AN ANALYSIS OF COMPLIMENTS AND THEIR RESPONSES IN THE FILM ENTITLED LETTERS TO JULIET (A PRAGMATICS APPROACH).

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i

AN ANALYSIS OF COMPLIMENTS AND THEIR RESPONSES

IN THE FILM ENTITLED LETTERS TO JULIET

(A Pragmatics Approach)

THESIS

Submitted as a Partial Fulfillment of Requirement

For the Sarjana Sastra Degree at the English Department

Faculty of Letters and Fine Arts

Sebelas Maret University

By:

Chatarina Wahyu Titi Murti

C0308025

ENGLISH DEPARTMENT

FACULTY OF LETTERS AND FINE ARTS

SEBELAS MARET UNIVERSITY

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v

MOTTOS

Ask and it will be given to you; seek and you will find; knock and the door will be

opened to you. For everyone who asks receives; he who seeks finds; and to him

who knocks; the door will be opened.

(Matthew 7:7-8)

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DEDICATION

I wholeheartedly dedicate this thesis to:

Jesus Christ

My lovely Mom and Dad

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ACKNOWLEDGMENT

All praises are just to Jesus Christ, the Lord of the world, for the blessing

the guidance. Finally I can complete this thesis as a partial fulfillment of

requirement for the Sarjana Sastra Degree at the English Department, Sebelas

Maret University. I realize that in accomplishing this thesis, I got a lot of

supports, helps and encouragement from many people. Therefore, I would like to

express my gratitude to all people as follows:

1. The Dean of Faculty of Letters and Fine Arts Drs. Riyadi Santosa, M.Ed.,

Ph.D for approving this thesis.

2. The Head of English Department Drs. Agus Hari Wibowo, M.A, Ph.D

who has approved this thesis.

3. My thesis consultant, Drs. Budi Waskito, M.Pd. Thank you for the

attention and the advice during the process of finishing this thesis.

4. My academic consultant, Dra. Sri Kusumo Habsari, M.Hum, Ph.D., thank

you for the assistance in my academic period.

5. All the lecturers of English Department for the knowledge you had shared

for us.

6. My beloved parents, Mom and Dad who always inspire and support me to

do this thesis. In giving me not only financial but also moral and spiritual

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the experiences. I will never forget you.

9. All my friends in English Department Students community ’08. Thank

you for everything. I will miss you all.

10.All people who always help and support me.

Hopefully this thesis will be beneficial for English Department students

and for those who are interested in Linguistics.

Surakarta,

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE……… i

APPROVAL OF THE THESIS CONSULTANTS……… ii

APPROVAL OF THE BOARD OF EXAMINERS……… iii A. Research Background……….. 1

B. Problem Statements……….. 5

C. Problem Limitation……… 5

D. Research Objectives……… 5

E. Research Benefits……….. 6

F. Research Methodology……… 6

G. Thesis Organization………. 7

CHAPTER II: LITERATURE REVIEW A. Pragmatics………... 8

B. Speech Acts………... 9

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2. Speech Act Classification……… 11

C. Context……… 13

D. Ethnography of Speaking……… 14

E. Direct and Indirect Speech Act………... 18

F. Kinesics………... 19

G. Compliment………. 22

1. Definition of Compliment……… 22

2. The types of Topic of Compliment………... 23

3. The functions of Compliment……… 25

4. Compliment Responses………. 27

H. Synopsis of the Film……… 31

I. Review of the Related Study………... 34

CHAPTER III: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY A. Type of Research………. 36

B. Data and Source of Data……….. 37

C. Sample and Sampling Technique……… 37

D. Technique of Collecting Data……….. 38

E. Technique of Data Coding……….. 39

F. Technique of Analyzing Data……….. 40

CHAPTER IV: ANALYSIS A. Data Classification……….. 42

B. Data Analysis……….. 47

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1. The Types of Topic of Compliment……….. 98

2. The Function of Compliment……… 101

3. The Response of Compliment………... 104

CHAPTER V: CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION

A. Conclusions………. 107

B. Suggestions……….. 109

BIBLIOGRAPHY

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This research is focused on the compliments and their responses uttered by

the characters in the film entitled Letters to Juliet. This research was conducted to

describe the topics of compliment, the functions of compliment and the responses

of the compliment expressed by the characters in the film entitled Letters to Juliet.

This research is a pragmatic study. This research belongs to descriptive qualitative method which uses total sampling technique. All of the conversations which contain the compliments and the compliment responses were taken as the data.

Based on the data analysis, the conclusions are drawn as follows:

There are two types topics of compliments used by the characters in the film entitled Letters to Juliet. They are the topic of appearance and the topic of ability. Each topic is divided into two types. The topic of appearance is divided into personal appearance and possession. The topic of ability is divided into two types. They are general ability and specific-act ability.

There are seven functions of compliment proposed by Wolfson found in this research. They are the function of compliments to increase solidarity (6 data), to express admiration and/or approval (6 data), to express positive evaluation (3 data), as encouragement (2 data), to replace speech act formula (2 data), as sarcasm (1 datum), and to soften criticism (1 datum).

In responding the compliment, the researcher uses Herbert’s classification

of compliment responses to analyze the response of compliment employed by the

characters in the film entitled Letters to Juliet. Most of the addressees in the film

entitled Letters to Juliet respond the compliment by using the nonverbal

acceptance. The nonverbal acceptance is in the form of smiling. In the form of

verbal acceptance, the addressees used the words thank you to respond the

compliment. The other responses are comment acceptance, comment history, question, and no acknowledgment.

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