A. BUILDING KNOWLEDGE OF FIELD Look at the picture!
Answer the following questions orally! 1. What pictures are they?
2. Do you like jokes or do you like comic strips?
3. What comic strips do you usually read? Garfield, Snoopy, Peanuts, or Donald Duck? Or maybe you still like Japanese comic strips like Kobo Chan,
Doraemon, or Sin Chan?
4. What do you feel after you hear or read a joke or funny comic strips? 5. Do you think that you can learn something from them?
Read the dialogue below with your partner!
Vira : You know what? Something really terrible happened in my last Chemistry exam.
Hana: You tried to cheat and were caught by the supervisor, didn't you? Vira : No, it's not about cheating thing, not at all.
Hana: So what happened?
Vira : All of a sudden, I felt something crawling across my foot. Hana: Something what?
Vira : Something crawling across my foot. Hana: So?
Vira : I looked down and, there I saw a dirty big cockroach. You know how I hate it.
Hana: What did you do then?
Vira : Well, I screamed and jumped on the chair. And you know what? I knocked all Erin's paper off into the bin beside him.
Vira : Yes... and you can imagine what an idiot I felt when the supervisor came run-ning over. Everybody was look at me. I was so embarrassed. You know ... you can't really sneeze or cough or anything in those exam rooms.
Hana: Wow ... what an embarrassment situation!
Vira : It was! I think this could only happen to me, it really makes me ashamed.
Answer the questions according to the dialogue above! 1. What experience did Vira tell to Hana?
Answer:... 2. Where and when did the incident happen?
Answer:... 3. What was crawling across Vira’s foot?
Answer:... 4. How did she react?
Answer:... 5. How did she feel? How do you know?
Answer:... 6. Why did she feel so embarrassed?
Answer:... 7. Find the expression of embarrassment in the dialogue!
Answer:... 8. Give other examples of expression of embarrassment!
Learn the expression of embarrassment below! Expressing Embarrassment
Have your ever been embarrassed in front of your friends or have they ever been in an embarrassing situation? In order to show that kind of feeling, we can use certain ex-pressions of embarrassment. Here are some of them.
• What an embarrassing situation! • I’m so embarrassed!
• It’s so embarrassing! • I’m so ashamed.
• I was so embarrassed.
In 1980. I had a show in Jakarta. While I was singing my favorite song, a truck hit the stage, it completely fell down and I was seriously injured
The Simple Past and The Past Continuous
The Simple Past The Past Continuous
Used to describe:
• completed actions that took place at a definite time in the past.
e.g. I was naughty when I was a child.
• permanent situations in the past e.g. John lived in Ireland for 15 school, I often played in the yard.
Used to describe:
• an action that was in progress at a definite time in the past.
e.g. This time last Monday, I was seeing the doctor.
• actions happened at the same time in the past.
e.g. While I was reading, he was talking to my mum loudly.
• a lengthy action that was in progress when a shorter or sudden one interrupted it. The longer action is in the Past Progressive and the shorter one is in the Past Simple. e.g. They were having dinner when I
came. Time Expressions
Yesterday, ago, last month/night/week, etc. While, when, as, etc.
Put the verbs into the correct form, past continuous or simple past! 1. Donny ... (listen) to his walkman when I ... (arrive). 2. What ... (you/do) this time yesterday?
3. ... (you/go) out last night? No, I was too tired.
4. Was Tony at the party last night? Yes, he ... (wear) a really nice dress. 5. How fast ... (you/drive) when the accident ... (happen)?
6. When I was young, I ... (want) to be a police officer. 7. Mozart... (write) more than 600 pieces of music.
Insert the correct tense (Simple Past or Past Continuous) of the verbs in brackets! Tommy’s wife, Rina, had a dream which she told Tommy about next morning.
Rina : I (1) ... (have) a wonderful dream last night! I (2) ... (dream) that I was a clothes in town, you (15) ... (clean) the house. Wasn't that a marvelous dream?
Tommy: And while you (16) ... (dream), I (17) ... (have) an even better one. I (18) ... (dream) that I (19) ... (become) a king with beautiful ladies around me. But, I (20) ... (not find) you among them.
Read the text and learn the generic structure.
Title A Bumpy Flight
"This is your captain speaking. We have had a failure in one of our engines. There is no cause for alarm as we still have three engines left. Unfortunately this means that we will be one hour late”
A short time later the captain again spoke to the passengers: “There is no cause for alarm, but we have just lost another en-gine. We will now be two hours late.”
When the captain spoke to the passengers for the third time, he again had bad news. “Ladies and gentlemen, I assure you that we are in no danger, but I must inform you that we have had another engine failure. This means that we will now be three hours late.”
