Currently HIV/AIDS has spread almost all parts ofthe world. Incidence of HIV/AIDS in Indonesia is one ofthe fastest in Asia . Improving quality of life of people living with HIV (ODHA) is one ofthe objectives ofthe National Strategy Action Plan (SRAN) AIDS 20102014. This study aims to look at the relationship levelof confidence and thelevelofknowledge about HIV with quality life of ODHA in the Lantern Minangkabau Support Padang in 2013. This study is a survey analytic crosssectional design. The samples in this study were all ODHA in Lantern Minangkabau Support Padang in 2012. Analysis data using Chi Square test .The results showed that 87.1 % of ODHA have a good quality of life, 92.9 % had a positive confidence and 92.9 % had good knowledge about HIV. Statistical test results showed no sig nificant relationship between thelevelof confidence in the quality of life of ODHA with p = 0.508. The results of statistical tests knowledgelevel relationships with quality life of people living with HIV are also not significant with p = 1.000. Conclusions this study is the quality life of people living with HIV are not only influenced by thelevelof confidence and knowledge levels. Support from peers, communities and governments need to be improved so that the better the quality of life of people living with HIV .
Abstract. The risk of can cause abortion, it can result in death or mental disorder for babies. A study has been conducted with cross sectional design. The analysis unit was used in women in infertile period with age of 20-34 years old. It was done in two villages in South Jakarta in 2000. Data collected by performing interviews using conducted by health workers. Objective of this research was to the characteristics of women in infertile period for the purpose of
Media are one ofthe determinants of successful delivery of nutrition education. A good media for children provides transfer ofknowledge and values. The comic media as innovations can be used to provide information about healthy breakfast. This study was a quasi-experimental type with pre-posttest control group design. The sampling was simple random method as many as 64 students, group A was given Islamic comic media (n=32) and group B as control ofthe group (n=32). Nutrition knowledgelevel were obtained from filling out questionnaires. The influence of nutritional education media on increasing knowledge in both groups analyzed by Wilcoxon test, and continued with the Mann Whitney test. The results ofthe analysis showed that there was a significant increase in thelevelofknowledge in islamic comic group (p = 0,000). There is an influence of giving Islamic comic about healthy breakfast to elementary school-age students' knowledge.
Questionnaire results showed that thelevelofknowledgeof recreational futsal players to meet the needs of body fluid in sports was still inadequate. This is proven from the absence of subjects who were able to answer correctly about the recommendation for rehydration. It is crucial to provide good educational effort to improve their knowledge in this matter thus it is expected to encourage a positive attitude and to change their perception toward rehydration according to recommendations.
WHO reported that approximately 43% of children in developing countries having growth disturbance. In Indonesia, it was estimated about 74% children suffered from growth disturbance from the year 2003 to 2008. In order to reduce this problem, The Republic of Indonesia Health Ministry had decided to involve the community. Kader Kesehatan are the volunteers who have the responsibility to monitor and detect children growth disturbance in their community. The study here is therefore, to know thelevelofknowledge among kader kesehatan; either they have the appropriate knowledge about child growth.
This research is a replication of Nugroho and Kristanti (2013) research on the investigation of accounting students’ perceptions of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) conducted at Krida Satya Wacana University; Chiang (2013) about IFRS in the Accounting Curriculum-Implications from Different Perspectives; Helen and Wong (2013) on An Empirical Study- Adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) in Hong Kong Education. The gap between the previous research and this research is the characteristics ofthe respondent into the variable measuring components such as gender and field of interest, summarizes the results of previous research into the variable components consisting ofthelevelofknowledgeof accounting students, thelevelof students' desire for learning IFRS and levelof student interpretation. Another gap is the demographic difference, where the authors conduct research only on private universities in Indonesia. The reason for the election of 28 (twenty eight) private universities in Indonesia is that the whole private university contributes high enough to produce graduates of accountants. However, most of these private universities are not ready to implement or integrate IFRS into the curriculum to improve the quality of their education. The author has proven it by observing directly or observing directly to several universities whose results reflect the subtle refusal by the college on the grounds that the internal curriculum should not be published. Another reason is that private universities are managed by the community so there is a need for special closeness with regulators and facilitators to upgrade the curriculum development information. Unlike the case with state universities according to Government Regulation No. 4 of 2014 is a college established and / or organized by the government so that the systematic curriculum in accordance with the policies ofthe regulator and facilitator.
Smoke behaviors in Indonesia was one among the highest in the world, 46.8% of men and 3.1% of women aged 10 years and over were classified as smokers. Smoking habit in adolescents is strongly associated with the interaction, generally want to be accepted by all age groups and do not want to feel less suitable. The purpose of this study was to the correlation between adolescent knowledge about smoking and smoking behavior in students of SMP Muhammadiyah 1 Kartasura. This research was descriptive correlative study. The samples of this research were 67 male students of class VIII and IX grade at SMP Muhammadiyah 1 Kartasura. The results of research are: (1) thelevelof students' knowledge about the cigarette in SMP Muhammadiyah 1 Kartasura is moderate, (2) the smoking behavior of students in SMP Muhammadiyah 1 Kartasura mostly smoke, and (3) no the relationship between thelevelofknowledgeof adolescents about smoking and smoking behavior in students of SMP Muhammadiyah 1 Kartasura, where the higher theknowledge that the lower adolescent smoking behavior.
