Abstract. Setyawan AD. 2009. Effect of global warming on plant evolution and diversity; lessons from thepastand its potential recurrence in thefuture. Nusantara Bioscience 1: 43-52. Lessons from thepast shows that global warming and glaciation is a natural cycle of repeated, the trigger factor is not always the same, but global warming is always accompanied by elevated levels of CO2 and greenhouse gases in the atmosphere which cause the other rising global temperatures. Present and destruction of various plants and other living makhluh continue to happen from time to time. Every era has its own life form, as a mirror of global environmental conditions at the time. Biodiversity is not always the same between one period of global warming are with the next global warming, or one period of glaciation that one with the next glaciation, although new breeds always show traces the evolution of his ancestors. Man is one of the agents of global warming that began with the development of agricultural systems since 8000 years ago. The impact of climate change due to global warming should continue to be wary of. Based on past experience, global warming is always followed by mass extinctions, but various forms of life will still survive even though its shape is almost certainly not the same as before. Living organisms can survive it will evolve into new taxa that are different from its parental taxa. Humans who were present at that time probably were not a men who are present at this time, given Homo sapiens may have been extinct for not being able to adapt or otherwise has evolved into a new man who may no longer shows characteristics of human wisdom.
Makalah ini disampaikan pada workshop ”Analisis Resiko untuk bisnis” yang dilaksanakan oleh Divisi Pengkajian Bisnis, Program Magister Manajemen Universitas Padjadjaran pada tanggal 28-29 September 2004. Peserta yang mengikuti workshop ini terdiri dari dosen universitas negeri dan swasta, tenaga akademisi lainnya, dan praktisi bisnis. Makalah yang berjudul ”Using thePast to Predict TheFuture” ini disampaikan pada Sessi IV Workshop tanggal 28 September 2004.
Although their relationships to reentry are more speculative, a reentry focus might also change the way a number of other sentencing factors are assessed. For instance, an offender’s efforts to assist law enforcement in apprehending or prosecuting his former colleagues in crime may repre- sent a severing of relationships with “bad influences” that bodes well for successful reentry. Although the relevance and weight of “substantial assistance” has traditionally been gauged at sentencing by reference to its value to law enforcement, it might alternatively be assessed from this reentry per- spective; judges might thereby find grounds for encouraging and recognizing “assistance” that ultimately provides little direct benefit to the authorities. Likewise, the significance of a guilty plea might be assessed based less on the amount of judge and prosecutor time that is saved and more on the extent to which the plea reflects a genuine recognition of wrongdoing and commitment to do bet- ter in thefuture. Finally, reconciliation with victims and victim statements of support at sentencing might also be evaluated from a reentry perspective to the extent that they indicate a healing of dys- functional relationships that have in thepast contributed to wrongdoing.
Having said that, these body worn devices are still receiving huge attentions and commercial demands simply because of their outstanding features, but they really need to be highly portable and easily embeddable into our bodies for monitoring. In addition to that, the catch with these body worn devices is the sky high prices to own an outstanding system like this, i.e. a few hundreds or even to a thousand dollars. If there are a few more places on the human body for close measuring and monitoring of dedicated activities like sleeping, sporting, etc., it will cost a huge sum to implement the body monitoring system. There is no doubt about the potential of such body worn monitoring system andthe market is huge demanding for such distributed sensing of human well beings through their vital signs. However, the present state of arts and commercial products are limited and there are more to what they have that could be included. As compared to the conventional large and bulky body monitoring system mentioned earlier, the availability of microelectronics devices and micro electromechanical systems (MEMS) like pulse oximeters, accelerometers, energy harvesting devices, etc. Wixted et al. (2007), Cook et al. (2004) integrated with wireless technology provides an alternative, non-invasive, distributed and self-powered method of automatic monitoring activity. In addition, many of such miniaturized electronic devices are integrated together into each individual person and also into their activities to enable better human-computer interaction to achieve all-rounded monitoring of human health lifestyle and more accurate performance assessment of the athletes as illustrated in Figure.3.
