THE USE OF ADDRESS FORMS AND ITS RELATION TO POLITENESS IN THE MOVIE ENTITLED NOW YOU SEE ME (A Socio-Pragmatics Approach) - UNS Institutional Repository

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THE USE OF A

OF ADDRESS FORMS AND ITS RELA

ESS IN THE MOVIE ENTITLED

NOW YO

(A Socio-Pragmatics Approach)

THESIS

itted as a Partial Fulfillment of Requirements for

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iv

PRONOUNCEMENT

The researcher whole-heartedly declares that this thesis entitled “The

Study of Address Forms and Its Relation to Politeness in the Movie Entitled Now You See Me” is originally written by the researcher. It is neither a plagiarism, nor made by others. The previous works related to this thesis are all written in the

form of quotations and included in the bibliography.

If the pronouncement is proven to be incorrect, the researcher will be

ready to accept any academic consequence, including the cancellation of the thesis

and the withdrawal of the academic degree procured from the thesis and study.

Surakarta, 17 July 2017

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MOTTO

“O you have believed, if you support Allah, He will support you and plant firmly

your feet.” (Q.S. Muhammad: 7)

“Verily, with hardship comes ease.”

(Q.S. Al-Insyirah: 6)

“Patience and perseverance have a magical effect before which difficulties

disappear and obstacles vanish.” (John Quincy Adams)

“I have always been a learner because I knew nothing.”

(Sidney Poitier)

“Be the best version of yourself, do the best, and make your loved ones proud of

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vi

DEDICATION

I wholeheartedly dedicate this thesis to…

My parents who always give me an endless love and

a million supports that make me feel so blessed and

passionate in my life

Also

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

Alhamdulillahirrobbil’alamin, all praises and gratitude must be given to

Allah SWT due to His blessing and mercies for me in my thesis “The Study of

Address Forms and Its Relation to Politeness in the Movie Entitled Now You See Me.” I would like to deliver my deepest gratitude to:

1. Prof. Drs. Riyadi Santosa, M.Ed., Ph.D., the Dean of Faculty of Cultural

Sciences, Sebelas Maret University, and as my inspiration in hard

working.

2. Drs. Agus Hari Wibowo, M.A., Ph.D., the Head of English Department,

for giving consent for me to write my thesis until it is done and also for

validating the data of my research. I want to thank of that.

3. Dra. Diah Kristina, M.A., Ph.D., my thesis consultant, for the invaluable

guidance, contributions and suggestions during the process of the thesis

writing.

4. Sri Kusuma Habsari, my academic consultant, who has supported me

through her guidance and assistance after all my academic years.

5. All of the lecturers of English Department Program for the valuable

knowledge and the inspiring story that they have shared to me. You have

inspired me a lot.

6. My beloved parents, Ayah and Ibuk for the over pouring supports with a

non-stop supply of love you have given to me.

7. Thank you for my lovely sisters that keep supporting and loving me as

always.

8. Jums (Icha, Intan, Wisma) who accompany me during my college life.

Thanks for the valuable discussion and kindness you’ve shared to me. I

will always miss you guys when you are not around me.

9. Linguistics squad, thank you for sharing knowledge and experience and

also being the great kind friends to me.

10. ED13, from which I can always remember any academic discussions and

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viii

11. My upper fellow under-the-same-supervisor, Mas Satya Setyoko, for

sharing and answering my question about thesis and supervisor.

12. Everyone who is not mentioned above but has a big contribution to my

thesis yet, thank you.

Finally, although this thesis is far from perfection, I hope that this thesis

can give benefits to people out there who are interested in this study, which has

correlation with Sociopragmatics approach. Moreover, suggestions or any other

ideas will be kindly accepted in order to make this thesis more perfect for the one

who reads and needs it.

