Top PDF Social protection systems in Latin America. An assessment

Social protection systems in Latin America. An assessment

Social protection systems in Latin America. An assessment

region is moving towards more comprehensive systems based on three basic principles: universal coverage, solidarity and higher social spending. The first two have been considered as essential characteristics of a “ welfare s tate” based on human rights and social citizenship, indispensable for the construction of more inclusive and equitable societies (ECLAC, 2000). The principle of universality seeks that all citizens have access to at least a basic level of protection, in terms of both the scope and quality that are deemed necessary for full participation in society. This principle implies that the entitlements associated with social policy are more than services or commodities; they are rights and therefore, should be guaranteed to all citizens. Social security as a human right was first expressed in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and then further specified by the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), which has been ratified by 164 State Parties. States have the obligation to ensure the satisfaction of, at the very least, minimum essential levels of all economic, social and cultural rights such as the right to social security and the right to health for all members of society. It is based on this principle that the ILO has more recently conceptualized the universal right to social protection in the form of Social Protection Floors that provide a basic level of protection for all. 3
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An Analytical Assessment of Assurance Practices in Social Environmental and Sustainable Reporting in the United Kingdom and North America | Manurung | Gadjah Mada International Journal of Business 5513 9392 1 PB

An Analytical Assessment of Assurance Practices in Social Environmental and Sustainable Reporting in the United Kingdom and North America | Manurung | Gadjah Mada International Journal of Business 5513 9392 1 PB

reports short-listed for the Association of  Chartered  Certified  Accountants (ACCA) U.K. Sustainability Report- ing  Award  and  the  CERES-ACCA Sustainability Reporting Award from 2006 to 2008. To guide the empirical analysis, the principles of materiality, completeness and responsiveness em- bedded  in  several  recent  assurance standards  are  utilized.  These  include AccountAbility’s AA1000 Assurance Standard, an assurance guide released by  the  Federation  des  Experts Comptables  Europeens  and  Global Reporting  Initiative’s  G3  guidelines; nevertheless, the first  standard is the main criteria used. Besides these prin- ciples,  this  study  is  also  concerned about several other types of informa- tion  provided  in  the  assurance  state- ments, namely information on the as- surance provider, the intended reader- ship,  the  assuror  independence,  the assurance processes and methods, the performance dimension, the company policies and control systems and pro- cesses,  and  the  assurance  level.  All this information can provide valuable insights into the transparency and stake- holder  accountability of  social,  envi- ronmental and sustainability reporting. Based  on  the  sample  of  this  re- search,  several  new  trends  in  social, environmental and sustainability assur- ance can be observed. The first is that accountants tend to limit their intended readership  to  management  only  and state  a  disclaimer  for  other  potential readers. This diminishes the transpar- ency and stakeholder accountability of the reporting. It also raises doubts about
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Is biometric technology in social protection programmes illegal or arbitrary? An analysis of privacy and data protection

Is biometric technology in social protection programmes illegal or arbitrary? An analysis of privacy and data protection

While it focuses on issues of privacy and data protection, it also makes evident that broader questions regarding biometric technology use in social protection systems need to be addressed. Is biometric technology use appropriate and proportional in social protection systems? Is it the most effective way to improve beneficiary identification? To what extent does it respond to the implementation challenges social protection practitioners face? Is its use cost-effective in social protection systems? Are cost estimates for the introduction of biometric technology based on a realistic assessment of full implementation costs? Is its use in social protection inclusive? What measures are required to ensure inclusiveness? Are countries implementing this technology at levels that are fully capable of protecting the security and integrity of the people living in their jurisdictions? Do countries have sufficient technical and human capacity to implement this technology in social protection? Do they have the necessary technical, organizational and institutional resources to prevent and mitigate risks? Do they enjoy sufficient leverage to negotiate the most favourable terms for their populations when major transnational companies are involved in these systems ’ implementation? Who really benefits from the use of this technology? Who pays its costs? Ideally, all these questions – and many more – should be publicly discussed and assessed before implementing biometric systems in social protection programs, and on a regular basis once they have been implemented.
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Gambaran Sindrom Depresi pada Lanjut Usia di Puskesmas Darussalam, Kota Medan Tahun 2015

Gambaran Sindrom Depresi pada Lanjut Usia di Puskesmas Darussalam, Kota Medan Tahun 2015

Glaesmer, H., Heller, S.R., Braehler, E., Spangenberg, L., Luppa, M., 2011. Age- and gender-specific prevalence and risk factors for depressive symptoms in the elderly: a population-based study. International Psychogeriatrics, 23(8): 1294-1300.

