30) McKenna Company manufactured 1,000 units during April with a total overhead budget of $12,400. However, while manufacturing the 1,000 units the microcomputer that contained the month's cost information broke down. With the computer out of commission, the accountant has been unable to complete the variance analysis report. The information missing from the report is lettered in the following set of data:
If spoilage is normal and continuous, the calculations for EUP do not include this spoilage (method of neglect), and the good units simply absorb the cost of such spoilage. If spoilage is normal and discrete, the equivalent units are used in the EUP calculations, and the spoilage cost is assigned to all units that passed through the inspection point during the current period. If the spoilage is abnormal and either discrete or continuous, the equivalent units are used in EUP calculations and costed at the cost per EUP; the total cost is then assigned to a loss account.
Stage 1 of a capital budgeting project is the identify projects stage in which a firm determines which types of capital investments are necessary to accomplish organization objectives and strategies. Stage 2 is the obtain information stage in which a firm gathers information from all parts of the value chain to analyze alternative projects. Stage 3 is the make predictions stage in which the firm forecasts all potential cash flows attributable to the alternative projects. Stage 4 is the make decisions by choosing among alternatives stage in which the firm determines which investment yields the greatest benefit and the least cost to the organization. Stage 5 is the implement the decision, evaluate performance, and learn stage that is further separated into two sub stages: (1) obtain funding and make the investments selected in the stage 4 process, and (2) track the realized cash flows, compare against the forecast numbers, and revise plans if necessary.
18) Pat, a Pizzeria manager, replaced the convection oven just six months ago. Today, Turbo Ovens Manufacturing announced the availability of a new convection oven that cooks more quickly with lower operating expenses. Pat is considering the purchase of this faster, lower-operating cost convection oven to replace the existing one they recently purchased. Selected information about the two ovens is given below:
28) Silver Company uses one raw material, silver ore, for all of its products. It spends considerable time getting the silver from the ore before it starts the actual processing of the finished products, rings, lockets, etc. Traditionally, the company made one product at a time and charged the product with all costs of production, from ore to final inspection. However, in recent months, the costaccounting reports have been somewhat disturbing to management. It seems that some of the finished products are costing more than they should, even to the point of approaching their retail value. It has been noted by the accounting manager that this problem began when the company started buying ore from different parts of the world, some of which require difficult extraction methods.
37. Unique Company manufactures a single product. In the prior year, the company had sales of $90,000, variable costs of $50,000, and fixed costs of $30,000. Unique expects its cost structure and sales price per unit to remain the same in the current year, however total sales are expected to increase by 20 percent. If the current year projections are realized, net income should exceed the prior year’s net income by:
a. Work in Process Inventory and a credit to Finished Goods Inventory. b. Finished Goods Inventory and a credit to Cost of Goods Sold. c. Cost of Goods Sold and a credit to Finished Goods Inventory. d. Finished Goods Inventory and a credit to Work in Process Inventory.
Budget Actual Variance Revenues $59,000 $60,000 $1,000 F Cost of goods sold 42,000 43,400 1,400 U Wages 6,700 7,000 300 U General 1,300 900 400 F Fixed costs 5,000 5,000 0 Operating income $ 4,000 $ 3,700 $ 300 U