After testing the data analysis using the Spearman Rank's correlation test through computer assistance, it was obtained a value of 0.815 with a significance level of 0,000 where p value <0.05, so Ha was accepted where there was a significant relationship between body mass index and menstrualcycle in class XI at SMAN 8 Denpasar.
Abstract: Factors affecting themenstrualcycle in women are: age, psychological, physical (heredity, nutritional status, and environment) and drugs. So far, the study on themenstrualcycle is only seen from the factors of nutritional status through the upper arm circumference and BMI (Body Mass Index). This situation encouraged researchers to conduct a study on themenstrualcycle length from nutritional factors as seen from body fat thickness.This study aims to analyze the correlation of body fat thickness and menstrualcycle length on the students. The study used an observational analytic with cross sec- tional approach. The population was all of the students in the first level of DIII Midwifery Department of Nursing and Midwifery Faculty of UNUSA who had regular menstrual cycles and do not take anti- depressant drugs/contraceptive device. The sample was mostly students using simple random sampling. The total of the sample was 72 people. The test analysis was done by a moment product (alpha 0.05). The result of the study showed that p value is 0,039 < 0,05. There was a correlation between the body fat thickness and menstrualcycle length of the first level students of DIII Midwifery Department of Nursing and Midwifery Faculty of UNUSA. The conclusion of this study was the thicker of the student’s body fat the longer their menstrual cycles. For the health workers, they can provide counseling on female adolescents about reproductive health especially menstruation and the risk of fat in the body.
Menstrualcycle disorders such as oligomenorrhea and ovarian follicular maturation process disturbance can be caused by hormonal balance disorder include increasment of luteinizing hormone (LH) that increased and as the feedback estrogen levels always high so FSH levels cannot reach the top then it activates theca cells and producing androgen in the form of androsteneidon androgen and testosterone. Hiperandrogen condotion causes the domination of androgen in the internal environment of follicle so the follicles cannot grow and eventually die. Thus follicular growth stalled so that ovulation does not occur. This situation will affect to the long menstrual cycles that experiences a disruption in the form of oligomenorrhea. As previously discussed in Chapter II that the hormone of estrogen is very influential on the length of themenstrualcycle in women, estrogen causes the proliferation of endometrial cells. Hormonal disorders in women patients with PCO typically causes ovarian follicles of women shaped into many small size so that the development of each follicle disturb and it
Introduction Menstrualcycle is ideally regularly every month with a period of 28-35 days each menstrual period. Themenstrualcycle itself is influenced by many things, one of which is the stress level. This study aims to determine the relations between adolescent stress level and menstrualcycle. Research Method design was analytic correlation with cross sectional approach. The population were all female students who have experienced menstruation in SMK Bakti Indonesia Medika Jombang with a total of 128 female students. The sampling technique used proportional random sampling with a sample of 56 female students. Independent variable was stress level and dependent variable was menstrualcycle. The research instrument used questionnaires with data management editing, coding, scoring, and. The results of the stress level showed (57.1%) the level of mild stress a number of 32 female students, (30.4%) respondents had a normal stress level a number of 17 female students, and moderate stress levels were 7 female students (12.5%). Menstrualcycle showed results (51.8%) abnormal menstrual cycles totaling 29 students, and (48.2%) normal menstrual cycles totaling 27 students. Spearman rank statistics test results obtained significant numbers or numbers p = 0.000 <α (0.05), so H1 was accepted. The conclusion of this study says there is a relation between adolescent stress level with menstrualcycle in SMK Bakti Indonesia Medika Jombang.
study conducted in Malaysia in 2006 among teenagers, showed that BMI is not one the factors associated with menstrual disorders such as abnormal period of menstrual flow, heavy menstrual flow, irregular menstrualcycle and dysmenorrheal however BMI is associated with premenstrual syndrome, that are more commonly among overweight or obese subjects. Factors that are associated with menstrual disorders are smoking, followed by suicidal behavior, depression, anxiety which may be attributed to increased stress, then menarche within 2 years, age and ethnicity. It also finds that dieting behavior (eating less to lose weight) and those who are physically inactive affect themenstrualcycle as well. 11
The DNA translocase activity of FtsK makes it a good candidate for positioning of the dif sites before recombi- nation. In this view, septum-associated FtsK would load onto chromosomes and mobilize DNA according to its intrinsic polarization. This process would stop when encountering XerCD-bound dif sites, thereby ensuring a proper sorting of chromosomal DNA in the sister cells and synapse of the dif sites (Fig. 3). Several lines of indirect evidence support this hypothesis as they show that acti- vation of recombination is not the only role of FtsK in dimer resolution. (i) Although the Cre/loxP system recombines independently of FtsK and may functionally replace XerCD/dif, resolution of dimers by Cre/loxP depends on FtsK (Capiaux et al., 2002). (ii) Expression of the C-termi- nal domain of FtsK (lacking the N-terminal domain) in a strain lacking the C-terminal domain allows high fre- quency of recombination between dif sites (for instance,
Result of low student math learning outcomes . Many students whose value is below the criterion of learning while minimum completeness criteria Bengkulu City Junior High School 18 is ≥ 75 . Classical completeness learning studen ts 80 % , while only 70 % of students achieving grades ≥ 75 . Therefore, researcher would like to propose research entitled " Efforts to improve student learning outcomes and activities with the approach Realistic Mathematics in Class VII 18 Bengkulu City Junior High School " . The principle of reality that students are able to apply mathematics in daily activity.
