AN ANALYSIS OF THE THIRD YEAR STUDENTS ABILITY OF THE ENGLISH DEPARTMENT OF UIR TO COMPREHEND FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE FOUND IN SOME SHORT STORIES

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ii DISCOVERY

JURNAL

Terbit tiga kali setahun pada bulan April, Juni, dan September. Berisi tulisan yang diangkat dari hasil penelitian, pengajaran bahasa, linguistik, analisis

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Daftar Isi

AN ANALYSIS OF THE THIRD YEAR STUDENTS ABILITY OF THE ENGLISH DEPARTMENT OF UIR TO COMPREHEND FIGURATIVE

LANGUAGE FOUND IN SOME SHORT STORIES ... 1 - 8

Rosdiana E. Harahap, Seno H Putra and Miranti Eka Putri

IMPROVING ENGLISH PRONUNCIATION OF FIFTH YEAR

STUDENTS THROUGH READING ALOUD AT SDN 006 PAYUNG

SEKAKI, ROKAN HULU ... 9 - 14

Sarifah Wahyuningsih, Aladin and Johari Afrizal

THE USE OF GIVE ONE GET ONE STRATEGY TO IMPROVE STUDENT READING COMPREHENSION ON TEXTSTYPE BY THE

SECONDYEAR STUDENTS OF SMPN 28 KOTO GASIB SIAK ... 15 - 21

Siti Alkomah, Betty Sailun and Muhammad Nuh

THE CONTRIBUTION ON STUDENTS’ VOCABULARY BREADTH

OF KNOWLEDGE TOWARD READING COMPREHENSION AT MTS

TAUFIQ WALHIDAYAH RUMBAI PEKANBARU ... 22 - 28

Nia Yuniarti, Betty Sailun and Maida Fitri

IMPROVING STUDENTS’ WRITING ABILITY IN HORTATORY

EXPOSITION TEXT BY USING OPINION PROOF STRATEGY OF THE

SECOND YEAR AT SMAN 14 PEKANBARU ... 29 - 37

Melia Anggraini, Kurniawan and Mayasari

THE EFFECT OF SUMMARIZING STRATEGY ON READING COMPREHENSION OF THE SECOND YEAR STUDENTS OF SMA N 2

PEKANBARU ... 38 - 45

Siti Wisesa Kurniawan, Betty Sailun and Yulianto

THE APPLICATION OF RETELLING ASSESSMENT ON READING COMPREHENSION USED BY ENGLISH TEACHER OF THE SECOND

YEAR AT SMP MUHAMMADIYAH RAMBAH PASIR PENGARAIAN. 46 - 51

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COMPONENTIAL ANALYSIS OF “BIG” TERM IN ENGLISH (A

SEMANTIC ANALYSIS RESEARCH) ... 52 - 58

Sulastri, Betty Sailun and Marhamah

THE EFFECT OF MIND MAPPING STRATEGY TOWARD THE SECOND YEAR WRITING ABILITY OF NARRATIVE TEXT AT SMA

IT BANGKINANG ... 59 - 65

Syamsul Hadi, Syofianis and Estika Satriani

A STUDY ON STUDENTS’ MOTIVATION OF ELEMENTARY LEVEL

AT MASTER ENGLISH COURSE PEKANBARU ... 66 - 74

Asmariza, Betty Sailun and Fitra Elia

AN ANALYSIS OF THE STUDENTS’ ABILITY ON WRITING

Yeni Sukma, Seno H Putra and Yulianto

IMPROVING THE FOURTH GRADE STUDENTS’ VOCABULARY

MASTERY BY USING CIRCLE GAMES AT SDN 018 KUBANG JAYA

KAMPAR . ... 86 - 97

Yusni Arikandi, Kurniawan and Resy Oktadela

THE APPLICATION OF RETELLING ASSESSMENT ON READING COMPREHENSION USED BY ENGLISH TEACHER OF THE SECOND

YEAR AT SMP MUHAMMADIYAH RAMBAH PASIR PENGARAIAN. 98 - 104

Tri Yuliza Aristi, Betty Sailun and Riska Meryana

A STUDY ON STUDENTS’ SPEAKING ABILITY IN ROLE PLAY OF

HOTEL ACCOMMODATION DEPARTMENT AT SMK EKATAMA ... 105 - 114

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AN ANALYSIS OF THE THIRD YEAR STUDENTS ABILITY OF THE ENGLISH DEPARTMENT OF UIR TO COMPREHEND FIGURATIVE

