THE USE OF A
OF ADDRESS FORMS AND ITS RELA
ESS IN THE MOVIE ENTITLED
(A Socio-Pragmatics Approach)
itted as a Partial Fulfillment of Requirements for
The researcher whole-heartedly declares that this thesis entitled “The
Study of Address Forms and Its Relation to Politeness in the Movie Entitled Now You See Me” is originally written by the researcher. It is neither a plagiarism, nor made by others. The previous works related to this thesis are all written in the
form of quotations and included in the bibliography.
If the pronouncement is proven to be incorrect, the researcher will be
ready to accept any academic consequence, including the cancellation of the thesis
and the withdrawal of the academic degree procured from the thesis and study.
Surakarta, 17 July 2017
“O you have believed, if you support Allah, He will support you and plant firmly
your feet.” (Q.S. Muhammad: 7)
“Verily, with hardship comes ease.”
(Q.S. Al-Insyirah: 6)
“Patience and perseverance have a magical effect before which difficulties
disappear and obstacles vanish.” (John Quincy Adams)
“I have always been a learner because I knew nothing.”
“Be the best version of yourself, do the best, and make your loved ones proud of
I wholeheartedly dedicate this thesis to…
My parents who always give me an endless love and
a million supports that make me feel so blessed and
passionate in my life
Alhamdulillahirrobbil’alamin, all praises and gratitude must be given to
Allah SWT due to His blessing and mercies for me in my thesis “The Study of
Address Forms and Its Relation to Politeness in the Movie Entitled Now You See Me.” I would like to deliver my deepest gratitude to:
1. Prof. Drs. Riyadi Santosa, M.Ed., Ph.D., the Dean of Faculty of Cultural
Sciences, Sebelas Maret University, and as my inspiration in hard
2. Drs. Agus Hari Wibowo, M.A., Ph.D., the Head of English Department,
for giving consent for me to write my thesis until it is done and also for
validating the data of my research. I want to thank of that.
3. Dra. Diah Kristina, M.A., Ph.D., my thesis consultant, for the invaluable
guidance, contributions and suggestions during the process of the thesis
4. Sri Kusuma Habsari, my academic consultant, who has supported me
through her guidance and assistance after all my academic years.
5. All of the lecturers of English Department Program for the valuable
knowledge and the inspiring story that they have shared to me. You have
inspired me a lot.
6. My beloved parents, Ayah and Ibuk for the over pouring supports with a
non-stop supply of love you have given to me.
7. Thank you for my lovely sisters that keep supporting and loving me as
8. Jums (Icha, Intan, Wisma) who accompany me during my college life.
Thanks for the valuable discussion and kindness you’ve shared to me. I
will always miss you guys when you are not around me.
9. Linguistics squad, thank you for sharing knowledge and experience and
also being the great kind friends to me.
10. ED13, from which I can always remember any academic discussions and
11. My upper fellow under-the-same-supervisor, Mas Satya Setyoko, for
sharing and answering my question about thesis and supervisor.
12. Everyone who is not mentioned above but has a big contribution to my
thesis yet, thank you.
Finally, although this thesis is far from perfection, I hope that this thesis
can give benefits to people out there who are interested in this study, which has
correlation with Sociopragmatics approach. Moreover, suggestions or any other
ideas will be kindly accepted in order to make this thesis more perfect for the one
who reads and needs it.
Surakarta, 17 July 2017
TABLE OF CONTENTS
THE APPROVAL OF THESIS CONSULTANT ... ii
THE APPROVAL OF THE BOARD OF EXAMINERS ... iii
PRONOUNCEMENT ... iv
MOTTO ... v
DEDICATION ... vi
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ... vii
TABLE OF CONTENTS... ix
LIST OF TABLES ... xii
LIST OF FIGURES ... xiii
CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION A. Research Background... 1
B. Research Questions ... 8
C. Research Objectives ... 8
D. Significance of the Study ... 8
E. Scope of the Study ... 9
CHAPTER II LITERATURE REVIEW A. Sociolinguistics ... 10
B. Pragmatics ... 11
C. Socio-Pragmatics... 11
E. Address Form ... 13
F.Factors Influencing the Use of Address Forms... 17
1. Social Factors ... 17
2. Social Dimensions of Communication ... 18
G.Politeness Strategy ... 20
H. The Related Studies... 23
I. Synopsis of the Film ... 26
CHAPTER III METHOLOGY OF THE RESEARCH A. Types of Research ... 32
B. Research Location ... 33
C. Sample and Sampling... 33
D. Source of Data and Data ... 34
E. Technique of Collecting Data ... 35
F. Technique of Coding Data ... 36
G. Technique of Analyzing Data ... 37
CHAPTER IV FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION A. Data Analysis ... 38
B. Discussion ... 82
1. Types of Address Form ... 82
1.1 First Name... 83
1.2 Title plus Last Name ... 84
1.3 Title without Name ... 86
1.4 Last Name alone... 87
2. Politeness Strategies... 92
2.1 The Use of Politeness Strategies in First Name ... 93
2.2 The Use of Politeness Strategies in Title plus Last Name... 94
2.3 The Use of Politeness Strategies in Title ... 94
2.4 The Use of Politeness Strategies in Last Name ... 95
2.5 The Use of Politeness Strategies in Multiple Name ... 96
3. The Factors Influencing the Choice of Address Forms ... 97
3.1 The Factors Influencing the Choice of First Name... 98
3.2 The Factors Influencing the Choice of Title plus Last Name... 99
3.3 The Factors Influencing the Choice of Title ... 100
3.4 The Factors Influencing the Choice of Last Name ... 101
3.5 The Factors Influencing the Choice Multiple Name... 101
CHAPTER V CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATION A. Conclusions ... 103
B. Recommendation... 107
BIBLIOGRAPHY ... 109
LIST OF TABLES
Table 4.1.The types of address form in the movie
LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 2.1The social distance scale... 18
Figure 2.2The status scale... 19
Figure 2.3The formality scale... 19
Via Kartika Pratiwi. 2017. The Use of Address Forms and Its Relation to Politeness in the Movie Entitled Now You See Me (A Sociopragmatics Approach). Thesis: English Department of Faculty of Cultural Sciences. Sebelas Maret University.
This research was conducted in order to achieve the objectives of the research. The objectives of this research are to find out the types of address forms based on the classification of Brown and Ford, the types of politeness strategy employed by the characters based on the theory of Brown and Levinson and the factors influencing the choice of address forms based on the theory of Holmes.
This research used the descriptive qualitative research. The data of this research are taken from the dialogues containing second person address forms in the movie entitled Now You See Me. Moreover, there are 82 data that contain second person address forms found in the movie.
The result of the research shows that there are five types of address forms, namely first name (FN), title plus last name (TLN), title without name (T), last name alone (LN), and multiple name (MN). Based on the data, it can be found that there are 82 data showing second person address forms in the movie entitled Now You See Me. In fact, the most dominant address form employed in the movie is first name. The second dominant address form is multiple name. Furthermore the use oftitle plus last nameand title aloneranked third and fourth. Meanwhile, the least used address form islast name.
Principally, there are several factors influencing the choice of address forms, such as the participants, the setting or social context of the interaction, the topic, and function. Furthermore, there are several factors that are implicitly presented in the use of address forms. These are social distance scale, status scale, formality scale, and two functional scales. Additionally, there are two politeness strategies used in the movie, namely positive and negative politeness.
This research hopefully gives benefits to the other researcher that conducts the same topic of research by using Socio-Pragmatics as the approach. Moreover, this research is expected to give an overview and explanation about the use of address forms.