“Untuk riskassessment ga ada, tapi itu tugas kami. Kami melibatkan user, user itu ga semua, tapi yang bertanggung jawab, yang kompeten. Disini yang kompeten dianalogkan dengan pimpinan, jadi sebenernya pimpinan harus ada kriteria memahami proses kerja dan potensi- potensi bahaya yang ada. Jadi secara struktural secara tugas dan fungsi itu tugas pimpinan langsung. Sehingga itu ketika kami membuat riskassessment itu didalam formatnya diperiksa. Diperiksa disini sebenernya oleh yang kompeten, si pimpinan di tempat kerja itu dianggap pimpinan yang lebih tau. Jadi ada 2 tanda tangan, pihak kami yang membuat, kami membuat kan sebenernya berdasarkan tadi ya analisa, pengetahuan, potensi dan lain- lain. Si user itu yang merasakan fakta di lapangan, jadi itu bersama-sama.”
The ﬁrst idea that came to mind in order to reduce the manual effort of low level riskassessment was to integrate techniques for automated static analysis of components into the RACOMAT tool. Given (X)HTML pages, source program code, compiled libraries or programs, the RACOMAT static analysis tries to identify the public interfaces of any components and especially the functions as well as ports that could be used for interaction with other components or users. Thereby initial system models can be generated without requiring manual actions. The generated threat interfaces contain signatures with input and output ports, which can be associated with risk artefacts. Threat interfaces are low level enough to be used for automated testing, for example. While the static analysis works ﬁne for some software systems, especially for small exemplary programs, it does not in general produce good results. For Command Central, the current state of the RACOMT tool static analysis proved not to be very helpful. This was a kind of surprising because the main graphical Command Central user interface is a web based user interface and the RACOMAT tool is in general capable to statically analyze HTML user interfaces. However, the way Command Central builds HTML pages containing not much more than lots of script function calls, identifying interface elements is already dif ﬁcult. Additionally, the user interfaces are generated dynamically based on the session state.
Pipeline is a silent means of transport that serves to distribute the fluid in the form of liquid or gas. Meanwhile, risk is defined as the combination of the likelihood of failure (probability of failure) and the consequences of failure (consequence of failure). In this research, the implementation of riskassessment using the index or scoring models such as that developed by Muhlbauer. Pipeline used for the analysis was the plumbing located in Legundi - Cerme, Area Surabaya. The pipeline has a diameter of 12 inches which distribute gas fluid. Scoring method is based on a sum index composed of indices damage caused by a third party with a mean score - average 57.71, with a mean score of corrosion index - average 68, index design with a mean score - average 75, the index operation errors with a mean score - average 90. Furthermore, leak impact factor calculation. leak impact factor consisting of product hazard, leak volume, dispersion, receptors. Estimates for product hazard criteria score is 7, leak or spill volume is 0.4, the dispersion on a 0.8 score, score receptor variation value of between 10.8 up to 15.9. Relative risk score average - average obtained in the calculation is 9.87, which is the result of dividing the sum by the leak index impact factor.
Infection Control RiskAssessment (ICRA) merupakan suatu sistem pengontrolan pengendalian infeksi yang terukur dengan melihat kontinuitas dan probabilitas aplikasi pengendalian infeksi di lapangan, berbasiskan hasil yang dapat dipertanggungjawabkan. Pola tersebut mencakup beberapa penilaian aspek penting pengendalian infeksi seperti kepatuhan cuci tangan, pencegahan penyebaran infeksi, manajemen kewaspadaan kontak, dan pengelolaan resistensi antibiotik. ICRA adalah suatu proses berkesinambungan yang memiliki fungsi preventif dalam peningkatan mutu pelayanan. ICRA merupakan kelengkapan penting dalam menyusun perencanaan, pengembangan, pemantauan, evaluasi, dan upaya membuat pertimbangan dari berbagai tahap dan tingkatan risiko infeksi seperti VAP (Ventilator Associated Pneumonia), IADP (Infeksi Aliran Darah Primer), Catheter Urinary Tract Infection (CAUTI), dan ILO (Infeksi Luka Operasi) di setiap area pelayanan. Melalui ICRA, tahap pengendalian infeksi akan berjalan dinamik dan mencapai optimasi terbaik terutama untuk mutu dan keselamatan pasien.
Every work environment regardless of the danger. Various technologies and equipment in addition to beneficial life also bring harm to use. As problems in the division PMD (Part Manufacture Division) PT. OMI still be accidents. Management of Health and Safety conducted using Hazard Identification RiskAssessment and Risk Control (HIRARC) to achieve zero accident the company. HIRARC is a document that contains the hazard identification, riskassessment and control of risks in order to reduce the occurrence of occupational safety and health disorders. Hazard risks that threaten the health and safety hazards such as electrical machinery, physical, and chemical material. Percentage riskassessment PMD division at negligible levels of 0%, low risk 10%, moderate risk 22%, high risk 37%, and extreme 31%. Control is applied as engineering controls , administrative, and personal protective equipment for operators.
