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Institutional Repository | Satya Wacana Christian University: A Study of Language Learning Strategies Used by College EFL Learners in Language Training Center (LTC) UKSW Salatiga T1 392014504 BAB I

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CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

Learning is a process for learners to achieve their goals. On the way to obtain

their goals, learners would find a way which suitable with their characteristics of

learning. There are many kinds of learner characteristics either learning by their own

or learning with others in order to process new information which learners would try

to find the easiest way to understand it. The activities of using learner characteristics

in learning to reach their goals is called learning strategy.

Oxford (1990) defines learning strategies as the specific actions taken by the

learner to make learning easier, faster, more enjoyable, more self-directed, more

effective and more transferrable to new situations. All learners use learning strategy

either consciously or unconsciously when deal with certain tasks or while processing

new information. Since learning in classroom teacher provides new information and

tasks including with instructions, in this situation students would try to find the

effective way to complete what is required in the instructions. Hismanoglu (2000)

pointed that language learning strategies are good indicators of how learners approach

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For teachers language learning strategy is like a tool used to know about the

student’s motivations, learning characteristics, and their interests. Teacher could

understand and learn what are student’s difficulties and problem. And this learning

strategy would give teacher a guide to solve student’s difficulties and problem for

better teaching.

Due to the importance of learning strategy, research on this area of language

learning strategies has been conducted by many researchers. A study in Taiwan

(Chang et al, 2007) which involved 1758 Taiwanese college EFL learners were

reported using language learning strategies all in medium use level which was 2,89

from 1 to 5 degree. According to the rank order of the frequency of use, the most

frequently used strategy was compensation strategies and followed by memory

strategies, metacognitive strategies, social strategies, cognitive strategies and

affective strategies. However most research in the language learning area (Shmais,

2003; Tseng, 2000: Khalil, 2005) showed that Metacognitive strategies have the

highest frequency of language learning strategy used.

This study was designed to investigate what are the types of language learning

strategies used by EFL learners. The participants were 36 non English major students

from 2012 & 2013 academic year Hubungan International (HI) and General English

(GE) class of Language Training Center (LTC) Satya Wacana Salatiga. Oxford’s

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This study might useful for language learners who want to know about

language learning strategy. This area of learning strategy is considered important for

teaching and learning process. For teachers, it can give pictures of what student’s do

in learning, and it might become reference to help and handle students to make the

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