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A mangrove ecotourism model based on physical carrying capacity and ecological resilience (the case of blanakan mangrove ecotourism, Subang, West Java)

A mangrove ecotourism model based on physical carrying capacity and ecological resilience (the case of blanakan mangrove ecotourism, Subang, West Java)

Increasing tourist arrivals at Blanakan mangrove triggers a threat to environment if the exploitation exceed its carrying capacity. The aims of this study are (1) to identify potential attraction and evaluate biophysical conditions, (2) to understand impact of tourism activities to Blanakan mangrove ecotourism, (3) to calculate the physical carrying capacity and identify the type of ecological resilience, and (4) to develop management model based on physical carrying capacity and ecological resilience. The results showed that Blanakan mangrove ecotourism has mangrove vegetation and crocodiles breeding as attractions. Characteristics of visitors Blanakan dominated by males (63.3%), age group at most 31-40 years (36.7%), educational background senior high school (46.67%), most jobs are private employees (30%), most visitors coming from West Java (60%). The biophysical and chemistry evaluation showed that Blanakan mangrove ecotourism has a capacity to support tourism activities. Biological biodiversity aspects has proven an ability to hold up tourism development. The plankton and makrobenthos diversity index showed that all station were slightly polluted. Effective physical carrying capacity of Blanakan mangrove ecotourism is 825 people per day. Ecological carrying capacity of outing activity is 530 people per ha, boating 106 people per ha and camping 174 people per ha. The water ecosystem resilience of the mangrove ecotourism Blanakan is resilient type which shows that the ecosystem has an ability to recover themselves. This resilient type assure that any disruption upon the ecosystem would automatically recovered if the carrying capacity was not exceedingly utilized. Management model were developed based on four scenarios, they are bussines as usual (BAU), pro environment, pro management, and pro community. Pro environmental scenarios is recommended to be the ideal model management for Blanakan mangrove ecotourism. Pro enviroment scenario showed the ecological sustainability indicators were not exceeded the physical carrying capacity. These scenario has positive impact on the tourism management longer than the other scenarios, the quality of the environment improved, the arising costs of environmental damage could be minimized. The sustainable management strategy of Blanakan mangrove ecotourism were to develop the tourism product and facilities, visitor management, pollution management and increasing assimilation capacity, and community participation.
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Ecological and Psychological Carrying Capacity of Tourism in Themepark, Case Study: Taman Wisata Matahari, Cisarua Bogor.

Ecological and Psychological Carrying Capacity of Tourism in Themepark, Case Study: Taman Wisata Matahari, Cisarua Bogor.

Each tourist only uses space about 1.08 m 2 /tourist on the block A1 (ground recreation). They only need narrow space because they dominantly come with family and motivated to do social interaction. Both reasons are allegedly caused high levels of tolerance in accepting the presence of other tourists. In block A2 (water recreation) and A3 (artificial exploring recreation), each area can accommodate about 4 756 and 986 tourist/day. Based on the tourists’ space needed on the block A1 and the quota of block A2 and A3, the value of the physical carrying capacity of TWM are 129 904 tourist/day. Ecological carrying capacity of TWM is obtained after reduced by correction factor of soil (26.75%), correction factor of steam flow (1.04%), and correction factor of grass (7.56%), so the value are 87 043 tourist/day. Ecological carrying capacity was not exceeded the carrying capacity of tourist psychology when considering the value of CSI in each period of visit type is still in the range of somewhat satisfied.
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JURNAL TUGAS AKHIR Analisa Pengelolaan Pengunjung di Kawasan Taman Wisata Candi Borobudur

JURNAL TUGAS AKHIR Analisa Pengelolaan Pengunjung di Kawasan Taman Wisata Candi Borobudur

Penelitian lain yang sudah pernah dilakukan oleh Isni Wahyuningsih dari Balai Konservasi Peninggalan Borobudur yang berjudul Physical Carrying Capacity (Daya Dukung Fisik) Candi Borobudur membahas mengenai hal yang berkaitan dengan penelitian yang dilakukan oleh penulis terkait dengan pengelolaan pengunjung yang dalam hal ini penulis membatasi hanya masalah bentuk dan motivasi kunjungan, dan perilaku wisatawan. Dalam penelitian ini sudah membahas mengenai pengelompokan wisatawan. Namun penelitian ini hanya membahas tentang pembagian wisatawan berdasarkan alasan mengapa wisatawan melakukan kunjungan ke Candi Borobudur, tanpa mengetahui apa yang diinginkan wisatawan yang dapat mempengaruhi kualitas pengalaman wisatawan. Karena itu, penelitian ini dilakukan untuk melihat bagaimana pengelolaan pengunjung dapat meningkatkan kualitas pengalaman pengunjung dengan melihat apa yang diinginkan masing-masing jenis wisatawan. Sehingga penelitian yang dilakukan dapat melengkapi penelitian sebelumnya.
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ANALISIS DINAMIK MODEL PERTUMBUHAN TUMOR

