A Correlation Study on Students’ Habit in Listening, Grammar Mastery, and Listening Skill of the Eighth Grade Students of SMP N 7 Surakarta on the Academic Year of 2015 2016 THESIS

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A Correlation Study on Students’ Habit in Listening, Grammar Mastery, and Listening Skill of the Eighth Grade Students of SMP N 7 Surakarta on

the Academic Year of 2015/ 2016

THESIS

Written to Fulfill the Requirements for Undergraduate Degree in English Education Department

By:

FATHIKA AZKA RAHMANI K2210026

ENGLISH EDUCATION DEPARTMENT

TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION FACULTY SEBELAS MARET UNIVERSITY

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APPROVAL OF THE CONSULTANTS

This thesis has been approved by the consultants to be examined by the Board of Thesis Examiners of English Education Department of Teacher Training and Education Faculty of Sebelas Maret University Surakarta.

TITLE : A Correlation Study on Student’s Habit in Listening, Grammar Mastery, and Listening Skill of the Eighth Grade Students of SMP N 7 Surakarta on the Academic Year of 2015/ 2016

NAME : FATHIKA AZKA RAHMANI

NIM : K2210026

On :

Approved by

First Consultant Second Conultant

Dr. Ngadiso, M.Pd NIP. 196212311988031009

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v ABSTRACT

Fathika Azka Rahmani. K2210026. Correlation between Habit in Listening, Grammar Mastery, and Listening Skill of the Eighth Grade Students of SMP N 7 Surakarta on the Academic Year of 2015/ 2016. English Education Department. Teacher Training and Education Faculty of Sebelas Maret University 2017.

The objectives of this study is finding out the correlation between (1) habit in listening and listening skill; (2) grammar mastery and listening skill; (3) habit in listening and grammar mastery simultaneously and listening skill.

This study used quantitative approach with correlational method. The population was all eighth grade students of SMP N 7 Surakarta. The sample was class VIII D consisting of 30 students. The sample was chosen by using cluster sample random sampling. In collecting data, test is used for testing grammar mastery and listening skill and questionnaire is used for testing habit in listening. Regression and Correlation techniques, both single and multiple, were used for analyzing data.

The findings at the level of significance α= 0.05 show that (1) there is a positive correlation between habit in listening and listening skill (rx1y= 0.3297); (2) there is a positive correlation between grammar mastery and listening skill (rx2y= 0.4734); and (3) there is a positive correlation between habit in listening and grammar mastery simultaneously and listening skill (Rx12y= 0.5958). The students’ habit in listening makes 10.74% effective contribution to their listening skill, and grammar mastery make 24.76% effective contribution to their listening skill. Meanwhile habit in listening and grammar mastery simultaneously makes 35.50% effective contribution to their listening skill.

It is evident that habit in listening and grammar mastery, both partially and simultaneously, are vital in listening skill. Therefore, strengthening grammar mastery and designing learning activities that improving students’ listening habit are strictly necessary to improve listening skill.

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MOTTO

“Laa Hawla wa Laa Quwwata Illa Billah”

There is no power and no strength except with Allah

“Always Keep The Faith”

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vii DEDICATION

With deep love, this thesis is dedicated to:  My beloved Mama and Bapak, who give me

uncountable support, pray, and love.  My other half, Mas Khamdan

Thank you for everything.  My unborn baby

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

Alhamdulillah, all praises is to Allah SWT, the Merciful, for all blessings to the writer, helps, health, strength, and guidance during working and finishing this thesis. The writer is also profoundly grateful to everyone for help and support so this thesis can be finalized. Hence, she would like to express her deepest gratitude and appreciation to the following:

1. Prof. Dr. Joko Nurkamto, M.Pd., the Dean of Teacher Training and Education Faculty of Sebelas Maret University for approving this thesis;

2. Teguh Sarosa, S.S., M. Hum., the Head of the English Department of

Teacher Training and Education Faculty;

