In our study, we investigated these putative associations in a well-defined collection of isolates from Indonesia. A population-based survey of ≈4,000 people in 2 cities on the island ofJava (Surabaya and Semarang) was initiated in 2000 by the Antimicrobial Resistance in Indonesia, Prevalence and Prevention study group to investigate the level of carriage of resistant microorganisms. FQ-resistant E. coli was prevalent in the fecal flora of 6% of patients at hospital admission and 23% of patients at discharge but not among healthy relatives or patients visiting primary healthcare centers (2% in both groups) (ES Lestari, unpub. data). In our study, we analyzed these FQ-resistant E. coli isolates to elucidate their molecular epidemiology and vir- ulence. To define clonal relatedness, we performed enter- obacterial repetitive intergenic consensus (ERIC) polymerase chain reactions (PCR). The phylogenetic back- ground and virulence profile of these isolates were deter- mined by PCR methods and compared with similar data for FQ-susceptible E. coli isolated from the same popula- tion. Finally, we examined the link between FQ resistance and the intrinsic mutation rate.
Nowadays, almost all people are bilingual; it means that almost all of them are able to speak more than a language. This phenomenon happens as a result of living in a multicultural society, like in Indonesia. There are various cultures and languages in the country, one of which is Teo Chew language. However, there are only limited numbers ofpeople who know the language; therefore, the speakers are minority in Indonesia. This condition makes them learn other languages besides their mother tongue to be able to communicate in the society; this situation may cause them to do code switching.
From the above chart, it could be seen that the number of foreign tourist are increasing significantly, from January up to June. The increasing number of foreign tourists starts to increase from 2005 with 9.649 people, and one year after it was increase to 10.626 people. It was significantly increasing until the year of 2009, which the numbers of foreign tourist reach 26.047 people in a year. This data proves that batik was successfully reaching the international market by the increasing number of foreign tourist every year. Despite the fact that Solo is not a big city in Central Java, but the history of its cultural heritage and how the local people could welcome the foreign tourist very well, it could attract the interest of international tourist. The success of its promotion and most of all the use of English for its promotion done very well by the stakeholders such as the government and local people help batik spreads globally. The origins ofthe tourist also various, start from Netherlands, Japan, Germany, France and Singapore as the big five, followed by Malaysia, Australia, United States, Italy and others. Netherlands always become number one for foreign visitor to Solo. It is because they want to have nostalgia tourism in Indonesia, they wanted to regain the memories when their great grandfather was invaded Indonesia. Moreover, since they invaded Indonesia for 350 years, there must be a lot of heritage from Netherlands such as buildings or bridges in Indonesia. However, specifically in Solo, there are a lot of old buildings made by the Netherlands thousand years ago and those buildings stands still up to these days. The local people inhabited the old building now and some of them were used as government offices.
prevent children and teenagers from frauds and kidnappings that end up in human trafficking should be seriously considered as an urgent priority. "Do not talk to strangers" is a phrase that is commonly taught to children in the United States to prevent children from interactions with unknown person that frequently causing kidnappings. Perhaps, it’s time for the children of Indonesia, especially in West Java where being friendly to other people were taught as a form of hospitality, the idea of “do not talk to strangers” should be widely introduced, not
ABSTRACT: Did the people’s response to the crisis change over time? Using three different crisis experiences in the 1930s, the 1940s, and the late 1990s, the article will examine how the local society of Besuki (residency) in East Java, responding to them. The three crises put a strong blow to the livelihoods ofthe local people. But the adversity ofthe impact was unevenly felt by different groups ofpeople, depending on the nature of their material bases and the availability of alternative sources of income. It ϔinds that there were similarities in the people’s responses. During the three events, some sought to ϔind a relief in agriculture, retail trade, and forest sectors, apart from making adjustments in expenditure and consumption patterns to mitigate the adverse consequences ofthe crises. But for those who found no other alternatives, the crises forced them to do illegal activities, including lootings, stealings, and illegal logging. Such adaptive responses seem to have been quite common. Crises also meant a higher number of crimes.