ANALISIS DINAMIK MODEL PERTUMBUHAN TUMOR

363 Model matematika yang dikembangkan oleh Sharma dan Samanta (2013) tersebut menjelaskan adanya interaksi antara sel tumor , sel CTL aktif , sel T-helper dan kemoterapi . Parameter pada kedua model matematika tersebut yaitu dan menyatakan laju pertumbuhan sel tumor dan sel T-helper perkapita, dan menyatakan carrying capacity yang berbanding terbalik untuk sel tumor dan sel T-helper, dan menyatakan laju hilangnya sel tumor akibat bertemu dengan sel CTL aktif dan laju hilangnya sel CTL aktif akibat bertemu dengan sel tumor, menyatakan laju perubahan sel T-helper menjadi sel CTL aktif, menyatakan laju kerusakan sel CTL aktif secara alami per kapita, menyatakan dosis obat kemoterapi yang diberikan, menyatakan laju kerusakan obat kemoterapi per kapita, serta , , dan menyatakan koefesien respon terhadap kemoterapi untuk sel tumor, sel CTL aktif, dan sel T-helper.
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Coral Reef Assesment For Developing Marine Ecotourism at Dodinga Bay, West Halmahera Regency, North Maluku Province

Coral Reef Assesment For Developing Marine Ecotourism at Dodinga Bay, West Halmahera Regency, North Maluku Province

This research is aimed to formulate a zonation of conservation area and development plan of marine ecotourism in Dodinga Bay, West Halmahera Regency, North Maluku Province. The primary data consist of biophysical condition, social economic, accessibility, and level of tourist visits, which were collected by survey method, observation and interview with local community, tourist and other stakeholders at 7 observation station. Analysis data consisted of two approaches; geographyc information system (GIS) for formulating zonation area and analitycal hierarchy process (AHP) for formulating development plan of marine ecotourism. Based on zonation analysis, this area was devided using ecologycal, social and economical criteria approach into 3 management zones: sanctuary zone (station 5) with the total areas 141.86 ha, utilization zone spreaded on station 1, 2, 4, 6 and 7 with the total areas 1 383.51 ha and suistainable utilization zone (station 3) with the total areas 138.01 ha. The total area for diving tourism is 96.44 ha with 75.91% of coral cover 71.73% and its carrying capacity is 189 people/area/day. The total area of snorkeling tourism is 53.93 ha with 70.98% of coral cover and its carrying capacity is 535 people/area/day. The economic value of tourism is $US.  5 957 562.67/year. Based on AHP analysis, alternative of tourism development provided the highest scoring of 70.25% on the full community involvement. Its involvement was collaboration between private sector and community which is facilitated by local government with the scoring value 14.77% and 14.99% respectively. Based on zonation analysis using ecological criteria, economical and social criteria, Dodinga Bay area was devided on three zones ; sanctuary zone located at 0 ⁰ 52' 11.82" N - 127 ⁰ 33' 15.66" E, utilization zone located at 0 ⁰ 52' 44.00" N – 127 o 35' 5.57" E and suistainable utilization zone located at 0 ⁰ 51' 11.27" N – 127 o 37' 28.81" E. Management policy and development of Dodinga Bay as a marine ecotourism must be supported by its community or community based management.
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I nengah subadra 2006 dampak ekonomi sos