3. Dr. Ngadiso, M.Pd., the first consultant, for his time, patience, help, kindness, and suggestions during the completion of this thesis;

4. Drs. Muh. Asrori, M.Pd., the second consultant, for his time, patience, help, kindness, guidance, and suggestions during the completion of this

thesis;

5. Prof. Dr. Joko Nurkamto, M.Pd., the academic consultant, for the motivation, kindness, and advice;

6. The Eighth grade students of SMP N 7 Surakarta in the academic year of 2016/2017 for their participation in this research;

7. Her beloved parents, Bapak Damanhuri and Mama Tri Damastutik, unceasing supports, day and night prayers, and love,

8. Her beloved husband, Mas Khamdan, for every support, love and patience.

9. Her sister, Alika and Zahra for supports and love.

10.Her best friends, Ayu, Inna, Esti, Mbak Hestu, and Haniva for supports

and loves.

11.All of her friends in class A, such as Adam, Suta, Arbin, Ikfi, Kartika and

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12.All of her friends in English Education Department 2010 for their help

and encouragement.

The writer accepts gratefully every comment and suggestion because nothing is

perfect except Allah SWT and neither is this thesis. However, the writer hopes that

this thesis will be useful to the improvement of English teaching and learning.

Surakarta, July 2017

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. Background of the Study………...1

B. Problem Identification………...7

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D. Techniques of Collecting the Data………...………..39

E. Statistical Hypothesis…………...……….. 43

F. The Technique of Analyzing Data………..44

CHAPTER IV………...38

A. The Data Description………...48

B. The Pre-requisite Test………..52

C. The Hypotheses Test………56

D. The Contribution Analysis………..61

E. The Discussion of the Research Finding………61

CHAPTER V………....56

A. Conclusion……….65

B. Implication………66

C. Suggestion……….67

BIBLIOGRAPHY………....68

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LIST OF TABLES

Table 4.1 The Data of Students’ Habit in Listening..………48

Table 4.2The Frequency Distribution of Students’ Habit in Listening…..……49

Table 4.3The Data of Students’ Grammar Mastery………50

Table 4.4The Frequency Distribution of Students’ Grammar Mastery .………50

Table 4.5The Data of Students’ Listening Skill ...……… 51

Table 4.6 The Frequency Distribution of Students’ Listening Skill……….... 52

Table 4.7 Normality Test Data .……… 53

Table 4.8 Linearity of Regression Data………54

Table 4.9 Significance of Regression Test Data……….56

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xiii LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 4.1The Histogram of the Students’ Habit in Listening ...…….....49 Figure 4.2The Histogram of the Students’ Grammar Mastery………....51 Figure 4.3 The Histogram of Students’ Listening Skill ...………... 52 Figure 4.4 The polygon of Correlation between Habit in Listening and Listening Skill...………....57 Figure 4.5 The Polygon of Correlation between Grammar Mastery (X2) and

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LIST OF APPENDICES

Appendix 1 The List of the Students Code Joining Try-out ... 71

Appendix 2 The List of the Students Joining Test ... 72

Appendix 3a Blueprint of Listening Skill Test (Try-out) ... 73

Appendix 3b Listening Skill Test Instrument (Try-out) ... 74

Appendix 3c Answer Key of Listening Skill Test (Try-out) ... 79

Appendix 3d Students’ Listening Skill Test Answer Sheet (Try-out) ... 80

Appendix 4a Blueprint of Habit in Listening Questionnaire (Try-out) ... 81

Appendix 4b Habit in Listening Questionnaire Instrument (Try-out) ... 82

Appendix 4c Students’ Habit in Listening Questionnaire Answer Sheet (Try-out) ... 85

