Sweet Corn (Zea mays saccharata Sturt)

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SWEET CORN FOOD JAGUNG MANIS CENGHAR

SWEET CORN FOOD JAGUNG MANIS CENGHAR

SWEET CORN FOOD JAGUNG MANIS “CENGHAR”.[r]

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Diallel Analysis and Heterosis of Downy Mildew Resitance (Peronosclerospora maydis) and Yield Component of Sweet Corn

Diallel Analysis and Heterosis of Downy Mildew Resitance (Peronosclerospora maydis) and Yield Component of Sweet Corn

This research aimed to analyse the combining ability among seven sweet corn lines from the collections of PT. BISI International, Tbk across two locations. The research used complete diallel mating design as a mating design. The experiment used Randomized Completely Block Design with three replications in Malang, East Java and Magelang, Central Java. Resiprocal effect was not significant for all traits, indicating that gene location at nucleus more influential. Specific combining ability (SCA) x enviroment interaction was not significant for all traits, suggesting that screening at one location would be adequate. This experiment showed that non-additive gene effects were more important for controlling inheritance of all traits. Genotype DMSG781 were good combiners for yield and yield per plot, genotype DMSE711 for ear diameter, ear rows, plant height and ear height. Genotype DMSF11 good combiners for ear length and rendement. Combination DMST531xDMSK5 had the best SCA for yield and yield per plot, DMSC499xDMSS491 for ear length, DMSS491xDMSF11 for ear diameter, DMSE711xDMSS491 for ear rows, DMSE711xDMSK5 for plant height and ear height. Combination DMSC499xDMSS491 have higher heterosis and heterobeltiosis for yield and yield per plot, DMSS491xDMSC499 ear lenght, DMSK5xDMSE711 for ear lenght, plant height and ear height, DMSS491xDMSF11 for ear diameter, DMSK5xDMSS491 for rendement, DMSS491xDMSE711 for number of rows, DMSG781xDMSC499 for total soluble solid, DMSS491xDMST531 day of tasseling, day of silking and day of harvest.
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THE SHIFTING OF WEED COMPOSITIONS AND BIOMASS PRODUCTION IN SWEET CORN FIELD TREATED WITH ORGANIC COMPOSTS AND CHEMICAL WEED CONTROLS

THE SHIFTING OF WEED COMPOSITIONS AND BIOMASS PRODUCTION IN SWEET CORN FIELD TREATED WITH ORGANIC COMPOSTS AND CHEMICAL WEED CONTROLS

Emergence of weeds in sweet corn field were observed as percent of plot surface covered by weeds. At the age of 1 WAP, herbicide mixture of atrazine and mesotrione without and with organic materials suppressed weed emergence down to 0.67 – 1.00 % (Table 4). Herbicide applied during preemergence inhibited seed germination so that weeds did not emerge in the plots (Muller, 2008). Atrazine is a herbicide that can be applied during preemergence and postemergence, active through soil and also through the leaf surface (Monaco et al., 2002; Muller, 2008). Application of herbicide to the soil surface will inhibit germination of weed seeds, but some resistant weeds still germinate lately (Muller, 2008; Williams et al., 2010). This was showed at 4 WAP where the weed emergence on plots of preemergence herbicide treatment increased to the range of 5.67 – 7.33 % (Table 4). Meanwhile, weeds emer- gence at postemergence herbicide treatment plots depressed significantly to the range of 0.33 – 1.00 %. By hand weeding, weed emergence were higher up to 8.33 – 10.00 % which may likely due to no injury effects caused by hand weeding and weed seeds were possibly lifted up at the time of weeding and continued germinating (Fitriana et al., 2013; Hasanuddin, 2013; Sharma and Banik, 2013).
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Application of Cow Rumen Liquid in Palm Sugar Waste Compost for Cultivating Sweet Corn in Coastal Sandy Soil of Samas Beach Bantul | Larasati | PLANTA TROPIKA: Jurnal Agrosains (Journal of Agro Science) 2291 8652 1 PB

Application of Cow Rumen Liquid in Palm Sugar Waste Compost for Cultivating Sweet Corn in Coastal Sandy Soil of Samas Beach Bantul | Larasati | PLANTA TROPIKA: Jurnal Agrosains (Journal of Agro Science) 2291 8652 1 PB

duction of sweet corn and the net production from ear without husk in sweet corn cultivation. Based on analysis of variance, each treatment demonstrated no significant different effect on the weight of ear with husk and the weight of ear without husk (Table 3). Sugar palm waste compost and commercial compost as source of organic matter could substitute manure on the cultivation of sweet corn in coastal sandy soil. Either sugar palm waste compost or com- mercial compost supplied complex nutrients on sweet corn plant growth in small quantities and improved the properties of coastal sandy soil. Application of sugar palm waste compost and commercial compost to the coastal sandy soil could increase water content and availability for sweet corn cultivation.
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IMMUNOMODULATORY ACTIVITIY OF FRACTION EXTRACT FROM SWEET CORN SEEDS (Zea mays L.) ON MICE PERITONEAL

