It leads to reason then that culprits of international crimes can come from any country. Every human being that possesses military power is prone to committing international crimes. The ICC recently went beyond its power when it issued an arrest warrant for the current President of Sudan, Omar al Bashir, based on a UN Security Council (UNSC) resolution.
Amnesty International therefore calls on Indonesia to take a lead role in human rights in the region and the world by fulfilling its commitment to ratify the ICCStatute without further delay, and support a system of international justice that can end impunity for the worst human rights violations that have caused untold suffering to millions of people in the last century.
Indonesians should not feel embarrassed to ratify a treaty that, in effect, provides international ""supervision"" over domestic legal institutions that sometimes fail to produce justice. Even developed countries like the UK and France have ratified the ICC treaty and are willing to accept an international role if their own domestic legal systems fail.
Article 24 of the Rome Statute states that nobody will be held responsible in term of penal law for things done before the Statute is put into effect. This provision shows that the Statute of Rome does not prevail retroactively, and that it holds dear the principle of legality as a cardinal principle in criminal law.
By joining the ICC, Indonesia will send a clear message and demonstrate a desire to put the rights and safety of its most vulnerable people above the interests of a few who would profit through the abuse of others. Indonesia should no longer support the position of those who have committed the most terrible crimes against the innocent.
Algoritma Weiler Atherton seperti pada algoritma Sutherland Hodgeman bekerja pada poligon yang di-klip oleh suatu rectangular window seperti pada Gambar 1. Setiap titik dari ujung-ujung poligon akan diuji dengan sisi kiri, kanan, atas dan bawah. Dimulai dari titik-titik ujung poligon mula-mula, pengklipan poligon dilakukan terhadap sisi kiri untuk menghasilkan suatu daerah baru. Titik-titik ujung dari daerah baru ini diteruskan ke sisi kanan untuk kemudian di- klip lagi. Proses kliping akan diulang sampai ke semua sisi, bawah dan atas.
Various legal instruments, which have been owned by Indonesia, are strong points and ‘capital’ of Indonesia which shows the preparedness of our legal system in the enforcement of human rights. This is when compared to other states such as Norway and Cambodia, or states which are members of European Union, which have ratified the Statute of Rome, but which haven’t had the rules for its implementation, or legal instruments which support the implementation of the Statute. Nevertheless, such situation didn’t hinder their good will to realize their strong commitments to efforts for human rights protection as well as its law enforcement. It can be seen from the commitment made by Norway which will perform a review toward its various legal instruments that will be made compatible with regulation in the Statute of Rome, such as the Book of Criminal Law (KUHP), the Book of Civil Law (KUHPerdata), and also its military rules. Such is also the case with Cambodia, which firstly ratified the Statute, and then made rules for its implementation.
Today’s college campuses are often cities within cities and as such are vulnerable to serious crimes. The tens of thousands of students, faculty and visitors and the multi-million dollar investments in campus facilities and equipment require a professional level of police protection. Furthermore, litigation and recent federal and state legislation make it incumbent on campus executives to deal proactively with issues relating to campus crime and campus policing. Therefore, it would seem that consideration should be given to the enactment of comprehensive campus police statutes that provide the foundation for a professional response. This review of contemporary statutes provides an opportunity to examine the features that may be relevant in developing a model campus police statute. Based on the current review, it is suggested that a model statute include elements such as: appointing authority, jurisdiction, police officer qualifications and training requirements in compliance with standards required for other law enforcement officers.
Sebagaimana telah dianut oleh peradilan pidana internasional terdahulu, maka di dalam ICC ini juga menganut prinsip pertanggungjawaban individu. Di bagian awal Statuta Roma 1998, dalam Pasal 1 sudah tegas dinyatakan bahwa , An International Criminal Court the Court is here y esta lished. It shall e a permanent institution and shall have the power to exercise its jurisdiction over persons for the most
ICC akan mampu bertindak ketika pengadilan negara di mana kejahatan terjadi atau negara yang warganya menjadi tersangka tidak mampu atau tidak mau membawa mereka yang bertanggung-jawab ke pengadilan. Ketika Jaksa Penuntut ICC mendapatkan ijin untuk melakukan penyelidikan, berdasarkan infomasi dari berbagai sumber, termasuk para korban dan keluarga, LSM, organisasi kepemerintahan seperti PBB, dan negara, para Jaksa Penuntut tidak lagi bergantung pada sumber-sumber dari Dewan Keamanan PBB. Dibandingkan dengan pengadilan nasional, ICC akan dapat “bersuara” lebih keras atas nama seluruh masyarakat internasional. Hampir dua pertiga negara anggota PBB memutuskan untuk mengadopsi Statuta Roma pada tahun 1998, dan yang lain
2. Menurut anda bahan-bahan apa sajakah yang diperlukan dalam pembuatan kliping? Bahan-bahan yang dipakai untuk membuat kliping biasanya berasal dari media cetak seperti koran, majalah, poster atau media cetak yang lainnya. Namun seiring dengan perkembangannya zaman, kebanyakan orang lebih beralih untuk mencari bahan di Internet. Dan tidak sedikit pula sekolah dan perguruan tinggi yang mengambil sumber dari internet.