Abstract: Video as Teaching Media to Improve Students’ Motivation in Learning English for the Eleventh Grade of IPS 2 MA Negeri Rengel Tuban. The individual learning success is influenced by many factors. Motivation as a part of the factors gives strong influence to the students in their activities in learning English. This study was designed to improve the students' motivation by using video. In this study we use short film as an instructional media by implementing three steps in teaching process, i.e: pre- activity, whilst activity and post activity. The study was Classroom Action Research (CAR). The subjects were the eleventh grade of IPS 2 MA Negeri Rengel Tuban in the 2016-2017 academic years consisting of 32 students. The instruments used in this study consist of test, field notes, observation sheets, and questionnaire. The findings showed that the use of video can improve the students' motivation. It can be seen from questionnaire; the findings indicated that the students increased their intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation. It can be seen from the increasing of the students' motivation in preliminary study and the result in cycle 1 and cycle 2. The students' intrinsic motivation in preliminary was 53.4 %, in cycle 1 was 68.8 % and in cycle 2 was 85.4%. The students' extrinsic motivation in preliminary was 51.5%, in cycle 1 was 78.6% and in cycle 2 was 89.6%.
4. Speroff L. dan Fritz M.A. The uterus, Neuroendocrinology, Regulation of menstrualcycle, dan Amenorrhea. Dalam: Clinical Gynecology Endocrinology and Infertility, edisi ke 7. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005. hal.117-124, 149, 151, 156, 187-221, 403-404, 439.
The following suggestions, related to the using of Peer Corrective Feedback in developing writing skill.(a) Since the PCF based on the concept of social and cognitive interaction, the students got many advantages. It improves students’ self confident, critical thingking skill from being able to read texts by peers and it reduces the students’ anxiety when sharing the ideas in the group than to the teacher. Therefore this strategy should be applied in the class continously. (b) Training the students to take part in peer correction before conducting the research study seems have the beneficial effect both on students’ behaviors during peer feedback and on their attitudes toward it. (c) Mastering the material is very pivotal to develop the interaction in the group. Since the based foundation of the collaborative learning. Therefore for the further research in the field of PCF it will be better the more advanced students spent greater time in correcting and improving their partners writing than the beginner students.
The research showed that the average students’ activity in asking from cycle I to cycle II increased, from 54.7% in cycle I to 80% into cycle II, there also students’ activity in answering question from cycle I to cycle II had increased, that was from 25.4% from 52% in cycle I into 77.4% at cycle II, while in taking note from cycle I to cycle II increased for 18.7% and in
Publication is followed by distribution. This can be printed or digitized on the web. It can be open web, accessible by anyone anytime, or behind paywalls that limit access to what libraries or research organizations can afford. Large publishers manage databases for professional journals numbering in the thousands. The search for more productive ways of sharing information is currently a major source of tension between researchers, teachers, students, librarians, funders of research and the general public. Next month we will explore current activities to resolve these issues.
In this chapter, the writer would like to conclude what have been discussed in the previous chapters. Before implementing the action it had been found out that eight grade class of SMP N 245 Jakarta got low scores; it was 40 (forty) in reading comprehension, especially in understanding narrative text. The students still got difficulties in identifying the main idea, the schematic structures, and plot of the story of narrative text. Consequently, the students did not understand the text that they have read. Based on those facts, the writer tried to use the teaching techniques that could help the students in understanding narrative text, it was Story Mapping. Story mapping is a visual representation of a story which provide an overview what story talk about through a graphic or semantic map visualization which consist of characters, setting, problem, goal, events and resolution. 1 In this technique the students are given a graphic map which consists of schematic structures of narrative text. This graphic map helped the students in identifying the structure of the story and main idea from the text. Finally, the students understood the story that they read.
b. Lymph Vessels. A tributary system of vessels collects these excess fluids, now called lymph. Like veins, lymphatic vessels are supplied with valves to help maintain a flow of lymph in one direction only. The lymphatic vessels, to a greater or lesser extent, parallel the venous vessels along the way. The major lymph vessel in the human body is called the thoracic duct. The thoracic duct passes from the abdomen up through the thorax and into the root of the neck in front of the vertebral column. The thoracic duct there empties into the junction of the left subclavian and jugular veins.
The quality of education is an indicator for development rate of the country, and therefore the development in education sector is a key for the development of the nation. Indonesia is categorized as a developing country and the quality of National Education is moving an international standard. Changes and improvements continue to be made for the sake of improvement, both systemic as well as the infrastructure. But in reality the quality of education in Indonesia is still low and it can be said concerning. As has been reported by the UNDP (United National Development Program) that the HDI (Human Development Index) in 2007 Indonesia was ranked at 111 out of 177 countries in the world (Malik, 2009).
Shen et al.(2007) have proved that the core structure of chalcones inhibits the activation of nuclear factor kappa (NF-κB), a transcription factor that is very important in the development and progression of cancer. It regulates many genes involved in inlammation, cell survival, cell proliferation, invasion, angiogenesis, and metastasis (Pahl, H.L., 1999). The inhibition of NF-κB activation causes apoptosis induction, cell cycle inhibition, and reduction of Bcl-XL expression as the downstream targets of NF- κB in T24 and HT-1376 bladder cancer cells, as well as MCF-7 and MDA -MB-231 breast cells (Hsu et al., 2006; Guttridge et al.,1999; Hinz et al., 1999).
• Quantitative Easing yang berlangsung selama 6 tahun pasca krisis 2008 yang dimana The Fed mengucurkan dana miliaran dollar AS untuk membeli surat berharga Negara membuahkan hasil. Pertumbuhan ekonomi bergerak memulih setelah QE dihentikan dan Inflasi mulai terkendali pada trend yang positif sejak tahun 2015 hingga saat ini