I nengah subadra 2006 dampak ekonomi sos

proses perencanaan, pembangunan, pelestarian dan penilaian terhadap pembangunan pariwisata; (3) menggunakan konsep daya tampung ( carrying capacity ) dan bukan konsep permintaan ( demand ) dalam menerima wisatawan dan membangun pariwisata, artinya tidak boleh menerima wisatawan yang melebihi daya tampung dari objek wisata dan tidak menerima seluruh wisatawan berdasarkan permintaan dari pengelola jasa pariwisata seperti hotel, biro perjalanan wisata dan perusahaan yang bergerak dalam aktivitas petualangan karena kedatangan wisatawan yang berlebihan akan berdampak kepada masyarakat lokal dan lingkungan; (4) memberikan informasi dan pendidikan kepada wisatawan dan masyarakat lokal tentang perlunya pelestarian pusaka atau warisan; dan (5) melakukan penelitian secara berkala untuk mengetahui perkembangan dan penyimpangan yang terjadi sehubungan dengan penerapan konsep pembangunan pariwisata berkelanjutan.
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Directory UMM :Data Elmu:jurnal:E:Ecological Economics:Vol31.Issue3.Dec1999:

Directory UMM :Data Elmu:jurnal:E:Ecological Economics:Vol31.Issue3.Dec1999:

In the late 1960s and early 1970s the discussion about looming limits of the Earth’s carrying capac- ity due to population and economic growth initiated the widespread development of environmental awareness (e.g. Ehrlich, 1971; Meadows et al., 1972). Exponential growth of the human popula- tion and economy, and some of their upper limits (e.g. food availability, arable land, nonrenewable resources) were identified. Other unknown upper limits causing irreversible changes in climate, or interrupting severely vital natural processes, were alluded to or predicted. Later, this discussion also highlighted consumption patterns in industri- alized countries and their technologies as further pressures on Earth’s carrying capacity (e.g. Daily and Ehrlich, 1992, 1996; Srivastava and Ruesink, 1998). Presently, not many people doubt the rapid decline and deterioration of environmental re- sources (e.g. freshwater, fish stocks, biodiversity, soil, minerals, fossil resources), the overuse of ecological sinks (e.g. waste assimilation in air, water, soil; Brown, 1998), and the fact that such overuse deteriorates and destroys ecosystems and ultimately living conditions of humans and other species. Undoubtedly, the concept of carrying capacity has played a significant part in promo- ting public and political awareness and understand- ing of looming and existing limits to economic activity.
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MODEL PERTUMBUHAN BIOMASSA RUMPUT LAUT GRACILLARIA DENGAN CARRYING CAPACITY BERGANTUNG WAKTU - Diponegoro University | Institutional Repository (UNDIP-IR)

MODEL PERTUMBUHAN BIOMASSA RUMPUT LAUT GRACILLARIA DENGAN CARRYING CAPACITY BERGANTUNG WAKTU - Diponegoro University | Institutional Repository (UNDIP-IR)

a. Pertumbuhan Carrying capacity Persamaan carrying capacity (6) ini mempunyai dua titik keseimbangan, yaitu titik K = k 1 dan K = k 1 + k 2 . Untuk menganalisa kestabilan titik kesetimbangan, model tersebut di uraikan dengan deret Taylor. Selanjutnya akan disajikan kembali deret Taylor disekitar K=K*, dengan K* adalah solusi kesetimbangan. Sehingga diperoleh deret Taylor

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Coastal Area Management based on Environment Carrying Capacity and Community Participation in Batang Regency

Coastal Area Management based on Environment Carrying Capacity and Community Participation in Batang Regency

Batang regency is one of the coastal districts on the north coast of Java, which has a 38.75 km long coastline and vast ocean of approximately 287 060 km 2 . Batang coastal area is a region of highly productive and have high economic value, but on the other hand are also vulnerable to damage. The coastal area strategic plan document Batang in 2011, identify that there are variety of problems occured in coastal areas Batang include abrasion, accretion, sedimentation, flood, narrowing river bodies, destruction of mangroves, pollution of water and soil, ego sectoral, institutional and community participation in coastal management. Therefore the management of coastal areas should be planned and integrated and provide maximum benefits to all stakeholders, especially in coastal communities. Spatial planning is one tool in the management of coastal areas, where the main objective of spatial planning is to improve the society welfare, the growth and the ecosystem conservation. According to Act No. 26 of 2007 on Spatial Planning, spatial utilization at district must consider supportive and carrying capacity of environment.
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Analisis Daya Dukung Lingkungan Perairan Untuk Kegiatan Perikanan di Situ Cigayonggong, Kabupaten Subang.

Analisis Daya Dukung Lingkungan Perairan Untuk Kegiatan Perikanan di Situ Cigayonggong, Kabupaten Subang.

