THE EFECTIVENESS OF LISTENING TO ENGLISH SONGS TO STIMULATE PRONUNCIATION PRACTICE ABILITY OF THE 1st SEMESTER STUDENTS OF ENGLISH DEPARTMENT OF UMM

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THE EFECTIVENESS OF LISTENING TO ENGLISH SONGS TO STIMULATE

PRONUNCIATION PRACTICE ABILITY OF THE 1st SEMESTER STUDENTS OF ENGLISH DEPARTMENT OF UMM

THESIS

BY

YUDHA BASKORO 07360158

ENGLISH DEPARTMENT

FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION UNIVERSITY OF MUHAMMADIYAH MALANG

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This thesis written by Yudha Baskoro was approved on August 1, 2012.

By

Advisor I,

Advisor II,

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This thesis was defended in front of the examiners of the Faculty of Teacher

Training and Education of University of Muhammadiyah Malang

and accepted as one of the requirements to achieve

Sarjana Degree in English Education

on August 1, 2012.

Approved by:

Faculty of Teacher Training and Education

University of Muhammadiyah Malang

Dean,

Dr. Syaifuddin, M.M.

Examiner:

Signatures:

1.

Dr. Masduki, M. Pd.

1.____________

2.

Drs.

Imam

Mahfudz

2.

____________

3.

Drs. Adiloka, M. Pd.

3. ____________

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MOTT O AND DEDICATION

 

“Love life and live with love”

give thanks difficulties. Because sometimes

the difficulties often lead us to a better

outcome than we imagine

.”

“Sesungguhnya sesudah kesulitan itu ada kemudahan”

(Qs. Al-Insirakh: 6)

I dedicated this thesis to:

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Bismillahirrahhmanirrahim

Assalammu’alaikum Wr. Wb.

Alhamdulillahirabbil’aalamin

is the most perfect words that the researcher expresses for

this successful thesis under the title “The Effectiveness of Listening to English Songs to

Stimulate Pronunciation Practice Ability of The 1st Semester Students of English Department

of UMM”.

The researcher would like to express his deepest gratitude to: First, Drs. Adiloka,

M. Pd., and Munas Fauzi, M. Pd., as the Advisor I and II, who had guided and

motivated him to finish this thesis, and all the English Department lecturers who

helped him in the process during his study. Second, his beloved parents, beloved

brothers, family and Nanda Tiara who always motivate, support, and pray for him to

finishing this thesis. Thank for the loves. Third, to all his bestfirends who always

provide motivation, support and encouragement, also to 3.5 community of UMM

whose names cannot be mentioned here one by one, thanks for the togetherness,

IKABAMA

which always provide work experience in the campus. Finally, may

Allah SWT always bless them all.

The researcher

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THE EFECTIVENESS OF LISTENING TO ENGLISH SONGS TO STIMULATE

PRONUNCIATION PRACTICE ABILITY OF THE 1st SEMESTER STUDENTS OF

ENGLISH DEPARTMENT OF UMM

ABSTRACT

English becomes an international language, that since elemantary until senior

high schools, it becomes a material that requires for the graduation. Based on this

circumtances, many students are required to be able to speak English well, but there

are a lot of English department students who still have insufficient ability in speech, it

makes them difficult to converse, because they are hard to understand each other. The

first semester students of English department of UMM are the sample of the research.

By analyzing this phenomenon the researcher tries to find an alternative way

to practice pronounciation easily with an interesting method. Based on the

pronunciation practice, the researcher entitles the research “The Effectiveness of

Listening to English Song to Stimulate Pronunciation Practice Ability Of 1st semester

Students of English Department of UMM”.

The purpose of this research is to know the effect of listening to English song

for the 1st semester students of English department of UMM for the pronunciation

practice I drill subject. This research was done in the University of Muhammadiyah

Malang, using a Quasy experimental method. The researcher used two existing

classes in the sample. Data collection was done by using text sheet, pre test and post

test from variables.

The data collected were analysed by using SPSS software, and using T test

for the final calculation as the result of the experiment.The research showed that the

value of

te

was greater than the t-table. It means that the students of experimental

group had a better achievement in Pronunciation than the control group. Therefore,

the null hypothesis stating that listening to English song will not improve their ability

of Pronunciation practice was rejected and the alternative hypothesis stating using

English song improved their ability of pronunciation practice was accepted.

