Directory UMM :Networking Manual:computer_network_books:

19  Download (0)

Full text

Information Ethics

Current and Future Research Areas

Rafael Capurro

Steinbeis-Transfer-Institute Information Ethics (STI-IE)

Lecture at the Division of Information and Library Studies Faculty of Arts, Masaryk University



 Introduction

 Foundational Issues

 Current Research Areas



The concept of ethics as reflection on morality is widely accepted among

philosophers going back to Aristotle as the founder of ethics (or ethiké



Information ethics evolved out of

computer science but has also roots in the library and information science




In the last ten years or so a plethora of international conferences have taken place and the number of scientific



Specialized journals:

Journal of Information Ethics The ETHICOMP Journal

Ethics and Information Technology

Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society

International Review of Information Ethics

International Journal of Internet Research Ethics International Journal of Technology and Human




Professional societies such as

INSEIT (International Society for Ethics and Information Technology)

ICIE (International Center for Information Ethics)

Center of Excellence for Ethics and Technology (The Netherlands)



UNESCO conferences on social, ethical and legal aspects of the Information Society since 1998.

World Summit on the Information Society



 CATaC Conferences organized by Charles Ess and

Fay Sudweeks since 1998.

 ETHICOMP Conferences organized by Simon

Rogerson since 1995.

 CEPE conferences (since 1997).

 ICIE Conference 2004: the first international

conference addressing explicitly information ethics from an intercultural perspective.


The Foundational Debate

 Charles Ess:

 avoiding imperialistic homogenization

while preserving the irreducible

differences between cultures and people

 Western Ethics and Confucian thought:

„resonance“ and „harmony“

 „pros hen“ robust pluralism  Between irreducibility and


The Foundational Debate

 Toru Nishigaki:

 The Western idea of a „coherent self“ and the

Buddhist questionning of this idea.

 The Western search for universal values and the

„doing away of conventional or universal

interpretations of the meanings of words“ in ZEN.

 Cognition as representation vs. „enactment“ of

the history of actions of a subject in the world

 Ethics as observer-dependent reflection on


The Foundational Debate

 Terrell Ward Bynum:

 „flourishing ethics“

 Basic principles: freedom, equality and

benevolence, minimum infringement of freedom.

 Maximize the opportunities of all humans

to exercise their autonomy.

 Different cultures „can provide a


The Foundational Debate

 Luciano Floridi:

 the quest for an ethics of/for the


 Different clases of information entities  „onto-centric“ ethics

 Various degrees of „intrinsic value“

 Various leels of moral respect (from a


Current Research Areas

(See: Himma/Tavani 2008)

 Theoretical Issues of Property, Privacy,

Anonymity, and Security

 Professional Issues:

 Library Profession

 Free and Open Source

 Internet Research Ethics

 Health Information Technology


Current Research Areas

 Responsibility Issues and Risk


 Responsibilities for Information on the


 Virtual Reality and Computer Simulation

 Genetic Information


Current Research Areas

 Regulatory Isues and Challenges

 Internet Governance

 Information Overload

 Email Spam

 Plagiarims


Current Research Areas

 Access and Equity Issues

 Censorship

 Gender Agenda

 Digital Divide



Forthcoming topics:

 Surveillance society

 Convergent Technologies (Nano, Bio, Info,


 Robotics

 Ubiquitous Computing

 E-Waste



Capurro, R. (2008): On Floridi‘s Metaphysical Foundation of Information Ecology. Ethics and Information Technology, Vol. 10, No. 2-3, 167-173.

Capurro, R. (2008): Intercultural Information Ethics. Foundations and applications. Journal of Information, Communication & Ethics in Society, Vol. 6, No. 2, 116-126.

Capurro, R., Frühbauer, J., Hausmanninger, Th. (Eds.) (2007), Localizing the Internet: ethical aspects in intercultural perspective. Munich: Fink

Capurro, R. (2007): Intercultural Information Ethics. In: Rafael Capurro, Johannes Frühbauer, Thomas

Hausmanninger (Eds.): Localizing the Internet. Ethical Aspects in Intercultural Perspective. ICIE Series, Munich: Fink, pp. 21-38.

Froehlich, Thomas J. (2004): A brief history of information ethics. Textos universitaris de bibliioteconomia i documentació, 3.

Himma, K.E. and Tavani, H.T. (Eds.) (2008): The Handbook of Information and Computer Ethics. Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley & Sons.




Related subjects :

Scan QR code by 1PDF app
for download now

Install 1PDF app in