Event 3 Finally, the captain announced that the fourth engine had failed.
Twist One of the passengers turned to another passenger and said, “Oh no! That means we’ll be four hours late!”
Answer the questions according to the text above! 1. Who were the participants in the story?
Answer: ... 2. Where do you think the story happened?
Answer: ... 3. When did the story happen?
Answer: ... 4. What tense is mostly used in the story?
Answer: ... 5. Which part of the story is funny?
Answer: ... 7. Why do you think the story is funny?
Answer: ... 8. What is the purpose of the writer telling the story?
The text above is called a spoof. It retells an event with a humorous twist. That’s why the story is funny. Sometimes, we can also find spoof in a sport conversation or in a cartoon.
Rearrange the following paragraphs into good and meaningful story. Then put in the text organiza-tion of Spoof!
- Three days later the farmer called again and said, “You’ve got to do something about these drivers. The School Crossing sign seems to make them go faster.” So, again, the sheriff went out and put up a new sign: SLOW: CHILDREN AT PLAY
- So he called the sheriff’s office and said, “You’ve got to do something about these people driving too fast and killing all my chickens.” So the next day the sheriff went out and put up a sign that read: SLOW: SCHOOL CROSSING
- A farmer lived on a quiet rural highway. But a new expressway bypass meant an alarming increase in traffic. In fact, it so heavy and so fast that his chickens were being run over at a rate of three a day. - Finally, the telephone calls stop, and the sheriff becomes very curious. So he drives out to the farmer’s
house, and there on the edge of the road he sees a new sign. It’s a whole sheet of plywood. And writ-ten in large yellow letters are the words: SLOW: NUDIST COLONY
- No good. So, the farmer calls again...and again, every day for three weeks, but the sheriff just doesn’t have time to put up signs every week.
Do you have a funny experience in your life? Tell it to your friends in front of the class. Don't forget to use some expressions for telling the story!
Don't forget to use conversation gambits in your story.
Action in order Telling a story Finishing your story
First of all ……….. Then ……….. Next………. After that ……… Finally ………..
First……… First of all……….. To begin with……… Then………. After that………..
Begin your story like this
Good morning, my dear friends. This time I want to tell you a funny story about... ... ... Well to cut up the long story,... ... OK, that's the end of the story, thank you
A. BUILDING KNOWLEDGE OF FIELD Short Functional Text
Look at the pictures!
Answer the questions below! 1. What pictures are they?
Answer:... 2. Where can you find the pictures?
Answer:... 3. Do you think that the pictures are funny?
Answer:... 4. Can the content of these pictures motivate you?
Answer:... 5. What for do people usually put on this picture?
Answer:... 6. Do you have the picture which is like them?
Answer:... 7. Where do you usually put on it?
The pictures above are Posters.
wholly graphical or wholly textual. Posters are designed to be both eye-catching and convey infor-mation. Posters may be used for many purposes, and they are a frequent tool of advertisers (partic-ularly of events, musicians and films) to communicate a message.
Working with Words
Write the correct word in each blank! A dash ( _ ) is shown for each missing letter and some letters are given in each word.
Tony : I can’t stop laughing. There are some excellent j _ _ _s in this rnagazine.
Martha : Yes, I also like the c_rt_ _ _s by Gibbs. He’s very funny and he’s an excellent artist, too. Tony : I like his sense of h_m_ _ _.’ He’s never unkind.
Martha : Yes, I b_ _ _t out laughing when I saw his book, Tony : It’s very f_ _ _y. I couldn’t stop laughing, either Martha : Have you heard Gibbs speak? He’s very w_ _ty.
Tony : Yes, he is. He sometimes gives lectures. I must say all his lectures are very a_ _ _ing.
Martha : In his last lecture he talked about a pr_ _t_c _ _ joke he played when he was a student. He pre -tended to be a general with a wooden leg.
Tony : He’s made a couple of films; both are c_m_d_ _s.
Martha : Yes, I enjoyed them a lot. I envy him. I wish I could make people I_ _ _h. Tony : Do you know any good r_ d_ _ _s?
Martha : Yes, what’s black and white and red (read) all over? Tony : A newspaper
How do you say about something’s feelings?
How do you say about the things which cause such feelings?
Adjectives ending in “-ing” or “-ed” Example: - The questions are confusing.
I am confused about the questions. - Her performance was disappointing.
I am disappointed in her performance.
Form “-ing” or “-ed” adjective from these verbs and makes sentences! 1. depress ...
Adjectives ending in “-ing” or “-ed” I watch cartoons’ on TV every evening.
The films always interest me. --- The film is interesting.
