LIZ’S EFFORT TO GET BETTER LIFE IN Liz’s Effort To Get Better Life In Breaking Night Novel (2010): An Individual Psychological Approach.

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LIZ’S EFFORT TO GET BETTER LIFE IN

BREAKING NIGHT

NOVEL (2010):

AN INDIVIDUAL PSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACH

RESEARCH PAPER

Submitted as a Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for Getting Bachelor Degree of Education in English Department

by:

OVI ARIESTA AYU ANDARI A 320 110 182

SCHOOL OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION

MUHAMMADIYAH UNIVERSITY OF SURAKARTA

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MOTTO

 “Jangan Cuma bisa mengeluh, buatlah sebuah perjuangan dengan kemampuan.” (The Researcher)

 “Time is Gold.” (The Researcher)

 “Tuhan akan menjawab doa manusia ketika manusia itu juga mau berusaha.”(The Researcher)

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DEDICATION

This research paper is especially dedicated to: ♥ The Greatest Allah SWT

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ACKNOWLEDGMENT

prophet Muhammad SAW, peace be upon him, who brings the Muslim from the

darkness into the brightness.

The reseacher realizes that the research paper cannot be finished without

many helps and supports from several people. Thus, the reseacher would like to

express his earnest gratitude for the following persons:

1. Drs. Abdillah Nugroho, M.Hum, as the first consultant, who has given her

time to guide, advice, and share much knowledge patiently to the reseacher

until this research paper finished.

2. Titis Setyabudi, S.S, M.Hum, as the second consultant, who has given her

time to correct the grammatical structure of the research paper.

3. Prof. Dr. Harun Joko Prayitno, as the Dean of School of Teaching Training

and Education Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta.

4. All lectures of Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta especially English

Department who has helped and guided the reseacher in many ways. Also her

deepest thanks for all of their beneficial knowledge that has taught to the

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5. Her beloved parents, Bapak Parnu and Ibu Tumiatun, for their amazing love,

prayer, support until today. and make her understand that Allah is the highest

aim of life and make her understand how to be a real Moslem,

6. Her beloved grandparent, Bapak Yatno and Ibu Sarmi for their love, support,

prayer and togetherness.

7. Her beloved family in Magetan, Mbak Endang, Mbak Tika, Salma, Ayu,

Ragel, Anggun for all their support, advice, help, and spirit. All of those give

additional spirit for me.

laugh, jokes, and sweet moments during studying in UMS.

10. Her beloved friends in “PPL SMK Harapan Kartasura”, for all the sweet

moments during conducting the field work in SMK Harapan Kartasura.

11. Her dearest friends in Yasmine boarding house, who are her second family in

Solo, for all craziness in the playing play station, laugh, love, spirit, advice,

sharing, support, and prayer. She always wishes that they will always be best

friends and getting success of each other.

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TABLE OF CONTENT

B.Basic Assumption of Individual Psychology ... 12

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1. The Notion of Effort ... 17

2. The “Efforts” Variants ... 18

3. The Efforts to Change People’s Life for the Better ... 18

D.Structural Elements of the Novel ... 19

1. Character and Characterization ... 19

2. Plot ... 20

3. Setting ... 20

4. Point of View ... 21

5. Style ... 21

6. Theme ... 22

E. Theoretical Application ... 22

CHAPTER III: STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS ... 24

A. Structural Elements ... 24

1. Character and Characterization ... 24

2. Plot ... 33

CHAPTER IV: INDIVIDUAL PSYCHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS ... 49

A. Development of Liz’s Personality Based on Adler’s Individual Psychology Analysis ... 49

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CHAPTER V: CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION ... 60

A.Conclusion ... 60

B.Suggestion ... 61

BIBLIOGRAPHY ... 63

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SUMMARY

OVI ARIESTA AYU ANDARI, A 320 110 182, LIZ’S EFFORT TO GET

BETTER LIFE IN BREAKING NIGHT NOVEL (2010): AN INDIVIDUAL

PSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACH. RESEARCH PAPER.

MUHAMMADIYAH UNIVERSITY OF SURAKARTA. 2014.

The problem of this study is Liz’s effort to get better life in breaking night Novel (2010) directed by Liz Murray. The purpose of this study was to describe the novel based on the structural elements and depict the novel based on individual psychological approach.

The type of this research is qualitative research. This type of research data is a text taken from two data sources: primary and secondary. The primary data source is The breaking night novel by author Liz Murray in 2010. While secondary data sources are other materials taken from some books, author biographies, comments, website searching about breaking night novel. Both the data collected by conducting library research and analyzed with descriptive analysis.

Based on the analysis, the author describes some conclusions. First, based on the structural analysis of each element, it shows that the character and characterization, plot, setting, point of view, style, theme. Secondly, based on individual psychological analysis reflected in striving for superiority, fictional

finalism, inferiority feeling, social interest, style of life, creative power all of this

have meaningful goal in human’s life. This novel also shows the determination

process involving large will produce amazing results.

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