52. Refer to Variance Corporation. The profit lost by selling defective units to Greenstein Company totals $1,440. The total rework cost for 700 units is $28,000. The difference between the profit earned on a good unit and a defective unit is $12. How many total defective units did Variance Corporation produce?
Business process reengineering is a tool to achieve large, quick gains in effectiveness or efficiency through redesigning the execution of specific business functions. It is a method of examining processes to identify and then eliminate, reduce, or replace functions and processes that add little customer value to products or services. BPR is designed to bring radical changes to an organization's operations. BPR is often associated with employee layoffs, outsourcing initiatives, and technology acquisition.
The lowest price that an investment center manager should ever consider is the one that would leave his/her performance evaluation measures unaffected. Typically, this would be the price that maintains divisional profits at the level that existed prior to acceptance of the internal transfer. This price should be no lower than the total of the selling segment's incremental costs associated with the services/goods plus the opportunity cost of the facilities used.
Discretionary costs are difficult to control because it is difficult to identify the exact benefits of discretionary activities and the relationship of these activities to the organization's output and goals. Thus, it is difficult to decide at what level a discretionary activity should be funded or if it should be funded at all based on the lack of a definite causal relationship between the discretionary activity and the firm's output and goals.
28) Silver Company uses one raw material, silver ore, for all of its products. It spends considerable time getting the silver from the ore before it starts the actual processing of the finished products, rings, lockets, etc. Traditionally, the company made one product at a time and charged the product with all costs of production, from ore to final inspection. However, in recent months, the costaccounting reports have been somewhat disturbing to management. It seems that some of the finished products are costing more than they should, even to the point of approaching their retail value. It has been noted by the accounting manager that this problem began when the company started buying ore from different parts of the world, some of which require difficult extraction methods.
There are two major problems with accrual-based accounting numbers. The first problem is that they can be easily manipulated by managers. For example, the timing of end of period transactions can be accelerated or delayed to affect performance measures. Secondly, accounting measures cannot capture all corporate goals. Accounting measures are particularly inappropriate to measure qualitative changes in the workforce, qualitative changes in products, and achievement of social and non-monetary
The accounting rate of return has two major advantages relative to the other capital budgeting techniques. First, it may be more compatible as an investment criterion with criteria that are used to evaluate managerial and segment performance particularly for investment centers that are evaluated on an ROI or RI basis. Second, the accounting rate of return can be generated from accounting data and is therefore easy to track over the life of the investment.
If spoilage is normal and continuous, the calculations for EUP do not include this spoilage (method of neglect), and the good units simply absorb the cost of such spoilage. If spoilage is normal and discrete, the equivalent units are used in the EUP calculations, and the spoilage cost is assigned to all units that passed through the inspection point during the current period. If the spoilage is abnormal and either discrete or continuous, the equivalent units are used in EUP calculations and costed at the cost per EUP; the total cost is then assigned to a loss account.
The relevant range is that range of activity over which a variable cost remains constant on a per-unit basis and a fixed cost remains constant in total. Managers can review the various ranges of activity and the related effects on variable cost (per-unit) and fixed cost (in total) to determine how a change in the range will affect costs and, thus, the firm's profitability.
31. Refer to Thompson Company. Assuming that the fixed costs are expected to remain at $200,000 for the coming year and the sales price per unit and variable costs per unit are also expected to remain constant, how much profit before taxes will be produced if the company anticipates sales for the coming year rising to 130 percent of the current year’s level?
Financial statements for Owl and Hunt Corporations at the end of the fiscal year ended December 31, 2005 appear in the first two columns of the partially completed consolidation working papers. Owl has accounted for its investment in Hunt using the equity method of accounting. Owl Corporation owed Hunt Corporation $100 on open account at the end of the year. Dividends receivable in the amount of $450 payable from Hunt to Owl is included in Owl’s net receivables.
Unrestricted Revenues - Investment Income ............. 96,000 Temporarily restricted gain on sale of investments .... 9,000 Expenses - Research ................................... 3,200,000 Expenses - Fund Raising ............................... 700,000 Expenses - Management and General ..................... 300,000 Restricted Support - Contributions .................... 600,000 Restricted Revenues - Investment Income ............... 50,000 Permanently Restricted Support - Contributions ........ 60,000
Sandpiper Inc. acquired a 30% interest in Shore Corporation for $27,000 cash on January 1, 2005, when Shore’s stockholders’ equity consisted of $30,000 of capital stock and $20,000 of retained earnings. Shore Corporation reported net income of $18,000 for 2005. The allocation of the $12,000 excess of cost over book value acquired on January 1 is shown below, along with information relating to the useful lives of the items:
2. A partner's capital balance represents his or her interest in the net assets of the partnership, whereas a partner's interest in income and loss represents how his or her interest in capital will be affected by the subsequent operations of the partnership. Generally, a partner's capital account is used to recognize asset investments and withdrawals which are not considered temporary. The partner's drawing account is generally used to record withdrawals of assets in anticipation of profitable operations of the partnership or any payments of a partner's personal expenses from partnership assets.
9. On January 1, 2008, Blake Company acquired all of Frost Corporation's voting shares for $280,000 cash. On December 31, 2009, Frost owed Blake $5,000 for services provided during the year. When consolidated financial statements are prepared for 2009, which entry is needed to eliminate intercompany receivables and payables in the consolidation workpaper?
Santos capital ..................................................... 3,988 Reyes capital ...................................................... 13,560 Cruz capital ........................................................ 9,040 To record goodwill implied of Cruz's interest. In effect, the profit Sharing ratio is 15% to Santos, 51% to Reyes (60% of 85% remaining after Santos's income), and 34% to Cruz (40% of the 85% remaining after Santos' income). Diaz is paying P46,000, P9,040 in excess of Cruz's capital (P36,960). The additional payment for this 34% income Interest indicates total goodwill of P26,588 (P9,040/34%).
In order for the holder of Debt Two to received exactly P142,000, the other free assets must be sold for P308,000. With that much money, the liabilities with priority (P110,000) can be paid with the remaining P198,000 going to the unsecured debts of P330,000. This 60% figure would insure that the holder of Debt Two would get P100,000 from the pledged asset and P42,000 (P70,000 x 60%) from the free assets.