ILLOCUTIONARY ACTS IN LETTERS TO JULIET MOVIE.

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ILLOCUTIONARY ACTS

IN LETTERS TO JULIET MOVIE

A THESIS

Submitted to the English Department Faculty of Languages and Arts State University of Medan in partial fulfillment of requirements for

The Degree of Sarjana Sastra

BY :

NELLY VERAYANTI HUTABARAT

Reg.No: 2101220007

ENGLISH DEPARTMENT

FACULTY OF LANGUAGES AND ARTS

STATE UNIVERSITY OF MEDAN

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

First and foremost, the greatest thanks to almighty God in heaven for his opportunity and health given to her which enable her to completed this Thesis in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Sarjana Sastra at English and Literature Department of Faculty of Language and Arts, State University of Medan.

This Thesis could have not been accomplished without guidance, comments, suggestions, and support from several people, for which the writer would like to extend her sincere and special thanks to

Prof. Dr. Ibnu Hajar Damanik, M.Si., the Rector of State University of

Medan

Dr. Isda Pramuniati, M.Hum., the Dean of Faculty of Language and Arts,

Vice Dean I, Vice Dean II, Vice Dean III, and all the Administrative Staff

Prof. Dr. Hj. Sumarsih, M.Pd., the Head of English and Literature

Department and Rika, S.Pd, M.Hum., the Secretary of English and Literature Department

Dra. Meisuri, M.A., the Head of Applied Linguistic Program and also Dra. Masitowarni Siregar, M.Ed., the Head of English Education

Prof. Amrin Saragih, M.A., Ph.D., her Thesis Adviser for advice, guidance,

and suggestions developing the idea of writing this Thesis.

Her beloved parents Drs. Beriman Hutabarat and Jonta Simanungkalit for their encouragment, prayers, and their deepest love and for the best brother ever Nico Fransiscus Hutabarat, Amd.Par

Her close friend Lestari Batubara, Pinta Panjaitan, and Harmit Kaur for supporting, togetherness, best moment, and adventure during four years and another close friend Daniel Horatio Rupert Marpaung

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thanks for patient, attention and pray and also thanks for El-senyor (Fitri,

Josmar, Kitaman, and Rifka), SADO (Meytri and Nova)

For those who are her friends in English Literature 2010, the greatest thanks to all of them for their motivation and supports each other that can not be mentioned one by one. Love you all.

Medan, August 2014 The Writer

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ABSTRACT

Hutabarat, Nelly Verayanti. Illocutionary Acts in Letters to Juliet Movie. A Thesis. Faculty of Language and Arts. State University of Medan. 2014.

This study deals with illocutionary acts in Letters to Juliet movie. The objectives of the study are findings the types of illocutionary acts in Letters to Juliet movie, finding the dominant type of illocutionary acts used in movie and describing contexts the illocutionary used. The subject of this study is Letters to Juliet movie and the dialogue by Sophie and Charlie is taken as data. The data were collected by browsing from internet. The data were analyzed, identified and classified based on the five types of illocutionary acts proposed by Yule, namely: declarative, representative, expressive, directive, commissive. The findings of the data showed the total numbers of process from the five types of illocutionary acts were : representative 151 (42.2%), directive 127 (35.5%), expressive 48 (13.4%), commissive 21 (5.9%), declarative 10 (2.9%). The representative is the dominat type of illocutionary acts used in Letters to Juliet movie. It shows that in their conversation Charlie and Sophie most gave information and statement about long lost lover in Verona.

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D. Research Findings ... 36

E. Discussion ... 37

CHAPTER V CONCLUSIONS AND SUGGESTIONS ... 39

A. A. Conclusions ... 39

B. B. Suggestions ... 40

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LIST OF TABLES

Page

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LIST OF APPENDICES

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CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

A. The Background of the study

As a social beings, human needs to communicate or interact with the other as long as they live in the world. Human usually express their feeling, thinking and emotion through the words and expression that was spontaneously doing the communication with each other. Human can communicate with the other by using language which is a system of communication by sound, operating thought the organs of speech and hearing among members of a given community (Kramsch :1998).

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(affirming, conveying, claiming, denying, and etc), expressive (apologizing, complaining, dislike, and etc), directives (advising, challenging, commanding, and etc), and commisives (offering, promising, swearing, and etc).

Illocutionary act is the second act type based on the Peccei categorized the speech act. It is the utterance that the speaker says to hearer in the context. This utterance has a certain or convention force; performing act in saying something. For example, a speaker says, “I feel hot in this room”, then the hearer will turn on the fan or the AC. It has the implicit meaning of requesting. This phenomenon is often found in our daily life.

Illocutionary act can make easier to the hearer to understand the meaning of the speaker’s utterance. Sometimes even when we use the same utterance, the hearer may understand it differently. In this case the speaker will see the reaction of the hearer what the hearer gets message correctly.

