ACCA Preparing Financial Statement

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Preparing Financial


(International Stream)




Time allowed

3 hours

This paper is divided into two sections

Section A

ALL 25 questions are compulsory and MUST be


Section B

ALL FIVE questions are compulsory and MUST be




Section A – ALL 25 questions are compulsory and MUST be attempted

Please use the Candidate Registration Sheet provided to indicate your chosen answer to each multiple choice question. Each question within this section is worth 2 marks.

1 The debit side of a trial balance totals $800 more than the credit side.

Which one of the following errors would fully account for the difference?

A $400 paid for plant maintenance has been correctly entered in the cash book and credited to the plant asset account.

B Discount received $400 has been debited to discount allowed account.

C A receipt of $800 for commission receivable has been omitted from the records. D The petty cash balance of $800 has been omitted from the trial balance.

2 A company receives rent from a large number of properties. The total received in the year ended 31 October 2002 was $481,200.

The following were the amounts of rent in advance and in arrears at 31 October 2001 and 2002:

31 October 2001 31 October 2002

$ $

Rent received in advance 28,700 31,200 Rent in arrears (all subsequently received) 21,200 18,400

What amount of rental income should appear in the company’s income statement for the year ended 31 October 2002?


3 A company receives rent for subletting part of its office block. Rent, receivable quarterly in advance, is received as follows:

Date of receipt Period covered $

1 October 2001 3 months to 31 December 2001 7,500

-30 December 2001 31 March 2002 7,500 4 April 2002 30 June 2002 9,000 1 July 2002 30 September 2002 9,000 1 October 2002 31 December 2002 9,000

What figures, based on these receipts, should appear in the company’s financial statements for the year ended 30 November 2002?

Income statement Balance sheet

A $34,000 Debit Prepayment (Dr) $3,000 B $34,500 Credit Accrual (Cr) $6,000 C $34,000 Credit Accrual (Cr) $3,000 D $34,000 Credit Prepayment (Dr) $3,000

4 A company’s plant and machinery ledger account for the year ended 30 September 2002 was as follows:

Plant and machinery – cost

2001 $ 2002 $

1 October Balance 381,200 1 June Disposal account – cost of asset sold 36,000 1 December Cash – addition 18,000 30 September Balance 363,200 399,200 399,200 The company’s policy is to charge depreciation at 20% per year on the straight line basis, with proportionate depreciation in years of purchase and sale.

What is the depreciation charge for the year ended 30 September 2002? A $74,440


5 The following bank reconciliation statement has been prepared by a trainee accountant:

Bank reconciliation 30 September 2002


Balance per bank statement (overdrawn) 36,840 add: Lodgements credited after date 51,240 88,080 less: Outstanding cheques 43,620 Balance per cash book (credit) 44,460

Assuming the amounts stated for items other than the cash book balance are correct, what should the cash book balance be?

A $44,460 credit as stated B $60,020 credit

C $29,220 debit D $29,220 credit

6 Listed below are some possible causes of difference between the cash book balance and the bank statement balance when preparing a bank reconciliation:

(1) Cheque paid in, subsequently dishonoured. (2) Error by bank

(3) Bank charges

(4) Lodgements credited after date

(5) Outstanding cheques not yet presented.

Which of these items require an entry in the cash book? A (1) and (3) only


7 Which of the following items could appear on thecreditside of a receivables ledger control account?

(1) Cash received from customers (2) Bad debts written off

(3) Increase in allowance for doubtful debts (4) Discounts allowed

(5) Sales

(6) Credits for goods returned by customers (7) Cash refunds to customers

A (1), (2), (4) and (6) B (1), (2), (4) and (7) C (3), (4), (5) and (6) D (5) and (7)

8 A business has compiled the following information for the year ended 31 October 2002:


Opening inventory 386,200 Purchases 989,000 Closing inventory 422,700 The gross profit as a percentage of sales is always 40%

Based on these figures, what is the sales revenue for the year? A $1,333,500

B $1,587,500 C $2,381,250


9 A fire on 30 September 2002 destroyed some of a company’s inventory and its inventory records. The following information is available:


Inventory 1 September 2002 318,000 Sales for September 2002 612,000 Purchases for September 2002 412,000 Inventory in good condition at 30 September 2002 214,000 Standard gross profit percentage on sales is 25%

Based on this information, what is the value of the inventory lost? A $96,000

B $271,000 C $26,400 D $57,000

10 Which of the following inventory valuation methods is likely to lead to the lowest figure for closing inventory at a time when prices are rising?

A Average cost

B First in, first out (FIFO) C Last in, first out (LIFO) D Replacement cost

11 Which of the following costs may be included when arriving at the cost of finished goods inventory for inclusion in the financial statements of a manufacturing company?

