tersebut masuk dalam jajaran karya best seller. Banyak film baik film Indonesia maupun film asing yang diadaptasi dari novel, novella dan bahkan cerita pendek. Di Indonesia ada beberapa film yang diadaptasi dari novel, baik novel lama seperti Ronggeng Dukuh Paruk, Ali Topan Anak Jalanan, Si Doel Anak Sekolahan maupun novel baru seperti Laskar Pelangi, Eiffel Im In Love, Ayat-ayat Cinta. Untuk film asing mungkin masyarakat familiar dengan film Harry Potter, Lord of the Rings, Narnia, Da Vinci Code, semua film tersebut diangkat dari novel yang laris di pasaran. Selain itu ada juga novel klasik yang ceritanya diangkat dalam film seperti Gone with the Wind (Margareth Michelle), Great Expectation (Charles Dickens), TheScarletLetter (Nathaniel Hawthorne), and Persuasion (Jane Austen).
The writer found another research using novel theScarletLetter by Nathaniel Hawthorne in Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta’s library. The first is Ika Ambarsari (2010) which entitled her research “Against the Dominant Ideology in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s theScarletLetter: A Marxist Approach “. In her research, she describes Hester’s struggle against the dominant Ideology to get her freedom and right from the pain of punishment and the authority of oppressor in Government.
(Ibid, p. 53) According to Darrel Abel also, Chillingworth ‗married her before she was mature enough to know the needs of her nature‘ (Abel, 1961: 302). That‘s why she feels no love for Chillingworth and this leads to her desire for Dimmesdale. He also desires her. He acts as his lover all throughout the novel. He is a religious figure but he loves Hester so much that he transgresses the rules of his religion and still feels no remorse. This is what he tells Hester: ‗Of penance I have had enou gh! Of penitence there has been none‘ (TheScarletLetter: 130). This shows that he has had no repentance. Therefore, he does not really regret what he has done. According to Ernest Sandeen, ‗the obvious explanation would seem to be that in some unacknowledged depth of his psyche he is still in love and can no more regret his passion than Hester can regret hers‘ (Sandeen: 354). Therefore, we see that he is still thinking of Hester and loves her. That‘s why when Hester asks him to flee with her, he agrees and all the love which he felt for Hester returns:
When some wants to write something there can be some methods to be applied, for instances library research, field research, or experiment. On this occasion, in writing this paper, the writer applies the library approach. Therefore he uses all the data for describing the messages that are sent by the author, Nathaniel Hawthorne wrote in the novel ‘TheScarletLetter’. So it can be mentioned that the data are taken from written text.
This study deals with comparative literature which is focus on the religious values and punishments of adulterous affairs. It compares the adultery punishment in the value of religiosity applied in the two literary works “ TheScarletLetter” and “The Crucible”. The purposes of the study are focuses on the result of the value of the comparative theory about the influence of Puritanism to the adultery punishment on the two literary works and gives new understanding, that the dominant power could give a strong influence to history in which the author only plays a small role to reflect the wholeness of the history. The study uses the theories of comparative theory by Harry Shaw in The Dictionary of Literature Terms describes comparison as a method used to place together and thus brought into relieve two or more person, ideas, or circumstances so as to establish their similarities and dissimilarities (1972:87) and Theory and Method in The Comparative Study of Values by Max Heller’s theory (2003) to categorize the value of religiosity of the two works. The findings show that all of the religious values and punishments of adulterous affairs are applied in those two literary works which has similar time period that is 17 th century of Puritanism. In summary, the result of this research is the weakness in the Puritan system of law, where many of the guilty go unpunished. This means that they had not deep religiosity inside their heart to understand the value of goodness and humanity.
“No Hester, no!” replied the clergyman. “There is no substance in it! It is cold and dead, and can do nothing for me! Of penance, I have had enough! Of penitence, there has been none! Else, I should long ago have thrown off these garments of mock hollines and have shown myself to mankind as they will see me at the judgement seat. Happy are you, Hester, that wear thescarletletter openly upon your bosom! Mine burns in secret! Thou little knowest what a relief it is, after the torment of a seven years‟ cheat, too look into an eye that recognizes me for what I am! Had I one friend or were it my worst enemy! To whom, when sickened with the praises off all other men, I could daily daily betake myself and be known as the vilest of all sinners, methinks my soul might keep itself alive thereby.