(+) S + Would/Should + Have + Been + O + ANA (-) S + Would/Should + Not + Have + Been + O + ANA (?) Would/Should + S + Have + Been + O + ANA Contoh Kalimat Verbal PastFuture Perfect Tense: (+) She would have come here if she had called him. (-) She wouldn’t have come here if she had not called him. (?) would she have come here if she had called him ? Contoh Kalimat Nominal PastFuture Tense:
⊲ The Assembly is composed of 191 member states, and normally meets once every three years. At this time, it reviews the work undertaken in ICAO and sets future policy as well as the budget for the subsequent three years. It is during the Assembly’s triennial meeting that the MBM, in its near-inal form, would be put to a vote. The Assembly tries to make decisions by consensus, but failing this, can pass resolutions via a simple majority.
(+) Isna had been sleeping for 5 hours before Her father woke up. (-) Isna had not been sleeping for 5 hours before Her fathe woke up. (?) Had she been sleeping for 5 hours before her father woke up? Contoh Kalimat Nominal Past Perfect Continuous Tense:
UNIQUE VANTAGE POINT: Planted a mile beneath the Antarctic ice sheet and encompassing a cubic kilometer, IceCube is no ordinary telescope. Instead of light, IceCube’s strings of basketball-sized sensors detect collisions of neutrinos with atoms within the ice. Most of these neutrinos are the product of interactions between cosmic rays andthe atmosphere. But for every million of these atmospheric neutrinos, a neutrino from deep in the cosmos will reach IceCube after passing through the Earth, including neutrinos that originated in black holes, gamma ray bursts, and supernova remnants. Sensors are already collecting data, and construction on the telescope will be completed in 2011. Scientists hope that this new kind of astronomy will lead to new discoveries about the universe.
To be healed of the deep hurts of your pastand walk in the TOTAL WHOLENESS God has provided for you, you must go beyond the surface out onto the battlefield of your soul and take control of your FEELINGS and EMOTIONS. Until you learn how to bring them into submission and under control of the Holy Spirit, you will continually face one defeat after another. You will be up one day and down the next. Your strength will fluctuate with your emotions and your actions will be based upon how you FEEL instead of what God has promised in His Word!
Since this study sought to find out how teacher identity is constructed in a context, which is Indonesia EIL context, case study is appropriate to employ. It does fit since Hancock (2008) says that case study involves the study of an issue explored through one or more cases within a bounded system (i.e., a setting, a context). This is also strengthened by Cresswell (1998) by contending that case study research is a qualitative approach in which the researcher explores a case or various cases over time through detailed and in-depth data collection involving various sources of information. According to him, the source of information of case study may come from observations, interviews, audiovisual material, and documents and reports.
can be spatially represented by the data field model. However, to be able to determine values related to runoff, it is necessary to determine the area covered by each type of LULC. Therefore, it is necessary that the units be discretized. For this reason, we chose to represent this entity by object data model. LULC has spatial and temporal domains, as its boundaries and geometric properties may change with time, as a result of the dynamics of occupation of the watershed. The entity class_lulc belongs to the LULC entity. This entity has the following attributes: type_LULC, which defines the type of LULC and imp, which stores the percentage of imperviousness of each LULC class. This entity is specialized into urbanized (urb) and not_urbanized (not_urb).
2 In teaching English, the array of instructional materials available to elementary and junior high school is amazing. Dahar and Faize (2011:7) as quoted by Nicholls (2000) define instructional materials as printed and non-printed items designed to impart information to the students in the educational process. They include items, such as kits, textbook, magazine and pictures. Hunchinson and Torres (1994), classify textbook into two types. The first type is streamlines. This textbook consists almost entirely of text questions and substitution drill. These kinds of textbook only gives exercises and example, students will always look for the reason why and how things could happen. The second type is grapevine. This textbook consistst of an integrated video, information-gap activities, role- plays, reading texts, songs, the development of reading, writing, listening skills, grammar summaries, games ,etc. This kind of book is very complete and it gives more detailed instructions.
It is clear, if we look and listen, that language is used for more than one purpose, The man who hits his thumb-nail with a hammer and utters a string of curses is using language for an expressive purpose: he is relieving his feelings, and needs no audience but himself. People can often be heard playing with language: children especially like using language as if it were toy, repeating, distorting, inventing, punning, jingling; and there is a play element in the use of language in some literature, but when the philosopher uses language to clarify his ideas on a subject, he is using it as an instrument of thought, when two women gossip over the fence, or two men exchange conventional greetings as they pass in the street, language is being used to strengthen the bonds of cohesion between the members of a society. Language, it seems, is a multi-purpose instrument.
