost Using Trichoderma virens. African Journal of Biotechnology. Vol. 10(81), pp. 18775-18780.

Baca lebih lajut

Index of /enm/images/dokumen

Index of /enm/images/dokumen

In these last 5 years(2001-2005) production of crude palm oil (CPO) in Indonesia has been increasing. Its average growth rate is 45.6 %, which is 8.4 mill ton in year 2001 and rose to 12.2 mill ton in year 2004. While projection of Indonesia production in year 2005 is 13.1 mill ton. This production activity is also followed by increase in export volume. Indonesia CPO average export is 620 thousand ton (80.7mill dolar US).Today, palm oil export in crude form is about 20 %, while 80 % is in processed form such as frying oil, margarine, palm oil mill and other food products. One of study by Capricorn Indonesian Consultant (CIC) concluded that after year 2004 there will be an increase in international demand of CPO. This analysis can be made as a leading indicator to increase palm oil production and export.Other good news is that the total area has been increasing up to year 2005, covering 5.5 mill ha. Combination of these two factors is expected to be a stimulant for investors to invest their money for palm oil. Although Indonesia is still behind Malaysia in terms of palm oil
Baca lebih lanjut

Baca lebih lajut

Reducing Agricultural Expansion Into Forests in Central Kalimantan-Indonesia

Reducing Agricultural Expansion Into Forests in Central Kalimantan-Indonesia

Based on assessment of land cover and distinguishing the land cover into suitable mineral soils for oil palm, the classified land was determined its legal basis in the area according to the concession areas and the forest function of MoF which has been agreed by the Minister of Forestry through a decree Number SK.292/Menhut-II/2011, signed at 31st May 2011. Concession refers to rights to use a land for a particular purpose (i.e. for oil palm called HGU, timber industries called IPHHK or HPH and HTI). In this step, information regarding concessions on potentially suitable sites is collected from the most recent publicly available Ministry of Forestry concessions data (2010). The potential sites for future oil palm development are area outside of the current concessions (un-license areas). Meanwhile, the forest function refers to the legal classification of the land described in the Forestry Law of 1999, which classifies land as either within the Forest Area (Kawasan Hutan) or outside the Forest Area (Non-Forest area, Areal Penggunaan Lain - APL) 22 . Land within the forest area is further classified according to the following functions: Permanent Production Forest (Hutan Produski Tetap – HP), Limited Production Forest (Hutan produski Terbatas – HPT), Convertible Production Forest (Hutan Produski Konversi– HPK), Protected Forest (Hutan Lindung – HL), Conservation Forest (Hutan Konservasi – HK). By regulation oil palm plantations can be developed in APL areas or in HPK areas when extra procedures are followed to release the HPK area from the Forest Area.
Baca lebih lanjut

Baca lebih lajut

Solid Fuel From Empty Fruit Bunch Fiber And Recycled Material.

Solid Fuel From Empty Fruit Bunch Fiber And Recycled Material.

The scope of this project is mainly focusing on the mixing of the empty fruit bunch, EFB and the recycled papers. All these palm oil mills is to be obtained, mixed up and to be develop as a fuel briquette at a certain ratio or percentage with the EFB as the major element. This fuel briquette is to be carried out with the performance tests and comparison tests in terms of its calorific values, stability, and durability, proximate, ultimate, immerse and crack. Other aspects of the material will not be covered.

Baca lebih lajut

Perbandingan Bilangan Iodium Antara Crude Palm Oil dan Refined Bleached DeodorizedPalmOil

Perbandingan Bilangan Iodium Antara Crude Palm Oil dan Refined Bleached DeodorizedPalmOil

Puji dan syukur penulis sampaikan kehadirat Tuhan Yang Maha Esa atas segala rahmat dan berkat-Nya yang telah diberikan kepada penulis, sehingga penulis dapat menyelesaikan tugas akhir ini tepat pada waktunya. Tugas akhir ini disusun sebagai persyaratan unuk menyelesaikan pendidikan Program Studi D-3 Kimia Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Sumatera Utara dengan judul “PERBANDINGAN BILANGAN IODIUM ANTARA CRUDE PALM OIL DAN REFINED BLEACHED DEODORIZED PALM OIL ” .