Literature is a kind of imaginative writing. It reflects a problem of life done by human being. Novel is one of literary works that has intrinsic elements. Studying intrinsic elements in a novel, it means to study life experience of group human being through a novel. The writer analyzes the theme in novel The shining by Stephen King 's. therefore, this paper is entitled become : THE DESCRIPTION OF CHARACTERS IN THE NOVEL THESCARLETLETTER. This writing is a description on the characters used by Nathaniel Hawthorne. Hawthorne sent the messages to his readers through this novel dealt with the pious persons engaged sins. The plot pictured took place in a city called Boston in the country of United States of America. Hawthorne wrote down in the novel that a prime minister or a preacher committed sins toone of the members of the congregation. The woman stated was a wife of a doctor. The doctor was in duty in different country, therefore, the wife with the status of wife and also one of a congregation members committed sins with her pastor the pious man. So by having the messages that sent by Hawthorne this readers he wanted to remind the readers not to as what the pastor, the pious person did. It may mean that a herd eats his sheep.
This research paper elaborates Hester Prynne strategy of coping with the exile punishment that is reflected in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s TheScarletLetter, which is analyzed through individual Psychological perspective. The objectives of the research are to analyze the novel based on its structural elements and based on the individual psychological theory, by identifying the relation between the theory and the main character.
This research belongs to descriptive qualitative study. In this method, the writer uses two data sources: they are primary data and secondary data source. The primary data source and the object of the study is the movie TheScarletLetter, meanwhile the secondary data sources are any books of literature and psychology related to this research. The writer collects the data from both primary and secondary data sources in a short of document evidence.
Both of the main characters, Hester and Dimmesdale, get a mental torture which brings them into severe mental agony. Through the psychology, anxiety and guilty-feeling play a dominant role to affect their characters. Even Hester does not feel that what she has done is the sinful deed and the anxiety always haunts her life. Coming back into the world of freedom from prison, she finds herself difficult to make her existence easily. Thescarletletter on her bossom seems like a danger hanging over her. It is the product of her sin which causes the changes of her life of which it is peaceful before it becomes full of anxiety. The working of Dimmesdalee mind remains no much different from Hester. The feeling of guilty has dominated his mind after the sin takes place. He as a minister, should present his figure as “a miracle of hollines” toward the society. But he longs to speak the truth of himself which is actually sinful.
First, I would like to point out the similarities and differences of these novels. The similarities between TheScarletLetter and The Mermaid Chair are about the freedom to choose and truth for them. Both novels tell about the infidelity in relationship. Each female character is tempted to be involved in the sin of adultery since she is not with her husband. The female protagonist goes to some place without her husband for some reasons. Moreover, the female character has the freedom to choose whether to be involved in the affair or not.
Nathaniel Hawthorne is one of the novelists in the nineteenth century. He was born on July 4, 1804 Massachusetts. TheScarletLetter is one of literary works and this is a novel with the happy ending story. The other Nathaniel Hawthorne works are Twice-Told Tales published in 1837 and The House of the Seven Gable in 1851. TheScarletLetter was published in 1850
Glory Allah SWT, the most compassionate, the most merciful, the writer a wares that w ithout Allah’s permission she is not able to finish her research paper entitled “ A COMPARISON BETWEEN NOVEL AND MOVIE VERSION OF NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE’S THESCARLETLETTER: A STRUCTURAL
Continually, and in a thousand other ways, did she feel the innumerable throbs of anguish that had been so cunningly contrived for her by the undying, the ever active sentence of the Puritan tribunal. Clergyman paused in the street to address words of exhortation, that brought a crowd, with its mingled grin and frown, around the poor, sinful woman. If she entered a church, trusting to share the Sabbath smile of the Universal Father, it was often her mishap to find herself the text of the discourse. She grew to have a dread of children; for they had imbibed from their parents a vague idea of something horrible in this dreary woman, gliding silently through the town, with never any companion but one only child. Therefore, first allowing her to pass, they pursued her at a distance with shrill cries, and the utterance of a word that had no distinct purport to their own minds, but was none the less terrible to her, as proceeding from lips that babbled it unconsciously. It seemed to argue so wide a diffusion of her shame, that all nature knew of it; it could have caused her no deeper pang, had the leaves of the trees whispered the dark story among themselves,- had the summer breeze murmured about it,- had the wintry blast shrieked it aloud! Another peculiar torture was felt in the gaze of a new eye. When stranger looked curiously at thescarletletter, - and none ever failed to do so, they branded it afresh into Hester’s soul; so that, oftentimes she could scarcely refrain, yet always did refrain, from covering the symbol with her hand. But then, again, an accustomed eye had like wise its own anguish to inflict. Its cool stare of familiarity was intolerable. (Hawthorne 1962: 78)
The punishment for Hester is that she has to stand on the scaffold for a few hours. But she does not have to face the most terrible punishment of that time, rope around the neck and black cloth sack which usually used by those face life sentence. The scaffold is as high as man’s shoulder and since Hester has already known the kind of her punishment, she ascends and now everybody can see her. The presence of the governor and his staff, the judges and the generals seems to prevent the spectators from saying bad words or scorning Hester. They all seriously, though look gloomy, pay attention to the procession. The sinner, Hester, tries as best as she can to stand like a lady againts thousand of eyes which are fixed to thescarletletter upon her bosom. She seems to be well-prepared to face this punishment eventhough her heart sometimes wants to shout and to throw himself off the scaffold or, of she could, she wish she were insane.
