This study aims to: (1) Develop a learning model of physical education with a game approach to improve the physical fitness of elementary school students, (2) Determine the effectiveness of physical education learning model to approach the game against the physical fitness of elementary school students. Themethod used is themethodof product development research in the form of physical education learning model to approach the game to improve the physical fitness of elementary school students with the following procedures: (1) the product needs analysis, (2) developing initial products (3) to validate the expert (4) conduct field trials (5) revision ofthe product and (6) the final product . Data collection techniques using observation and questionnaires with data analysis techniques, while the percentage of test data collection techniques to the measurement of physical fitness test Blits with data analysis t test. Subjects were 147 public elementary school students Palembang numbered 25 students. Results showed (1) physical education learning model with an effective approach to improve the physical fitness game with the students t-test (30.777 ) > t table . Conclusion , that the development of physical education learning model to approach the game resulted in a product that is effective so as to improve the physical fitness of students. Suggested for physical education teachers to use physical education learning model to approach this game as an alternative learning delivery with the aim of improving physical fitness of elementary school students .
Based on the observations of researchers, each translator has the style of each in translating a work. Style that he used to be very closely related, for example, themethod he used to rely translation purposes which he did. Among the translators there is a faithful translation method, as has been done by the translator ofthe novel Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone. The reason is that he does not want to give contextual meaning in his Source Text. He tried to keep the terms relating to the socio-cultural background ofthe Source Language, for example Mr. and Mrs. maintain and proper names ofthe characters in the novel. He did not make an adaptation or domestication, but retain ideology of foreignization. This was done in order to maintain the authenticity ofthe story elements and cultural values that underlie the story so that readers are invited to identify the themes, characters, setting and atmosphere of an alien culture. The translators of each ofthe other novels differ in choosing themethodof translation. Some of which use a free translation, semantic, idiomatic, and adaptation. This is done depends on the habits and the style that characterizes them. May also depend on the purpose of translation itself.
The complete symmetry group of a system of ordinary differential equations is the group ofthe algebra of Lie symmetries required to specify the system completely. The concept was introduced by Krause [17, 18] in a study ofthe Kepler Problem. The absence of a sufficient number of Lie point symmetries for the purpose caused Krause to introduce nonlocal symmetries by an ingenious strategy which has proved to be useful elsewhere . The necessity for the introduction of an Ansatz for the structure of nonlocal symmetries was successfully challenged by Nucci  who used themethodof reduction of order  to obtain the requisite number of symmetries wholly through point symmetries – naturally with a coupling to a nonlocal transfor- mation in the case of those symmetries which were nonlocal in the original representation. This same method has been found to apply to a wide variety of systems [40, 42] and has revealed an unanticipated algebraic identity of somewhat dissimilar problems. The present theoretical development ofthe properties of complete symmetry groups can be found in [1, 2, 3, 4].
Abstract. In this paper we consider the identification ofthe geometric structure ofthe boundary ofthe solution domain for the three-dimensional Laplace equation. Cauchy data consisting of boundary measurements of cur- rents and voltages on the remainder ofthe boundary are used to determine the material loss caused by corrosion. This problem arrise in the early de- tection of corrosion in aging aircraft components. The domain identification problem is considered as a variational problem to minimize a defect functional, which utilises some additional data on certain known parts ofthe boundary. A sequential quadratic programming (SQP) optimisation algorithm and a real coded genetic algorithm (GA) are combined in order to obtain a fast algorithm that can deal with the multimodal objective function. The unknown boundary is parameterized using B-splines. The Laplace equation is discretised using themethodof fundamental solutions (MFS). Numerical results are presented and discussed for four hybrid algorithms and several test examples.