(1) Carriage inwards (2) Carriage outwards

(3) Depreciation of factory plant (4) Finished goods storage costs (5) Factory supervisors’ wages


12 Listed below are some characteristics of financial information. (1) Neutrality

(2) Prudence (3) Completeness (4) Timeliness

Which of these characteristics contribute to reliability, according to the IASC’s Framework for the Preparation and Presentation of Financial Statements?

A (1), (2) and (3) only B (1), (2) and (4) only C (1), (3) and (4) only D (2), (3) and (4) only

13 Which of the following statements about accounting concepts are correct?

(1) The money measurement concept is that only items capable of being measured in monetary terms can be recognised in financial statements.

(2) The prudence concept means that understating of assets and overstating of liabilities is desirable in preparing financial statements.

(3) The historical cost concept is that assets are initially recognised at their transaction cost.

(4) The substance over form convention is that, whenever legally possible, the economic substance of a transaction should be reflected in financial statements rather than simply its legal form.

A (1), (2) and (3) B (1), (2) and (4) C (1), (3) and (4) D (2), (3) and (4)

14 P and Q are in partnership, sharing profits in the ratio 3:2 and compiling their accounts to 30 June each year. On 1 January 2002 R joined the partnership, and from that date the profit-sharing ratio became P 50%, Q 25% and R 25%, after providing for salaries for Q and R as follows:

Q $20,000 per year R $12,000 per year

The partnership profit for the year ended 30 June 2002 was $480,000, accruing evenly over the year.

What are the partners’ total profit shares for the year ended 30 June 2002?


$ $ $


15 The issued share capital of Alpha, a limited liability company, is as follows:


Ordinary shares of 10c each 1,000,000 8% Preference shares of 50c each 500,000

In the year ended 31 October 2002, the company has paid the preference dividend for the year and an interim dividend of 2c per share on the ordinary shares. A final ordinary dividend of 3c per share is proposed.

What is the total amount of dividends relating to the year ended 31 October 2002? A $580,000

B $90,000 C $130,000 D $540,000

16 When a company makes a rights issue of equity shares which of the following effects will the issue have?

(1) Working capital is increased (2) Gearing ratio is increased

(3) Share premium account is reduced (4) Investments are increased

A (1) only B (1) and (2) C (3) only D (1) and (4)

17 Which of the following items may appear as current liabilities in a company’s balance sheet?

(1) Minority interests in subsidiaries. (2) Loan due for repayment within one year. (3) Taxation.

(4) Preference dividend payable


18 What is the correct treatment of extraordinary items in a company’s income statement, according to IAS8 Net Profit or Loss for the Period, Fundamental Errors and Changes in Accounting Policies?

A Add to or subtract from profit after tax.

B Include in calculating profit from operations with an explanatory note.

C Show separately in the income statement as part of profit from operations with an explanatory note. D Exclude from income statement and disclose by note.

19 A company made an issue for cash of 1,000,000 50c shares at a premium of 30c per share.

Which of the following journal entries correctly records the issue?

Debit Credit

$ $

A Share capital 500,000 Share premium 300,000 D Share capital 1,000,000

Share premium 300,000

Bank 1,300,000

20 Which of the following items could appear in a company’s cash flow statement?

(1) Surplus on revaluation of non-current assets. (2) Proceeds of issue of shares.

(3) Proposed dividend. (4) Bad debts written off. (5) Dividends received.


21 Part of the process of preparing a company’s cash flow statement is the calculation of cash inflow from operating activities.

Which of the following statements about that calculation (using the indirect method) are correct?

(1) Loss on sale of operating non-current assets should be deducted from net profit before taxation. (2) Increase in inventory should be deducted from operating profits.

(3) Increase in payables should be added to operating profits.

(4) Depreciation charges should be added to net profit before taxation.

A (1), (2) and (3) B (1), (2) and (4) C (1), (3) and (4) D (2), (3) and (4)

22 Which of the following might appear as an item in a company’s statement of changes in equity?

(1) Profit on disposal of properties. (2) Surplus on revaluation of properties

(3) Equity dividends proposed after the balance sheet date. (4) Issue of share capital.

A (1), (3) and (4) only B (2) and (4) only C (1) and (2) only D (3) and (4) only

23 Which of the following statements about research and development expenditure are correct?

(1) Research expenditure, other than capital expenditure on research facilities, should be recognised as an expense as incurred.

(2) In deciding whether development expenditure qualifies to be recognised as an asset, it is necessary to consider whether there will be adequate finance available to complete the project.

(3) Development expenditure recognised as an asset must be amortised over a period not exceeding five years.


24 Which one of the following would help a company with high gearing to reduce its gearing ratio? A Making a rights issue of equity shares.

B Issuing further long-term loan notes. C Making a bonus issue of shares. D Paying dividends on its equity shares.

25 Which one of the following would cause a company’s gross profit percentage on sales to fall? A Sales volume has declined.

