33) Coffey Company maintains a very large direct materials inventory because of critical demands placed upon it for rush orders from large hospitals. Item A contains hard-to-get material Y. Currently, the standard cost of material Y is $4.00 per gram. During February, 22,000 grams were purchased for $4.10 per gram, while only 20,000 grams were used in production. There was no beginning inventory of material Y.
Hawkeye Cleaners has been considering the purchase of an industrial dry-cleaning machine. The existing machine is operable for three more years and will have a zero disposal price. If the machine is disposed now, it may be sold for $120,000. The new machine will cost $400,000 and an additional cash investment in working capital of $120,000 will be required. The new machine will reduce the average amount of time required to wash clothing and will decrease labor costs. The investment is expected to net $100,000 in additional cash inflows during the year of acquisition and $300,000 each additional year of use. The new machine has a three-year life, and zero disposal value. These cash flows will generally occur throughout the year and are recognized at the end of each year. Income taxes are not considered in this problem. The working capital investment will not be recovered at the end of the asset's life.
28) Silver Company uses one raw material, silver ore, for all of its products. It spends considerable time getting the silver from the ore before it starts the actual processing of the finished products, rings, lockets, etc. Traditionally, the company made one product at a time and charged the product with all costs of production, from ore to final inspection. However, in recent months, the costaccounting reports have been somewhat disturbing to management. It seems that some of the finished products are costing more than they should, even to the point of approaching their retail value. It has been noted by the accounting manager that this problem began when the company started buying ore from different parts of the world, some of which require difficult extraction methods.
30) McKenna Company manufactured 1,000 units during April with a total overhead budget of $12,400. However, while manufacturing the 1,000 units the microcomputer that contained the month's cost information broke down. With the computer out of commission, the accountant has been unable to complete the variance analysis report. The information missing from the report is lettered in the following set of data:
a. Work in Process Inventory and a credit to Finished Goods Inventory. b. Finished Goods Inventory and a credit to Cost of Goods Sold. c. Cost of Goods Sold and a credit to Finished Goods Inventory. d. Finished Goods Inventory and a credit to Work in Process Inventory.
The assignment of costs in a process costing system first involves determining total production costs. These costs are then assigned to units completed and transferred out during the period and to the units in Work in Process Inventory at the end of the period. To assign costs, the cost per equivalent unit must be established using either the FIFO or weighted average method. The cost per EUP is then multiplied by the number of equivalent units in the component being costed. Transferred-out costs using the weighted average method are computed as the number of units transferred times the total price per equivalent unit. When using FIFO, transferred-out units are computed as follows: the costs in beginning WIP are added to the current period costs to complete the units which sums to the total cost of beginning WIP; the units started and completed are priced at current period costs; the total of the costs of beginning inventory and units started and completed are then transferred out.
18) Pat, a Pizzeria manager, replaced the convection oven just six months ago. Today, Turbo Ovens Manufacturing announced the availability of a new convection oven that cooks more quickly with lower operating expenses. Pat is considering the purchase of this faster, lower-operating cost convection oven to replace the existing one they recently purchased. Selected information about the two ovens is given below:
Budget Actual Variance Revenues $59,000 $60,000 $1,000 F Cost of goods sold 42,000 43,400 1,400 U Wages 6,700 7,000 300 U General 1,300 900 400 F Fixed costs 5,000 5,000 0 Operating income $ 4,000 $ 3,700 $ 300 U