LANGUAGE FOUND IN SOME SHORT STORIES

* Rosdiana E. Harahap, **Seno H Putra, **Miranti Eka Putri

** Dosen FKIP Universitas Islam Riau * Mahasiswa FKIP Universitas Islam Riau

Abstract

The objective of this research was to know the third year students’ ability to

comprehend figurative language as found in some short stories. The design of this research was descriptive. The population of this research was the third years students of English Department of UIR. The writer used cluster random sampling to take the sample. The total number of members of the population is 149 students. They were distributed in four class; A,B,C,D. The writer took class B and the number of members of sample in class B is 30 Students. The data were gathered through the reading test. The reseacher limited her research to comprehend figurative language; Simile, Metaphore, Personofication, Hyperbole, and Onomatipoeia as found in some short stories. From the result of the study, the researcher found that the ability of the third year students of FKIP UIR in generally was maderate (53.3%). In specific, their ability in comprehending simile was moderate (63.3%), their ability in comprehending metaphore was moderate (63.3%), their ability in comprehending personification was moderate (66.7%), their ability in comprehending hyperbole was moderate (70%), their ability in comprehending onoatopoeia was moderate (56.7%).

Therefore, by knowing the students’ ability to comprehend figurative language found

in some short stories, the lecturers are suggested to give more exercise especially in comprehending figurative language and introduction to Litarature and reading comprehension subject the lecturer is expected to give more material about figurative language and motivation in order to improve the ability of the students in comprehending figurative language. For students, they are suggested to do more exercise related with figurative language in literary work and the students have to study effectively and looking for the best way to mativate them to comprehend figurative language as a part of literary work. They can add their knowledge in reading literary work, especially fiction stories.

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2 Introduction

The people use figuratively for reason politeness, and to express the ideas that they are difficult to communicate using literal language and to express though in compact and vivid manner. Sometimes the people are not aware that they use figurative language in their communication. In the fiction story, especially in short story figurative language is often used. The student like to read fiction fiction story because the imagined story is interested them. Many expressions in the story contain figurative language. It allows the writer to communicate the meaning that are different from various ways from what the literary say. In addition, figurative

languages often appear in the students’ favorite story. So it is necessary to the

students to understand more about figurative language.

Based on writers’ interview to some of the third year students of FKIP Islamic University of Riau, she found that they had studied about figurative language in introduction to literature subject. Some of them still complained that they have difficulties in comprehending figurative language in poetry or story and get unsatisfying grade in the subject.

Concerning with explanation above, the writer was interested in investigating

the third year students’ ability of the English Department of FKIP Islamic University

of Riau to comprehend figurative language found in some short stories.

In this research, the writer chose three stories that contain figurative language; they descriptive study involves colletting data in order to answer the question concerning to the status of the subject of the study. It also involves the description, and analysis and interpretation of condition that now exist (Best, 1997:15). This research seeks to find the answer to question through the analysis variable relationship (Best, 1997:145). Related to this theory, the writer conducted this research to describe

students’ ability to comprehend figurative language found in some short stories.

Participant

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such a way that all individuals in the defined population have an equal and independent chance of being selected for the sample. The writer used this technique because all members of the population were considered homogenous; having the same curriculum, material, and taught by the same lectures.

Instruments

The research instrument was multiple coice test that consist of 30 items which are shared in 3 reading test.

Table 1: Blue Print of the test items

Reading Text Indicator Items Number

Snow White Simile

students’ answer by giving the score. To do this, writer follows the following step.

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4 Results and Discussion

Figurative Language simile was distributed on number 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6. After analyzing the data, she found in comprehending simile in some short stories , 16.7% students got moderate, 63.3% students got moderate, and 20% students got

low ability. This findings indicates that students’ mastering on comprehending simile

is still far from the expectation. On the other hand, it shows that students still have problem or difficulties in comprehending simile. It is indicated by students answer on

question “when they look at a bed, they found snow-white past sleep,lying there like

an angel in the night, the sentence above mean?” she found only 13 student of 30

students can answer correctly and the question “whenever she wished for anything,

the dove would drop it like an egg upon the ground, the sentence above means?” she

found only 19 students of 30 students can answer correctly. Based on this research, the students need to improve their knowledge and understanding to comprehend about simile.

