THE EXPRESSION OF COMMAND USED IN TINTIN COMIC MANUSCRIPT: A PRAGMATIC STUDY The Expression Of Command Used In Tintin Comic Manuscript: A Pragmatic Study.

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THE EXPRESSION OF COMMAND USED IN TINTIN COMIC MANUSCRIPT: A PRAGMATIC STUDY

Research Paper

Submitted as a Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements

for Getting Bachelor Degree of Education

in English Department

Written by:

DEVI PARBANINGRUM

A 320 090 041

SCHOOL OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION

MUHAMMADIYAH UNIVERSITY OF SURAKARTA

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MOTTO

“The person who doesn’t make mistakes is unlikely to make anything”

(Paul Arden)

“Studying is

like a payment for getting a guarantee in your future”

(The writer)

“The painful that I had is the power that I use”

(The writer)

“Delaying your action is delaying your future”

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DEDICATION

This study is dedicated to:

My mother

Lagiyanti

and my father

Hadi Suparjo

My little brother

Yoga Aldi Saputra

The

Apple in my eye

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

Aassalamualaikum Wr.Wb.

Alhamdullilahirabbil ‘alamin. Thanks a lot to Allah SWT for the blessing so that the

writer could finish this study as a requirement to get the bachelor degree in

Department of English Education, Teacher Training and Education Faculty,

Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta. The writer would not be able to finish this

study without the support from some people around her. So, she would like to express

her thanksfull and her respect to:

1. Dra. Ning Setyaningsih, M.Si, as the Dean of the School of Teacher Training

and Education of Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta

2. Titis Setyabudi, S.S, M.Hum, as the Head of English Department for the

permit of this research

3. Agus Wijayanto, Ph.D, as the first research consultant who has guided and

advises her during the arrangement of research paper from the beginning until

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4. Dra. Siti Zuhriyah Ariatmi, M. Hum , as the second consultant who has

guided and advises her during the arrangement of research paper from the

beginning until the end.

5. Siti Fatimah, S.Pd, M.Hum, as the Academic Consultant of Teacher

Training and Education.

6. All the lectures, administrative staffs and friends in the English Department of

Sebelas Maret University for all the assistance so that the writer could do all

the things during her learning in the Department.

7. The sincerest respects and thanks are directed to the beloved writer’s parents

and her little brother.

8. A special thanks for the apple in her eyes who supports her as a long as the

writer needs Nasib W.W.

9. A great thanks are directed to the her brothers who support and give the

attentions to her so that the writer becomes better Hanggara Putra P, Jefri Indra S,

and Mayga F.

10.Great thanks are also directed to The Great Team who become her new sisters

and brothers Rani, Nurcahyani, Embun, Lina, Nuri, Ummi, Difi, Aditya, Erick, Alief, Maymay,

Hanggara, Righi, and Nasib.

11. Thanks a lot to her friends from Teratai Putri boarding house and her other

friends who accompany the writer so that the writer never be lonely (Didin, Iyka

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x SUMMARY

DEVI PARBANINGRUM. A320090041. THE EXPRESSION OF COMMAND USED IN TINTIN COMIC MANUSCRIPT: A PRAGMATIC STUDY. MUHAMMADIYAH UNIVERSITY OF SURAKARTA. 2013

The aim of this study is to describe the pragmalinguistic forms, the speaker intentions, and the politeness strategy of commanding used in Tintin comic manuscript volume 1 Tintinin the Congo by Herge 2007. This study uses descriptive qualitative method. The data were the written text of commanding utterance used in

Tintin comic volume 1 especially Tintin in the Congo by Herge 2007. The data of pragmalinguitic forms were analyzed by Marcella Frank, the intentions were analyzed

by Searle’s theory, and the politeness strategies were analyzed by Brown and Levinson. The research finding showed that there are two kinds of directive utterance: other-directed command and self-directed command used in Tintin comic. The linguitics form of them are declarative, positive imperative, negative imperative, imperative using Let’s, interrogative, and combination. The intentions of them are

assuring, asking a caution, asking a help, asking to take a rest, asking to pay for attention, asking to be in focus, arranging strategy, continuing adventure, extracting information, explaining, getting angry, motivating, persuading, permitting, prohibiting, to be in a hurry, resolving peacefully, warning, asking to be in focus and

worrying. As for politeness strategy, the other-directed command uses both bald-on record and positive politeness, and the self-directed command only uses bald-on record.

Consultant I

(Agus Wijayanto, Ph.D)

NIK. 978

Consultant II

(Dra. Siti Zuhriyah Ariatmi, M. Hum)

NIK. 225

Dean of

School of Teacher Training and Education

(Dra. Setyaningsih, M.Si)

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TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER I : INTRODUCTION A. Background of the Study ... 1

B. The Scope of Study ... 3

C. Problem Statement ... 4

D.Objective of the Study ... 4

E. Significant of the Study ... 4

F.Research Paper Organization ... 5

CHAPTER II : UNDERLYING THEORY A.Pragmatics ... 6

B.Speech Acts ... 7

1. Austin ... 8

2. Searle ... 10

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D. Command ... 12

E. Previous Study ... 13

F. Politeness ... 17

1. Bald On Record ... 17

2. Positive Politeness ... 18

3. Negative Politeness ... 21

4. Off Record ... 23

G. Linguistic Forms ... 23

1. Word ... 23

2. Phrase ... 23

3. Clause ... 24

4. Sentence ... 24

H. Comic ... 25

CHAPTER III : RESEARCH METHOD A. Types of Study ... 27

B. Object of Study ... 27

C. Data Source ... 27

D. Method of Collecting Data ... 28

E. Method of Analazing Data ... 28

CHAPTER IV : DATA ANALYSIS, RESEARCH FINDING, AND DISCUSSION A. Data Analysis ... 30

1. Forms of Other-Directed Command ... 30

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3. Politeness Strategy Used in Other-Directed Command ... 68

4. Form of Self-Directed Command ... 79

5. The Intention of Self-Directed Command ... 82

6. Politeness Strategy Used in Self-Directed Command ... 86

B. Research Finding ... 89

C. Discussion of the Findings ... 91

1. Pragmalinguistic Form ... 91

2. Speaker Intention ... 93

3. Politeness Strategy ... 94

CHAPTER V : CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION A. Conclusion ... 97

B. Suggestion ... 98

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