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Development and employment in Latin America and the Caribbean: A look ahead‎ - 0.3 MB‎

Development and employment in Latin America and the Caribbean: A look ahead‎ - 0.3 MB‎

The unfavourable economic climate in the advanced countries is having negative collateral effects on some emerging economies, including China and India. Until a relatively short time ago, international trade was the principal mechanism for global transmission of the negative effects of the crisis. However, the anticipated and narrow monetary stimulus provided by the central banks of some advanced economies has created uncertainty and volatility in the global financial markets (ILO, 2014b). As various sources indicate, this financial instability particularly affects emerging and developing economies, which tend to have fewer defence mechanisms (Ffrench-Davis, 2012). Regions such as Latin America and the Caribbean have been affected by the increased volatility of international capital flows, which has obliged them to rapidly adjust their macroeconomic policy in order to limit the impact on exchange rates, while also weakening their national economies.
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Belgium: Mass campaign on Social Protection for All 53848

Belgium: Mass campaign on Social Protection for All 53848

The design of the Campaign started in 2014 with a seminar to develop the key strategic lines. Key UN experts, including from ILO and the then UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food participated in the seminar. Soon after, campaign partners agreed on one vision and a joint working definition of social protection as a sound basis for the two-year Campaign, which is largely inspired by ILO standards in the field of social protection, particularly the Social Security (Minimum Standards) Convention, 1952 (No. 102), and the Social Protection Floors Recommendation, 2012 (No. 202). The Campaign aims to:
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2. Asher Financing Social Protection in Developing Asia Now and In the Future 1

2. Asher Financing Social Protection in Developing Asia Now and In the Future 1

8. In developing Asia the individuals and the households will need to bear a greater proportion of increased share devoted to old age financing. Promoting its secure and stable policy and regulatory environment for long term savings by the individuals should therefore be an important instrument for financing old age. But this needs to be undertaken without creating contingent liabilities or fiscal risks.

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Ethical and Social Issues in Information Systems

Ethical and Social Issues in Information Systems

The introduction of new information technology has a ripple effect, raising new ethical, social, and political issues that must be dealt with on the individual, social, and political levels. These issues have five moral dimensions: information rights and obligations, property rights and obligations, system quality, quality of life, and accountability and control.

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ETHICAL AND SOCIAL ISSUES IN INFORMATION SYSTEMS

ETHICAL AND SOCIAL ISSUES IN INFORMATION SYSTEMS

The introduction of new information technology has a ripple effect, raising new ethical, social, and political issues that must be dealt with on the individual, social, and political levels. These issues have five moral dimensions: information rights and

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democratization in indonesia an assessment

democratization in indonesia an assessment

This concession by the armed forces at the national level in exchange for better terms at the regional level appears to be a shrewd tactical move. The armed forces appear to have anticipated that the implementation of decentralization from 1 January 2001 would result in a substantial shift of power from the centre to the regions. Given that the main focus of devolution is the district, in the form of the regency (kabupaten) or municipality (kotamadya), it is notable that TNI oficers have been extremely successful in being elected as district heads by regional parliaments. The TNI’s surprisingly resilient image in the provinces is another incentive for it to attempt to regain its political clout away from Jakarta. Recent polls on public perceptions of the armed forces indicate clearly that residents of Java and large urban areas are considerably more hostile to TNI than those living in the Outer Islands, with the notable exception of Irian Jaya.
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SOCIAL CRITICISM TOWARD SEGREGATION IN LANGSTON HUGHES’S THREE POEMS, “THEME FOR ENGLISH B”, “LET AMERICA BE AMERICA AGAIN”, AND “I, TOO” AN UNDERGRADUATE THESIS

SOCIAL CRITICISM TOWARD SEGREGATION IN LANGSTON HUGHES’S THREE POEMS, “THEME FOR ENGLISH B”, “LET AMERICA BE AMERICA AGAIN”, AND “I, TOO” AN UNDERGRADUATE THESIS

There was an incidence of ‘lynchers’ burning and hanging Negroes after World War I, the sole reason being that the Negro was wearing and army uniform. This uniform had not only made the Negro the white man’s equal at least for the duration and, more than that, it had put the Negro under the protection of the Federal Government. It was a symbolic protection just as it was a symbolic equality, but the symbolism was a portent that enraged ‘lynchers’. The real change World War I made in the Negro’s condition was to create a demand by Northern war industries for hundreds of thousands of Southern Negroes for factory work. However cruel it was, the North offered better prospects and better opportunities than the South. The North kept him bottled up in ghettos, but it did not bar the way of his son from becoming a dental technician or lathe operator, if he could make it on his own. Negroes received wages comparable with the white man’s. He got jobs heretofore solely the monopoly of whites. (Golden, 1964: 47)
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T1 852016701 Daftar Pustaka

T1 852016701 Daftar Pustaka

Latin Drumming : Latin-American Rhytms for the Modern Drummer, United State America : Theodore Presser, 1982 Latham, Rick.. Advanced Funk Studies.[r]

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Cambridge IGCSE Latin (0480)

Cambridge IGCSE Latin (0480)

opportunities for contextualised learning and the content has been created to suit a wide variety of schools, avoid cultural bias and develop essential lifelong skills, including creative thinking and problem-solving. Our aim is to balance knowledge, understanding and skills in our programmes and qualii cations to enable students to become effective learners and to provide a solid foundation for their continuing educational journey.

