EFFORT OF MINKE TO GET HIS RIGHT REFLECTED IN THIS EARTH Effort Of Minke To Get His Right Reflected In This Earth Of Mankind By Pramoedya Ananta Toer (1975): An Individual Psychological Approach.

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EFFORT OF MINKE TO GET HIS RIGHT REFLECTED IN THIS EARTH OF MANKIND BY PRAMOEDYA ANANTA TOER (1975):

AN INDIVIDUAL PSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACH

RESEARCH PAPER

Submitted as a Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for Getting Bachelor Degree of Education

in English Department

by:

HAYU WIJAYANTI A320100071

SCHOOL OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION MUHAMMADIYAH UNIVERSITY OF SURAKARTA

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MOTTO

“Sesungguhnya setelah kesulitan itu ada kemudahan

.

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DEDICATION

This research paper is dedicated to:

Allah SWT for His Great Blessing

My dearest mother and father also mother-in-law and father-in-law

My beloved husband

My sweet heart son and daughter

My brother and younger sister

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entitled: EFFORT OF MINKE TO GET HIS RIGHT REFLECTED IN THIS

EARTH OF MANKIND BY PRAMOEDYA ANANTA TOER (1975): AN INDIVIDUAL PSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACH

In this research paper, the researcher would like to express her deep

gratitude and appreciation to:

1. Prof. Dr. Bambang Setiaji, M.Si, as the headmaster of Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta.

2. Drs. Abdillah Nugroho, M.hum. as the first consultant for his careful reading of this paper, for his guidance, advice and suggestions for doing

this research paper to the researcher.

3. Nur Hidayat, S.Pd as the second consultant and the academic consultant, for his patience in giving guidance, advice, suggestion during the writing

process of this research paper.

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TABLE OF CONTENT

TITLE... i

APPROVAL... ii

ACCEPTANCE………... iii

TESTIMONY……….... iv

MOTTO……….. v

DEDICATION... vi

ACKNOWLEDGMENT……….. vii

TABLE OF CONTENT... ix

SUMMARY... xii

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION A. Background of the Study………... 1

B. Literature Review... 6

C. Problem Statement……… 7

D. Limitation of the Study………. 7

E. Objective of the Study ………... 8

F. Benefit of the Study………... 8

G. Research Method………. 9

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CHAPTER II UNDERLYING THEORY

A. Notion of Individual Psychology...……… 12

B. Basic Principle of Individual Psychology ... 13

1. Inferiority Feeling ... 13

2. Striving of Superiority ... 14

3. Creative Self ... 15

4. Social Interest ... 15

5. Fictional Finalism ... 16

6. Style of Life ... 17

C. Notion of Effort ... 18

D. Structural Elements of the Novel ... 20

1. Character and Characterization ... 20

2. Setting ... 21

3. Plot ... 21

4. Point of View ... 22

5. Theme ... 23

E. Theoretical Approach ... 23

CHAPTER III STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF THE NOVEL A. Structural Elements of the Novel……… 25

1. Character and Characterization ……... 25

2. Setting ... 29

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4. Point of View ... 37

5. Theme ... 38

B. Discussion ... 37

CHAPTER 1V PSYCHOANALYTIC ANALYSIS A. An Individual Psychological Analysis …... 40

1. Inferiority feeling ……... 40

2. Striving for Superiority... 41

3. Creative Self ... 45

4. Social Interest ... 46

5. Fictional Finalism ... 46

6. Style of Life ... 48

B. Discussion………. 48

CHAPTER V CONCLUSION AND SUGGESION A. Conclusion ……… 52

B. Suggestion ……… 53

C. Pedagogical Implication ... 54

BIBLIOGRAPHY ... 55

VIRTUAL REFERENCES ... APPENDIX ... 56

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SUMMARY

HAYU WIJAYANTI. A 320100071. EFFORT OF MINKE TO GET HIS RIGHT REFLECTED IN “THIS EARTH OF MANKIND” (1975): AN INDIVIDUAL PSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACH. RESEARCH PAPER. MUHAMMADIYAH UNIVERSITY OF SURAKARTA. 2014.

The major issue of this study is how effort of Minke to get his right reflected in This Earth of Mankind novel (1975). The objective of this study is to describe This Earth of Mankind novel based on structural elements of novel and to analyze effort of Minke to get his right reflected in This Earth of Mankind novel (1975) on the novel based on psychological approach.

The researcher uses two data sources. The primary data source is This

Earth of Mankind (1975) novel of Pramoedya Ananta Toer published by Lentera

Dipantara. The secondary data is taken from other sources which are related to the primary data such as books, website, journal that related with This Earth of Mankind.

The results of the study is the structural element of This Earth of

Mankind novel shows the effort of Minke to get his right that he must fight in his

life. First, the problem comes from his family, related with his parents that wants Minke become a Bupati like his father. The second, he must solve his problem after he turn out from HBS. Minke studied hard until he was accepted back as student in HBS and get graduating first in Surabaya. The third, after Minke married with Annelies, the problem came from the Amsterdam District Court that the guardianship of Annelies Mellema and her future upbringing in the Netherlands. Minke tried to fight the court, everything he tried. And the end he must accepted if Annelies must go to Netherlands. Although, Minke still trying following Annelies to Netherlands.

Keywords: Individual psychological, This Earth of Mankind, Effort. Consultant I Consultant II

Drs. Abdillah Nugroho, M.Hum. Nur Hidayat, S.Pd

NIK 589 NIK 771

The Dean of Teacher Training and Education Faculty

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