Berdasarkan latar belakang yang telah dikemukakan, permasalahan yang diidentifikasi adalah perlu dilakukan pengkajian daya dukung (carrying capacity) Situ Cigayonggong untuk pengembangan kegiatan perikanan di perairan Situ Cigayonggong, sehingga tercipta lingkungan pengelolaan perairan yang seimbang dan berkelanjutan.

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Studies of Spatial Pattern Based on Environmental Carrying Capacity in Garut Regency

Studies of Spatial Pattern Based on Environmental Carrying Capacity in Garut Regency

Enviromental Carrying Capacity is measured in three methods such as, land capability, land carrying capacity and water carrying capacity. Garut Regency which is located at the upstream Cimanuk Watershed have an important role in protecting the sustainability of downstream area. The aims of this study are: (1) identifying land use in Garut Regency in 2009, (2) identifying land capability in Garut Regency, (3) assessing the suitability of land use with land capability and spatial pattern of Garut Regency, (4) identifying the status of environmental carrying capacity in Garut Regency, and (5) setting spatial pattern based on environmental carrying capacity. Based on the analysis through the interpretation of Landsat Satellite Imagery and Alos AVNIR in 2009, dryland agriculture has dominated about 45,4% and forest cover has about 23,8%. The result in land capability aspect, most areas in Garut Regency belong to Class IV (36,4% of the regency areas) and there is no Class I. The suitabilty of land cover regarding to land capabilty show that 49,6% area is categorized as suitable and 50,4% area is categorized as not suitable. Evaluation between the spatial patern and the land capability shown that 58,4% area is suitable, 24,4% area is not suitable and 17,2% area is suitable with some limitation factors. In the evaluation beetween spatial pattern and land cover shown that 64,5% area is suitable, 34,5% area is not suitable and 0,1% area is suitable with some condition. The status of land carrying capacity is deficit, and the status of water carrying capacity is deficit. According to spatial pattern that is made based on land capability and existing forest, region that can be used as the preservation area is about 60,1% and region that can be used as the cultivation area is about 41,5% of the area of Garut Regency.
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Studies of Spatial Pattern Based on Environmental Carrying Capacity in Garut Regency

Studies of Spatial Pattern Based on Environmental Carrying Capacity in Garut Regency

Enviromental Carrying Capacity is measured in three methods such as, land capability, land carrying capacity and water carrying capacity. Garut Regency which is located at the upstream Cimanuk Watershed have an important role in protecting the sustainability of downstream area. The aims of this study are: (1) identifying land use in Garut Regency in 2009, (2) identifying land capability in Garut Regency, (3) assessing the suitability of land use with land capability and spatial pattern of Garut Regency, (4) identifying the status of environmental carrying capacity in Garut Regency, and (5) setting spatial pattern based on environmental carrying capacity. Based on the analysis through the interpretation of Landsat Satellite Imagery and Alos AVNIR in 2009, dryland agriculture has dominated about 45,4% and forest cover has about 23,8%. The result in land capability aspect, most areas in Garut Regency belong to Class IV (36,4% of the regency areas) and there is no Class I. The suitabilty of land cover regarding to land capabilty show that 49,6% area is categorized as suitable and 50,4% area is categorized as not suitable. Evaluation between the spatial patern and the land capability shown that 58,4% area is suitable, 24,4% area is not suitable and 17,2% area is suitable with some limitation factors. In the evaluation beetween spatial pattern and land cover shown that 64,5% area is suitable, 34,5% area is not suitable and 0,1% area is suitable with some condition. The status of land carrying capacity is deficit, and the status of water carrying capacity is deficit. According to spatial pattern that is made based on land capability and existing forest, region that can be used as the preservation area is about 60,1% and region that can be used as the cultivation area is about 41,5% of the area of Garut Regency.
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Coastal Area Management based on Environment Carrying Capacity and Community Participation in Batang Regency

Coastal Area Management based on Environment Carrying Capacity and Community Participation in Batang Regency