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Cambridge IGCSE Latin (0480)

Cambridge IGCSE Latin (0480)

Cambridge IGCSEs are considered to be an excellent preparation for Cambridge International AS and A Levels, the Cambridge AICE (Advanced International Certiicate of Education) Group Award, Cambridge Pre-U, and other education programmes, such as the US Advanced Placement program and the International Baccalaureate Diploma programme. Learn more about Cambridge IGCSEs at www.cie.org.uk/cambridgesecondary2

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T1 852009020 Daftar Pustaka

T1 852009020 Daftar Pustaka

Latin Drumming : Latin-American Rhytms for the Modern Drummer, United State America : Theodore Presser, 1982 Latham, Rick.. Advanced Funk Studies.[r]

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T1 852009026 Daftar Pustaka

T1 852009026 Daftar Pustaka

Latin Drumming : Latin-American Rhytms for the Modern Drummer, United State America : Theodore Presser, 1982 Latham, Rick.. Advanced Funk Studies.[r]

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Financing Social Protection in Developing Asia: Now and In the Future

Financing Social Protection in Developing Asia: Now and In the Future

8. In developing Asia the individuals and the households will need to bear a greater proportion of increased share devoted to old age financing. Promoting its secure and stable policy and regulatory environment for long term savings by the individuals should therefore be an important instrument for financing old age. But this needs to be undertaken without creating contingent liabilities or fiscal risks.

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xT2 942008019 Daftar Pustaka

xT2 942008019 Daftar Pustaka

Avaibility and Utilization of Physical and Instructional Facilities in Secondary Schools of Bajaur Agency (Pakistan). International online Journal of Education Sciences ISSN: 1309-2707. http://web.ebscohost.com /ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=80d5f86e-24af-49a6- 9698-bc2d084 17d6f%40sessionmgr112&vid=1&hid=111 Horner, David, D. 2006. A Descriptive Study of the Marketing

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sdplannet latin america caribbean 2

sdplannet latin america caribbean 2

There are national monitoring systems that track progress towards the goals of the national plan in four-year cycles, attempting to gauge the percentage of progress made over time. A central body such as the planning department oversees the process, engaging stakeholders and the public in the monitoring process at these intervals. In Costa Rica, for example, the National Assessment System operates in the Planning Ministry (Ministerio de Planiicación Nacional y Política Económica), which carries out monitoring and evaluation of goals and policies of the plan and of public policies. Furthermore, the legislature and the Comptroller General’s Oice give periodic accountability reports. Laws relating to public access to information are also driving MER reporting and public access to the reports. Whereas there is a concerted efort to pursue objective-based MER practices, the predominant model is more about expenditure reporting and issues of transparency in public sector investments on a sector basis. Under this particular national model, NGOs that receive state funds are subject to scrutiny and have been provided with training to build capacity in program development and implementation, as well as MER functions with the view to enhancing related capabilities. For example, in the Dominican Republic, the planning department ensures that departments are carrying out their goals with the funds they have been given. Due to the law of free access to information, there is constant monitoring/ vigilance by civil society.
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The Water Energy Food us in Latin America and the Caribbean

The Water Energy Food us in Latin America and the Caribbean

Under the UNFCCC, COP 21 in Paris is set to deine a climate change agreement that will come into force in 2020. Under this agreement, countries in LAC will need to undertake mitigation actions in their agriculture, energy and land-use change sectors, all of which are currently signiicant sources of emissions. A nexus approach can support the identiication of synergies between these sectors and opportunities to optimise mitigation options, for example through increasing the eficiency of coupled water- energy systems, such as irrigation. Integrated planning can also ensure that mitigation and adaptation actions are coordinated across sectors. For instance, whilst irrigation is an important adaptation strategy for agriculture against drought, pumping water is energy-intensive increasing carbon emissions. Similarly, biofuels may support emissions reductions in the energy sector but have impacts on food security through competition for land and water with food crops. Integrating national and local climate adaption plans within traditional sectoral planning will be critical to achieving water, energy and food security.
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