4) Each activity, as outlined above, in which registrant intends to engage during the calendar year with respect to which registration is made. Registration can be made by completing the Request for Registration Under the Gambling Devices Act of 1962 form, available at www.justice.gov/criminal/oeo/gambling. Individuals who would like to have the form mailed, faxed, or e-mailed to them in MS Word format should call (202) 514-6809 or e-mail Gambling.Registration@usdoj.gov. Completed requests should be faxed to (202) 353-7675 or e-mailed to Gambling.Registsration@usdoj.gov. If this is not possible, requests should be sent via registered or certified mail to the U.S.
A n a l t e r n a t i v e t a k e n b y S t a t e F i n a n c i a l A u d i t o r t o s e t t l e t h e p r o b l e m o f auditing is to take the assertive measures according to the laws and law enforcement. i.e. the Law No.5 of 1973 regarding the financial .Auditing Board chapter 3, and there should be procedure of conducting the audit and another statute to create both welfare and prosperous peoples and clean and responsible government, in addition, Financial Auditing Board needs to improve both facilities and skill in clud in g th e education and courses related to legal science to improve the human power.
Despite its economic interests in Sudan and its previous support to the Khartoum regime, Russia accepted the Res. 1593 (Res. 1593 2005) and declared “that the struggle against impunity was one of the elements of long-term stability in Darfur. All those responsible for grave crimes must be punished (…) the resolution adopted today would promote an effective solution to the fight against impunity. Vera makes hypotheses that Russian position towards the question of Darfur outlines even more the fact that “the links between the Security Council and the ICC goes beyond the Statute itself to raise general international law and policy issues”. Russian authorities have undoubtedly adopted a “wait-and-see approach” toward their adhesion to the Rome statute. Scepticism, mistrust or considerations of “Realpolitik”, it is barely difficult to give a perfect answer to these questions given the lack of information we have. However, our analysis outlines in a way the lack of concern of Moscow regarding the mechanism of an international criminal court.
Indonesia is a prominent member of the international community. By acceding to the ICC’s Rome Statute, we would strengthen our standing. On the other hand, however, by continuing to delay, we are sending an unfortunate signal of ambivalence to all our friends worldwide on an issue of the utmost importance — nationally, regionally and internationally — that there can be no impunity for perpetrators of the most serious crimes known to humankind.
Indonesia has expressed its commitment to ratify the Rome Statute (hereafter the Statute) since 1998. And that commitment has been reiterated through a government policy known as the National Action Plan on Human Rights (RANHAM) of 2004 - 2009, and the second period of RANHAM of 2011-2014. Similar commitment has been expressed by the government in various national and international forum. Initially, the ratification of the Roma Statute was scheduled for 2008, yet it has not been successful and it is being rescheduled for 2013-2014. 1 There are some concerns that this second ratification plan will be facing many obstacles, particularly due to different views concerning the importance of ratification of the Rome Statute amongst government agencies. Meanwhile, there is a growing support from the public for this government agenda.
The concern that the ICC is an instrument of developed and powerful countries in intervening in developing countries’ domestic affairs is exaggerated, since the ICC clearly states its full respect for the judicial mechanism at the national level. Article 17 of the statute rules that a case is admissible for the following reasons: if the case is being investigated or prosecuted by a state that has jurisdiction over it, unless the state is unwilling or genuinely unable to carry out the investigation or prosecution; if the case has been investigated by a state that has jurisdiction over it and the state has decided not to prosecute the individual concerned, unless the decision resulted from the unwillingness or inability of the state to prosecute; if the