Correlation between Vocabulary Mastery, Reading Attitudes, and Reading Comprehension of the Second Semester Students of English Education Department of Teacher Training and Education Faculty of Sebelas Maret University in the Academic Year of 2016/2017 -

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Correlation between Vocabulary Mastery, Reading Attitudes, and Reading

Comprehension of the Second Semester Students of English Education

Department of Teacher Training and Education Faculty of Sebelas Maret

University in the Academic Year of 2016/2017

THESIS

Written to Fulfill the Requirements for Undergraduate Degree in English Education Department

By:

ANUGERAH SUTAHAYU

K2210008

ENGLISH EDUCATION DEPARTMENT

TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION FACULTY

SEBELAS MARET UNIVERSITY

SURAKARTA

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ABSTRACT

Anugerah Sutahayu. K2210008. Correlation between Vocabulary Mastery, Reading Attitudes, and Reading Comprehension of the Second Semester Students of English Education Department of Teacher Training and Education Faculty of Sebelas Maret University in the Academic Year of 2016/2017. English Education Department. Teacher Training and Education Faculty of Sebelas Maret University. 2017.

The objectives of this study are to find out the correlation between (1) vocabulary mastery and reading comprehension; (2) reading attitudes and reading comprehension; and (3) vocabulary mastery and reading attitudes simultaneously and reading comprehension.

This study used a quantitative approach with a correlational method. The population was all second semester students of English Education Department in Sebelas Maret University. The sample was class B consisting of 33 students. The sample was chosen by using cluster random sampling. Tests for testing vocabulary mastery and reading comprehension and a questionnaire about reading attitudes were used to collect data. Regression and Correlation techniques, both single and multiple, were used for analyzing data.

The findings at the level of significance α= 0.05 show that (1) there is a positive correlation between vocabulary mastery and reading comprehension (rx1y= 0.5198); (2) there is a positive correlation between reading attitudes and reading comprehension (rx2y= 0.4120); and (3) there is a positive correlation between vocabulary mastery and reading attitudes simultaneously and reading comprehension (Rx1.2y= 0.602). The students’ vocabulary mastery makes 23.43% effective contribution to their reading comprehension, and reading attitudes make 12.86% effective contribution to their reading comprehension. Meanwhile vocabulary mastery and reading attitudes simultaneously make 36.29% effective contribution to their reading comprehension.

It is evident that vocabulary mastery and reading attitudes, both partially and simultaneously, are vital in reading comprehension. Therefore, strengthening vocabulary mastery and designing learning activities that improve students’ reading attitudes are necessary to improve their reading comprehension.

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MOTTO

“I thought about giving up Then I choose to give up the thought”

-Tablo in Blonote-

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DEDICATION

To Mom and Dad, My deepest gratitude, For the endless love, unceasing supports, day and night prayers, and load of naggings, I love you.

Special thanks To my grannies and Oom Yossi, To Alm. Aunty Yeti, May Allah grant you peace and place in Jannah.

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

Alhamdulillah, all praises are to Allah SWT, the Merciful, for all blessings to the writer, helps, health, strength, and guidance during working and finishing this thesis. The writer is also profoundly grateful to everyone for helping and supporting so this thesis can be finalized. Hence, she would like to express her deepest gratitude and appreciation to the following:

1. Prof. Dr. Joko Nurkamto, M.Pd., the Dean of Teacher Training and Education Faculty of Sebelas Maret University for approving this thesis;

2. Teguh Sarosa, S.S., M. Hum., the Head of the English Department of Teacher Training and Education Faculty;

3. Drs. Martono, M.A., the first consultant, for his time, patience, help, kindness, and suggestions during the completion of this thesis;

4. Kristiandi, S.S., M. A., the second consultant, for his time, patience, help, kindness, guidance, and suggestions during the completion of this thesis;

5. Dewi Sri Wahyuni, S.Pd., M.Pd. the academic consultant, for the motivation, kindness, and advice;

6. Second semester students of EED in the academic year of 2016/2017 for their participation in this research;

7. Her beloved parents, Bapak Sudiro Mangkurejo and Ibu Tandur, unceasing supports, day and night prayers, and load of naggings;

8. Her beloved Grannys, Oom Yossi, Alm. Aunty Yeti;

9. Her sister-like-friends, Inna, Azka, Esti, Mbak Hestu, and Haniva for their

supports, encouragement and loves;

10.All of her friends in class A, such as Adam, Ika, Fariz, Kartika, Ratna, Fadhil,

Via, Evi, Indra, Gigih and Hanif for their sincere help and encouragement;

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The writer accepts gratefully every comment and suggestion because nothing

is perfect except Allah SWT and neither is this thesis. However, the writer hopes that

this thesis will be useful to the improvement of English teaching and learning.