Baca lebih lajut

Palm Oil Contribution To Malaysian Economy

Palm Oil Contribution To Malaysian Economy

The main causes of poverty were attributed mainly to inaccessibility of small farmers to productive assets namely, land and capital and also due to the low returns of agricultural enterprises which farmers were involved in. The Malaysian government has tried to overcome poverty in relation to the provision of land and capital through massive development of new land and enhancing the productivity of traditional farms (Arif Simeh and Arif Ahmad, 2001). Several government agencies such as FELCRA, RISDA and other state government agencies have converted former rubber plantations into palm oil plantations in order for the landless poor to gain benefit. Prior to thus development, government management experts used to operate the smallholdings. RISDA has also aided by providing replanting funds to rubber smallholders who wish to switch to oil palm. The cultivation of oil palm had certainly played a dominant role in enhancing the income of the rural population and in the alleviation of poverty among agricultural smallholders.
Baca lebih lanjut

Baca lebih lajut

Achievement of Indonesian Sustainable Palm Oil Standards of Palm Oil Plantation Management in East Borneo Indonesia

Achievement of Indonesian Sustainable Palm Oil Standards of Palm Oil Plantation Management in East Borneo Indonesia

There has been a strong opinion toward the industry of palm oil plantation in Indonesia, indicating that this industry has caused the destruction of environment in Indonesia. One effort that has been done so far by the Indonesian government to develop this industry continuously is by creating the continuous standard called Indonesia Sustainable Palm Oil (ISPO) which has the characteristic of mandatory. This research aimed to know the capability of palm oil plantation companies in the research areas in fulfilling the standards of Indonesia Sustainable Palm Oil (ISPO). The evaluation of companies’ capability in achieving ISPO standards was conducted by using audit method to identify the continuous status in the existing condition and condition in which the situation change was needed, and continuous status were evaluated using index analysis and method of Multi Dimensional Scaling (MDS) respectively. The identification of key factors was performed using Rap- Palma Ornidasi, need analysis of stakeholders and prospective analysis. The results showed that the plantation companies’ capability in the research areas achieved 87% in fulfilling the standards of ISPO, and this capability can be increased until it reaches 100% by increasing the efforts to fulfill the principles, criteria, and indicators that are still inappropriate with ISPO requirements.
Baca lebih lanjut

Baca lebih lajut

Pengaruh CaCl2 terhadap Karakteristik Gelatinisasi Campuran Tepung Sukun dan

Pengaruh CaCl2 terhadap Karakteristik Gelatinisasi Campuran Tepung Sukun dan

The area of palm oil plantation can be used as the alternative for ruminant husband- dry development by utilizing the vacant area among the crops, besides its by-product ensures abundant feed source. The opportu- nity to acquire new sources of feed materials which are fully used the palm oil plantation resources is enormous. That resource should be used optimally in order to obtain low cost new feed source. The use of plantation waste and its by-products as the complete feed (CF) composition is possible. Various by-products can be used as new feed sources. Processing can be conducted using technology approach to make it edible and create potential feed livestock. Processing can be conducted through physical, biological, and chemical processes with hydrolysis, fermentation, and ammonization (Mathius and Sinurat, 2001; Sunarso, 2008; Sunarso et al., 2011). The development of CF is expected to assist the supply of balanced feed ingredient because of balanced concentrate and nutrition content. CF technology as the alternative for feeding strategy can be widely applied in various location conditions (Mariyono and Romjali, 2007; Mayulu et al., 2009; Sunarso et al., 2011). The problem to solve is how to optimize palm oil plantation as the affordable source of alternative feed for ruminants?
Baca lebih lanjut

Baca lebih lajut

Show all 4382 documents...