B Closing inventory is lower than opening inventory.

C Some closing inventory items were included at less than cost. D Selling and distribution costs have risen.


Section B – ALL FIVE questions are compulsory and MUST be attempted

1 The following items have been extracted from the trial balance of Cronos, a limited liability company, as at 30 September 2002: Carriage outwards 2 47,250

Sales 3,210,000

Trade receivables 318,000 Wages and salaries 2 and 3 694,200 Sundry administrative expenses 2 381,000 Allowance for doubtful debts, as at

1 October 2001 4 18,200 Bad debts written off during the year 4 14,680

Office equipment as at 1 October 2001:

Cost 5 214,000

Accumulated depreciation 5 88,700 Office equipment: additions during year 5 48,000

Office equipment:proceeds of sale of items during year 5 12,600

Interest paid 2 30,000


1 Closing inventory amounted to $219,600 2 Prepayments and accruals

Prepayments Accruals

$ $

Carriage outwards 1,250 Wages and salaries 5,800 Sundry administrative expenses 4,900 13,600 Interest payable 30,000 3 Wages and salaries cost is to be allocated:

– cost of sales 10% – distribution costs 20% – administrative expenses 70%

4 Further bad debts totalling $8,000 are to be written off, and the closing allowance for doubtful debts is to be equal to 5% of the final trade receivables figure. The bad and doubtful debt expense is to be included in administrative expenses.

5 Office equipment:

Depreciation is to be provided at 20% per annum on the straight line basis, with a full year’s charge in the year of purchase and none in the year of sale.


2 The trial balance of Rhea, a limited liability company, at 30 June 2002 failed to agree and a suspense account was opened with a debit balance of $386,400 pending further action to find the difference.

Subsequent checking revealed the following errors:

(1) The balance of $48,900 on the carriage outwards account was omitted from the trial balance. (2) Discount columns in the cash book had been misposted:

– Discount allowed $38,880 had been credited to discount received account. – Discount received $68,200 had been debited to discount allowed account.

(3) An issue of 100,000 $1 ordinary shares in exchange for an asset with an agreed value of $400,000 had been recorded by crediting ordinary share capital account with $400,000 and debiting the non-current asset account with $400,000.


(a) Prepare journal entries withnarratives to correct these errors.

(b) Write up the suspense account and bring down the balance of difference not yet found.

(9 marks) 3 Helios acquired 80% of the ordinary share capital of Luna for $700,000 on 1 July 1999, when the retained profits of Luna amounted to $60,000. There have been no movements on Luna’s share capital or share premium account since that date.

At 30 June 2002 the balance sheets of the two companies were as follows:

Helios Luna

$ $

Tangible non-current assets 280,000 490,000 Investment in Luna 700,000

Net current assets 130,000 260,000 1,110,000 750,000 Share capital 600,000 400,000 Share premium account 350,000 200,000 Accumulated profit 160,000 150,000 1,110,000 750,000 The policy of Helios is to amortise goodwill arising on consolidation over five years on the straight line basis.


Prepare the consolidated balance sheet of Helios and its subsidiary as at 30 June 2002.


4 Required:

Explain the extent, if any, to which the following assets should be depreciated/amortised.

(a) Land and buildings that have been revalued upwards since acquisition. (3 marks)

(b) Capitalised development expenditure on a project expected to begin commercial production in two years’

time. (3 marks)

(c) A holding of quoted equity shares. (2 marks)

(8 marks) 5 The directors of a company are considering the company’s draft financial statements for the year ended 30 September


The following material points are unresolved:

(a) One of the company’s buildings was destroyed in a flood in October 2002. The estimated value of the building was $4m, but it was insured for only $3m. The company’s going concern status is not jeopardised. The directors are unsure what adjustment or disclosure, if any, should be made. (2 marks)

(b) The company gives warranties on its products at the time of sale, undertaking to repair or replace any defective item free of charge. Some directors believe that an allowance should be made for estimated warranty liabilities at 30 September 2002 based on sales to that date, and other directors argue that the expense of warranty work should be borne in the period in which it is incurred. (2 marks)

(c) Some goods which had cost $120,000, and which were included in closing inventory at 30 September 2002 at that figure, were subsequently sold for $80,000 after they were found to have deteriorated while held in inventory. The directors are unsure whether to adjust the inventory figure downwards by $40,000 or allow the loss to fall in the period when the deterioration was discovered. (2 marks)

(d) The company had supplied $100,000 worth of goods to a customer on a sale or return basis in September 2002. The transaction was included as a credit sale in the accounting records, and as a result a profit of $20,000 was taken. In October 2002 the customer returned all of the items in good condition. (4 marks)


Advise the board of directors as to the correct treatment of each of these items, quoting the authority for your advice in each case and stating the effect, if any, on the income statement and balance sheet.

(10 marks)




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