Teachers are able to monitor your child’s development through a number of progress checks built into the Cambridge Primary programme. Short progression tests are a valuable way for teachers to understand your child’s strengths and identify areas where more help is needed. The focus of these tests is showing where your child is on their learning journey, rather than getting right or wrong answers.
Cambridge Lower Secondary provides a natural progression from primary education, helping to equip your child with the knowledge and skills needed for post-14 education programmes that lead to formal qualifications. The programme is flexible, allowing the curriculum to be tailored to the needs and culture of each school while remaining internationally relevant. It is suitable for students with English as a first or second language.
Permissive-indulgent parents respond by giving the child too much and are low on making demands. They give little punishment, set no guidelines, have little structure and avoid taking charge. The parent, often referred to as "uninvolved," spends little time and effort with the child. These parents sometimes use stress and work to excuse themselves from spending time with their children. Parents who use drugs or are immature may also show little involvement.
Grandparents who assume primary responsibility for raising their grand- children make up a fast-growing group of caregivers in the United States. Cur- rent estimates indicate that nearly 2.5 million grandparents are raising their grandchildren (U.S. Census Bureau, 2009), and over 500,000 African Americans aged 45+ were estimated to be raising grandchildren (Minkler & Fuller-Thomson, 2005). In Taiwan, the 1988 census identified 39,500 households in which chil- dren were being raised by grandparents. Current estimates indicate that 86,900 children now live in households headed by grandparents (The Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, 2010). In addition, there are a significantly higher percentage of aboriginal grandparents than nonaboriginal grandparents raising their grandchildren in Taiwan (Chen, Weng, Hsu, & Lin, 2000). Unlike many Western nations where grandparents provide care for their grandchildren due to parental substance abuse, child neglect, child abuse (Bowers & Myers, 1999; Dowdell, 2004) or mothers being imprisoned (Ruiz, 2002), in Taiwan, most grandparents raising their grandchildren are doing so because the parents of the child are going through a divorce or working away from home (Chang, 2008). However, among the literature on “grandparent par- enting,” there is a distinct lack of empirical literature exploring this phenomenon in a Southeast Asian setting (Kataoka-Yahiro, Ceria, & Caulfield, 2004).
Pada kasus ibu Y maka dapat dilihat bahwa peran yang harus dijalani sebagai seorang single parent adalah harus berperan ganda sebagai sosok ayah maupun sebagai ibu di dalam keluarganya. Pada kasus Ibu Y diatas yang ditinggal meninggal dunia suaminya selama tujuh tahun dimana ibu Y harus bersikap tegas dalam mendidik anak-anaknya yang beranjak dewasa untuk menggantikan figur ayah, di sisi lain ibu Y juga harus bisa memberikan kasih sayang kepada anak- anaknya seperti seorang ibu yang ada dalam keluarga.