Top PDF 2. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE - The Analysis of Modals in Philip Margolin'S Novel

2. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE - The Analysis of Modals in Philip Margolin'S Novel

2. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE - The Analysis of Modals in Philip Margolin'S Novel

Lingga (2002:174) states that there are nine modals. As their name suggests, they are largely concerned with expressing ‘modality’, such as possibility, necessity, prediction, and volition. The modals are: can, could, may, might, must, will, would, shall, and should.

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2. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 2.1 What’s Gerund - The Analysis Of Gerund Used In The Tempo Magazine

2. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 2.1 What’s Gerund - The Analysis Of Gerund Used In The Tempo Magazine

Burch (2003:1) says, “Grammar is a way of organizing what we know about language so that we can talk and manipulate this knowledge. It means that by grammar we can organize language and make us comfort to talking about it. Not only to talking but also we can learn, because grammar is also a knowledge.”

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2. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 2.1 Metaphor - The Analysis of Metaphors Found in Katy Perry’s Song Lyrics

2. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 2.1 Metaphor - The Analysis of Metaphors Found in Katy Perry’s Song Lyrics

or word that cannot be interpreted literally, they have to think and they are given the pleasure of interpretation. Third, metaphor is more efficient and economical than ordinary language. Fourth, metaphor also creates new meaning. It allows us to write about feelings, thoughts and things. Fifth, metaphor is one way to make the abstract thing becomes concrete and also gave us the color and vigor in the sentences where it forces the readers to open their mind to find speakers needs by their interpretation.

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2. REVIEW AND RELATED OF LITERATURE 2.1 The definition of novel - The Analysis of the Intrinsic Elements of the Novel If I Stay by Gayle Forman

2. REVIEW AND RELATED OF LITERATURE 2.1 The definition of novel - The Analysis of the Intrinsic Elements of the Novel If I Stay by Gayle Forman

In other hand, novel not only needs characters, story and plot, but also setting. Setting usually directs to the definition of place, connection of time and social environment where the event happens. Setting gives the basic of story correctly and clear. The setting is important to give realistic impression to the readers, created a certain situation at a glanced is really happened. So, the readers feel easier to create their imagination and participation to criticize the story.

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2. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 2.1. NOVEL - The Dream Of Becky Brandon Found In Mini Shopaholic

2. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 2.1. NOVEL - The Dream Of Becky Brandon Found In Mini Shopaholic

Wallek and Warren (1973:75) say that the approach is based on the intrinsic structural of point of text and literature. This means the intrinsic approach emphasizes the inter text analysis by describing the elements of prose that described previously. Relationship with the art of literature and art of music is very diverse and complited. Sometimes they influence each other. Theory of art and taste can be studied and related to the theory and literary tastes of artist. Besides the issue of sources and influences, inspiration and coorperation, there is another problem, namely literary works often produce the same result with the result of a painting and musical. The term is just as vague metafon.
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2. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 2.1.Theme of the Novel - The Analysis Of Theme Used In Izzeldin Abuelaish’s I Shall Not Hate

2. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 2.1.Theme of the Novel - The Analysis Of Theme Used In Izzeldin Abuelaish’s I Shall Not Hate

Most the stories have the theme, something that we might call it as the intention or the moral of the story. Peace is one of theme which can found in the certain novel. The definition of peace is all about happiness, freedom from fear of violence, and something that will make people respect each other. Peace also becomes bridging the gaps between the two states which have through too many seasons of warfare, hatred, destruction, and recriminations.

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II. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE - An Analysis Of The Main CHaracters Found In Jennifer Armstrongs"s Novel Steal Away

II. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE - An Analysis Of The Main CHaracters Found In Jennifer Armstrongs"s Novel Steal Away

Ignoring his mother’s advice is a bad action, but Hendry Fleming still protagonist because a whole story he gives empathy to the reader. As Nurgiyantoro (2005:178) says “Tokoh protagonis menampilkan sesuatu yang sesuai dengan pandangan kita, harapan-harapan kita pembaca. Maka, kita sering mengenalinya sebagai memiliki kesamaan dengan kita, permasalahan yang dihadapinya seolah- olah juga sebagai permasalahan kita, demikian juga halnya dalam menyikapinya.” It means that a protagonist usually represented what our feeling and our wishes. That is way; the reader may cry when the protagonist being hurt and laugh when a protagonist character gets happiness.
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2. REVIEW AND RELATED LITERATURE - The Analysis of Miracle in John Green: The Fault In Our Stars