Key words: Technique, Teaching, listening, pronunciation, music.

Advisor

1,

the

Researcher,

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

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3.3.2 Pre Test Post Test Design ... 20

3.4 Object of The Research ... 21

3.5 Data Source ... 22

3.6 Data Analysis ... 22

CHAPTER IV: FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION 4.1 Research Findings ... 27

4.1.1 The

The Result of Pre-test of the Control Group

... 27

4.1.2 Normality Test... . 27

4.1.3 Result of Test... .. 28

4.1.4

Pre test and Post Test Experimental Difference Test... . 29

4.1.5 Experimental and Control Group pre test Differences Test.... 30

4.1.6 Experimental and control group Differences post test... 31

4.1.7 The Result of Hypothesis Testing... 32

4.2 Discussion... 33

CHAPTER V: CONCLUSIONS AND SUGGESTIONS 5.1 Conclusions ... 34

5.2 Suggestions ... 36

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References

Dineen , Robert. L. Key Concepts in Language and Linguistic. London, Rouhedge

Loban Eugene, 1963 ; Menyuk, 1984. The Descriptive Analysis of Word

Vitanova, Gergana, Miller, Ann. 2002. Reflective Practice in Pronunciation Leraning

Nathaniel, Tyler Edwards, 2003, The Correlation Between Learner Autonomy and

Cultural Sensivity in Japanese University Students Studying Abroad

Whitehead. Jossie, Cert Ed, 1993. Listen and Then Pronounce

Metcalfe, Sheldon., 1999, Building a Speech Fifth Edition

Nasr, Raja. T. 1978. The Essentials of Linguistic Sciene, London: Longman

Mayasari, Mida., 2000 Webster’s New World College Dictionary. Ohio: Wiley

Publishing

Miao, Yan., 2001, An Investigation of the Factors Affecting Chinesse Students

Listening English Comprehension

Ary, Trudgill.1999. Language Learning and Teaching

Bybee, Toan.1994. Phonology and Language Use

Gary, A. Daus; Martyn A. Thomas., 1998, Effective Schools and Effective Teacher

Gage, Nathaniel (1988,1984,1985). Teaching English Pronounce

www.ielts-blog.com

download on 7th april 2011 at 22.20 pm

Why Its Important to Learn English|

eHow.com download on 10th december 2011 at

23.20 pm

http://Ezine.Articles.com/210731

download on 8th january 2012 at 13.20 pm

www.thejournal.org/study library,

definition=of=christian-terms//speaking-in-tounges.html download on 12th january 2012 at 15.30 pm

Dictionary.reference.com/browse/Pronounce download on 23th february 2012 at

20.15 pm

http://grammar.about.com/od/il/g/languageterm.htm

download on 9th april 2012 at

19.20 pm

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CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION

This chapter concentrates on the discussion of language explanation which

used by all people on their daily life. This chapter presents background of the

study, statement of the problem, significance of the study, scope and limitation

and definition of key term

1.1

Background of Study

Language has the functions in communication in order to deliver purposes.

Languange is spoken by ordinary people in their lives . Language is meaningful.

The reason to linguist, or anyone else, interested in studying language is that the

sound produced in speech is connected with almost every fact of human life and

communication (Dinneen, 1978:11).

Nowdays, English using as a spoken language by about 375 million, as a

second language by as many people and as a foreign language by around 750

million (Why It's Important to Learn English | eHow.com download on 10th

December 2011 at 23.20 pm). These circumtances indicate that English language

becomes an important langage in our life. Basicaly, English skills are

distinguished into four parts, listening, speaking, reading and writing, all of which

already thaught as separate subjects in English Department of UMM. Speaking

and listening are the part of oral language.

Western song is an instrument used by the researcher to conduct this

study. Researchers have indicated for many years that there is a strong

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Menyuk, 1984). In this thesis the reseacher focuses on speaking, because speaking

is one kind of verbal effort for human to communicate each other. Based on the

opinion to build a convidence to do a conversation with the native, especially in

English language, the speakers have to master speaking well.