IMMUNOMODULATORY ACTIVITIY OF FRACTION EXTRACT FROM SWEET CORN SEEDS (Zea mays L.) ON MICE PERITONEAL

Sweet corn ( Zea mays L. ) wasextracted and further separatedto obtain lutein fraction.The FT-IR analysis was done and the functional groups association were determined. The FTIR spectra showed functional groups of – OH, -CH2,-C-O- and – C=O- (Table 1).Table 2 shows HPLC analysis of lutein standard reference produces chromatogram with a peak in the a retention time of 3.681. Analysis of lutein fractionfrom sweet corn seeds shown in Figure 2 and Table 2indicated a peak area at the retention time of 3.635 minutes. The standard compound lutein in the chromatogram, there are two peaks in the standard samples of lutein and lutein fraction from sweet corn seeds. This because theywere not pure.
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Seed treatment improved seed quality, seed production and controlled downey mildew disease on sweet corn

Seed treatment improved seed quality, seed production and controlled downey mildew disease on sweet corn

The aims of this research were to evaluate the effectiveness of seed treatment using synthetic fungicide and biological agent to control downey mildew disease, to improve plant growth, seed production, and seed quality of harvested sweet corn. This study consistsed of 3 stages: pre experiment, experiment 1, and experiment 2. In pre experiment, the compatibility among the biological agents, the compatibility between biological agents and synthetic fungicides, phytotoxicity and hypersensitivity were tested. The optimum matriconditioning ratio and the time of conditioning were also evaluated. All the pre experiment activities were conducted in laboratory. Experiment 1 was done to evaluate the effect of seed treatments on seed physiological quality, disease incidence, and plant growth of sweet corn. Seed physiological quality test was conducted in laboratory, whereas disease incidence and plant growth were done in plastic house. Experiment 1 was conducted using completely randomized design with one factor which was seed treatment. The best result of experiment 1 was used as seed treatment in experiment 2 which was conducted in the field. Split plot design with two factors was used in this experiment, sweet corn line as main plot and seed treatment as sub plot. Experiment 2 was conducted to evaluate the effect of seed treatments on disease incidence, plant growth and seed production.
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Antioxidant Activity Of The Waste Water Of Boiled Zea Mays (Sweet Corn) On The Cob.

Antioxidant Activity Of The Waste Water Of Boiled Zea Mays (Sweet Corn) On The Cob.

Zea mays or corn is one of the important foodstuffs in Indonesia. Harvested area was 33 Provence, which in many cities is commonly sold on the street by hawkers as boiled or burned corn. The objective of the research is to study antioxidant activity of the waste water boiled. Sweet corn on the cob was boiled in 20 minutes. The waste water boiled was dried with freeze dryer equipment. Dried extract was screened of phytochemical constituents , and antioxidant activity was determined

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EFFECTS OF BIOFERTILIZER “M-STAR” ON LAND PRODUCTIVITY AND GROWTH OF SWEET CORN IN ACID SULPHATE SOIL OF SWAMPLAND

EFFECTS OF BIOFERTILIZER “M-STAR” ON LAND PRODUCTIVITY AND GROWTH OF SWEET CORN IN ACID SULPHATE SOIL OF SWAMPLAND

The biofertilizer used for this experiment was made in Soil Microbiology Laboratory of ISARI. It consisted of a decomposer (Trichoderma sp), a nitrogen-fixing bacterium (Azospirillium sp), a phosphate solubilizer (Bacillus sp), and rice husk biochar as carrier. They were originally isolated from acid sulphate soil of swampland in South Kalimantan. Sweet corn seeds (Bonanza variety) were sown in each hole with the 25 cm x 75 cm planting distance. Biofertilizer was applied directly into the planting hole before planting, while NPK fertilizer was applied one week after planting. Weed control was done manually. Insect pest was control by spraying insecticide.
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ROLES OF CALCIUM AND MAGNESIUM AS SELECTION FACTORS IN SWEET CORN QUALITY IMPROVEMENT ON ACIDIC RED-YELLOW PODSOLIC SOIL