Fields in February 1850, Hawthorne said that "some portions of the book are powerfully written" but doubted it would be popular. In fact, the book was an instant best-seller though, over fourteen years, it brought its author only $1,500. Its initial publication brought wide protest from natives of Salem, who did not approve of how Hawthorne had depicted them in his introduction "The Custom- House.” A 2,500 -copy second edition of TheScarletLetter included a preface by Hawthorne dated March 30, 1850, that he had decided to reprint his introduction "without the change of a word... The only remarkable features of the sketch are its frank and genuine good- humor... As to enmity, or ill-feeling of any kind, personal or political, he utterly disclaims such motives.”
TheScarletLetter is a 1850 famous romantic work of fiction in a historical setting written by Nathaniel Hawthorne’s. Set in 17th-century Puritan Boston during the years 1642 to 1649, TheScarletLetter first edition was published by Ticknor, Reed and Field in America in years 1850. This novel consists of 24 chapters, which are explained detailly and beautifully in 232 pages, whereas the novel which the researcher has read consisting of 329 pages, 24 chapters, published by Planet PDF, eBook version and the website is at http://www.planetpdf.com/.
TheScarletLetter tells much about the adulterous love between two early Puritans, When she refuses to name the father of her child, she is shunned by the community and forced to wear a red letter "A" on her bodice as a symbol of her sinful act.It is begun with Hester (Demi Moore) arrived in town with a group of settlers by boat from England. She has come ahead of her husband to prepare their home for his arrival. The local dignitaries immediately take offense to her traveling alone and are even more shocked when she informs them that she will be living alone until her husband arrives. Hester stays to herself with her new servant, Mituba. One day as Hester drives her cart into town for Sabbath services a wheel falls into a muddy hole. She is trying to get it to budge when a stranger rides up behind her, introducing himself as Arthur, and offers to help. When Arthur is unable to pry it from the mud, he gives her his horse and he rides the horse that has been hitched to the cart. They both gallop into town parting as they go in opposite directions.
Penelitian ini berjudul Transformasi Novel ke Film, Kajian Ekranisasi terhadap TheScarletLetter Karya Nathaniel Hawthorne. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk melihat transformasi dan mencari persamaan dan perbedaan antara novel dan filmnya. Penelitian ini menggunakan sastra bandingan, sebuah pendekatan dalam ilmu sastra yang tidak menghasilkan teori tersendiri, sebagai pendekatannya.
The story begins in the 17 th century, in Boston, in a Puritan settlement. Hester Prynne is a young, tall and beautiful woman. Her husband, Roger Chillingworth is sent her head to Boston earlier, but he never arrives in Boston. The people say that he has been lost at sea. While waiting for her husband, she has an affair with Arthur Dimmesdale, a young minister, until she has given birth to the baby. In the beginning of the story, the author tells that there are a throng of people gather in the market. They cannot wait to see Hester Prynne coming out of the Prison. Hester Prynne is led from the prison with her baby, Pearl in her arm because she has committed adultery. The people ask her the name of the baby’s father but she doesn’t reveal his identity. She is forced to use thescarletletter “A” on her breast as the symbol that she is being punished for what she has done. Because she commits adultery, she is poisoned.