Lain halnya, pada tahun 1960 Joseph Klepper dalam buku The Effect of Mass Communicatin, menyimpulkan: “Dalam kampanye politik melalui media massa, orang yang pandangan aslinya diperteguh ternyata jumlahnya 10 kali daripada orang yang pandangannya berubah. Kalaupun terjadi perubahan pandangan, itu merupakan peneguhan tidak langsung dalam arti bahwa orang yang bersangkutan merasa tidak puas dengan pandangan awalnya sebelum pandangannya berubah. Sebelum mereka terpredisposisikan untuk berubah, dan komunikasi massa kemudian memperteguh predisposisi tersebut dan menunjukkan jalan tertentu untuk berubah”. Pada saat yang sama, Leon Festinger dari kubu psikologi kognitif datang dengan “Theori Of Cognitive Dissonance”, teori ini menyatakan bahwa individu berusaha menghindari perasaan tidak senang dan ketidakpastian dengan memilih informasi yang cenderung memperkokoh keyakinannya, sembari menolak informasi yang bertentangan dengan kepercayaan yang diyakininya. 19 Dan Elihu Katz (1959) menyatakan bahwa, 18 Noviani, loc. cit., hal. 1.
The writer of this writing will talk about the understanding of the tenses that the English language has. The tense means the form of a verb that shows the time of each action or state of being or set of such forms indicating a particular time. If we go back to the history of the structure the tense comes from the Latin 'tempos' which. means time. It does not matter whatever the tense means, if someone wants to talks about tense, he or she may not escape from grammar because tense is a part of structure. Grammar may be roughly defined as the way a language manipulates and combines words in order to longer units of meaning. For example, in English the present form of the verb be in the third person has two distinct forms, one is being used with a singular subject, andthe other are with a plural; and if the plural are is combined with a singular subject, the result usually unacceptable or ungrammatical. Thus, a sentence like 'This is a book' is grammatical, whereas 'This a book' is not. There is a set of rules which governs how units of meaning may be constructed in any language. Or he may say that a learner who knows grammar is one who has mastered and can apply these rules to express himself or herself in what would be considered acceptable language forms.
Old English is said (technically) to begin in 449 CE with the invasion of Kent by Henges tand Horsa. Although we place its starts at 500 CE, since it must have taken one or two generations- at least- for it to develop its distinctive character; we do not have the first manuscript attestations of English until about 700 CE. We know that the Anglo- Saxons spoke West Germanic. A sister dialect to old High German, Old Frisian, Old Low German, Low Saxon and Old Low Franconian. Several very important features characterize Old English:
Analysis done in early stage show that most of the current Local Exhaust Ventilation is not complying with the standard and design proposed. Based on 87 data collected in southern region of Malaysia most of the LEV reported are not comply with the requirement with fan and motor measurement data are ignoring and only 10% out of measured data are provided. Thefuture contaminants such as from Nanotechnology are seriously to look on consideration to prevent effect on workers health. The issues are the performances of the ventilation to ensure of workers are preventing from exposure contaminant at their workplace. To improve the performance of industrial ventilation, the CFD are recommendation in design stage to ensure the systems are effective and work as per design. CFD recommendation also will cost effectives plan before fabricate and install the LEV.
The Pertamina success came long before instruments are available for Indonesian authorities and to facilitate international cooperation. It precedes the signing of bilateral and multilateral treaties on mutual legal assistance, the declaration of United Nations Conventions against Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC) and against Corruption (UNCAC), andthe promulgation of domestic laws such as laws on Mutual Legal Assistance and Extradition, Laws on Money Laundering and others. Capacity and experience in drafting requests is also enhanced over the years – if Indonesia is better equipped – why history of success in recovering asset has not repeat itself?
treatment of edema-like injury in navicular bone have since been developed. Alongside MRI can be used as monitoring tool to assess the healing process and assist in the decision to tailor the training program, which could result in a reduction of injury recurrence.