Out ofthe 98 respondents, 54 have a favourable practice, 26 late seeking treatments, 18 were unfavourble as 5 people did not show good step approach, and 13 were late and did not show good approach. The respondents who took unfavourable path for treatment seeking, problems might occur due to two things: the patient or the primary health care. It can be seen in the results of studies which showed, the most delays are caused by the negligence of a doctor who did a blood test on the third day of fever. Most treatment ofthe patients who do not have a good step is also caused by doctors who do not perform good education to the patients. However, some other problems are caused by the patients themselves.
According to the data issued by MA in 2010, the major cause of divorce is caused by financial problem. Data reported by Badan Peradilan Agama Mahkamah Agung (Religious Judicial Authority) recently mention that from 285,184 divorce cases, there are 67,891 cases because of financial problem. The greatest is in West Java with 33,684 cases, and then in East Java is about 21,324 cases. The third is Central Java is about 12,019. Divorce caused by adultery is around 20,199 cases. The highest is in East Java is almost 7,172 cases, the second is in West java about 3,650 cases, the third is Central Java about 2,503, and DKI Jakarta is 1,158. Physical abuse is not the major causes of divorce which is only 2,191 cases. People prefer being divorce because of jealousy to abuse, which is about 10,029 cases and the highest is in East Java is about 4,060 cases. Meanwhile, unfair polygamy takes a part as much as 1,389 cases in Indonesia (http://www.kemenag.go.id/ index.php?a=berita&id=85348)
Individual human shows a preference for using one hand than the other hand. Handedness is influenced by genetic, developmental, and cultural factor. Approximately 10% of humans are left-handed. Most manual activities can be classified into precision and power grips. However, there is no research on the precision and power-grip task ofpeople with left-handed preference. Some suggest that the structure ofthe brain of sinistral (left-handed) has a larger corpus callosum. It is predicted that the left-handed success reflects their superior divergent thinking. The subjects were 267 female students and 226 male students in Bogor, West Java. Age range of subjects was 6 until 21 years old. In determining left-handed preference, subjects were measured with Rife methods, precision grip, and power grip. In determining of creativity, subjects were measured with Adjective Check List. Male brains are exposed to substantially higher testosterone levels than female brains during prenatal development, so that a sex effect for handedness may be expected. Total frequency of left-handed was 7.3%. Percentage of creative right-handed both females and males was not different, while creative percentage of left-handed females was higher than left- handed males. The activities and environment impact for creativity is discussed. Keywords: bogor, creativity, handedness, left-handed
In writing on this topic, I use thirty Javanese-speaking people as my sources of data. From these sources, I will find as much useful information as possible to analyze in my thesis. I will choose Javanese students in Maranatha Christian University. In this case I choose people from Central Java, especially those speaking in the Banyumasan Dialect. They have already learnt English for five years. They are Javanese people who regularly use their first language in their daily life when they speak with those who come from the same area. I would like to find out how far this language could influence Javanese-speaking people when they are learning English pronunciation.
❯❯❯ Miliyon was born in Ethiopia as an Ethiopian citizen. His father came from the northern part of Ethiopia, which, in 1992, separated from Ethiopia to become the new state of Eritrea. The Ethiopian government deported Miliyon’s father, a former Ethiopian government official, to Eritrea after conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea broke out in the late 1990s over the border demarcation. When Miliyon protested the move, security officials detained and beat him before stripping him of citizenship on the grounds that he was an Eritrean. His mother urged him to leave and set him up with a smuggler and fake Ethiopian travel documents, which he used to get a U.S. visa. Once in the United States, he applied for asylum but was rejected. He remained in the country with no legal status or work permit. Both Ethiopia and Eritrea have denied him recognition as a citizen. He lives in expectation of being detained as an “irregular migrant”; which, paradoxically, might assist him. Generally, after six months in detention with no possibility of being deported, he could be released with a work permit, although no permanent status in the United States.