Surakarta, July 2017

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

COVER ... i

PRONOUNCEMENT ... ii

APPROVAL OF THE CONSULTANT ... iii

APPROVAL OF THE BOARD EXAMINERS ... iv

ABSTRACT ... v

B. Problem Identification . ………...5

C. Problem Limitation . ………5

D. Problem Statement . ……….6

E. Objectives of the Study . ………..6

F. Benefits of the Study . ………..7

CHAPTER II . ………..8

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C. Reading Attitudes . ……….20

D. Rationale ………...22

E. The Technique of Collecting Data .. ………..26

F. Tryout of the Instrument .. ……….28

G. The Technique of Analyzing Data .. ………..30

CHAPTER IV ………...37

A. The Data Description . ………...37

B. The Pre-requisite Test . ………..42

C. The Hypotheses Test . ………46

D. The Contribution Analysis .. ………..50

E. The Discussion of the Research Finding .. ………51

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LIST OF TABLES

Table 4.1 The Data of Students’ Vocabulary Mastery ... 37

Table 4.2 The Frequency Distribution of Students’ Vocabulary Mastery .... 38

Table 4.3 The Data of Students’ Reading Attitude ... 39

Table 4.4 The Frequency Distribution of Students’ Reading Attitudes ... 39

Table 4.5 The Data of Students’ Reading Comprehension ... 41

Table 4.6 The Frequency Distribution of Students’ Reading Comprehension 41 Table 4.7 Normality Test Data ... 43

Table 4.8 Linearity of Regression Test Data ... 44

Table 4.9 Significance of Regression Test Data ... 45

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LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 3.1 Diagram of the correlation between Vocabulary Mastery, Reading

Attitudes and Reading Comprehension ... 25

Figure 4.1 The Histogram of the Students’ Vocabulary Mastery ... 38

Figure 4.2 The Histogram of the Students’ Reading Attitudes ... 40

Figure 4.3 The Histogram of Students’ Reading Attitudes ... 25

Figure 4.4 The polygon of Correlation between Vocabulary Mastery and Reading Comprehension ... 38

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LIST OF APPENDICES

Appendix 1 The List of the Students Joining Try-out ... 62

Appendix 2 The List of the Students Joining Test ... 63

Appendix 3a Blueprint of Reading Comprehension Test (Try-out) ... 64

Appendix 3b Reading Comprehension Test Instrument (Try-out) ... 65

Appendix 3c Answer Key of Reading Comprehension Test (Try-out) ... 73

Appendix 3d Students’ Reading Comprehension Test Answer Sheet (Try-out) 74 Appendix 4a Blueprint of Vocabulary Mastery Test (Try-out) ... 76

Appendix 4b Vocabulary Mastery Test Instrument (Try-out) ... 77

Appendix 4c Answer Key of Vocabulary Mastery Test (Try-out) ... 82

Appendix 4d Students’ Vocabulary Mastery Test Answer Sheet (Try-out) ... 83

Appendix 5a Blueprint of Reading Comprehension Test (Data Collection) .... 85

Appendix 5b Instrument of Reading Comprehension Test (Data Collection) . 86 Appendix 5c Answer Key of Reading Comprehension Test (Data Collection) 94 Appendix 5d Students’ Reading Comprehension Test Answer Sheet (Data Collection) ... 95

Appendix 6a Blueprint of Vocabulary Mastery Test (Data Collection) ... 97

Appendix 6b Vocabulary Mastery Test Instrument (Data Collection) ... 98

Appendix 6c Answer Key of Vocabulary Mastery Test (Data Collection) ... 103

Appendix 6d Students’ Vocabulary Mastery Test Answer Sheet (Data Collection) ... 104

Appendix 7a Blueprint of Reading Attitude Questionnaire (Data Collection) 106 Appendix 7b Reading Attitude Questionnaire (Data Collection) ... 107

Appendix 7c Students’ Reading Attitude Questionnaire Answer Sheet (Data Collection) ... 110

Appendix 8a Validity Test on Students’ Vocabulary Mastery Test Instrument114 Appendix 8b The Computation of Validity Test on Vocabulary Mastery Instrument ... 116

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Appendix 9b The Computation of Reliability Test on Vocabulary Mastery Instrument ... 118 Appendix 10a Validity Test on Reading Comprehension Test Instrument ... 119 Appendix 10b The Computation of Validity Test on Reading Comprehension Test Instrument ... 121 Appendix 11a Reliability Test on Reading Comprehension Test Instrument .... 122 Appendix 11b The Computation of Reliability Test on Reading Comprehension Test Instrument ... 123 Appendix 12a The Statistic Calculation of Each Test ... 124 Appendix 12b Main Data of Students’ Vocabulary Mastery (X1), Reading Attitude (X2), and Reading Comprehension (Y) ... 125 Appendix 13 The Data Description of Vocabulary Mastery Test Result ... 126 Appendix 14 The Data Description of Reading Attitudes Test Result ... 129 Appendix 15 The Data Description of Reading Comprehension Test Result . 132 Appendix 16a The Computation of Normality Test on Vocabulary Mastery .... 135 Appendix 16b The Computation of Normality Test on Reading Attitudes ... 137 Appendix 16c The Computation of Normality Test on Reading Comprehension

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Appendix 20b The Computation Single Correlation between Reading Attitude

(X2) and Reading Comprehension (Y) ... 151

Appendix 21a The Computation of Multiple Regression ... 153

Appendix 21b The Computation of Multiple Correlation ... 155

Appendix 22 The Computation of Relative and Effective Contribution ... 156

Appendix 23 The r-table……… ... 158

Appendix 24 The Standard Normal Distribution Table... 159

Appendix 25 The Lilliefors (L) Table ... 160

Appendix 26 The F-Distribution Table ... 161

Appendix 27 The t-Distribution Table ... 162

Figur

Figure 3.1 Diagram of the correlation between Vocabulary Mastery, Reading

Figure 3.1

Diagram of the correlation between Vocabulary Mastery, Reading p.13

Referensi

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