The purpose of this study aims to investigate the influence of education on thelevelofknowledge about cervical cancer in female students of SMA 2 Wates. Methods The study design using the quasy exsperiment design (One Group Pretest-Posttest). Independent variable in this study is the extension of cervical cancer, while the dependent variable is thelevelof student knowledge about cervical cancer. Population is 59 female students with sample of 33 respondents. Data were analyzed using paired statistical test sample T-test.
Society’s behaviour is affected by numbers of complex and inter-correlated factors . These behaviours are manifested through experiences which result in certain output of individual’s response towards other individuals, objects, and circumstances (James, et al., 1996). The behaviours of certain individuals determine their actions in the society. People’s current behaviours also predicate their future actions and strengthen their belief through social pressures. The pressures include family economic condition, susceptibility to disaster, age, the lack ofknowledge, compulsion, and beliefs (Stephen and Timothy, 2008). The lack ofknowledge can be overcome by communication process. This process serves to provide knowledge and to change behaviour and actions (Mulyana, 2008). Krech, et al. (1972) stated that cognition consisting of individual’s knowledge towards certain objects determine individual’s behaviour. Dendosurono (1989) claimed that individuals’ behaviour is the manifestation
The Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organisation (SEAMEO) has uniquely represented the collective aspirations ofthe Southeast Asian region in education and capacity building. The focus on education has accelerated the momentum to provide quality education for the next generation of leaders and human resource needs ofthe region. The emphasis on mathematics and science education underpins this agenda. Considering this, the SEAMEO Regional Centre for Education in Science and Mathematics (RECSAM) has outlined the Southeast Asia Regional Standards for Mathematics Teachers (SEARS-MT).
In addition to showing what was included, the Taxonomy Table also suggests what might have been but wasn’t. Thus, in Figure 2, the two blank bottom rows raise questions about whether there might have been procedural or metacognitive knowledge objectives that could have been includ- ed. For example, are there procedures to follow in editing that the teacher could explicitly teach the students? Alternatively, is knowledgeofthe kinds of errors common in one’s own writing and preferred ways of correcting them an important metacognitive outcome of self-editing that could have been em- phasized? The panorama of possibilities presented by the Taxonomy Table causes one to look at blank areas and reflect on missed teaching opportunities. The Taxonomy Table can also be used to clas- sify the instructional and learning activities used to achieve the objectives, as well as the assess- ments employed to determine how well the objec- tives were mastered by the students. The use ofthe Taxonomy Table for these purposes is described and illustrated in the six vignettes contained in the revised Taxonomy volume (Anderson, Krathwohl, et al., 2001, chaps. 8-13). In the last two articles of this issue, Airasian discusses assessment in great- er detail, and Anderson describes and illustrates alignment.
It is assumed that health education has been done and health information has been given through health service institutions and mass media, but it seems that the patients as well as common people have insufficient knowledge about epilepsy. Interviews had been carried out upon 127 epilepsy patients in out patient clinic Dr. Kariadi Hospital Semarang, 95 patients’ family, and 95 commo n people to explore their knowledge on the main disturbed organ, etiology, symptoms and signs, and trigger factors of repeating seizure in epilepsy. The respondents’ answers were recorded verbatim, and analyzed by matching to the right answers according to references. Bad and insufficient knowledge on the main organ disturbed in epilepsy, etiology, symptoms and signs, and trigger factors for repeated seizure was founded among the epilepsy patients, their family, and common people. There were no significant differences ofthe l evel ofknowledge among the three groups of respondents. The patients’ knowledge was the worst, compared to the others. Thelevelof education ofthe respondents did not influence their levelofknowledge. In conclusion, this study reflects an insufficient communication between doctors and the patients in the health service institution, and an insufficient public health education about epilepsy received by the patients’ family and common people. (Med J Indones 2003; 12: 29-39)
Result: The result of Spearman analysis showed p value 0.000 and correlation coefficient 0,574. There is a relation between knowledgelevelof therapeutic communication of dental profession students of School Dentistry UMY and the communication skills with patients in RSGM UMY.