The advertisement of Bank Rakyat Indonesia (BRI) with their tagline “ Melayani dengan Sepenuh Hati ” is published on a full -page of Kompas newspaper. The advertisement describes a man wearing a tie and a formal uniform fitted with the identity of BRI banking staff. He teaches a man from Papua on how to swipe a card. It is very interesting to look at the image of interaction between these two men in the print advertisement. In a glance, this advertisement seems neutral. At least it tries to be neutral and objective, but I believe that every text always has potential to be read critically. The aims of this analysis are to read the message conveyed through the image and text ofthe advertisement, which cannot be read as taken for granted, and to uncover its ideology. The research uses Barthes ’ semiotics to analyze the visual aspects that consist of image and text and also the connection between them. The analysis gives us description that BRI is keen to target indigenous people in Papua as a means of "selling" modern technology. Banking with modern technology has penetrated our lives, even in the most primitive societies. With their slogan “ Terus memBRI kemudahan di seluruh wilayah nusantara ” BRI tries to convince their audience that they can be easily found in all regions of Indonesia, including in remote areas. The combination ofthe photograph, tagline, slogan and body copy determine a powerful message. The Papua man in this advertisement becomes the object that facilitates communication between producers and readers. His position is so strong that the message will be different if his position is replaced with other indigenous people. This print advertisement contains the ideology of capitalism; there is a commodification of indigenous people in the selling of modernity. Furthermore, this advertisement seems to deconstruct a mindset of Indonesian people. The banking advertisement is used to introduce a culture of “saving”, but BRI advertisement inform s that modern technologies make it easy to earn money or pay without cash. The consequence of this message is when the reception is not appropriate there will be a new problem that is the culture of “ debt ” .
This can be accepted only from the explicit view. If this film being analyzed deeper, this film shows about how White people tried to preserved their supremacy by showing the discrimination of Black people that portrays when Joe was a school kid who had no friends and being called an afro by his friend. This discrimination also showed about how Detective Miller’s vision about Black people, saying that they were going to be a criminals like what a Black people should have be. There is also some discrimination happened when Joe was in jail. Like how the jail has divided the prison cell for Black and for White. This film also portrays the superiority of White people by showing how Sam helped Keisha, proving that she has power over a helpless little Black kid. The superiority also showed when Sam brought Joe and his kids to her farm and shows the Black characters about how beautiful and wide her house is compare to their house. This proves has clearly shows about what this film trying to show and what really happened in the film are quite different.
Abstract. The mangrove area has an important meaning in beach ecosystem, both from ecological and economical aspects. For this, the rehabilitation of mangrove forest is done as one effort that aims to maintain and return the mangrove forest function as one of life system supporters, especially in beach area. The most respondent ages of coast peopleof Gending, Pajarakan, dan Kraksaan districts, Probolinggo Regency are between 30 to 59 years old, i.e. as 86 people or 95.55% indicates that coast people are productive ages so they can be hoped very potential for having role in supporting mangrove ecosystem management of Probolinggo Regency coast. The average respondent educational rates are mostly Elementary School to Senior High School, i.e. as 76 people. Generally, human resources of coast people have relatively good education level. Thereby, it can be hoped to have positive potencies for the role of coast people themselves toward the mangrove ecosystem management support of Probolinggo Regency coast. The average most respondents have family burdens two and three people as six people or 6.67 percent. But, there are still three respondents who have not have family burdens. Generally, more and more members help in respondent’s jobs. The mangrove ecosystem management strategy of Probolinggo Regency coast is by involving people role (people and people figures) and governmental supports through the models of mangrove forest management strategy, the model of embankment cultivation management by entering mangrove as input resources of production facilities, and ecotourism management by the purpose of improving people income.
In developing countries remittances have a very large share in foreign exchange reserves, so it is considered very potential to affect economic growth positively. Indonesia is the 4th largest recipient country in the world with total remittance of Rp 62 trillion in the first semester of 2016. But in the same year, the poverty rate in Indonesia is still relatively high at 10.86% or 28.01 million people live below the poverty line. This study aims to analyze the effect ofthe number of remittances on the number of poor people in Indonesia. The data used are secondary data, namely the number of incoming remittances, the number of poor, the amount of income per capita, and the gini index during the period of 2007 to 2016 processed using Ordinary Least Square method. The result shows that there is a negative effect ofthe number of remittances on the number of poor people in Indonesia by 22%, ie if the number of remittances rose by 1 million US Dollar then the number of poor people in Indonesia will be reduced as many as 2200 people. However, the effect is not significant at the 5% significance level.