Many adjectives are derived from verbs, and ending in “-ing” and “ed”
• "-ing" adjectives are used to describe the effect that something has on people’s feeling. bore --> boring
charm --> charming surprise --> surprising interest --> interesting excite --> exciting
Example: I hate Mathematics class because it is boring. We must do calculation all the time.
• Other “-ing” adjectives are used to describe something that continues over a period of time.
increase --> increasing exist --> existing live --> living
• “-ed” adjectives are used to describe people’s feelings. They have the same form as the past participle of a transitive verb and a passive meaning.
bore --> bored amuse --> amused interest --> interested surprise --> surprised
Complete the following pairs of sentences using the correct form of the verb in brackets. You must use the “-ed” form for one sentence in each pair and the “-ing” form for the other!
1. a. I had nothing to do. I was.... and lonely. (bore)
b. I had only one book with me but I didn’t read it. It was so.... 2. a. I enjoyed Dina’s visit. She is a very.... speaker. (interest)
b. We invited them to join us, but they weren’t really.... 3. a. The bad news was very.... (depress).
b. It was a bad day. We were all thoroughly....
4. a. I enjoyed the film. The monster was absolutely.... (terrify)
b. We were told there was a bomb in the building. Everyone was absolutely.... 5. a. We were rather.... with the results. (disappoint)
b. The result was very ……….
6. a. We were dreadfully late. It was very.... (embarrass)
b. Tommy made a perfect fool of himself. He was awfully.... 7. a. The article in the Daily News is very.... (annoy)
b. People are.... with the article.
8. a. The letter is very.... He is awarded a scholarship, (surprise) b. He is very.... at the letter.
Read the text and pay attention to the generic structure!
(who, when, where)
A young boy was playing with a ball in the street. He kicked it too hard, and it broke the window of a house and fell inside. A lady came to the window with the ball and shouted at the young boy, so he ran away, but he still wanted his ball back.
knocked at the door of the house. When the lady answered it, he said, "My father's going to come and fix your window very soon." Event 2 After a few more minutes a man came to
the door with the tools in his hand, so the lady let the boy take his ball away.
Event 3 When the man finished fixing the window, he said to the lady, "That will cost you boy?" the woman asked, looking surprised, "No." he answered, equally surprised. "Aren't you his mother?"
Answer the questions according to the text above! 1. Who were the participants in the story?
Answer:... 2. Where do you think the story happened?
Answer:... 3. When did the story happen?
Answer:... 4. What tense is mostly used in the story?
Answer:... 5. Which part of the story is funny?
Answer:... 6. How many events are there in the story?
Answer:... 7. Why do you think the story is funny?
Answer:... 8. What is the purpose of the writer telling the story?
Answer:... The participant
Social Function : to tell an event with a humorous twist Text organization : - Orientation
(who were involved in the story, when, and where) - Event
(tells what happened in a chronological order) - Twist
(provide the funniest part of the stories)
C. JOINT CONSTRUCTION OF TEXT
Read the text and analyze the generic structure of this story! Label the parts of the spoof in the spaces provided.
Do You Speak English? I had an amusing experience last year.
After I had left a small village in the south of France, I drove on to the next town. On the way, a young man waved to me. I stopped and he asked me for a lift. As soon as he had got into the car, I said good morning to him in French and he replied in the same language.
Apart from a few words, I do not know any French at all. Neither of us spoke during the journey.
I had nearly reached the town, when the young man suddenly said, very slowly, ‘Do you speak English?’ As I soon learned, he was English himself!
(Source: Practice and Progress, 1979) What is funny from the story?
……… ……… ………
Do you find the stories above are interesting and surprising to you at the end? Why do you think so? It absolutely depends on how you tell the story. Here are the features of how to write a good story:
* An interesting beginning, which attracts the reader’s attention and makes him want to read on.
* A well thought-out development Events should follow each other in a logical order. Start a new para-graph for each new stage in the story,
* A good ending. Always leave yourself plenty of time for this - there is nothing worse than reading an exciting story which just stops in mid-air!
Now try to write your own three or four paragraph story. You can choose one of the following top-ics.
1. The most embarrassing moments in my life or in my friend’s life. 2. The funniest film or story I have ever seen or read.
Use the writing planner below:
Title : ... Orientation :... Event 1 : ... Event 2 : ... Event 3 : ... Twist : ...
COMPETENCY TEST I. Choose the correct answer by crossing the a, b, c, d, or e. Text 1
One of my students could not take my university seminar final exam because of funeral.
I suggested him to make up the following week. That week come, and again he couldn't take the test due to another funeral. Then, I insisted him to take the exam early the following week. He said that he might be able to sit in the exam it there was no one died.