ROLES OF CALCIUM AND MAGNESIUM AS SELECTION FACTORS IN SWEET CORN QUALITY IMPROVEMENT ON ACIDIC RED-YELLOW PODSOLIC SOIL

The cultivation of sweet corn (Zea mays L. spp. saccharata {Sturt.} Bailey) on acidic red-yellow podsolic (RYP) soil in Lampung, Indonesia was hampered by the low fertility and pH of the soil. Soil amendment with Ca and Mg would improve growth and development of the sweet corn cultivars, as well as differentiating environments in selecting for adaptive cultivars. Aglime, dolomite, Portland cement, and a mixture of 3 aglime: 2 dolomite (w/w) were applied on LASS Yellow- Round (Y-R), LASS Yellow-wrinkle (Y-w), Bicolor and LAS Yellow-wrinkle (Y-w). The results indicated that the kinds of Ca and the doses apllication were capable to differentiate the sweet corn cultivars. Aglime 400 kg ha -1 was the best
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ROLES OF CALCIUM AND MAGNESIUM AS SELECTION FACTORS IN SWEET CORN QUALITY IMPROVEMENT ON ACIDIC RED-YELLOW PODSOLIC SOIL

ROLES OF CALCIUM AND MAGNESIUM AS SELECTION FACTORS IN SWEET CORN QUALITY IMPROVEMENT ON ACIDIC RED-YELLOW PODSOLIC SOIL

Ca would be outcompeted with the smaller K in the system of ion transport. The Ca/K competition became important in the application and absorp- tion of K since the deficiency of K resulted by Cite this as: Hikam S. and P.B. Timotiwu. 2016. Roles of calcium and magnesium as selection factors in sweet corn quality improvement on acidic red-yellow podsolic soil. AGRIVITA Journal of Agricultural Science. 38(2): 163-173. Doi: 10.17503/agrivita.v38i2.552

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Digestibility on Nutrient of Complete Feed with the Sweet Corn Husks and Sweet Potato Vines as a Substitution of Napier Grass Leaves in the Local Buck

Digestibility on Nutrient of Complete Feed with the Sweet Corn Husks and Sweet Potato Vines as a Substitution of Napier Grass Leaves in the Local Buck

Rabbit is very potential animal as a meat source for small scale farming systems. Rabbit also can use the agriculture by-product for the fiber need. Agriculture by- products such as sweet corn husk (SCH) and sweet potato vines (SPV) can replace grass that usually used for the fiber source. This experiment was to measure digestibility on nutrient of complete feed with the sweet corn husk (SCH) and sweet potato vines (SPV) as a substitution of Napier Grass (Pennisetum purpureum) leaves (NPL) in the local bucks. The experiment using 16 local bucks live weight 1,111 ± 50 grams, were completly random design with four treatments and four replications. The complete pellet consists of 82% concentrate per treatment and combination of 18% forage in the control of the treatment (R0); 18% NPL, the first treatment (R1); 12% NPL, each 3% SCH and SPV, the second treatment (R2); each 6% NPL, SCH and SPV, the third treatment (R3); each 9% SCH and SPV. The data were analyzed with ANOVA (analysis of variance) and Duncan test. The experiment variables measured were nutrient digestibilities made up dry matter, organic matter, crude protein, crude fiber, neutral detergent fiber (NDF), and acid detergent fiber (ADF). The results of digestibilities test indicated that the treatments had gave significant effect (P<0.05) on protein and ADF digestibilities, but no significant effect on dry matter, organic matter, crude fiber and NDF digestibilities. The digestibilities of crude fiber between 71.15% to 83.79% and ADF between 8.96% to 80.04%. The digestibilities of dry matter between 58.19% to 71.37%, organic matter between 60.06% to 72.70%, crude fiber between 13.13% to 36.51%, and NDF between 39.99% to 74.13%
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this PDF file THE EFFECT OF SOIL WATER CONTENT AND GAMAL BOKASHI ON VEGETATIVE GROWTH OF SWEET CORN (ZEA MAYS SACCARATA) | Usman | AGROLAND: The Agricultural Sciences Journal 1 PB

this PDF file THE EFFECT OF SOIL WATER CONTENT AND GAMAL BOKASHI ON VEGETATIVE GROWTH OF SWEET CORN (ZEA MAYS SACCARATA) | Usman | AGROLAND: The Agricultural Sciences Journal 1 PB