Batang regency is one of the coastal districts on the north coast of Java, which has a 38.75 km long coastline and vast ocean of approximately 287 060 km 2 . Batang coastal area is a region of highly productive and have high economic value, but on the other hand are also vulnerable to damage. The coastal area strategic plan document Batang in 2011, identify that there are variety of problems occured in coastal areas Batang include abrasion, accretion, sedimentation, flood, narrowing river bodies, destruction of mangroves, pollution of water and soil, ego sectoral, institutional and community participation in coastal management. Therefore the management of coastal areas should be planned and integrated and provide maximum benefits to all stakeholders, especially in coastal communities. Spatial planning is one tool in the management of coastal areas, where the main objective of spatial planning is to improve the society welfare, the growth and the ecosystem conservation. According to Act No. 26 of 2007 on Spatial Planning, spatial utilization at district must consider supportive and carrying capacity of environment.
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Sustainable Analysis Of Tidal Region Transmigration (Study Of Household Income Stucture And Carrying Capacity In Two Villages In The District Of Banyuasin, South Sumatera)

Sustainable Analysis Of Tidal Region Transmigration (Study Of Household Income Stucture And Carrying Capacity In Two Villages In The District Of Banyuasin, South Sumatera)

Sejak dibukanya daerah transmigrasi di Kabupaten Banyuasin pada tahun 1970 maka pertambahan populasi dan aktivitas masyarakat tentunya memberikan perubahan terhadap kondisi keberlanjutan wilayah. Studi ini bertujuan menganalisa keberlanjutan wilayah transmigrasi pasang surut melalui analisis kondisi ketahanan ekonomi (struktur nafkah dan status kesejahteraan rumahtangga), menilai daya dukung lahan pasang surut (Carrying capacity), serta mengidentifikasi kondisi sosial ekologi yang ada didaerah tersebut. Studi ini diharapkan dapat memberikan pengetahuan pada khalayak, akademisi dan peneliti serta pengambil kebijakan apakah suatu wilayah transmigrasi dapat terus dikembangkan atau tidak, Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah perhitungan pendapatan rumahtangga berupa pendapatan On Farm, OF Farm dan Non Farm, perhitungan carrying capacity lahan pasang surut, perhitungan kepadatan agraris dan kemampuan mendukung kehidupan, identifikasi kondisi sosial ekologi secara deskriptif. Hasil studi menunjukkan bahwa di kedua desa studi yaitu desa Mekar Sari dan desa Telang Rejo telah terjadi pergeseran mata pencaharian rumahtangga dari kegiatan utama pertanian pangan (On Farm) ke kegiatan lain selain pertanian (Non Farm), kontribusi pendapatan mata pencaharian tambahan Non Farm yaitu 57,98% di desa Mekar Sari dan 63,04% di desa Telang Rejo, yang mengindikasikan adanya kemungkinan semakin menurunnya fokus mata pencaharian On farm, yang mengamcam keberlanjutan wilayah sebagai penyangga pangan. Hasil penilaian Carrying Capacity lahan pasang surut di Kabupaten Banyuasin dan Kecamatan Muara Telang adalah Defisit karena CCR < 1, dimana CCR Kabupaten sebesar 0,4 dan CCR kecamatan sebesar 0,6, yang berarti tidak dimungkinkan lagi dilakukan pembangunan yang bersifat ekspansif dan eksploratif lahan, sedangkan untuk desa
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Optimazation of Small Islands Utilize Base on Carrying Capacity for Tourism (Case Study Sapeken Archipelago, Sumenep).

Optimazation of Small Islands Utilize Base on Carrying Capacity for Tourism (Case Study Sapeken Archipelago, Sumenep).

Mengacu pada hal tersebut, perencanaan kegiatan ekowisata di gugus Pulau Sapeken didasarkan kemampuan tiap pulau kecil dalam memenuhi sejumlah parameter tertentu sebagai penentu kesesuai[r]

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A Study on Ecotourisme Potency and Its Carrying Capacity in Pulau Sempu Nature Reserve – East Java

A Study on Ecotourisme Potency and Its Carrying Capacity in Pulau Sempu Nature Reserve – East Java

2.1 Dampak negatif pembangunan pariwisata 8 2.2 Matrik SWOT 13 3.1 Jenis data, sumber dan teknik pengumpulan data 15 3.2 Klasifikasi dan Nilai Skor Faktor kelerengan 18 3.3 Indeks Pe[r]

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Study of Trophic Status and Carrying Capacity for Floating Cage Aquaculture at Saguling Reservoir, West Java

Study of Trophic Status and Carrying Capacity for Floating Cage Aquaculture at Saguling Reservoir, West Java