Problem under study is this research is about lifestyle leadership transformasional principal against the discipline work of teacher at SMK UnggulanTerpadu PGII Bandung. This research was done at SMK UnggulanTerpadu PGII Bandung with the amount of population and a sample of 46 people. Sample of this research includes the entire teacher’s at school, while themethod used is themethodof descriptive is supported by studying.Technique of processing data that was used in First, analysis the correlation was used to test relationship and power interest between the variable force leadership transformasional principal and discipline work f teacher at SMK UnggulanTerpadu PGII. Second, using analysis of regression use full as well as the direction variables discipline work of teacher at SMK UnggulanTerpadu PGII be based on the variable leadership transformasional. Variable become knowledge is the stlye of leaderhip ofthe head of school at the variable free and discipline teacher as varable bound. Based on the test’s of normality of distribution of data, it’s is known that two variable such distribution normal. From the result of processing data and interpretation data concerring the tendency of general, answer of responden for stlye leadership transformasional the head of school to be in the category good enough.The result ofthe research describe the number of score average variable force leadership transformasional principal of 2.50 it represents a category quite inadequate while the number of score average variable work of teacher is 3.18, that indicates the category of good. Degrees of relationship variable X and variable Y can be seen the results koefesien correlation of 0.44 it is stated Degrees of relationship variable X and variable Y included in the relasionship. As for koefesiendeterminasi variable X and variable . As for koefesiendeterminasi variable X and variable Y is 19.53%. result analysis ofthe regression gives the idea that both variable have a relationshop model of linier. purpose positive and significant as well as theres the depends variable Y against variable X that aimed to equation regression Y = 25.95 + 0.44. it can be regarded that every change of one unit on variable X will change the variable Y as large as 0.44%.
In the second meeting that consists of three activities, we further study about students’ understanding on the concept of definite integral through themethodof indivisible and try to formulate the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus. Starting with the homework, an IVP associated with its graph of solutions, students are expected to determine the formula ofthe function passing through a certain point by solving the IVP. Then, using the graphs ofthe function and its antiderivative taken from the homework problem, students are asked to observed the relation between the area ofthe region below the function and above the x-axis on a certain interval and the values of its antiderivative function at the boundary the interval. This activity is intended to help students to explore the idea behind the concept of definite integral, not to find the solution. The following activities will use this experience and the indivisible method and Cavalieri’ principle to find the area of a region that is bounded by a curve of a function and the x-axis. The activities really give students joy and insight toward the area of such region, even though it is still time consuming. Therefore, some revisions are needed for efficiency, for example change the orientation of ellipse figure when applying Cavalieri’s principle and stressing that the Cavalieri’ principle can only be applied to a certain ellipse.
One ofthe orthogonal directions can be used in order to obtain image gradients, but the mostly used directions are u and v cartesian directions. The basic convolution kernel of Roberts edge detector is given in Eq. 4. Similarly, the basic convolution kernel of Sobel and Prewitt edge detectors are given in Eq.5 and Eq.6, respectively.
Almost all areas in manufacturing industries need work methods improvement to do their activity in a better way. In most cases, work methods or methods study or methods engineering is referring to a technique for increasing the production per unit of time or decreasing the cost per unit output – in other words, productivity improvement (Freivalds and Niebel ). The field of work methods consists ofthe analysis and design of tasks of jobs involving human work activity (Groover ). Work methods is the systematic examination ofthe methods of carrying on activities so as to improve the effective use of resources and set up standards of performance for the activities being carried out (ILO ). Thus, work methods includes examining the way an activity is being carried out, simplifying or modifying the me- thod of operation to reduce unnecessary or excess work, and setting up a time standard for performing the activity.
analysed the trend and change characteristics ofthe plateau in the last 40 years. Li et al. (2011) used the Landsat data to capture a lake in the middle ofthe Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. In this case, the changes are analysed, and the resulting lake charts are suited well for a long-range lake migration monitoring. This paper aims to test different lake extraction methods from remote sensing satellite images in Tibetan Plateau to support research on lake changes. Besides, the evolution of long-term sequences of major lakes in the Tibetan Plateau is also analysed, which is benefical for sustainable development ofthe water resources of China's southwest mountain regions.
Freud divides three kinds of anxiety, they are; reality anxiety, neurotic anxiety, and moral anxiety. Reality anxiety is the fear of a real danger in the real world. 2 For example, a child fears a snake. Neurotic anxiety is the fear that the id impulses will get out of control and he will do something that will make him punished. 3 According to Hall in A Primer of Freudian Psychology as quoted by Yuri in his thesis, neurotic anxiety has three forms. 4 The first form is the kind of person who has bad thoughts about the environment that something terrible will happened. The second form is phobia. Phobia is an extenssive fear of an object. The fear ofthe object is superior compares to the actual danger that the object may bring. The third form of neurotic anxiety is panic or near-panic reaction. Panic reaction can be functioned to channel the excessive painful neurotic anxiety by doing what the id demands, ignoring the ego and the superego. Panic reaction is an extreme reaction, but it is rarely done by someone. It is somethings that is out of someone’s usual character.