Surakarta, 17 July 2017

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE... i

THE APPROVAL OF THESIS CONSULTANT ... ii

THE APPROVAL OF THE BOARD OF EXAMINERS ... iii

PRONOUNCEMENT ... iv

MOTTO ... v

DEDICATION ... vi

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ... vii

TABLE OF CONTENTS... ix

LIST OF TABLES ... xii

LIST OF FIGURES ... xiii

ABSTRACT... xiv

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION A. Research Background... 1

B. Research Questions ... 8

C. Research Objectives ... 8

D. Significance of the Study ... 8

E. Scope of the Study ... 9

CHAPTER II LITERATURE REVIEW A. Sociolinguistics ... 10

B. Pragmatics ... 11

C. Socio-Pragmatics... 11

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x

E. Address Form ... 13

F.

Factors Influencing the Use of Address Forms... 17

1. Social Factors ... 17

2. Social Dimensions of Communication ... 18

G.

Politeness Strategy ... 20

H. The Related Studies... 23

I. Synopsis of the Film ... 26

CHAPTER III METHOLOGY OF THE RESEARCH A. Types of Research ... 32

B. Research Location ... 33

C. Sample and Sampling... 33

D. Source of Data and Data ... 34

E. Technique of Collecting Data ... 35

F. Technique of Coding Data ... 36

G. Technique of Analyzing Data ... 37

CHAPTER IV FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION A. Data Analysis ... 38

B. Discussion ... 82

1. Types of Address Form ... 82

1.1 First Name... 83

1.2 Title plus Last Name ... 84

1.3 Title without Name ... 86

1.4 Last Name alone... 87

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2. Politeness Strategies... 92

2.1 The Use of Politeness Strategies in First Name ... 93

2.2 The Use of Politeness Strategies in Title plus Last Name... 94

2.3 The Use of Politeness Strategies in Title ... 94

2.4 The Use of Politeness Strategies in Last Name ... 95

2.5 The Use of Politeness Strategies in Multiple Name ... 96

3. The Factors Influencing the Choice of Address Forms ... 97

3.1 The Factors Influencing the Choice of First Name... 98

3.2 The Factors Influencing the Choice of Title plus Last Name... 99

3.3 The Factors Influencing the Choice of Title ... 100

3.4 The Factors Influencing the Choice of Last Name ... 101

3.5 The Factors Influencing the Choice Multiple Name... 101

CHAPTER V CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATION A. Conclusions ... 103

B. Recommendation... 107

BIBLIOGRAPHY ... 109

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xii

LIST OF TABLES

Table 4.1.The types of address form in the movie

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LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 2.1The social distance scale... 18

Figure 2.2The status scale... 19

Figure 2.3The formality scale... 19

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ABSTRACT

Via Kartika Pratiwi. 2017. The Use of Address Forms and Its Relation to Politeness in the Movie Entitled Now You See Me (A Sociopragmatics Approach). Thesis: English Department of Faculty of Cultural Sciences. Sebelas Maret University.

This research was conducted in order to achieve the objectives of the research. The objectives of this research are to find out the types of address forms based on the classification of Brown and Ford, the types of politeness strategy employed by the characters based on the theory of Brown and Levinson and the factors influencing the choice of address forms based on the theory of Holmes.

This research used the descriptive qualitative research. The data of this research are taken from the dialogues containing second person address forms in the movie entitled Now You See Me. Moreover, there are 82 data that contain second person address forms found in the movie.

The result of the research shows that there are five types of address forms, namely first name (FN), title plus last name (TLN), title without name (T), last name alone (LN), and multiple name (MN). Based on the data, it can be found that there are 82 data showing second person address forms in the movie entitled Now You See Me. In fact, the most dominant address form employed in the movie is first name. The second dominant address form is multiple name. Furthermore the use oftitle plus last nameand title aloneranked third and fourth. Meanwhile, the least used address form islast name.

Principally, there are several factors influencing the choice of address forms, such as the participants, the setting or social context of the interaction, the topic, and function. Furthermore, there are several factors that are implicitly presented in the use of address forms. These are social distance scale, status scale, formality scale, and two functional scales. Additionally, there are two politeness strategies used in the movie, namely positive and negative politeness.

This research hopefully gives benefits to the other researcher that conducts the same topic of research by using Socio-Pragmatics as the approach. Moreover, this research is expected to give an overview and explanation about the use of address forms.

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