Saguling Reservoir as multipurpose reservoir have many problem, one of that is organic matter loading with two sources. Internal source of organic matter loading is floating cage aquaculture. The Purpose of this study was to estimate status trophic and carrying capacity for floating cage aquaculture in Waduk Saguling. Most of floating cage cultivated cat fish (Pangasius sp) with artifical feed which contain 1,19% of phospat. Several of water quality parameter exceed quality standar, that means there has been contamination of organic material in the Saguling reservoir. Dissolved Oxygen content can reached lower than 1 mg/l on inlet reservoir, dissolved oxygen content can not support the growth of aquatic organisms in maximal condition. Based of trophic classification using TRIX method, the productivity of the Saguling Reservoir has reached eutrophic level. Estimating water carrying capacity use phosporus budget model was found that total acceptable production to be 12.460 tons/year.
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Soal SIMAK UI 2013 639

Soal SIMAK UI 2013 639

77. If Indonesia replaces the older cargo ships into those with a capacity of 15,000 TEUs and the Tanjung Priok Port has also been able to accommodate ships with a carrying capacity of 15,000 TEUs as mentioned in the text, then PT Pembangunan Pelabuhan Indonesia (the Tanjung Priok Port management) will be able to work more efficiently and its total product (TP) curves shifts to top right side.

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CARRYING CAPACITY OF AGRICULTURAL LAND AND DETERMINATION OF SUSTAINABLE FOOD AGRICULTURE LAND IN BANTUL REGENCY

CARRYING CAPACITY OF AGRICULTURAL LAND AND DETERMINATION OF SUSTAINABLE FOOD AGRICULTURE LAND IN BANTUL REGENCY

Paddy field area in Bantul regency is decreasing due to land conversion. This causes a decrease in the carrying capacity of paddy field and encourages the Government of Bantul Regency to determine Sustainable Food Agriculture Land (SFAL), but requires information on its operation. The aims of this research were to identify the carrying capacity and potential of paddy fields to be determined as SFAL, also to analyze the relation between those two things. This research used quantitative descriptive method of secondary data analysis. The results showed that the carrying capacity of paddy field is low (DDL<1) in most sub-regency in Bantul regency, except Sedayu (DDL=1-2), Bantul, Kasihan, Sewon and Banguntapan (DDL>2). The potential for determination of SFAL tends to be moderate-high in Sanden, Srandakan and Kretek but low in Sewon, Kasihan, Pajangan and Banguntapan. The relation between carrying capacity of agricultural land (paddy field) and determination of SFAL is negative.
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Land use change and it’s effect on the land carrying capacity for spatial planning

Land use change and it’s effect on the land carrying capacity for spatial planning

In regional development, there are at least 3 aspects that affect each other: land cover/land use (LCLU), environmental carrying capacity, and socioeconomic factors, including population, economic activity development, and institutional. The aims of this study are: (1) to identify land capability, (2) to identify the change of LCLU in the Kota Bima Municipality, (3) to evaluate the suitability of land use with land capability, (4) to identify the status of the land carrying capacity based on productivity in 2005 and 2010, and (5) to set a space pattern based on environmental carrying capacity. The analytical method used are on- screen digitizing to identificate land cover/land use (LCLU). The analytical method used consisted of: operating attributes and processing thematic maps using ArcGIS 9.3, Location Quotient analysis, and regression analysis with binomial logit model. The result in land capability aspect, most areas in Kota Bima Municipality belong to Class IV (l, e), covering 28,5% of the municipality areas, and there is no Class I. During 2005 to 2010 there is a change of LCLU in Kota Bima Municipality, covering an area of 6.692 hectares or 30,6% of the area of Kota Bima Municipality. Trends in change of LCLU that occurred was the forest to cropland and cropland into the settlements. Cultivated land area has increased significantly, effects on the increased value of production. This causes changes in the status of land carrying capacity based on productivity, which is in 2005 the status of land carrying capacity is deficit, but by 2010 the status of the land carrying capacity is surplus. However, increasing of land carrying capacity status is also followed by increasing of land use that is not suitable based on land capability. The suitabilty of land cover regarding to land capabilty show that in 2005 there is 3,7% areas categorized as not suitable, and in 2010 there is 7,4% area categorized as not suitable. Based on land capability, there is 16.342 hectares or 74,8% of the area that can be used as cultivation land, 2.752 hectares or 21,5% of the area can be used as forest, and 2.768 hectares or 12,7% of the area should serve as a protected area.
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