LIZ’S EFFORT TO GET BETTER LIFE IN
AN INDIVIDUAL PSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACH
Submitted as a Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for Getting Bachelor Degree of Education in English Department
OVI ARIESTA AYU ANDARI A 320 110 182
SCHOOL OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION
MUHAMMADIYAH UNIVERSITY OF SURAKARTA
“Jangan Cuma bisa mengeluh, buatlah sebuah perjuangan dengan kemampuan.” (The Researcher)
“Time is Gold.” (The Researcher)
“Tuhan akan menjawab doa manusia ketika manusia itu juga mau berusaha.”(The Researcher)
This research paper is especially dedicated to: ♥ The Greatest Allah SWT
prophet Muhammad SAW, peace be upon him, who brings the Muslim from the
darkness into the brightness.
The reseacher realizes that the research paper cannot be finished without
many helps and supports from several people. Thus, the reseacher would like to
express his earnest gratitude for the following persons:
1. Drs. Abdillah Nugroho, M.Hum, as the first consultant, who has given her
time to guide, advice, and share much knowledge patiently to the reseacher
until this research paper finished.
2. Titis Setyabudi, S.S, M.Hum, as the second consultant, who has given her
time to correct the grammatical structure of the research paper.
3. Prof. Dr. Harun Joko Prayitno, as the Dean of School of Teaching Training
and Education Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta.
4. All lectures of Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta especially English
Department who has helped and guided the reseacher in many ways. Also her
deepest thanks for all of their beneficial knowledge that has taught to the
5. Her beloved parents, Bapak Parnu and Ibu Tumiatun, for their amazing love,
prayer, support until today. and make her understand that Allah is the highest
aim of life and make her understand how to be a real Moslem,
6. Her beloved grandparent, Bapak Yatno and Ibu Sarmi for their love, support,
prayer and togetherness.
7. Her beloved family in Magetan, Mbak Endang, Mbak Tika, Salma, Ayu,
Ragel, Anggun for all their support, advice, help, and spirit. All of those give
additional spirit for me.
laugh, jokes, and sweet moments during studying in UMS.
10. Her beloved friends in “PPL SMK Harapan Kartasura”, for all the sweet
moments during conducting the field work in SMK Harapan Kartasura.
11. Her dearest friends in Yasmine boarding house, who are her second family in
Solo, for all craziness in the playing play station, laugh, love, spirit, advice,
sharing, support, and prayer. She always wishes that they will always be best
friends and getting success of each other.
TABLE OF CONTENT
B.Basic Assumption of Individual Psychology ... 12
1. The Notion of Effort ... 17
2. The “Efforts” Variants ... 18
3. The Efforts to Change People’s Life for the Better ... 18
D.Structural Elements of the Novel ... 19
1. Character and Characterization ... 19
2. Plot ... 20
3. Setting ... 20
4. Point of View ... 21
5. Style ... 21
6. Theme ... 22
E. Theoretical Application ... 22
CHAPTER III: STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS ... 24
A. Structural Elements ... 24
1. Character and Characterization ... 24
2. Plot ... 33
CHAPTER IV: INDIVIDUAL PSYCHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS ... 49
A. Development of Liz’s Personality Based on Adler’s Individual Psychology Analysis ... 49
CHAPTER V: CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION ... 60
A.Conclusion ... 60
B.Suggestion ... 61
BIBLIOGRAPHY ... 63
OVI ARIESTA AYU ANDARI, A 320 110 182, LIZ’S EFFORT TO GET
BETTER LIFE IN BREAKING NIGHT NOVEL (2010): AN INDIVIDUAL
PSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACH. RESEARCH PAPER.
MUHAMMADIYAH UNIVERSITY OF SURAKARTA. 2014.
The problem of this study is Liz’s effort to get better life in breaking night Novel (2010) directed by Liz Murray. The purpose of this study was to describe the novel based on the structural elements and depict the novel based on individual psychological approach.
The type of this research is qualitative research. This type of research data is a text taken from two data sources: primary and secondary. The primary data source is The breaking night novel by author Liz Murray in 2010. While secondary data sources are other materials taken from some books, author biographies, comments, website searching about breaking night novel. Both the data collected by conducting library research and analyzed with descriptive analysis.
Based on the analysis, the author describes some conclusions. First, based on the structural analysis of each element, it shows that the character and characterization, plot, setting, point of view, style, theme. Secondly, based on individual psychological analysis reflected in striving for superiority, fictional
finalism, inferiority feeling, social interest, style of life, creative power all of this
have meaningful goal in human’s life. This novel also shows the determination
process involving large will produce amazing results.