This indicated that bokashi treatment and water treatment affect the fresh weight of sweet corn plants because the wet weight or fresh weight of a plant is highly volatile, which depend on the water content it contains. When the plant tissue dries it will lose its fresh weight. Lack of water will disrupt the chemical balance in the soil which results in a lack of photosynthesis or all physiological processes will run abnormally if this condition goes on, then the results are seen, such as dwarf plants, wilts, low production, low quality, etc (Kimball, 1989).
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Hubungan Antar Sifat Jagung Manis yang Dibudidayakan Secara Organik Traits Association In Sweet Corn as Grown On Organic Cropping System

Hubungan Antar Sifat Jagung Manis yang Dibudidayakan Secara Organik Traits Association In Sweet Corn as Grown On Organic Cropping System

Capability of growing well under organic conditions is prerequisite for a sweet corn variety to pro- vide high yield under organic cropping management. Therefore, development of high yielding sweet corn varieties for organic cropping system would require sufficient information on the association among the growth traits to facilitate the determination of criteria in the selection program. Objective of this study was to estimate the degree of association among plant growth and developmental traits, in terms of phenotypic and genotypic correlations, in 64 genotypes generated from a complete diallel cross of 8 inbred lines under organic cropping system. Study was conducted from January-March 2016 on Ultisol of Medan Baru, Kan- dang Limun, sub-district of Muara Bangkahulu, City of Bengkulu at 10 m above sea level. A randomized complete block design with three replications to allocate the genotypes on double row plots with 4 length and 20 cm planting space. No agrochemical inputs was applied in cultural practices. Data were collected for plant height,stem diameter, leaf area, leaf number, tasseling date, and silking date. Analysis of variance was performed to determine the significant variation among the genotype. The degree of association among trait was estimated by both phenotypic and genotypic correlations analysis. Analysis of variance showed significant variation for all observed traits. High phenotypic and genotypic correlations were revealed between the growth traits (plant height, stem diameter, leaf area, and leaf number) and between the devel- opmental traits (tasseling date, and silking date). However, the growth traits showed low correlation to the developmental traits.
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Pendapatan Usahatani Ubi Jalar Tumpangsari dengan Jagung Manis di Desa Gunung Malang, Kabupaten Bogor Farm Income of the Intercropping System between Sweet Potato and Sweet Corn in Gunung Malang Village, Bogor Regency

Pendapatan Usahatani Ubi Jalar Tumpangsari dengan Jagung Manis di Desa Gunung Malang, Kabupaten Bogor Farm Income of the Intercropping System between Sweet Potato and Sweet Corn in Gunung Malang Village, Bogor Regency

Sweet potato is one of the staple food consumed by most people other than rice. Demand for sweet potatoes are increasing from time to time, especially for the industry that needs a supply of sweet potatoes in large quantities. Increasing demand needs to be supplemented with the continuity of high quality supply of sweet potatoes. Gunung Malang village is one of the largest producers of sweet potatoes in Tenjolaya district, Bogor regency. The objectives of this research are to analyze the farming techniques and the use of production inputs in Gunung Malang, to analyze the income and the ratio between revenue and cost of intercropping system between sweet potato and sweet corn, and to analyze the return to production factors in Gunung Malang. The average income value based on cash costs per hectare per cropping season for intercropping system of sweet potato and sweet corn farming is Rp 17,176,794.84 while the average income value based on total costs per hectare per cropping season is Rp 10,094,997.75. The intercropping system of sweet potato and sweet corn farm is feasible to be developed based on the value of R/C over cash cost and total cost. The value of R/C based on cash cost is 2.24, while the value of R/C based on the total cost is 1.48.
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Effect of Corn Extract and Solution of PEG to Increase Viability and Vigour of Sweet Corn Seed Deterioration at Different Incubation Periods | Julendri | Proceedings of The Annual International Conference, Syiah Kuala University - Life Sciences & Engineer

Effect of Corn Extract and Solution of PEG to Increase Viability and Vigour of Sweet Corn Seed Deterioration at Different Incubation Periods | Julendri | Proceedings of The Annual International Conference, Syiah Kuala University - Life Sciences & Engineer

Concent rat ion of ext ract young corn and PEG very significant effect on variable potent ial growt h, germ inat ion, sim ultaneit y grow, growt h rat e, vigor index and norm al seedling dry weight. Mean of potent ial growth, germ inat ion, growing sim ult aneit y, speed of growt h, vigor index and seedling dry weight norm al sweet corn seed t reatm ent as a result of t he concent rat ion of ext ract of corn are presented in Table 1.