According to the 2012 Demographic and Health Survey of Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) the number were 359/100.000 of live births. In DIY, MMR 2013 recorded 204/100.000 live births. In Sleman MMR were 19 cases. Maternal mortality is influenced by many factors one of which is anxiety that can affect the condition of fetus or mother. Results of baseline study of 13 respondents, 6 respondents in good knowledge, 7 respondents in enough knowled. However, all respondents are experiencing anxiety. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between knowledgelevelof risk factors delivery and anxiety levelof facing delivery in pregnant women trimester III at Puskesmas Sleman, Yogyakarta. This study was used analytical with cross sectional design. Subjects of study was 120 third trimester pregnant women who checkups at Puskesmas Sleman Yogyakarta on March 4 to June 4, 2015. Samples were obtained by accidental sampling which consisted of 42 respondents. Data analysis used Pearson Product Moment. Results showed that most of respondents aged 20-35 years were 35 people (83.3%), as a House Wife were 18 respondents (42.9%), thelevelofknowledge in fair categories were 32 respondents (76.2%), thelevelof anxiety in worried categories were 27 respondents (64.3%), bivariate analysis r=0.091 and p-value=0.566. In conclusion, there was no significant relationship between knowledgelevelof risk factors delivery and anxiety levelof facing delivery in the third trimester pregnant women in the health center in Yogyakarta Sleman.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional study with purposive random sampling which was conducted from April to May 2017. This study included one hundred twenty-five elderly subjects with hypertension who met the inclusion criteria (17 males and 108 females), aged ≥60 years, who lived in the work area of Juwiring Public Health Center in Klaten district, Central Java, Indonesia. The data were analyzed statistically by using normality, correlation, and multiple linear regression tests.
The interview results found that PSN program was the most effective program in preventing DHF in Klaten. This happened because by usning PSN, the mosquito larvae would die so that mosquito larva would not be able to turn into a mosquito carrying dengue virus. Unlike DBD preven- tion by fogging less effective in tackling DHF because fogging kills only adult mos- quitoes without being able to kill mosquito larva to obtain maximum result. Mature mosquitoes would die but when the adult mosquitoes laid eggs and eggs became larvae then this larva did not necessarily die with fogging. Besides this fogging action was less effective because mosquitoes were resistant to fogging mosquitoes which were good at evaporating fogging smoke and mutations occurring mosquito genes be- coming more resistant to fogging. Fogging action also had side effects on humans damaging the endocrine system, nerves and reproduction.
The use of Powerpoint for reading could improve the student’s confidence and vocabulary which the writer found in her classroom. There are some students who able to read aloud and feel confident in front ofthe classroom. So the teachers can ask he or she to do a presentation about our green school while we have guests come to our school. And also the English teachers can use Powerpoint to show new words with pictures, so the students can maintain the words longer. The teachers can create whole Ppt presentations on 1000s of subjects. This is a good way to learn, the writer can see great possibilities using Powerpoint.
Education is one ofthe most important areas of human activity. By levelof education the population of Russia has a leading position in the world. The educational attainment ofthe employed population is rather high. According to the 2010 census over 78.7 % ofthe employed population had professional education, including higher and postgraduate education (31.7%) and secondary vocational education (36.6%). At the same time the proportion ofthe employed having secondary (complete) general education was almost 16% and that for basic general education – about 5% . This data is twice the average for the specific weight ofthe population with a higher education (including after-school) and secondary vocational education, according to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). In these countries, this indicator is equal 30% on average .
farmer’s awareness and discovery, as an effort to solve The research of Godtland et al.  among thethe problems faced by farmers. participants of Potato FFS in Peruvian Andes, Peru Framework Theory and Reasoning: Many researchs diverse based on characteristics, such as age, education indicate that the FFS has been successfully disseminated level, farming experience, arable land area, family number, knowledge, innovation and its application in society who own of livestock amount, family asset ownership and have a diversity of socio-economic status. These ownership of agricultural assets. The research examines studies were carried out, both in Indonesia and in various theknowledgeofthe FFS participants, Farmers Group parts ofthe world. Mancini and Jiggins  conducted a members of Andino which is a mix of FFS participants and study for two years, from 2002 to 2004, in twenty villages non-participants and the head ofthe household. The test in Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Karnataka, India. material includes knowledgeof late blight andean weevil, This experimental research analyzed the effect of Farmer potato tuber moth, knowledgeof pesticide and the Field School of Integrated Pest Management (FFS-IPM) knowledgeof resistant varieties. The result of test shows of Cotton plants to the adoption ofthe innovation that theknowledgelevelof FFS participant are more practices. The result is quite amazing that the higher than those with non-partcipants, farmer groups of participants of FFS-IPM farmers have reduced pesticide Andino and the head ofthe household, as presented in use as much as 78% over two years. The same trend is Table 1.
A contrary viewpoint, however, was provided by Balogun and Jenkins (2003) when discussing ability to absorb new knowledge, claiming that ‘absorptive capacity will be higher when there is already prior knowledgeof a particular specialist area, making it easier to absorb new knowledge about this specialism’ (Balogun & Jenkins 2003, p. 249). This, however, appears to be a contradiction ofthe previously identified claim that proactive inhibition caused by the existence of prior knowledge results in inability to take on new information or knowledge (Lyndon 1989). It could be argued that as long as the new information or knowledge does not create dissonance then absorptive capacity will be higher, and resistance may be lessened. Nonetheless, regardless of whether it is of assistance to unlearning or a hindrance, it would appear that previously acquired knowledge is recognised as having some influence on unlearning. Tacit knowledge in particular raises issues in relation to unlearning due to the fact that it is less easily identified or articulated, meaning it may be less easily challenged as a part ofthe unlearning process.