1. Why the student couldn't take the final exam? Because ....
a. He had to bury the dead person. b. He had to see the funeral
c. He had to dig a hole for the dead person d. He had to visit his friend who died e. He had to visit his teacher
2. What did the lecturer suggest him? a. Not to take the final exam
b. Not to come to the following week c. To bury the dead person
d. To go to the administration office e. To take the exam the following week
3. "He said that he might be able to sit in the exam..." (par.2 sentence. 4) What does "he" refer to?
a. the lecturer d. the reader b. the student e. the professor c. the writer
4. What did the lecturer do to find what the student do? a. He went to the cemetery
b. He asked the student
c. He went to the administration office d. He went to the student's house e. He asked the student parents 5. What did the student actually do?
a. He was a lecturer b. He was a teacher c. He was an officer d. He was a farmer e. He was a gravedigger
This story is about two Indians settled in England. One had been living there for some years and had picked up some of their quaint euphemisms. The other, recent settler, was as yet unaware of them. They were invited for dinner by their English friends. After they had had their drinks, their hostess asked then, "would you like a wash before I serve dinner?"
Some days later he was invited by another English friend and after he had his drinks he was asked by his hostess: "Would you like a wash before I serve my dinner?"
He replied promptly, "No, thank you, Madam. I washed against a tree before coming to your house."
6. X: How many people are there in the text? Y: There are ... people.
a. Two d. five b. Three e. six c. Four
7. What is meant by 'a wash' in English custom? a. Washing the hands
b. Washing the clothes c. Taking a bath d. Urinating
e. Cleaning the hands
8. "The new settler made a mental note of it." (par.3 sentence.3) What does 'it' refer to?
a. No, thanks.
b. I washed my hands before I came. c. My dear chap.
d. Would like to urinate? e. The advice of the old settler 9. What kind of party is it in the text?
It is ...
a. Dinner party d. tea party
b. Birthday party e. evening party c. Wedding party
10. The phrase "made a mental note" has the same meaning with...
a. Say d. remember
b. Write e. record
11. Who was invited by another English friend some days later? a. The Indians d. the hostess
b. The older settler e. the customers c. The new settler
A Private Conversation
Last week I went to the theatre. I had a very good seal. The play was very interesting. I did not enjoy it. A young man and a young woman were fitting behind me. They were talking loudly. I got very angry. I could not hear the actors I turned round. I looked at the man and the woman angrily. They did not pay any attention. In the end, I could not bear it. I turned round again. "I can’t hear a word!”, I said angrily. "It’s none of your business," the young man said rudely. “This is a private conversation!’"
b. to the theatre c. to the movie
d. to the private conversation e. to a business
13. Who was sitting behind him? a. the writer
b. the listener c. Me
d. a couple of lovers
e. A businessman and a businesswoman
14. What did the young man think of the sentence “This is a private conversation”? a. He didn’t want him to hear their conversation
b. The conversation was important
c. They were spies
d. They were not interested in the play e. The play was very boring
15. Why did the writer say “I can’t hear a word” to the man and the woman behind him? a. Because he wanted to interrupt
b. Because he wanted to know the conversation
c. Because he was jealous of their conversation d. Because it was prohibited to speak in the theatre
e. Because he couldn’t listen to the play 16. What does the writer intend to the readers?
a. inform b. entertain c. persuade d. describe e. aim
17. Which term does not belong to spoof? a. orientation
b. complication c. event 1 d. event 2 e. twist
18. The main different between recount and spoof lies on .... a. twist d. was buy-was bought e. buy-bought
d. returned e. was returning
21. Doly : My sister ... want to see her friend yesterday. Leiy : Why?
Doly : Because she ... angry. a. didn’t -is
b. didn’t - was
c. doesn't - is
d. don’t - is e. wouldn't - was
22. When I ... home last night, my sister… TV a. come - is watching
b. came - watched c. came - was watching d. am coming - is watching e. doesn’t - is
23. Yesterday, I came late. When I entered the classroom, my teacher... a story. a. telling
b. was telling
d. told e. tell
24. The students ... while the teacher was speaking to the guest. a. were discussing
b. was discussing
c. are discussing
d. is discussing e. have discussing
25. Mary is going to Indonesia for the first time next week. It will be an ... experience for her.
a. excite d. excites
27. Samson last his ... when Delillah cut his hair. a. strong
28. Rika : I wish I could have covered my face. Delon : Don't wory. It’s not that bad.
Rika expresses her ....
a. anger d. embarrassment b. opinion e. dissatisfaction c. love
29. Johan : Hi, Jane!
What are you doing here? A girl : Oh ... I am not Jane.
Johan : Ups ... sorry. a. I don't agree with you
b. I love it c. Don't worry d. I was so ashamed e. Calm down
30. What can you learn from the poster?
a. we must follow other people b. It's not good to be a leader c. Imitating somebody else is good d. Don't be a leader