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Weeds Growth in Various Population of Sweet Corn+Peanut Intercropping

Weeds Growth in Various Population of Sweet Corn+Peanut Intercropping

Setiawan (2005) said that the presence of pea- nuts intercropped with sweet corn can reduce the light intensity on land surface, but it did not affect the moisture content. Low intensity transmitted on the land surface could suppress the wide growth. Widyaningrum (2004) reported that growth and yield of sweet corn were not decreased when in- tercropped with peanut. The plant spacing must be arranged to sufficient needs of main crops and intercrops, so that the growth is not inhibited. The result of research by Septiana (2012) showed that intercropping between sweet corn and soybean re- sulted in the highest yield of corns is of 2.34 ton/ ha and soybeans of 1.06 ton/ha with 75 cm x 25 cm plant spacing.
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Organic Farming Method of Sweet Corn in Tlogomas, Malang

Organic Farming Method of Sweet Corn in Tlogomas, Malang

The aims of this research are to compare growth and yield of sweet corn that is planted at kinds of organic fertilizers wich applied in different times; to obtain the best result at kind of organic fertilizer wich applied in different time, and to know residual to the soil after harvesting from organic and anorganic fertilizer. The research have done at Tlogomas village, Malang, on September until December 2002. The experimental method of Completely Randomized Block Design (CRBD) comprising of seven treatments and four replication each, those are: Glyricidia sepium 7 tons ha -1 applied in a week (GO 1 ) and two weeks (GO 2 ) before planting, Tithonia diversifolia 6 tons ha
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RESPONSE PLANT SPACING ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF SWEET CORN ON INCEPTISOLS

RESPONSE PLANT SPACING ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF SWEET CORN ON INCEPTISOLS

Sweet corn is one of the most popular vegetable commodities in America, Europe and many other countries, including Indonesia. Inproviding the growing need for sweet corn, various treatments are required, in additi on to the knowledge of cultivation techniques, in order to obtain better quality and quantity of sweet corn production.Two of the treatments are plant spacing to the spacing of various sizes. The purposes of this study were (1) to assess the response of a single factor of plant spacing on the growth and yield of sweet corn, (2) to determine the best treatment of certain plant spacing to obtain the optimum growth and yield of sweet corn, and; (3) to find out the correlation between growth variable, and yield of sweet corn.The study was conducted on inceptisols, in Kumai sub-district, West Kotawarigin regency, Central Kalimantan province.The environmental design used in the study was Randomized Block Design with non factorial treatment structure of one treatment factor was plant spacing consisting of three levels, namely 50cm x 20cm ; 50cm x 40cm ;50cm x 60cm. Each treatment was replicated five times resulting in 15 experimental units. The results of the study showed that 1) Thetreatment of single factor of plant spacing had significant effects on growth components, namely wet weight and dry weight of crops aged 49 days after planting and had significant and very significant on yield of sweet corn; 2) The treatment of plant spacing j 2 (50cm x 40cm) was able to increase the growth
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AGRONOMIC PERFORMANCE OF SWEET CORN (Zea mays saccharata, Sturt) IN RUMBAIDISTRICT PEKANBARU

AGRONOMIC PERFORMANCE OF SWEET CORN (Zea mays saccharata, Sturt) IN RUMBAIDISTRICT PEKANBARU

This condition is very detrimental to processed food traders made from raw sweet corn, because the purchase price becomes higher, which resulted in smaller profits. Lidar and Surtinah (2012), reported that the low production of corn in Pekanbaru is caused by soil conditions dominated by PMK soil type, which contains little organic material and contains nutrients, so to empower the FMD soil needs additional organic material.

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FORMULASI VELVA JAGUNG MANIS DENGAN PENAMBAHAN CMC FORMULATION OF SWEET CORN VELVA ADDING CMC

FORMULASI VELVA JAGUNG MANIS DENGAN PENAMBAHAN CMC FORMULATION OF SWEET CORN VELVA ADDING CMC

Velva is a frozen product made from fruit. In experimen, maize is used in making velva to increase the value of corn as the local food. This study aims to influence the differences in the ratio of sweet corn and water as well as the effect of cmc concentration on sweet corn velva, knowing which formulation yields the most favorable sweet corn velva, and to know the most preferred fiber content and nutrient content of velvet. The research method used Rancngan Random (RAL) with two factors: corn and water ratio (1: 2 and 2: 1) and concentration of cmc (0,25%, 0,5%, 0,75%). Each treatment performed 2 replications. The results of the organoleptic test showed that the ratio of corn and water 1: 2 with the addition of 0.75% cmc had higher preferences. The physical properties of sweet corn velva were selected for 9.45% overrun, 1.17 cP viscosity and 12.20 min. Kinia content in sweet corn velva for 5.47% moisture content, 29.70% ash, 3.00% fat, 0.20% protein, 61.63% carbohydrate, 7.62% dietary fiber and 274,32 energy value %.
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