In speaking there is a part to produce sound, its pronunciation.

Pronunciation is a part of speaking. Poor pronunciation is one of the biggest

obstacles to communicate with others in U.S (Vitanova, Miller,2002). Good

pronunciation will produce good speaking, and good speaking will extend our

purpose easily.

Pronunciation is the most important feature in speaking. If you speak

correctly, academically and interestingly, but no one understands what you are

talking about, you certainly lose your points (www.ielts-blog.com, download on

7th April 2011 at 22.20 pm)

There are researchers who conducted the study of relation between

listening and pronounciation, such as Edwards (2009). In his research“The

Correlation between Learner Autonomy and Cultural Sensivity in Japanese

University Students Studying Abroad”, he discussed leaving one’s home and

country for the first time and travelling highway arround the world to enter the

home of stranger for one month and to communicate each day in foreign language

that one cannot speak fluently on arrival in the host country does indeed require a

certain degree of courage. The other researcher is White Head, in her research “

Listen And Then Pronounce Help For ESL Student”. She states by listening to

music we can get some new vocabulary and a variety of words. In fact she

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The phenomenon of having the ability to speak influently happens to the

learners, especially to the first semester in UMM. Commonly they produce wrong

sounds and wrong articulation and they cannot pronounce well. Based on this

circumtance, there are so many problems happening when they try to make a

conversation each other. They cannot understand what the speakers say, the

speakers have to repeat it more than one times.

Based on the statement above, the researcher would like to do a reasearch

in the title “The efectivness of listening to English songs to stimulate

pronunciation practice ability of the 1st semester students of english department

of UMM” and thereseacher do concentrate on Pronunciation Practice.

By listening to English songs, the researcher wants to know the correlation

between listening and speaking especially in pronunciation skill. However,

whether you are young or old, listening music will give you benefit because they

are fun and you have a variety of words that you would not normally find in many

ESL books (Whitehead, 1993).

1.2 Statement Of Problem

Will teaching the student’s of 1st semester on English Department of

UMM using English songs improve the student ability in pronunciation practice?

1.3 Statement Of Hypothesis

1.Hi Teaching pronunciation to the 1st semster students of the English

Department of UMM using English songs will improve their ability of

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4

2. Ho Teaching pronunciation to the 1st semster students of the English

Department of UMM using English songs will not improve their ability in

pronunciation practice

1.4 Significance of the Study

There are 2 things in significance of study, theoretical and practical aspect.

For the theoretical aspect, listening English songs contributes the student to be

more understand about the Pronunciation Practice lessons. For the practical

aspect, can be an easy method that can be used by teachers to teach the students

.

1.5 Scope and Limitation

To be more focus, this study has a limitation on certain focus and subject.

The scope and limitation are determined as follows: focus in the study of

Pronounciation Practice of the English Department of Muhammadiyah University

of Malang in the first semester.

1.6 Definition of key term

In order to avoid misunderstanding about the terms used in this study, the

researcher needs to clarify the terms as described below:

1.6.1 .Language

A human system of communication that uses arbitrary signals, such as

voice, sounds, gestures, or written symbols (http:// grammar.about.com/

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communication above, it can be seen that language is the most important skill that

humans use to communicate each other, sharing of information, socialize, etc.

1.6.2. English song

English song is a song that used English lyric with general meaning

depending on the topic from the composer. According to the explaination above

the researcher can conclude that western song is a song made by western people

with a lyric in English language.

1.6.3. Listening

Listening is a critical component in communication, it is also complex and

involves its own dynamic process of receiving stimuli, assigning meaning, and

formulating responses. Listening is so interesting to human beings that entire

books have been written, numerous definitions have been proposed, and special

college courses and curricula have been developed to help us understand this often

elusive subject more completely (Sheldon, 69). We can conclude that listening is

kind of input for us to learn a conversation or imitate what the speaker says as our

communication.

1.7 Pronunciation

It refers to the way a word or a language is spoken, or the manner in which

someone utters a word. If one is said to have "correct pronunciation", then it refers

to both within a particular dialect (dictionary.reference.com/browse/pronounce).

Based on that statement we can conclude that pronunciation is the most important

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