Under stress, many people show a diminished ability to set priorities and make decisions. They attack tasks with less certainty and make more mistakes. In one study of college students, for example, researcher imposed high stress on subjects taking a test. Not only did it take much longer for the students to complete the test, but their error rate rose dramatically as well. Finally, stress overload may manifest it self in physical symptoms such as headaches, coldhands or feet, indigestion, aching neck or back, ulcers, nausea, diarrhea or constipation, shortness of breath, heart palpitation, teeth grinding, muscle spasms and skin conditions like acne and psoriases. Person under stress also lose more time from work due to illness.
There are several factors influence the succesness of breastfeeding. Skin contact immediately after delivery is thekey factor to stimulate the lactation process. This process depend on self efficacy of mother. The aim of this study was to identify the effect of skin-to-skin contact immediately after cesarean section on maternal breastfeeding self-efficacy. The method of this research was quasi-experiment, post-test only design with control group, used consecutive sampling, conducted to 52 women divided into control n intervention group each group consist of 26 woman in Langsa-Aceh. Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form used to collect data. The results showed mean value of mother’s self-efficacy whom are treated by skin-to-skin contact immediately of their baby after cesarean section is better than control group (59.00 Â± 6.54; 49.62 Â± 7.78). The value is different significantly with p= 0.001. Skintoskin contact was needed to increase mother’s self efficacy which influence the lactation process
He gnawed at some dates and watched the camel die while he waited for the sun to pass overhead. His tranquillity was practiced. He had come a long way in this desert, more than a thousand miles. Two months earlier he had left El Agela, on the Mediterranean coast of Libya, and traveled due south for five hundred miles, via Gialo and Kufra, into the empty heart of the Sahara. There he had turned east and crossed the border into Egypt unobserved by man or beast. He had traversed the rocky wasteland of the Western Desert and turned north near Kharga: and now he was not far from his destination. He knew the desert, but he was afraid of it—all intelligent men were, even the nomads who lived all their lives here. But he never allowed that fear to take hold of him, to panic him, to use up his nervous energy. There were always catastrophes: mistakes in navigation that made you miss a well by a couple of miles; water bottles that leaked or burst; apparently healthy camels that got sick a couple of days out. The only response was to say Inshallah: It is the will of God.
The study subjects were 30 healthy full-term newborns deliv- ered at Boston Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, between March and October 1998. They were assigned randomly the morn- ing of the study to 1 of 2 study groups: skin-to-skin contact (n 5 15) and no-contact controls (n 5 15). Five infants were delivered via cesarean section; 11 subjects were males; 16 were black, 4 white, 6 Hispanic, and 1 American Indian. Three infants were not classified racially. Birth weights ranged from 2.6 through 3.7 kg (mean birth weight: 3.3 kg). All Apgar scores were $8 at 5 min- utes. All infants had been delivered at or beyond 37 completed weeks of gestation and were between 33 and 55 hours old at the time of testing, which generally began between 7 and 8 am . Infants had been fed in their usual manner between 30 minutes and 4 hours before the start of the study. Of the infants, 16 were breast- fed, and 4 had been circumcised on the previous day. All these characteristics were distributed equally between the 2 groups. No infant presented any evidence of congenital abnormalities, medi- cal complications, or drug exposure. No infant required either oxygen administration or ventilatory support. This was the initial heel stick for all infants. A single physician (L.G.) performed all the heel sticks, thereby minimizing variability. As an additional precaution against procedural variability, blood collection time was capped at 3 minutes. The infant then entered the recovery phase of the study, which lasted an additional 3 minutes. In point of fact, for 27 of 30 infants, blood collection was completed in advance of the 3-minute cutoff. Blood collection was terminated for the remaining 3 infants at 3 minutes, and these infants entered the recovery phase. All 3 of these infants were in the experimental group. After the recovery period ended, blood harvesting was completed without additional data collection.
Bo rn : 1 87 6 in Can terbu ry ; D ied : 19 37 in Be acon s fie ld , En glan d Ob tain ed a p os t as a c h em is t in th e Gu in n e ss b rew ery in D u blin in 18 99. In v en ted th e t- tes t to h an d le s m all s am p les for q u ality con tro l in brew in g. Wrote u n d er th e n am e "Stu d e n t".
The first of October every year is observed as the International Day of Older Persons. It is an opportunity to highlight the important contributions that older people make to society and raise awareness about the issues and challenges of ageing in today’s world.