THE EFECTIVENESS OF LISTENING TO ENGLISH SONGS TO STIMULATE
PRONUNCIATION PRACTICE ABILITY OF THE 1st SEMESTER STUDENTS OF ENGLISH DEPARTMENT OF UMM
YUDHA BASKORO 07360158
FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION UNIVERSITY OF MUHAMMADIYAH MALANG
This thesis written by Yudha Baskoro was approved on August 1, 2012.
This thesis was defended in front of the examiners of the Faculty of Teacher
Training and Education of University of Muhammadiyah Malang
and accepted as one of the requirements to achieve
Sarjana Degree in English Education
on August 1, 2012.
Faculty of Teacher Training and Education
University of Muhammadiyah Malang
Dr. Syaifuddin, M.M.
Dr. Masduki, M. Pd.
Drs. Adiloka, M. Pd.
MOTT O AND DEDICATION
“Love life and live with love”
give thanks difficulties. Because sometimes
the difficulties often lead us to a better
outcome than we imagine
“Sesungguhnya sesudah kesulitan itu ada kemudahan”
(Qs. Al-Insirakh: 6)
I dedicated this thesis to:
Assalammu’alaikum Wr. Wb.
is the most perfect words that the researcher expresses for
this successful thesis under the title “The Effectiveness of Listening to English Songs to
Stimulate Pronunciation Practice Ability of The 1st Semester Students of English Department
The researcher would like to express his deepest gratitude to: First, Drs. Adiloka,
M. Pd., and Munas Fauzi, M. Pd., as the Advisor I and II, who had guided and
motivated him to finish this thesis, and all the English Department lecturers who
helped him in the process during his study. Second, his beloved parents, beloved
brothers, family and Nanda Tiara who always motivate, support, and pray for him to
finishing this thesis. Thank for the loves. Third, to all his bestfirends who always
provide motivation, support and encouragement, also to 3.5 community of UMM
whose names cannot be mentioned here one by one, thanks for the togetherness,
which always provide work experience in the campus. Finally, may
Allah SWT always bless them all.
THE EFECTIVENESS OF LISTENING TO ENGLISH SONGS TO STIMULATE
PRONUNCIATION PRACTICE ABILITY OF THE 1st SEMESTER STUDENTS OF
ENGLISH DEPARTMENT OF UMM
English becomes an international language, that since elemantary until senior
high schools, it becomes a material that requires for the graduation. Based on this
circumtances, many students are required to be able to speak English well, but there
are a lot of English department students who still have insufficient ability in speech, it
makes them difficult to converse, because they are hard to understand each other. The
first semester students of English department of UMM are the sample of the research.
By analyzing this phenomenon the researcher tries to find an alternative way
to practice pronounciation easily with an interesting method. Based on the
pronunciation practice, the researcher entitles the research “The Effectiveness of
Listening to English Song to Stimulate Pronunciation Practice Ability Of 1st semester
Students of English Department of UMM”.
The purpose of this research is to know the effect of listening to English song
for the 1st semester students of English department of UMM for the pronunciation
practice I drill subject. This research was done in the University of Muhammadiyah
Malang, using a Quasy experimental method. The researcher used two existing
classes in the sample. Data collection was done by using text sheet, pre test and post
test from variables.
The data collected were analysed by using SPSS software, and using T test
for the final calculation as the result of the experiment.The research showed that the
was greater than the t-table. It means that the students of experimental
group had a better achievement in Pronunciation than the control group. Therefore,
the null hypothesis stating that listening to English song will not improve their ability
of Pronunciation practice was rejected and the alternative hypothesis stating using
English song improved their ability of pronunciation practice was accepted.
Key words: Technique, Teaching, listening, pronunciation, music.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
3.3.2 Pre Test Post Test Design ... 20
3.4 Object of The Research ... 21
3.5 Data Source ... 22
3.6 Data Analysis ... 22
CHAPTER IV: FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION 4.1 Research Findings ... 27
The Result of Pre-test of the Control Group... 27
4.1.2 Normality Test... . 27
4.1.3 Result of Test... .. 28
Pre test and Post Test Experimental Difference Test... . 29
4.1.5 Experimental and Control Group pre test Differences Test.... 30
4.1.6 Experimental and control group Differences post test... 31
4.1.7 The Result of Hypothesis Testing... 32
4.2 Discussion... 33
CHAPTER V: CONCLUSIONS AND SUGGESTIONS 5.1 Conclusions ... 34
5.2 Suggestions ... 36
Dineen , Robert. L. Key Concepts in Language and Linguistic. London, Rouhedge
Loban Eugene, 1963 ; Menyuk, 1984. The Descriptive Analysis of Word
Vitanova, Gergana, Miller, Ann. 2002. Reflective Practice in Pronunciation Leraning
Nathaniel, Tyler Edwards, 2003, The Correlation Between Learner Autonomy and
Cultural Sensivity in Japanese University Students Studying Abroad
Whitehead. Jossie, Cert Ed, 1993. Listen and Then Pronounce
Metcalfe, Sheldon., 1999, Building a Speech Fifth Edition
Nasr, Raja. T. 1978. The Essentials of Linguistic Sciene, London: Longman
Mayasari, Mida., 2000 Webster’s New World College Dictionary. Ohio: Wiley
Miao, Yan., 2001, An Investigation of the Factors Affecting Chinesse Students
Listening English Comprehension
Ary, Trudgill.1999. Language Learning and Teaching
Bybee, Toan.1994. Phonology and Language Use
Gary, A. Daus; Martyn A. Thomas., 1998, Effective Schools and Effective Teacher
Gage, Nathaniel (1988,1984,1985). Teaching English Pronounce
download on 7th april 2011 at 22.20 pm
Why Its Important to Learn English|
eHow.com download on 10th december 2011 at
download on 8th january 2012 at 13.20 pm
definition=of=christian-terms//speaking-in-tounges.html download on 12th january 2012 at 15.30 pm
Dictionary.reference.com/browse/Pronounce download on 23th february 2012 at
download on 9th april 2012 at
CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION
This chapter concentrates on the discussion of language explanation which
used by all people on their daily life. This chapter presents background of the
study, statement of the problem, significance of the study, scope and limitation
and definition of key term
Background of Study
Language has the functions in communication in order to deliver purposes.