The FSC-STD-40-005 V2-1 standard, establishes that risk assessments should be carried out in the suitable largest geographic scale and should continue at progressively smaller scales until conditions are sufficiently homogeneous. In more heterogeneous conditions, risk designation would be only possible on a district or local level, or at ecoregions sub-groups levels.
In order to develop adaptation strategy/plan for the city, the analysis framework for both the cities suggested detailed vulnerability assessment. This assessment along with sector studies shall guide the adaptation strategy framework for the City of Indore and Surat. The activities were scheduled in three phases over a time frame of one year (Nov 2008 – Nov 2009). The over arching framework for vulnerability studies was laid through a set of consultation meetings with communities/stakeholders followed by series of field visits. The assessment mainly identifies current vulnerabilities and capacities through a unique method of integration/combination of tool sets. The tool set and methods comprise a set of inter-related activities of literature review, collection of secondary data, primary surveys and semi- structured interviews of key informants, Infrastructure Services Deficiency Analysis (ISDA), Vulnerability and Capacity Index, Community-Resources-Government-Markets (CRGM) and series of set of Shared Learning Dialogues (SLD) / iterative meetings with different groups. This report is mainly divided into four sections: Introduction chapter covers the urban scenario of India, climate change risks in the Indian context, vulnerability issues in urban areas and introduction to the Vulnerability Assessment Methodology. Chapter 2 and Chapter 3 presents an insight to the city and its functions, hydro meteorological risks, capacity and vulnerability assessment results and adaptation leverage points. Chapter 4 draws in conclusion and way forward.
The mitigation and pre fire planning is one effort to minimize the risk. On this thesis which fire hazard become concern one way to minimize the effect is by analyze the parametrics requirement to extinguish the fire that may occur. One fire hazard that become major concern is a Jet Fire since Jet Fire is one hazard that last longer than other fire hazard which only last few second. Another reason why Jet Fire is one of the major concern is that Jet Fire is the most appealing fire risk hazard that occur in most facility handling in hydrocarbon gases such as LPG. The process to analyze the requirement to extinguish the fire are to calculate the possible outcome caused by Jet Fire such as: the heat flux, radiation zone, fire temperature, etc. The next step is to calculate extinguisher requirement based on the fire outcome. The detailed process of determining the pre fire planning are further will explained on this chapter.
risiko dapat dicapai dengan baik maka pili hanpilihan manajemen harus dikomunikasi kan kepada pihakpihak yang berkepentingan (stakeholders). Langkah ini dikenal dengan ko munikasi risiko. Seperti akan dijelaskan kemu dian dengan contohcontoh studi kasus, mana jemen dan komunikasi risiko bersifat spesifik yang bergantung pada karakteristik risk agent, pola pemajanan, individu atau populasi yang terpajan, sosiodemografi dan kelembagaan masyarakat dan pemerintahan setempat. Risk analysis menggunakan sains, teknik, probabi litas dan statistik untuk memprakirakan dan menilai besaran dan kemungkinan risko ke sehatan dan lingkungan yang akan terjadi se hingga semua pihak yang peduli mengetahui bagaimana cara mengendalikan dan mengu rangi risko tersebut. (3)
d) Exposure analysis – this step examines how a hazardous substance or its residues might reach a susceptible target population and in what amount. It often involves a pathway analysis which considers the different routes the hazard might take, the barriers which might prevent it from reaching the target and the factors that might influence the level of exposure. For example, in considering the risk from chemical spraying the exposure analysis would consider how much chemical was sprayed, in what way and under what conditions, whether there was any direct exposure of humans or animals, how much might be left as residue on plant life, the environmental fate of pesticides reaching the ground, whether it can accumulate in animals or whether it enters groundwater. In bio security, the pathway analysis might consider how any pests entering the country might enter the environment, become established and spread.
banyaknya peralahan di RU IV Cilacap yang harus dikelola baik yang sudah ada maupun dari pengembangan kilang / kilang baru, sumber daya biaya pemeliharaan terbatas yang digunakan untuk melakukan pemeliharaan peralatan yang sangat besar. Permasalahan yang akan di bahas dalam tugas akhir ini adalah bagaimana melaksanakan assessment berdasarkan riskassessment matrix baik untuk FSCA dan ECA dengan data kerusakan peralatan yang pernah terjadi dan loss margin bila peralatan yang dimaksud mengalami kerusakan dan bagaimana menentukan prioritas pemeliharaan setelah mendapatkan peta resiko dari hasil assessment FSCA dan ECA sehingga risk ranking peralatan dapat turun. Tujuan yang ingin dicapai pada penelitian ini adalah mendapatkan hasil assessment berdasarkan tingkat resiko dengan metoda FSCA / ECA pada peralatan di unit CDU II di PERTAMINA RU IV, Cilacap dan Menentukan prioritas pekerjaan setelah mendapatkan peta resiko dari hasil assessment FSCA / ECA .