In teaching vocabulary, it is important to list the words in one group that have something in common. For example group of fruits, foods and drinks, things in their around, and the others. It can make the young learner easier to remember the meaning, because it becomes the most important thing in learning vocabulary. In her book entitled An Introduction to Teaching English to Children, Susan House (1997) said ,”…..then by trying to understand better how children learn we will have understanding on how to teach them.” This means that teachers have to
The title of this paper is “ Peran Saikong dalam Upacara Kematian Masyarakat Tionghoa di Kota Medan”. The purpose of this research to know the exsistence of Saikong in Chinese society in Medan, to know the role of Saikong in Medan Chinese death of ceremony and to know the role shifting of Saikong. Primary data got from field research and secondary data got from library research. The author did field research in Balai Persemayaman Angsapura on Waja Street no 2-4 Medan. The author uses the theory of functionalism to analyze the role of Saikong in Medan Chinese death of ceremony, while themethod used is descriptive method with qualitative approach. From the result of research, the author could find the role of Saikong in Medan Chinese death of ceremony such as: lead death ceremony, praying the soul to the God and playing instrument when lead the ceremony. Chinese death of ceremony have three part that is: ceremony before enter the box, enter the box and closing of ceremony, and the last is funeral ceremony.
each pair of data points. The resulting collection of biarcs forms a G 1 arc spline that interpolates the entire set of G 1 Hermite data. If the smooth curve is a spiral, it is desirable that the arc spline approximation also be a spiral. Several methods are described for choosing the free parameters ofthe biarcs so that the arc spline approximation to a smooth spiral is a spiral. c 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Bla k s Law Di tio ar has proven its value through the years to the busy practitioner, judge and law student who requires quick and convenient access to the meanings of legal terms and phrases found in statutes or judicial opinions, as well as to the special legal meanings of standard English words — meanings which frequently cannot be found in the ordinary English language dictionaries.
Heizer and Render discusses several methods of determining the location of facility (in this case rice warehouse) such as methodof ranking factor ofthe location (Location Factor Rating), Center of Gravity Method and Transportation Method .
The story begins when nine-year-old Fanny Price is taken from the home of her impoverished parents and moved to the estate of Mansfield Park to live with the wealthy uncle and aunt, Sir Thomas and Lady Bertram. In Mansfield Fanny did not get to close with anyone, except Edmund, male cousin who is very attentive with her. Fanny is abused by her other aunt, Mrs. Norris who runs things at Mansfield Park and her female cousin, Maria and Julia are always despise Fanny because her shallow. That’s why Fanny grows up shy,
A sample is a portion of a population. 4 The writer took two classes to be the sample. The first class was experiment group that used word wall. The second class was control group that was not used word wall. In addition, the writer used cluster sampling because the unit chosen is not an individual but a group of individuals who are naturally together or grouped by the school 5 . The writer used cluster sampling for it. According to the teacher , the class VIII-a and class VIII-c have represented average English achievement of whole the population. So, it helped the writer to choose that class as sample ofthe study. The number of sample can be seen as follow:
The purpose of descriptive research is to describe systematically the facts and characteristics of a given population or area of interest, factually, and accurately. One ofthe characteristics of descriptive research is used in the literal sense of describing situations or events.
really love you from tha deepest of my heart. Remember guys..WE BELONG TOGETHER, VIVA FOREVER!!! I will not forget all the time that we have been through. That was really wonderful and awesome. To my beloved friends in my church: Vina, Eva Kanda, Wina, Ika, Elita, Valdes, Endang, Novita, Putra, Herykardo, Junedi, Suhendri, Desi, Okta, Nensi, Rani GURDAK: Mazmur, Icik, Ita, Nana, Seridah, Sarah, Jenita, Robert, Pris, Rimta, Cecilia, Devrika, Benda. Thank you for all of your suggestions and supports, especially for the pray. I know that the power of your pray make me feel so strong especially for doing and finishing my thesis. I love you all.