There have been some researches related to the Illocutionary Acts, such as Kurnia (2013) analyzed the types of the illocutionary acts and the most dominant types of the illocutionary acts in One Piece Comic and he found that there are all of the illocutionary acts in One Piece Comic and Representative is the most dominant type of illocutionary act.

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The reason why the writer chooses Illocutionary acts to be the analyzed is because the previous researchers analyzed illocutionary acts in comic and movie, so the writer takes this subject studies about illocutionary act in movie. It is knows that communication is successful not when hearers recognize the linguistics meaning of the utterance, but when they infer the speaker’s “meaning” from it. Actually illocutionary is the part of speech act. There are three part of speech acts. In the writer views, it is important to make distinction between them.

The usage of illocutionary act also used in the movie because a movie is actually a representation of the real conversation in naturally society. Making film also has the social dimensions for several reasons. Film makers are member of society, and, as such, are no less subject to social pressures and norms than anyone else. Furthermore, all film making occurs within social context. This research is focused on the illocutionary acts in Letters to Juliet Movie.

Letters to Juliet is one of the romantic drama film which is written by Jose Rivera and Tim Sullivan. Letter to Juliet movie was released theatrically in North America and other countries on May 14, 2010.

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B. The Problems of the Study

The problem of the study are formulated as the following.

1. What types of illocutionaryacts are used in movie Letters to Juliet ? 2. What type of illocutionary act is dominantly uttered in Letters to Juliet

movie script ?

3. In what contexts is the dominant illocutionary act used ?

C. The Objectives of the Study

In the relation to the problems of study, the objectives of study are. 1. to describe the types of acts in movie Letters to Juliet,

2. to derive the type of act that is dominantly uttered in Letters to Juliet movie script and

3. to elaborate contexts the dominant of act in Letters to Juliet movie.

D. The Scope of the Study

Illocutionary is what the speaker is doing by uttering those words :

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E. The Significances of the Study

Findings of the study are expected to offer both theoretical and practical

significance.

Theoretically the findings can

1. enrich and extend theories of speech act and 2. become references for further student. 3. Practically the findings are useful for

4. readers especially the students of English Department who want to analyze text in terms of illocutionary acts and

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CHAPTER V

CONCLUSIONS AND SUGGESTIONS

A. Conclusions

Based on the data analysis it is concluded that.

1. There are five types illocutionary acts used are representative, directive, expressive, commissive and declarative. The total of representative was 42.2%, directive was 35.5%, expressive was 13.4%, commissive was 5.9%, and declarative was 2.9%.

2. The dominant type illocutionary act used is Representative which is about 42.2%. It was resulted of the using of some verbs that was identified to show the using of representative such as asserting, claiming, denying, concluding, conveying, believing, describing, warning, informing, reporting, insisting.

3. Representative becomes the most dominant type of illocutionary acts in the movie. It implies that representative has a great role in the movie. Sophie and Charlie mainly uses the statement of describing, asserting, and informing about something. It means that, , in their conversation Charlie and Sophie most gave information and statement about long lost lover in Verona.

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B. Suggestions

In relation to the conclusions suggestions are staged as the following.Theoretically suggested

1. for enrichment and extend theories of speech act and 2. become references for further student.

Practically suggested for

1. readers especially the students of English Department who want to analyze text in terms of illocutionary acts and

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REFERENCES

Archer, Dawn. et al. 2012. Pragmatic:An advanced Resource Book for Students. New York: Routledge

Cruse, Alan D. 2000. MEANING IN LANGUAGE: An Introduction to Semantics

and Pragmatics. New York: Oxford University Press

Faradila, Resti. 2013. The Use Of Illocutionary Act in Movie “The Blind Side”.

Journal of English Language and Literature. Volume 2 (1). 2303-3546

Kothari. C.R. 1985. Research Methodology. New Delhi: New Age International

Kurnia, Adhy. 2013. Illocutionary Acts of Luffy’s Utterances to His Addressees in Comic One Piece. Journal of Linguistic.Volume 1 (2). 2301-5152 Kramsch, Claire. 1998. Language and Culture. New York: Oxford University

Press

Levinson, Stephen C. 1983. Pragmatics.New York: Cambridge University Press Newman, I and Benz, C.R. 1998. Qualitative–Quantitative Research Methodology

Exploring the Interactive Continium. New York: Board of Trustees

Peccei, Jean Stilwell. 1999. Pragmatics. New York: Routledge

Shouse, Eric. 2005. “Feeling, Emotion, Affect”. Journal of Media and Culture.

Volume 8 (6). 1441-2616

Yule, George. 1996. Pragmatics. New York: Oxford University Press

(http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Letters_to_Juliet) accessed on Sep, 11th 2013 (http://www.01.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsPragmatics.

htm) accessed on September, 11th 2013

(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Speech_act) accessed on Januari 14 th 2014 (http:/wiki/wikipedia/moviescript) accessed on Januari, 16 th 2014

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