Languange is spoken by ordinary people in their lives . Language is meaningful.
The reason to linguist, or anyone else, interested in studying language is that the
sound produced in speech is connected with almost every fact of human life and
communication (Dinneen, 1978:11).
Nowdays, English using as a spoken language by about 375 million, as a
second language by as many people and as a foreign language by around 750
million (Why It's Important to Learn English | eHow.com download on 10th
December 2011 at 23.20 pm). These circumtances indicate that English language
becomes an important langage in our life. Basicaly, English skills are
distinguished into four parts, listening, speaking, reading and writing, all of which
already thaught as separate subjects in English Department of UMM. Speaking
and listening are the part of oral language.
Western song is an instrument used by the researcher to conduct this
study. Researchers have indicated for many years that there is a strong
Menyuk, 1984). In this thesis the reseacher focuses on speaking, because speaking
is one kind of verbal effort for human to communicate each other. Based on the
opinion to build a convidence to do a conversation with the native, especially in
English language, the speakers have to master speaking well.
In speaking there is a part to produce sound, its pronunciation.
Pronunciation is a part of speaking. Poor pronunciation is one of the biggest
obstacles to communicate with others in U.S (Vitanova, Miller,2002). Good
pronunciation will produce good speaking, and good speaking will extend our
Pronunciation is the most important feature in speaking. If you speak
correctly, academically and interestingly, but no one understands what you are
talking about, you certainly lose your points (www.ielts-blog.com, download on
7th April 2011 at 22.20 pm)
There are researchers who conducted the study of relation between
listening and pronounciation, such as Edwards (2009). In his research“The
Correlation between Learner Autonomy and Cultural Sensivity in Japanese
University Students Studying Abroad”, he discussed leaving one’s home and
country for the first time and travelling highway arround the world to enter the
home of stranger for one month and to communicate each day in foreign language
that one cannot speak fluently on arrival in the host country does indeed require a
certain degree of courage. The other researcher is White Head, in her research “
Listen And Then Pronounce Help For ESL Student”. She states by listening to
music we can get some new vocabulary and a variety of words. In fact she
The phenomenon of having the ability to speak influently happens to the
learners, especially to the first semester in UMM. Commonly they produce wrong
sounds and wrong articulation and they cannot pronounce well. Based on this
circumtance, there are so many problems happening when they try to make a
conversation each other. They cannot understand what the speakers say, the
speakers have to repeat it more than one times.
Based on the statement above, the researcher would like to do a reasearch
in the title “The efectivness of listening to English songs to stimulate
pronunciation practice ability of the 1st semester students of english department
of UMM” and thereseacher do concentrate on Pronunciation Practice.
By listening to English songs, the researcher wants to know the correlation
between listening and speaking especially in pronunciation skill. However,
whether you are young or old, listening music will give you benefit because they
are fun and you have a variety of words that you would not normally find in many
ESL books (Whitehead, 1993).
1.2 Statement Of Problem
Will teaching the student’s of 1st semester on English Department of
UMM using English songs improve the student ability in pronunciation practice?
1.3 Statement Of Hypothesis
1.Hi Teaching pronunciation to the 1st semster students of the English
Department of UMM using English songs will improve their ability of
2. Ho Teaching pronunciation to the 1st semster students of the English
Department of UMM using English songs will not improve their ability in
1.4 Significance of the Study
There are 2 things in significance of study, theoretical and practical aspect.
For the theoretical aspect, listening English songs contributes the student to be
more understand about the Pronunciation Practice lessons. For the practical
aspect, can be an easy method that can be used by teachers to teach the students
1.5 Scope and Limitation
To be more focus, this study has a limitation on certain focus and subject.
The scope and limitation are determined as follows: focus in the study of
Pronounciation Practice of the English Department of Muhammadiyah University
of Malang in the first semester.
1.6 Definition of key term
In order to avoid misunderstanding about the terms used in this study, the
researcher needs to clarify the terms as described below:
A human system of communication that uses arbitrary signals, such as
voice, sounds, gestures, or written symbols (http:// grammar.about.com/
communication above, it can be seen that language is the most important skill that
humans use to communicate each other, sharing of information, socialize, etc.
1.6.2. English song
English song is a song that used English lyric with general meaning
depending on the topic from the composer. According to the explaination above
the researcher can conclude that western song is a song made by western people
with a lyric in English language.
Listening is a critical component in communication, it is also complex and
involves its own dynamic process of receiving stimuli, assigning meaning, and
formulating responses. Listening is so interesting to human beings that entire
books have been written, numerous definitions have been proposed, and special
college courses and curricula have been developed to help us understand this often
elusive subject more completely (Sheldon, 69). We can conclude that listening is
kind of input for us to learn a conversation or imitate what the speaker says as our
It refers to the way a word or a language is spoken, or the manner in which
someone utters a word. If one is said to have "correct pronunciation", then it refers
to both within a particular dialect (dictionary.reference.com/browse/pronounce).
Based on that statement we can conclude that pronunciation is the most important