1. Students’ Ability to comprehend Metaphore Found in Some short Stories

Figurative language metaphore was distributed on number items 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12, After analyzing the data she found in comprehending metaphore in some short stories, 13.4% students got high ability, 63,3% students got moderate, and

23.3% students got ability. This findings indicates that students’ mastering on

comprehending metaphore is still far from the expectation. On the other hand, it shows that students still have problem or difficulties to comprehend metaphore. It is

indicated by students answer on question “They are two dolls in a museum case

means?” she found only 14 students of 30 students can answer correctly and the question “the black jack heart means?” she found only 14 of 30 students can answer

correctly. Based on this research, the students need to improve their knowledge and understanding to comprehend about metaphore.

2. Students’ Ability to comprehend Personification Found in Some short Stories

Figurative language personification was distributed on number items 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, and 18. After analyzing the data, she found in comprehending personification in some short stories, 20% students got high ability, 66,7% students got moderate, and 13,3% students got low ability.This findings indicates that

students’ mastering on comprehending personification is still far from expectation. On the other hand, it shows that students still have problem or difficulties to

comprehend personification. It is indicated by students’ answer question “The sky

was dark and the sun decided to sleep, the sentence above means?” she found only 15

students of 30 students can answer correctly and the question “The wind sang her

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inte sentencee above?” she found only 12 students need to improve their knowladge and understanding to comprehend about personification.

3. Students’ Ability to comprehend Hyperbole Found in Some short Stories

Figurative language hyperbole was distributed on number items 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, and 24. After analyzing the data, she found in comprehending hyperbole in some short stories, 20% students got high ability, 70 % students got moderate, and 10% students low ability. This findings indicated that students mastering on comprehending personification is still far from expectation. On the other hand, it shows that students still have problem or difficulties to comprehend hyperbole. It is

indicated by students’ answer question “i have told you thousand times, the sentence above means?” she found only 12 students of 30 students can answer correctly and

the question “She felt if there was fire in her throat means?” she found only 12

students of 30 students can answer correctly. Based on this research, the writer assumed the students need to improve their knowladge and understanding to comprehend about hyperbole.

4. Students’ Ability to comprehend Onomatopoeia Found in Some short Stories

Figurative language onomatopoeia was distributed on number items 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, and 30. After analyzing the data , she found in comprehending onomatopoeia in some short stories, 16,6%students got high ability, 56,7% students got moderate, and 26.7% students got low ability. This findings indicates that students mastering on comprehending personification is still far from expectation. On the other hand, it shows that students still have problem or difficulties to comprehend

hyperbole. It is indicated by students’ answer question “The lion roarmeans....?” she

found only 13 students of 30 students can answer correctly. The question “According

to the sentence above, tok...tok...tok... is?” she found only 14 students of 30 students

can answer correctly and the question “ poof...!. she distunguish herself as an old

peddler woman, what sound that describing in the sentence above?”. She found only

10 students of 30 students can answer correctly. Based on this research, the writer assumed the students need to improve their knowladge and understanding to comprehend about onomatopoeia.

Conclusion

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1. The ability of the third year students of English Depatment of FKIP UIR to

comprehend simile found in some short stories was moderate because there were 19 students (63.3 %) from 30 students had moderate ability.

2. The ability of the third year students of English Department of FKIP UIR to

comprehend metaphore found in some short stories was moderate because there were 19 students (63.3 %) from 30 students had moderate ability.

3. The ability of the third year students of English Department of FKIP UIR to

comprehend personification found in some short stories wsa moderate because there were 20 students (66.7 %) from 30 students had moderate ability.

4. The ability of the third year students of English Department of FKIP UIR to

comprehend hyperbole found in some short stories was moderate because there were 21 students (70 %) from 30 students had moderate ability.

5. The ability of the third year students of English Department of FKIP UIR to

comprehend Onomatopoeia found in some short stories was moderate because there were 17 students (56.7 %) from 30 students had moderate ability.

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Figur

Table 1:  Blue Print of the test items

Table 1.

Blue Print of the test items . View in document p.7

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