2. REVIEW AND RELATED LITERATURE - The Analysis of Miracle in John Green: The Fault In Our Stars

In novel, a character may be defined as a verbal representation of a human being. Through action, speech, description, and commentary, authors portray characters who are worth caring about, rooting for and even loving, although there are also characters you may laugh at, dislike, or even hate, to quote Robert and Jacobs (1995:131). There can be simplified that the character in a novel is a description and a representation of a person qualities. It can be shown by the creation of the characters in a novel from their action, gesture, speech, and behavior, these term can be used by the readers to identify the characters in a novel, because the character in a novel has equal qualities as a person in real life. The attempt of the author describes the characters in a narrative work known as a characterization. According to Di Yanni (1990:36) says that Characterization is the means by which the writers present and reveal the characters.
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2. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE - The Analysis of the Main Characters of Delirium by Lauren Oliver

2. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE - The Analysis of the Main Characters of Delirium by Lauren Oliver

One of the fiction process is novel. Waston (1979:3) says, “Novel is the name of a literary kind, and there is a story to tell about how, over the centuries, its substance has widened and its conventions changed.” It means that novel is literary work that narrate life story in centuries ago. Every novel has these five elements: Setting - When and where the story takes place. Characters - The people (or sometimes animals) the story is about. Plot - What happens in the story. Theme - The lesson the writer of the story is trying to teach the reader. The "message". And the last, point of view - Who is telling the story. First person point of view uses "I", and is told by one of the characters of the story. Third person point of view uses an unnamed narrator who knows what all (or most) of the story's characters are thinking.
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2. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE - The Analysis of Conjunction Used in teh Novel Eleventh Hour

2. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE - The Analysis of Conjunction Used in teh Novel Eleventh Hour

Rudyanto (2011:68) said, ”A Subordinating Conjunction (sometimes called a dependent word or subordinator) comes at the beginning of a Subordinate (or dependent) clause and establishes the relationship between the dependent clause and the rest of the sentence. It also turns the clause into something that depends on the rest of the sentence for its meaning.”

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2. REVIEW AND RELATED LITERATURE 2.1 What is Novel? - The Analysis Of Plot Used in Tracey Garvis Graves’ Novel On The Island

2. REVIEW AND RELATED LITERATURE 2.1 What is Novel? - The Analysis Of Plot Used in Tracey Garvis Graves’ Novel On The Island

Watson (1979:xi) says “Novel is the name of literary kind, and there is a story to tell about how, over the centuries, its subtance has widened and its conventions changed.” It means that novel is literary kind, tell the stories of life in the last centuries. It is clear that novel can send the message through the story which has written.

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CHAPTER 2 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

CHAPTER 2 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

In addition, Clara HerlinaKarjo made a research about “An analysis of the translation of English idioms by Indonesian Novel translators.” In her research study, he has four problems statement: (1) what the type of idioms are mostly used in English novels? (2) Which the translation strategies are used by Indonesian novel translators to render English idioms into Indonesian? (3) To what extent are there equivalents in Indonesian for English Idiom? (4) To what extent are the meanings of English idioms transferred by the novel translator? By using Indonesia Novel translators as subject, she also focuses on English Idioms as an instrument. She uses qualitative design and as a result, this study found that only thirty percents of the idioms were translatable and seventy percents were untranslatable.
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2. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 2.1 Novel - The Analysis Of Conflicts In The Novel “For One More Day” By Mitch Albom

2. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 2.1 Novel - The Analysis Of Conflicts In The Novel “For One More Day” By Mitch Albom

Conflict is not always has negative impact. With the conflict, we can get the best solution in every problem that happened in our life. Sociologically, cooperation and competition do not always work together. When cooperation and competition do not run well, the tendency of conflict happens is greater. Conflict is disappointed situation when the desired wants do not come true. Thus, conflict may have positive and negative aspect. It is positive if the conflict has been resolved in mutual way. And it will be negative it the conflict brings chaotic situation or even disaster.
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2. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE a. NOVEL - An Analysis Of Intrinsic Elements In Nicholas Sparks’ Novel The Last Song

2. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE a. NOVEL - An Analysis Of Intrinsic Elements In Nicholas Sparks’ Novel The Last Song

Characterization is one of the main element in a story which tells the story of human life with all the miscellaneous life. Character is human being in fiction who plays action in the novel. The character does action like making conversation or doing activities. With that understanding there would have been required as a manifestation of the human figure and his life to be told. The characters in this story will do its job to be "a source story". Figure is a living thing (humans) who have physical and temperament.
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2. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 2.1 Novel - The Strategy of Jack Reacher to Find The True Shooter

2. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 2.1 Novel - The Strategy of Jack Reacher to Find The True Shooter

Gwynn (2002:7) says that plot may be defined as a story’s sequence of incidents, arranged in dramatic order. One is tempted to insert the word “Chronological” but doing so will exclude many stories that depart from this strict ordering of events. In opposite fashion, novelist sometimes uses of foreshadowing prevents a story’s outcome from seeing haphazard or contrived which is largely illusory.

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2. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 2.1 Novel - The Description of Telekinesis in Stephen Kings 's Novel Carrie

2. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 2.1 Novel - The Description of Telekinesis in Stephen Kings 's Novel Carrie

opinion or feelings of the individuals involved in a situation. In literature, point of view is the mode of narration that an author employs to let the readers “hear” and “see” what takes place in a story, poem, essay etc. Point of view is a reflection of the opinion an individual from real life or fiction can have. The point of view discusses about who is telling story, or from which position the events are perceived. In general, point of view is differentiated into two kinds : first person point of view and third person point of view.
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2. THE REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 2.1 Novel - The Analysis of Moral Found in John Steinbeck‟s Novel The Grapes of Wrath

2. THE REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 2.1 Novel - The Analysis of Moral Found in John Steinbeck‟s Novel The Grapes of Wrath

In reading a literary work, we often feel sympathy for a character, on the other hand we may feel no sympathy for another. A character's honesty, boldness or suffering may create a moving story that stirs our emotion and feeling. On the contrary, a character who is wicked, cruel, dishonest, etc, may give rise to our dislike. The ability of an author to describe his characters makes a reader feel that he is watching the reality of human life, and, consequently, the literary work becomes more interesting.

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REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

Abstract. The study focuses on the analysis of phonology on Madurese English students‟ pronunciation in reading an English text. The writer identified kinds of English oscillographic pronunciation made by Madurese students in reading an English text, the differences of English oscillographic pronunciation between Madurese students and that of the English native speaker in reading an English text and how Madurese language characteristics influences Madurese English students‟ pronunciation. To collect the data, she ob served and recorded the Madurese English students‟ pronunciation by using MP4 then analysed it descriptively by using Praat program version 4027. Then, she found that the oscillographic pronunciation of Subject 2 and Subject 3 when it is compared to subject 1 is different and makes different meaning, but sometimes not. Furthermore, it is found that Madurese language characteristics influence them in reading the English text. Therefore, they made some sound changes: vowel, consonant and diphthong. Moreover, they also made deletion and addition. She concludes that their pronunciation is unintelligible because they often make mispronunciation.
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REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

Observing about mystics is a fun thing because it promises a new one for anyone who explores. For hundreds of years, the world has been widely mystic stir interest in academics to explore and reveal diverse facts and competence levels. Reason who encouraged me, among other things: first, desire ecumenical or good and bad reasons, is to find something that is common in that.

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2. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE - The Interferences Of English Towards Indonesian

2. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE - The Interferences Of English Towards Indonesian

Language is mostly a collection of a system of conventional symbols with possibilities for learning. The symbols are considered as the unitary elements of transmissions. And symbols are primarily vocal which are produced by organ of speech, and secondary system such as writing. The understanding of a language is a big event that helps to make the culture of the human beings magnificent. Since the language is an achievement to the transmission of states of emotions, and purposes. Furthermore it is because of the language that human beings are able to use his knowledge.
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