Appendix 5a Blueprint of Grammar Mastery Test (Try-out) ... 88

Appendix 5b Grammar Mastery Test Instrument (Try-out) ... 89

Appendix 5c Answer Key of Grammar Mastery Test (Try-out) ... 91

Appendix 5d Students’ Grammar Mastery Test Answer Sheet (Try-out) ... 92

Appendix 6a Blueprint of Listening Skill Test (Data Collection) ... 93

Appendix 6b Instrument of Listening Skill Test (Data Collection)... 94

Appendix 6c Answer Key of Listening Skill Test (Data Collection) ... 99

Appendix 6d Students’ Listening Skill Test Answer Sheet (Data Collection ... 100

Appendix 7a Blueprint of Habit in Listening Questionnaire (Data Collection) .. 101

Appendix 7b Habit in Listening Questionnaire Instrument (Data Collection) ... 102

Appendix 7c Students’ Habit in Listening Questionnaire Answer Sheet (Data Collection) ... 104

Appendix 8a Blueprint of Grammar Mastery Test (Data Collection) ... 106

Appendix 8b Grammar Mastery Test Instrument (Data Collection) ... 107

Appendix 8c Answer Key of Grammar Mastery Test (Data Collection) ... 109

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Appendix 9b The Computation of Validity Test on Habit in Listening

Questionnaire Instrument ... 114

Appendix 10a Reliability Test on Habit in Listening Questionnaire Instrument . 115 Appendix 10b The Computation of Reliability Test on Habit in Listening Questionnaire Instrument ... 116

Appendix 11a Validity Test on Grammar Mastery Test Instrument ... 117

Appendix 11b The Computation of Validity Test on Grammar Mastery Test Instrument ... 120

Appendix 12a Reliability Test on Grammar Mastery Test Instrument ... 121

Appendix 12b The Computation of Reliability Test on Grammar Mastery Test Instrument ... 122

Appendix 13a Validity Test on Listening Skill Test Instrument ... 123

Appendix 13b The Computation of Validity Test on Listening Skill Test Instrument ... 124

Appendix 14a Reliability Test on Listening Skill Test Instrument ... 125

Appendix 14b The Computation of Reliability Test on Listening Skill Test Instrument ... 126

Appendix 15a The Statistic Calculation of Each Test ... 127

Appendix 15b Main Data of Students’ Habit in Listening (X1), Grammar Mastery (X2) and Listening Skill (Y) ... 128

Appendix 16 The Data Description of Habit in Listening Questionnaire Result 129 Appendix 17 The Data Description of Grammar Mastery Test Result ... 132

Appendix 18 The Data Description of Listening Skill Test Result ... 135

Appendix 19a The Computation of Normality Test on Habit in Listening ... 138

Appendix 19b The Computation of Normality Test on Grammar Mastery ... 140

Appendix 19c The Computation of Normality Test on Listening Skill ... 142

Appendix 20a The Main Data of X1Y ... 144

Appendix 20b The Computation of Linearity and Significance of Regression of Habit in Listening (X1) and Listening Skill(Y) ... 145

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Appendix 21b The Computation of Linearity and Significance of Regression of

Grammar Mastery (X2) and Listening Skill (Y) ... 148

Appendix 22a Single Correlation between Habit in Listening (X1) and Listening Skill(Y) ... 150

Appendix 22b The Computation Single Correlation between Habit in Listening (X1) and Listening Skill (Y) ... 151

Appendix 23a Single Correlation between Grammar Mastery (X2) and Listening Skill (Y) ... 153

Appendix 23b The Computation Single Correlation between Grammar Mastery (X2) and Listening Skill (Y) ... 154

Appendix 24a The Computation of Multiple Regression ... 153

Appendix 24b The Computation of Multiple Correlation ... 156

Appendix 25 The Computation of Relative and Effective Contribution ... 159

Appendix 26 The r-Table ... 161

Appendix 27 The Standard Normal Distribution Table... 162

Appendix 28 The Lilliefors (L) Table ... 163

Appendix 29 The F-Distribution Table ... 164

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