Governments should be risk-neutral because they have a high degree of cost and benefit diversification not available to individuals (Ellingwood, 2006; Sunstein, 2002). Hardaker, Fleming, and Lien (2009, p. 256) have acknowledged that “policy- making is a risky business,” but observed that “regardless of the varied desires and political pressures, we believe that it is the responsibility of analysts forcefully to ad- vocate rational decision methods in public policy-making, especially for those with high risk.” If rational approaches to public policymaking are not applied, politically driven processes “may lead to raising unnecessary fears, wasting scarce resources, or ignoring important problems” (Pat´e-Cornell, 2002, p. 644). Indeed, the U.S. Of- fice of Management and Budget specifically states that the use of expected values (an unbiased estimate) is appropriate for government cost-benefit calculations (Of- fice of Management and Budget [OMB], 1992). This entails using mean or average estimates for risk and cost-benefit calculations, and not worst-case or pessimistic ones. 2
ADEL (Aplikasi Dokumen Elektronik) and NADINE (Naskah Dinas Elektronik) are the use of information technology (IT) document management system (DMS) electronic archive product that used by JATEL to enhance information quality and to establish an information dan document workflow so it becomes easier, faster, and well- maintained. Electronic archive IT systems are designed to increase the value and benefits of information and able to control the documents distribution and disposition simultaneously that can increase JATEL business value and support business process automation. Information technology can assist organization but also present risks that need to be managed properly. To anticipate or reduce the likelihood of risk, information technology risk management is required. The implementation of information technology risk management involve risk identification, riskassessment and risk treatment.
Crude oil produced from several PT. XYZ fields in Riau will be sent to Gathering Stations and then collected to Dumai storage tank before lifted to Offtakers. It came from domestic and also from International such as Japan, China, Russia and other countries. Shipping pump with 2400 HP capacity and consist of 4 units which used to support daily lifting activities. Crude oil lifting average is around 120 MM BOPY. At the one moment and condition, there is possibility to lift it with 4 unit engine running. Surprisingly in 2015, one-unit shipping pump was damaged. In this thesis, Author firstly do SWOT analysis to take information from an environmental analysis and separate it into internal and external issues. In deeply assessment, Author also assesses the financial aspect by Capital Budgeting analysis and risk management. Furthermore to meet the crude oil demand from buyers and to meet crude oil quotas target as one of Production Sharing Contract of Government Indonesia. By this condition, there are some efforts to put ALCO engine back to run by generating several alternatives. Hopefully the selected alternative will be the best solution with consider contract expiration in 2021.
715 pertanian, belum dilakukan penilaian risiko paparan (riskassessment) pestisida dalam media lingkungan dan manusia, karakterisasi risiko (risk characterization), dan menghitung tingkat risiko (Risk Question,RQ) untuk efek nonkarsinogenik atau efek karsinogenik, analysis of the environmental health risks of exposure to pesticides is influenced by the media, exposure and dose - response. Ruang lingkup penelitian ini dilakukan di kawasan pertanian dimana sampel yang digunakan dalam penelitian adalah petani atau bukan petani yang bertempat tinggal di kawasan pertanian.
Low risk: The Law of Ukraine "On the State Biosafety System for creating, testing, transportation and use of genetically modified organisms" (2007) strictly regulates activities related to GMO and was developed mainly for agrarian sector where the probability of GMO appearance is much higher than in forestry. There are no any documents, materials or evidence indicating commercial use of genetically modified trees in Ukrainian forest sector. No GMO (trees) are officially registered. No information available on any unofficial use of GMO since nobody has reported this. State Register of GMO is not established. According to information of World Rainforest Movement (WRM), there are single trials of GM trees in Russia and Poland, but there is no evidence of ingress of GM trees on Ukrainian territory.
The formation of risk review of this research appears to facilitate DID in Johor in setting the level of flood risk in the research area in a systematic and clear way. Risk index obtained in this analysis can be applied in the DID analysis to improve the existing flood risk, and the risk classification can be applied based on the year to see the pattern of risk with a more detailed plan of action to provide a more effective flood prevention for the state of Johor. Risk analysis generated by this research was able to provide a positive impact on the level of flood management for the state of Johor since the method used was simple, effective, and low cost and can have a big impact on the study of floods in Johor.